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You need to give importance to eye health in infancy and childhood. Eye disorders, which are noticed at a young age, completely recover with appropriate treatment. There is no turning back, especially with regard to lazy eye. We also about it Acıbadem Health Group Ophthalmologist Op. Dr. Contact Nesrin directly We spoke with.
: When should the eye examination be performed?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Nesrin directly All children should be examined by an ophthalmologist before the age of 4, although there is no problem. In the meantime, the eye examination can be performed as soon as possible with the observations of the family and some determinations of pediatricians from birth.
: What is lazy eye?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Nesrin directly Eye laziness is a condition that occurs in early childhood and can be defined as insufficient vision of an eye. Eye laziness is seen in 3 out of 100 people. Since lazy eye can only be treated if it is detected at an early age, parents should be extremely sensitive and ensure that children can have an eye examination at an early age.
: What can lead to lazy eye?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Nesrin directly Lazy eye can occur in any situation that prevents normal use of the eyes. In most cases, the cause of lazy eye can be hereditary. Especially children with lazy eye in their families should be examined by an ophthalmologist.
: What are the reasons for lazy eye?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Nesrin directly There are 3 main reasons for lazy eye. These; strabismus, refractive defects and turbidity of the tissues required to be transparent. Laziness may occur in the floating eye due to strabismus. Due to the high refractive error present, the eye cannot complete its visual development and becomes lazy. This is the type of lazy eye that is most difficult to detect because there is apparently no problem with the eyes. Parents should have their children examined immediately if they notice a shift in their eyes. However, in the absence of slippage, the eye examination is delayed until the school period and in this case it is often too late. For this reason, all children before 4 years of age, whether or not complaints, absolute eye examination is required. Cataracts are the leading blur in the eye tissues that should be transparent. This type of lazy eye is the earliest developing lazy eye. Therefore, each newborn should be subjected to the red burning test which is an extremely easy test by an absolute pediatrician and should be immediately examined by an ophthalmologist in case of an abnormality. Because this type of lazy eye develops very early and very deep. Congenital cataract should be treated surgically as soon as possible.
: How is lazy eye diagnosed?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Nesrin directly This is often quite difficult. Because the visual examination of children is quite difficult before the age of 3-4 years. In younger children and infants, a lazy eye is tried to be detected by a number of methods, such as evaluating the response to manual closure of the intact eye by the doctor. In the examination before the age of 4, the ophthalmologist basically does the following. Inspects eyes for any slippage. Then, if there is any turbidity in the transparent environment, the pupil is expanded with a drop and the refraction values of both eyes are measured. The important point here is whether or not there is a refractive error in one eye, well above the other. High refractive errors in both chambers are also taken into account. In addition to the refraction defect examination, the retina and visual nerve examination is also performed and the examination is completed.
: How is lazy eye treated?
Kiss. Dr. Contact Nesrin directly In lazy eye, the treatment is based on the use of the weak eye. This is done by closing the intact eye with a special bandage for weeks to months. In strabismus, if a surgical intervention is to be done, first of all, eye laziness is tried first. A certain period of closure treatment is performed before the surgery, surgery is applied, and then closure is continued for a while. Unfortunately, families can stop closing because they think that everything goes well after slipping. Surgical intervention alone does not relieve the lazy eye. Your ophthalmologist will explain to you how the closure should be done and what should be done during the closure. After that, you are completely patient. Children often have difficulty because they do not like the closure. However, this difficult period is overcome with your patience.