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How do children learn?

How do children learn?


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It is pleasing that today's parents are very sensitive to issues related to the development and education of their children. Parents know that the rich environment of play and toys offered to the child since infancy positively affects the development of the child and, if so, drown their children in toys. But there is a point that some parents miss. When we talk about the development process of children, it is necessary not only to know the child's various concepts and colors, but also to be individuals who use their senses effectively. Psychologist Selcen Akdan He shares what is curious about the children's learning process and what parents can do about it.

As you know, when the baby is born, brain development is not yet complete. The baby is born with billions of nerve cells in the brain. As a result of his experiences after birth, the stimuli he receives are transmitted to the brain and a connection is established between nerve cells. This connection point in the brain is called “synapse ve and the brain develops with the formation of new synapses. The formation of synapses is closely related to living conditions, relationships and experiences. In this context, when we talk about the level of learning or the development of the mind, it is not the number of nerve cells in the brain, but the frequency of the connections between the cells. The connection between cells is possible by stimulating the senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell.

Sensory Education

In the activities we have with children, the more the information comes to the senses, the more synapsis is. Accordingly, when choosing a toy for your child, not only visual or auditory senses, but also touch, smell and taste sensations to encourage you to make sure that. Toys on the market are mostly visual and auditory, but there are also books with different textures for the sense of touch, but when it comes to taste and smell the toys are insufficient. Here are a few examples of activities that will stimulate your child's senses and contribute significantly to his brain development:

Tissue matching (2-5 years): It is important to improve the sense of touch. This activity can be done with both cards and fabrics. You can put pairs of paper (serrated, slippery, rough, etc.) and fabric (velvet, satin, jeans, wool, etc.) pairs of different textures in a mixed basket and let your child find pairs with the same texture first with eyes open and then closed.

Color card matching (2-3 years): Start by preparing 3 farm sets of red, blue and yellow. You can put these cards mixed up on the table and ask your child to match the cards.

Dried beans (18 months-3 years): An activity where you can stimulate your child's visual, auditory and tactile sensations and improve hand and eye coordination. Fill up to half of the coarse beans in a large bowl. Give your child a small scoop to transfer beans from one container to another. If there are beans coming out of the container, have them put into the container by hand. Your child will love the sounds of beans.

Mysterious Bag (2-6 years): This game is very fun and developer for kids. Put the objects your child has already known into a cloth bag, then insert your hand into the bag and let him / her guess which object it is without seeing the object. For small children, you can inspect objects before putting them in the bag, then touch them to recognize them. For older children it will improve the skill to put objects without seeing.

Fragrance Bottles (3-6 years): Supply 10 plastic or glass bottles. Cover 5 of these bottles with blue paper on the outside and 5 with green paper on the outside. Place a piece of cotton into the bottles and drip a few drops of vegetable oil (cloves, bergamot, eucalyptus, etc.) into the cotton. A total of 5 different scents are needed, drip the same scent into a blue and green paper bottle, and your child will try to find the same scent from one group.

Remember that if you teach children how to use their senses effectively, especially in the 0-6 years of age, they will more easily absorb new information, adapt to new practices more easily, and use their mental functions such as attention and memory more functionally.


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