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Benefits of breast milk
In breast milk, the nutrients necessary for your baby are in the right amounts and proportions, and the incidence of many diseases and allergies, especially infectious diseases, are reduced in children fed breast milk, and brain and intelligence development is better.
Breastfeeding should be started in the hospital
Breastfeeding is a learning process for both you and your baby. Your breasts already have early milk, also known as colostrum. Your baby may begin to take this milk immediately after birth. Colostrum will protect him from many diseases. Experienced infant nurses in our hospital will immediately start breastfeeding as soon as the mother is available.
You should breastfeed your baby at least every 2-3 hours or 8-12 times a day. If you don't want to soak, you can try again in half an hour-1 hour. However, in the first weeks, do not allow her to sleep without breastfeeding for more than 5 hours.
Here's what you can do to wake your baby:
• Peel off or change the diaper
• Sit down and gently stab your back, belly, feet
• Wipe your face with a damp towel
• Put the baby in touch with your skin
Breastmilk production increases as a result of proper technique and frequent breastfeeding, regardless of the mother's feeding. In the case of the right breastfeeding technique, the following points should be taken into consideration for the baby to grasp the breast on the lap:
• You can make your nipple more prominent by rolling it with your thumb and index finger.
• Support your chest with the arm you do not grasp the baby. Place your thumb over 1-2 cm above the areola (dark area surrounding the nipple) and use the other fingers to support your chest from the bottom. Make sure your fingers don't touch the areola.
• Have your nipple touch the infant's lower lip to open the mouth. As soon as you open your mouth, bring your mouth closer to your chest to grasp the entire areola. Since the milk is stored behind the areola, the baby's mouth should grasp the entire araola. If it takes only the nipple, the milk may not come and your nipple will hurt. The baby's nose tip and chin should touch your chest. Be patient you may need to try it many times to ensure full capture.
• Breastfeeding is not normally painful or painful.
Put the baby on the pillow you put on your lap. Support your butt with your hand, leaning your head on the curvature of your arm, and turn your belly toward your belly so that the face turns towards your chest.
|Reverse lap position|
This position allows you to better control the baby's head and move it closer to your chest. Turn the baby's belly on your belly and grasp the head, neck and shoulders with your hand. Hold your chest with your other hand. Once the baby has fully grasped the nipple, you can put your hands in the above position.
This is a position you would like to use, especially after the caesarean section, until your stitches heal. It can also be used to breastfeed twins on both sides. Support your baby and your arm by placing a pillow under your seat again. Support the head and neck with the hand by placing the baby's body under your navel. His feet and butt should look back. Use your other hand to support your breast.
Put one pillow under your head and the other under the baby. Lay the baby on its side so that it touches your belly. If necessary, support it with two pillows and lay the mouth in front of your nipple. Support your chest with one hand. This position can also be preferred after caesarean section.
How will you separate the baby from the breast?
After breastfeeding, if your baby does not separate himself from the breast, press with your finger from the corner of the mouth to your chest to separate it from the breast. If you pull your chest while you're still holding your breast, your chest may hurt.
How long and how often will you breastfeed?
Breast milk is quickly digested and your baby's stomach capacity is small. When it is two days old, it absorbs about 8-10 times a day, which corresponds to every 2-3 hours. Breastfeed your baby every time you want to suck. They show their hunger by searching with their mouths and increasing their movements. Crying is usually the last symptom.
If your baby is swallowing after 1-2 sucking movements, he or she is taking milk. It can stay on your chest until you're done sucking and sleeping. From 5-7 days, they stay in a breast for 20 minutes. Make sure it stays in the same breast until it is swallowed, then degass and transfer it to the other breast.
How will you know that your milk is sufficient?
• If your baby wets the diaper 6-8 times a day,
• 2 or more mustard yellow puddles per day,
• Calms down and sleeps after sucking and degassing
• If it is active and crying loudly, it means that it receives enough breast milk.
What should you do to ensure that your nipple is not wound?
Studies have shown that the way the baby receives the mother's nipple is the most influential factor on wound formation at the nipple. It is normal for you to feel slight pain and burning in the first 1-2 weeks. If you feel pain in your nipples after the baby starts sucking, pull the baby out of the breast and adjust the body position, open the mouth and touch your nipple on the tongue and palate again.
After breastfeeding, apply 1-2 drops of milk to the nipples and leave to dry. It is not normal for the nipples to have cracking, bleeding and constant pain. If you have these problems, please contact your baby doctor.
What should you do if milk builds up in your breasts?
2.-3 after birth. the milk in your breasts will increase and you will feel fullness. This feeling of fullness usually lasts for 2-3 days and you may feel excessive tension and pain in your breasts.
Here's what you need to do:
• Check if the baby has the tip of your breast in its mouth with the darker part. If it only takes the nipple, it may not empty the chest completely.
• Feed your baby frequently every 1-3 hours.
• If the baby has difficulty sucking, breast milk can be emptied a little before breastfeeding so that the nipple becomes more pronounced.
• Apply warm compresses to the painful chest before breastfeeding, and cold compresses if there is still fullness and pain after breastfeeding.
• Breastfeed your baby in a calm and stress-free environment, try listening to music to relax. Separate between breastfeeding to rest.
If the swelling of your breasts is still the same after trying the above, be sure to consult your doctor if there is redness.
Points to take care of breastfeeding mothers
You should pay attention to balanced nutrition and about 4 liters of liquid daily. While breastfeeding, you can have a nutritious drink, such as fresh juice or milk. Continue as long as you breastfeed the prenatal vitamins you take during pregnancy. Don't expect to put your baby on a breastfeeding routine. Babies usually have their own routine in 6-8 weeks. Remember that as the baby suckles, milk production increases. Babies want to suck more during rapid growth (usually 2-3 weeks, 6 weeks and 3 months)
There is no need to give the baby water, sugar water or formula unless your doctor recommends it. Breast milk for the first 6 months is sufficient to meet all the needs of the baby.
When you feel that you or your baby is sick, always call your doctor before taking the medicine.
How can you store breast milk?
Place 50-100cc of expressed breast milk in a clean container or milk storage bag. Do not fill the heap as the milk may expand when freezing. Be sure to include the date and quantity in all bags. Put the milk in the coldest point, not on the lid of the freezer.
Safe milk storage conditions
6-8 hours in a cool place
72 hours on the refrigerator shelf (3 days)
Between 2 weeks and 2 months in the freezer of the refrigerator
6 months in the freezer
Always use the oldest dated milk first.
Thawing and heating frozen breast milk
Never store breastmilk on top of the stove or in the microwave. This disrupts the protein of the milk and the hot spots in the milk can burn your baby's mouth. Soak the milk bag into the warm water you put in a bowl so that the mouth remains outside (ben-mari) and after shaking, check the temperature and give it to your baby.
REMEMBER: Thawed milk should be stored in the refrigerator until use and should be used within 24 hours. After feeding your baby, discard the rest of the milk.
Pediatrics Specialist from Anadolu Medical Center Ela Tahmaz