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Diseases caused by pneumococcal bacteria are among the most common diseases seen in children during the winter months. Diseases such as meningitis and pneumonia caused by this bacterium can cause death or permanent damage to children. Every year, nearly one million children under the age of 5 die in the world. Etiler Memorial Polyclinic Department of Pediatrics Uz. Dr. Gökhan Mamur, En Pneumococcal vaccine is shown as the most effective way to prevent pneumococcal disease. Erek
: Could you tell us about pneumococcal infections?
Upset. Dr. Gökhan Mamur: Pneumococcal infections are serious infections caused by the microorganism called pt Streptococcus Pneumonia ”. Infection with streptococcus pneumonia can cause severe illness and death. Pneumococcal bacteria, especially in cases of weakened immune system in winter; sinusitis, bones, joints, membranes, abdominal membranes and blood, and brain abscesses.
: Who is at Risk?
Upset. Dr. Gökhan Mamur: Pneumococcal infections can cause severe diseases in children under five years of age. Among these diseases; meningitis, blood infection and otitis media. Pneumonia, deafness and brain damage may also occur.
Children under two years of age constitute the highest risk group. Pneumococcal bacteria are transmitted by close contact between people. Pneumococcal infections can be difficult to treat because recently bacteria have become more resistant to antibiotics. Therefore, prevention of infection becomes more important.
: Can Measure be Taken?
Upset. Dr. Gökhan Mamur: In respiratory diseases, hands are one of the most important means of transmission and it is very important that families give their children hand washing education. Children; It is sufficient for them to wash their hands with soap and water for 10-15 seconds before, after and after meals, toilets and games.
: What is the most effective way to prevent pneumococcal disease?
Upset. Dr. Gökhan Mamur: Children should not be kept in closed environments with people known to be ill. The newly introduced conjugated pneumococcal vaccine in our country is protective against meningitis, partly pneumonia and otitis media, especially in children in the first 5 years of age.
The conjugated pneumococcal vaccine helps prevent serious pneumococcal diseases such as meningitis and blood infection. It can also prevent some middle ear infections. However, pneumococcal vaccine is effective against some of them because there are many causes of ear infections.
The conjugated pneumococcal vaccine is recommended for infants and play-age children. Vaccines in infants are protected when they carry the highest risk against such infections.
: Who should be vaccinated?
Upset. Dr. Gökhan Mamur: Children under two years of age should be vaccinated. The four-dose conjugated pneumococcal vaccine is usually administered at 2, 4, 6, 12-15 months of age. Children who have not been vaccinated in these months can still be vaccinated. The number of doses required depends on the age, so parents should discuss this with a specialist.
Children between 2-5 years:
Unvaccinated and severe pneumococcal disease and children at high risk should also be vaccinated.
: Which children are at high risk?
Upset. Dr. Gökhan Mamur:
Those with sickle cell anemia
Spleen or damaged spleen
Those with HIV / AIDS
Patients suffering from diabetes, cancer or liver disease, including those affected by the defense system
• Drug users who affect the defense system; (Corticosteroid, chemotherapy etc.)
Those with prolonged heart or lung disease
: What are the risks of conjugated pneumococcal vaccine?
Upset. Dr. Gökhan Mamur:
Studies have shown that this vaccine has mild side effects.
Redness, tenderness and swelling in the vaccine site (25 percent)
Restlessness, tendency to fall asleep or loss of appetite
No serious reactions have been reported so far. However, vaccines, like any medication, can cause serious problems; for example, a severe allergic reaction. This vaccine is extremely unlikely to cause serious harm or death.
: What should be done if a moderate or severe reaction occurs?
Upset. Dr. Gökhan Mamur: Abnormal situations should be considered; eg severe allergic reaction, high fever or abnormal movements.
A severe allergic reaction is extremely rare with any vaccine. If it develops, it will usually develop within the first few minutes or hours after vaccination. In this case, respiratory distress, hoarseness or wheezing, swelling in the throat, fatigue, rapid heartbeat, dizziness, skin rash (hives) and pallor are seen.