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Director of Jinemed Women's Health Center Dr. Teksen Çamlıbel continues to explain how your baby grows week by week. Here are all stages of pregnancy with you…
Watch the blood pressure!
By the 21st week, rapid growth in the baby slows down a bit. The most important event this week is the strengthening of the heart muscle. Your baby's heart begins to pump blood more effectively. Due to the increase in the amount of blood in your circulation, especially pregnant women who are standing all day may have swelling of their feet and ankles in the evening. This is a completely normal state. During the day, you can relax from time to time by raising your feet slightly and if not staying longer than 2 hours can help. Drinking plenty of water does not increase these complaints on the contrary reduces. Therefore, do not forget to drink plenty of water during the day. Another point you should not forget is that it is useful to have your blood pressure measured at least once a week. As the uterus that grows in the abdominal cavity compresses the diaphragm muscle along with other organs, many pregnant women may experience shortness of breath or difficulty breathing in this period. This is one of the normal results of pregnancy. These problems may increase as pregnancy progresses. If you haven't started before, it is better to start iron support from this week. The iron you take with diet does not suffice you during pregnancy. Therefore, you must get external support.
When you reach this week, you can talk to your baby, read to him or sing. Because now he can hear you. It can even react to sounds. You can therefore play music CDs made for baby development. There are studies claiming that listening to classical music in the womb has a positive effect on spiritual development. Even if that's not true, what's the harm in listening to some music, singing or reading a book with your little baby? In fact, some studies claim that your baby will suck more strongly when you re-read the books you read before your baby was born. It is interesting, is not it? You may notice that your baby has difficulty from time to time while you have these improvements. Depending on the growth of your abdomen, the center of balance of your body begins to shift as your waist curvature expands inward. Because the body cannot adapt to the same speed, you may have difficulty maintaining your balance. It is therefore advisable not to take a bath at home alone. For the same reasons, you should also take a break from balance-based sports. Depending on the hormones of pregnancy, all of your joints are loosened up to your finger joints. This may be reflected in you as low back pain. These weeks are the periods when high heels should be said goodbye because of both balance problems and low back pain. Wearing orthopedic shoes during the rest of your pregnancy reduces your discomfort.
I have to somersault
Your baby is now completely miniature. The baby can hear very well because the tiny bones flowing in the ear have hardened completely. His lips become more prominent and his smile can be noticed on ultrasonography. Its length was 17-18 centimeters and its weight was about 600 grams. Although the eyes are fully developed, the iris with the colored part is not more pigmented, ie the color of the eye is not clear. The pancreas has begun to secrete insulin, even if not literally. You have a slow but steady weight gain. In this period, the so-called craving accelerates. Small escapes can be allowed without exaggeration. Leg cramps are uncommon events in pregnant women in their twenties. Calcium and magnesium intake reduces the frequency of complaints and cramps. When the cramp enters, you can ask your partner to massage you by stretching your leg straight. Another good thing is that your partner can now feel the movements of your baby. When your partner puts your hand on your stomach, your baby's movements may feel very comfortable, even from the outside eye can be noticed. This is because the amniotic fluid that the baby is in is relatively high. So there is a lot of space for the baby to move. Your baby moves freely as if he were rolling in! The movements are very important for the baby's motor development, ie muscle strengthening. In these weeks, the baby may return to the head after a very short period of time when breech develops. It is not so important that the baby stands upside down. There is a great possibility that the birth will turn upside down.
Attention! Babies born this week can be kept alive under well prepared conditions and intensive care conditions. One of the important turning points in the 24th week of pregnancy. Because this week is considered the limit of viability. Livability is used in the sense of being able to live outside the mother's body without being dependent on her mother. However, the viability of the fetus is not always real in practice. In order to realize this, vital functions such as respiration, digestion, maintaining body temperature should be supported very well and the baby should be protected from infections. A 24-week-old fetus weighed 650-700 grams. In our country, such small babies can live in certain centers. However, it is not important to keep these babies alive. Many problems may arise even in the case of such babies who have not been fully demonstrated how their mental development will be as well as their sensory activities such as vision and hearing. This week the vascular structures of the baby's lungs mature. Almost all organs can now function functionally. You may have bleeding gums. Gum disease called epulis gravidarum may occur with the effect of pregnancy hormones. Bleeding can occur when you brush your teeth and even rinse your mouth. Your gums may be pulled. In the most advanced form of the disease, there may be spills in the teeth. Therefore, if you have similar complaints should not neglect. At 24th week, your doctor will ask you for a 50-gram glucose screening test to investigate the presence of pregnancy-related diabetes. This test can be postponed until 28 weeks. Again, during these weeks you should learn to be careful of the symptoms of preterm birth. In order to achieve this, you need to know about preterm birth. Your doctor will help you with this.
Do you like chocolate?
The most important event of this week is that your baby's sense of taste is greatly improved. Believe it or not, your baby's milk teeth are developing along with the sense of taste. Your baby's skin is still thinner and brittle. However, the body is proportionately filled, subcutaneous fat tissues mature. Now, the area covered by the uterus has started to decrease. This means that the free space left for the movement will gradually decrease. The result will be to feel the movements more harsh. You may feel tired during these weeks. This is one of the normal symptoms of pregnancy. You may also notice that your eyes are very sensitive to light. Dry eye due to pregnancy is a common complaint of many mothers. You can use artificial tear preparations to overcome the problem. Pain in the legs and lower back may occur due to compression of the growing uterus and impaired circulation. Some pregnant women may even have pain in their fingers. In such cases, cold application is very useful. If you haven't decided on your baby's name yet, you can start looking for a name these weeks.
