How do you protect your child from autumnal diseases?

How do you protect your child from autumnal diseases?

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In the autumn season, especially among children, the prevalence of illnesses is influenza, pharyngitis, sinusitis, bronchitis and pneumonia. Pediatric Specialist from Acıbadem Kocaeli Hospital Ali Kaya says that these diseases increase in the autumn months when the temperature differences are very high during the season passes.

: What Season Does Gribal Infection Start?
Dr. Ali Kaya: It is the most common upper respiratory tract infection. They spread rapidly in closed environments during the season passes. Complaints in children may extend up to 2-3 weeks.

: What are the symptoms of influenza infections?
Dr. Ali Kaya:
- Nasal congestion
- Drying
- Nasal discharge that becomes transparent and then greenish
- Light fire at first
- Weakness, resentment
- Anorexia, fatigue
- Joint, muscle pain
- Sputum cough

: When should the flu vaccine be given?
Dr. Ali Kaya: As it is a viral disease, there is no use of antibiotics in influenza infections. Treatment is made according to complaints. Antipyretics, painkillers, vitamin supplements, steam baths, rest is recommended. If the fever is too high, dark nasal discharge may require antibiotics if the symptoms last longer. Apart from that, the basic treatment is to keep the body resistance high. The main treatment is preventive treatment. The flu vaccine can be administered to any child over six months of age in a single dose in September-October before the flu season is opened.

: Should each child be vaccinated against influenza?
Dr. Ali Kaya: Influenza vaccination is highly recommended if the child is suffering from influenza infection very frequently, if symptoms continue for a long time, antibiotics should be used every time, complications such as pharyngitis, bronchitis develop, or if the parents are likely to bring home a flu infection.

: How does pharyngitis, another common disease in children, occur?
Dr. Ali Kaya: It is caused by a microbial inflammation on the back wall of the throat. Symptoms include:

- Throat ache
- Burning sensation
- Difficult to swallow
- Fire
- Hoarseness

In the treatment of the disease, throat culture is taken to determine whether it is microbial. According to the test result, antibiotic treatment is being shaped. Moreover, the genus of the microbe in culture and which drug to use is also determined. Moreover, the success of the treatment needs to be investigated with the control culture after treatment. Protection is possible by keeping children away from people you know have had a throat infection. Preventing close contact and keeping children away from closed, stuffy environments is a solution.

: What causes sinusitis?
Dr. Ali Kaya: It usually occurs after upper respiratory tract infections. It's known as infection of the cavities in the head bones. Symptoms include:

- Continuous headache (forehead and cheeks)
- Runny nose

: How is it treated?
Dr. Ali Kaya: In order to ventilate the cavities in the bones, anti-obstruction drugs and antibiotics against inflammation are needed in the later stages of surgery. Because sinusitis recurs very easily, preventive treatment is of great importance. The face bones need protection from the cold. Exposure to cold after perspiration, after sports activities, hair out to dry out the main factor. It is important to use a protective cap in cold weather in winter.

: Can children also have pneumonia?
Dr. Ali Kaya: Lower respiratory tract infections are among the most common causes of pneumonia. Small vesicles inside the lung are filled with inflammation. The most common causes of pneumonia are bacteria and viruses. Symptoms are as follows:

- Fire
- Shivering
- Cough
- Sputum extraction
- Chest pain
- Weakness
- Frustration
- Anorexia

In the treatment of bacterial antibiotics are used. If viral, supportive treatment is sufficient. Antibiotics should not be stopped early. Even if the complaints go away, it is important to comply with the time the doctor says. Painkillers, antipyretics, expectorants are also used in the treatment. In addition to general preventive measures, pneumonia vaccine is particularly recommended for protection. The pneumonia vaccine can be administered to any child older than two months.

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