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Commonly known as ”Beta” microbe, “Group A beta hemolytic streptococci sin cause sinusitis, middle ear inflammation and pneumonia, and rarely severe, life-threatening infections especially in winter and spring months.
Istanbul Medipol Hospital Pediatric Specialist Asst. Assoc. Dr. Principle Özahi İpek, A group of beta - hemolytic streptococci, a type of bacteria that cause inflammation of the throat and skin, can lead to some serious complications if left untreated.
Beta A group of people known as beta-hemolytic streptococci group A, especially in the winter and spring months are seen more frequently. Principle Özahi İpek, gr Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci can be carried in the throat and skin without any signs of disease. The infections it causes are mostly throat infections or impetigo on the skin and are mild. Streptococci also cause sinusitis, otitis media and pneumonia, and rarely, severe, life-threatening infections. Group A beta hemolytic streptococci are the causative agents of scarlet fever with sore throat, fever and rash. Red is most often 5-15 years old, but can be seen at any age.
More common in winter
Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci are transmitted by direct contact with nasal or throat secretions of infected persons or infected wounds on the skin. Dr. Principle Özahi İpek, “It is more frequent especially in winter and spring months. It spreads easily in closed and poorly ventilated environments such as school, cinema and shopping center where people are together. Those with throat and skin infection are more likely to infect the bacteria, whereas those who carry the bacterium in their throats themselves are less infectious. ”
Diagnosis should be confirmed with throat culture
After 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic treatment, infectiousness usually ceases, but it is important to complete the treatment in terms of possible complications. Dr. Principle Özahi İpek, “Because other bacteria or viruses cause throat infection diagnosis, suspicious cases from the throat swab 'Strep Test' or throat culture should be confirmed,” he said.
Untreated or inadequately treated group A beta hemolytic streptococcal infections, called acute rheumatic fever, may cause heart involvement and inflammation of the joint. Principle Özahi İpek, said: diğer Another complication of group A beta hemolytic streptococcal infections is renal involvement which may occur 2-3 weeks after the onset of the disease. Complete recovery is achieved with antibiotic treatment and complications are prevented. Treatment is by oral or intramuscular injection. What is important is that the treatment should be administered as and when given. It may be difficult to eat because of sore throat, in this case it is necessary to prefer soft or liquid foods. It is necessary to allow the child to take plenty of fluids and rest. Throat culture after treatment is not necessary except in special cases in patients who have completed the treatment in full and sufficient time and have no clinical signs. ”