Looking for an airy place
Your baby's lungs have begun to form air sacs. The lungs produce a substance called surfactant to provide air from birth. This prevents the walls of the tiny air vesicles from sticking together. In this way, the pouches are filled with air in each breath. This week your baby's lungs begin to produce surfactant, but not enough. Some drugs made to mothers who are threatened with preterm labor try to speed up the production of this substance. The aim is to prevent the baby from experiencing respiratory problems if premature birth occurs. In the studies conducted, it was found that the brain waves of 26 weeks old babies responded to the touch with brain waves. An interesting finding is that when you put a strong light source on your stomach, the baby turns its head in that direction. All of a sudden, you may feel a hardening in your stomach. Do not worry. These are contractions in the pregnant uterus, normally seen as Braxton-Hicks. In the threat of preterm birth, contractions come continuously and at regular intervals. You can ask your partner for help in detecting regular contractions. Your partner should wait by placing her hand in the very top of your uterus. The peak of the uterus this week is about 5 centimeters above the navel. Your partner can wait for 20 minutes in this way to detect the presence and frequency of contractions. You can do this yourself, but you may not objectively ask your partner to ask. You may not feel contractions as pain or you may notice very mild menstrual pain. If you are concerned about their frequency, contact your doctor immediately.
My eyes have a drink of water
If it was possible to place a camera in the uterus or observe it directly, you could see that your baby could blink. By this week your baby starts to open and close his eyes. Brain maturation continues rapidly and the response to the sound has increased. He's about 25 centimeters tall and weighs 1,000 kilograms. At the end of the second trimester, you may experience respiratory and sleep problems at 27 weeks. Shortness of breath may occur, especially during bedtime. This does not cause any harm to your baby, but in order to be more comfortable, you should increase the number of pillows you use at night. Most of the expectant mothers say that sleep during these periods causes a lot of trouble. Subconscious worries may manifest as a nightmare in sleep. You may even experience great difficulties in falling asleep. Experienced mothers claim that a half-hour walk before bedtime is very beneficial. Another thing to watch out for is your blood pressure. Although your doctor measures your blood pressure every time you check, but it is useful if you repeat it every 3-4 days. Because you have entered a risky period for preeclampsia, also known as pregnancy poisoning among the public. During your routine ultrasound examinations, you may no longer see your baby as a whole. The baby is no longer examined as part of the whole. With the measurements made, it is possible to estimate her weight in realistic measurements. This week, the second trimester of pregnancy has ended. Most of the road has been crossed.
We came to the third period
With this week, you are entering the third trimester, the last three months, which is one of the most difficult periods of pregnancy. This week your baby will continue to grow rapidly and fill the uterus as much as possible. Your uterus size has almost reached the level of your ribs. This week you may notice an increase in varicose veins and swelling in your legs. If you still have hemorrhoids, this may worsen or you may experience cramps on your legs frequently. At 28 weeks your doctor will ask you for a glucose loading test. The aim of this test is to investigate the gestational diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. If you have a blood mismatch this week, remind your doctor. Approximately 90% of babies born at 28th week are alive. However, these infants require respiratory support under intensive care conditions. Your baby is in constant sleep and waking periods. He can open and close his eyes from time to time. Eyebrows have completed its development. The body continues to store fat. These oils are very important in adjusting their body temperature after birth. You can talk to your baby comfortably this week, because now he knows your voice!
Your baby continues to prepare for his birthday. Now the ratio between head and body is close to normal. Your baby is now capable of adjusting his own body temperature. Bone marrow is also constantly producing red blood cells, namely red blood cells. His eyes have already begun to move. In the meantime, don't forget and don't be afraid if you suddenly feel a movement inside you from time to time because your baby sobs! By the 29th week you will notice that you are starting to feel your pregnancy well. It is normal to feel itching on your abdominal skin during these weeks. In addition, hemorrhoids (hemorrhoids) may occur as a result of changes in intra-abdominal pressure and circulatory system. In addition, complaints such as shortness of breath, burning in the stomach, cramps in the legs may occur. Don't let these symptoms cool you from your pregnancy. All of these are temporary and can be overcome by treatment. Instead of complaining, try to see and enjoy the positive aspects of your pregnancy.
It's not always dark here.
Thin hairs that cover your baby's skin, called lanugo, are slowly beginning to disappear, while their hands and toenails slowly grow. Bone marrow inherited blood cell production entirely from the liver. On the other hand, the baby begins to become aware of its surroundings. Although the inside of the uterus is generally considered to be pitch dark, it may be light or dark depending on the environment in which the expectant mother lives and the baby can distinguish it. In the infants, the testes are about to complete the descent process. The baby's pain reached two-thirds of the birth weight. During these weeks, the expectant mother starts to get bored with pregnancy. Inability to sleep and stomach burns are common problems. From time to time you may feel a pain or contraction in your groin. These are small and insignificant contractions in which the uterus provides tension and is called Braxton Hicks contractions.