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Although it is known as an ordinary child disease among the people, there are also serious dangers that may arise due to chickenpox. Moreover, these hazards increase in proportion to age. Vaccination to protect against varicella is useful. At this point; experts recommend; 'The varicella vaccine, which is recommended to be administered to babies in the 12th month, should be repeated a second time between the ages of 4-6 to provide effective protection.'
Although it is seen in children between the ages of 1 and 10 at the end of the winter and early spring, chickenpox is a mild disease that is frequently seen in nursery and kindergarten children aged 1-5. However, although it is known to the public as an ordinary child disease, there are also serious dangers that may arise from varicella. Moreover, these hazards increase in proportion to age.
As a result of the complications caused by chickenpox which is highly contagious; severe pneumonia, brain infection (encephalitis and meningitis), respiratory and central nervous system problems, inflammation of the liver, as well as skin lesions caused by severe skin, muscle and internal organ diseases can occur. It is known that brain involvement is more common in children under 5 years of age and in people over 20 years of age.
To be with someone carrying the virus in indoor environments, to use the belongings of the person carrying the virus or to touch where it touches, the disease can easily be transmitted by droplet. Chickenpox, also known as “corridor disease arasında among the public, is worthy of its name: the patient sitting at the end of a long corridor can easily infect the person sitting at the other end of the corridor. The risk of catching the disease is 96%, even if a person with chickenpox is present at the same time for a very short time.
For this reason, experts warn of the importance of prevention rather than spend the disease, while emphasizing that the most effective and only way to prevent varicella is vaccination. For the most effective protection against this disease which may cause severe complications, it is stated that chickenpox vaccine recommended to be administered to children in the 12th month should be repeated at the age of 4-6 years.
There is also a risk of chicken pox for adults…
Although it is mostly seen in children due to the easy transmission of the disease, adults are also in danger of getting the virus. Chickenpox in adults is more severe than a child has. It causes low risk in pregnant women and pneumonia in smokers.
Another important feature of chickenpox is that the virus cannot be completely removed from the body after the disease has passed, and it is stored on the nerve endings. Over time, the body's stresses, fatigue, the use of drugs directly connected to the immune system triggering factors such as weakening the immune system, the virus in the body along the nerves to reach the skin and the people known as “Shingles neden causes the disease. There are some scientific studies showing that chickenpox vaccination reduces the incidence of shingles.
Information on vaccination…
The varicella vaccine provides 85% protection against the disease. Against severe disease, this rate is over 95%. If the vaccine is given within 3 days of contact with the virus, 90% of the disease can be prevented. Even if the person is not infected, the protection effect continues in the following periods. Rarely, the side effects of the vaccine are; Redness, stiffness and swelling are indicated where the vaccine is administered. Rarely, children may have fever, headache, malaise, nausea and vomiting.
Varicella - zoster virus caused varicella, 14-21 days after receiving the virus, high fever, skin rashes and rashes appear. Rashes that take the form of bubbles filled with water as soon as possible, crust for 7 to 10 days. In this period, if there is no inflammation by combining with another germ, the shells will fall off without a trace. The duration of the respiratory infection is stated as 2 days before the rash begins and 5 days after the rash has started, and contamination through contact continues until all the rash has crusted.
Although it is not very effective today, there are some drugs used in the treatment of varicella, but these drugs cannot be used in severe cases. Important warnings at the beginning; the person carrying the disease does not use acetylsalicylic acid in any way and skin rashes, cream, etc. Such materials come from non-implementation.