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In order to protect the health of children, it is imperative that the environment in which they live is kept clean and certain measures are taken. Most of the disease-causing germs seen in children settle in the areas where they live and play toys. Young children should not share their toys as they will always bring their toys to their mouths. American Hospital Specialist in Child Health and Diseases. Arzu Özgeneci draws attention to the selection of easy-to-clean ones when buying toys.
Washing hands with lukewarm water for 10 seconds is effective for protection. The hands should be washed with paper towels after washing. Anti-microbial solutions and alcoholic gels are better in microbicidal action than soaps and have a lower risk of dermatitis. The alcohol content should be at least 60%.
The way of transmission of infections;
- Direct contact
- Indirect contact
2. Through droplet
3. Air (particle less than 5mm; tuberculosis, chickenpox, measles) occurs.
Hands are particularly important in transmitting infections. Hand cleaning is very important in protecting against diseases transmitted by toys. Playgroups are communities in which children spend time with pleasure and share toys in shared games. Respiratory diseases; mumps, croup syndromes (laryngitis), whooping cough, measles, meningococcal infections and viruses (those causing upper respiratory tract infection) are transmitted by toys.
Pneumococci are responsible for half of pneumonia and one third of meningitis and middle ear infections. In the play age, especially in the age of 2-5 years, the nursery children constitute the risk group. Cough, sneeze, air or direct contact with unwashed hands and kissing can easily spread infection. Kindergartens and kindergartens are especially risky for pneumococcal infections.
Diarrhea, especially Rota virus gastroenteritis, is highly contagious and is often transmitted by toys. Sharing a child's toy with another child with an open wound or an infected burn is inconvenient as it can cause severe staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome.
Lice often occur with the sharing of toys such as combs, brushes and hats. Intestinal parasites, hairworm, worm and amoeba are carried by hands in children. Beta streptococcal tonsillitis, scarlet fever, conjunctivitis, tuberculosis and varicella are very contagious. Almost all diseases can be transmitted by toys in childhood. But the most common are diarrhea, varicella, lice.
How to clean the toy?
• Stuffed toys should be used by one child and washed in the washing machine at least once a week.
• It is not necessary to disinfect the washing machine washable cloth toys or the dishwasher washable hard plastic toys separately.
• Cleaning of toys made of hard plastic: Scrub thoroughly with hot soapy water and wash with a brush. Soak for 10 minutes in a mixture of bleach (2.5 liters of water, 1 tablespoon of bleach) and then rinse