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The first childhood stage between the ages of 2-7 is the period in which the child's sensitivity and awareness towards the outside world increases and completes the basic development in many areas. Although the importance of the family continues in this period, social relations, revealing oneself among others, and demonstrating their evolving skills are among the important tests of children of this age period. He is now very sensitive to his mother's or father's relationship with each other. Children of this period are still developing their ability to solve problems or express their feelings at adult level. Therefore, different symptoms are observed in childhood depression than in adult depression. Children can show unhappiness in a clear way, as well as aggressive behavior, rejection of rules, behavioral disorders such as self-harm and others. There may be impaired appetite and sleep, and children may lose their skills during this period. Behavioral disorders such as lower wetting, finger sucking, speech problems, learning problems and separation from the family may also be observed in children. Aggression can occurDepression seen after the age of 7 is similar to the first childhood period. Although children at this age have developed the ability to express their emotions better, behavioral disorders can still be a harbinger of depression. A child with adaptation problems at this age may develop behaviors against family at home in order to avoid further mocking among his friends. Instead of expressing the distress he / she is experiencing, a child may fail to express his / her aggressive behavior towards his / her friends. Families should be observersKnowing that at any age starting from infancy, depression with different symptoms is different from an unhappiness or a periodic distress; Awareness of triggering conditions that disrupt the chemical balance of the brain is important in terms of approaching depression. The occurrence or treatment of depression is associated with biological factors. Although the biological factors underlying depression are similar, it is seen that similar stress conditions do not cause depression at all or in every child. Individual factors, genetic predisposition, environment modeling, family attitudes, family support and school support affect the emergence of depression or the treatment of existing depression. In our interviews with families, we emphasize the importance of emotional and behavioral problems and behavioral changes in children. Every child is eager to receive approval and reward. When children experience problems, mischief, pampering and periodic unhappiness delays the realization of the real problem. In childhood, when developmental processes continue, covering the problems causes permanent and bigger problems. It is important for families to be sensitive and observant to their children, to realize the long-term and deteriorating quality of behavior problems experienced and to receive expert support. Early diagnosis saves livesThe biological and psychological aspects of the situation will be investigated with appropriate tests in the clinical interviews with the child who has behavioral problems, and the necessary biological and psychological treatment process will be determined and carried out in cooperation with the family. It should be remembered that depression is a “disease, and how teşhis life-saving inin is the early diagnosis and appropriate treatment in each disease.