General

Respiratory problems and bronchiolitis in children

Respiratory problems and bronchiolitis in children

bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is the result of narrowing of bronchioles (bronchus), the smallest branches of the airways, due to infection. Acute bronchiolitis; wheezing after upper respiratory tract symptoms in early life. Seasonal features are important in bronchiolitis. It is common in winter and early spring. Although this infection occurs at any age, it is most common under two years of age (2-6 months). Infections occur through respiration. Human is the only source of infection. Viruses that cause bronchiolitis survive in the environment for half an hour.
Infectious children continue 1-2 days before the symptoms and 1-2 weeks after the onset of symptoms.

Risky Groups

1. Reactive respiratory disease
2. Premature and low birth weight
3. Heart disease
4. Chronic lung disease
5. Weakness of the immune system
6. Breastfeeding
7. Smoking at home
8. Crowded environment
9. Going to daycare

Signs and symptoms

Fever occurs when a wheezing occurs following a runny nose and cough, and the fever is usually absent or below 38.5 ° C.
Rapid breathing, forced breathing due to chest and abdominal wall may be pulled. Malnutrition and apathy may be seen. In severe cases, bruising may occur on the nail beds and lips.

Treatment

It depends on the age of the patient and the severity of the disease. Bronchial expanding syrups may be useful in patients without respiratory distress. Since the feeding will be disrupted due to the difficult breathing, an increase in the number of breaths per minute due to poor water intake necessitates hospitalization and supportive treatment. Recovery after hospitalization usually occurs in 3-4 days. The expected length of hospitalization is 3-7 days. Because viruses are responsible for 90% of the agents, antibiotics have no place in the treatment.

In which situations should you go to the hospital urgently?

• If your child coughs in attacks and ends with bruising,
• If the number of breaths per minute exceeds 60-70 times,
• If breathing is difficult,
• If there is disinterest in the environment and difficulty feeding, the nearest Pediatric Emergency Policlinic should be consulted.

Prepared by Acıbadem Healthcare Group.