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Premature birth includes births up to 36 weeks after the last menstrual period. While 2 percent of those expecting a single child are seen in twin pregnancies, this rate increases. International Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Op. Dr. More professionals named meriç karacan informs mothers about premature birth.
What are the risks of preterm labor?
Depending on the latest developments in medicine there is now a known fact. More and more premature babies can survive. The life limit for preterm babies up to a few years ago was 27 weeks, nowadays it is 23 weeks and only 500 - 600 gr. Even babies weighing in weight can survive. However, most premature babies experience the negative consequences of staying shorter in the womb. Therefore, obstetricians are doing their best to ensure that babies at risk of preterm birth are born a few weeks, or even a few days later, all over the world. Studies show that babies' chances of survival increase by 2 percent for each delayed day. So you need to experience the 10-day process as much as 9 months possible.
What causes premature birth?
There is no definite reason for preterm birth. This can often be due to many causes. One of the most important reasons is multiple pregnancy. In such pregnancies, because the intrauterine is stretched too much, it triggers pain and the uterus acts to take the babies out. Therefore, if you are expecting a twin baby, you should be especially careful. Vaginal infections also endanger pregnancy.
How do infections affect birth?
As a result of the infection, bacteria reach the amniotic sac (the fluid in which the child is) and attack it. Amniotic fluid begins to flow, and so the pains begin. Urinary tract infection and intrauterine infections are among the causes of premature birth. For this reason, it is imperative to check with your doctor regularly every month to determine the infections that may cause premature birth. At the controls, the doctor can determine the possibility of infection by measuring the pH of the vagina and investigating the presence of bacteria in the urine.
What are the symptoms?
Uterine stiffness, contractions are the first symptoms experienced by premature births. As already explained in the mothers' preterm birth stories, preterm birth is usually predetermined. Most women feel that something didn't work out a few weeks ago. For example, prolonged pains, downward pressure, and intrinsic restlessness. In such a case, the baby reacts prematurely and sends signals that some things are not going well. As soon as the symptoms are felt, seek medical attention immediately. Because the sooner the precaution is taken, the more effectively it can be treated.
How is the diagnosis made?
Preventing premature birth is very important for doctors. Thus, the baby's chance of survival increases. First, uterine contractions are recorded for diagnostic purposes. If there are contractions, the causes are examined. Ultrasound, urinalysis and blood analysis are performed to determine these causes.
What is done when a premature birth is diagnosed?
As a treatment purpose, drugs that stop contractions are given first by intravenous and then by oral drugs. So we try to prevent premature birth as much as possible.
What are the most common risk factors in preterm birth stories?
• Women under the age of 18, over 35,
• More than one baby,
• Those who have experienced miscarriage or preterm labor
• People with diabetes and high blood pressure,
• Nicotine, alcohol or drug users,
• Vaginal infection,
• Those living under stress are at risk of premature birth.