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With the arrival of summer months, the incidence of vaginal yeast infection increases in women. Standing by the sea, pool and wet swimsuits are the main reasons for this increase. During pregnancy, there is a risk of vaginal yeast infection not only in summer but in every period. Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist at Yeditepe University Hospital Dr. View Cem's Full Profile Son Decreased cellular immunity in the last 3 months of pregnancy, increased levels of circulating estrogen and progesterone hormones facilitate the placement of fungal infection in the vagina. ”
: What is vaginal yeast infection?
Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Candida albicans is a pathology that is caused by the spread and itching of the fungus in the vagina.
: What are the causes of vaginal yeast infections?
Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu:
Diabetes cases where blood sugar is not controlled
Birth control pills
Immunosuppressive conditions (AIDS, cortisone use)
Synthetic clothing, temperature and humidity
Having sexual relationships with frequent and different people
: Why does it occur especially in the summer?
Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Temperature and humidity are important in the development of vaginal yeast infection. Chlorine used in the swimming pool also increases the development of fungal infection. During the summer months, temperature and humidity, as well as pool use and a long stay in wet swimsuits pave the way for the development of vaginal yeast infection.
: What are the most common symptoms of vaginal yeast infections?
Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Itching in the genital area and discharge similar to white cheese are the most common symptoms. There may be pain in the vagina, painful sexual intercourse and burning in the vulva. A burning sensation may occur when the urine touches the skin in the inflamed genital area.
: Is it seen in pregnancy?
Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Symptoms of yeast infection in the vagina are more frequent especially in the last 3 months of pregnancy. The location of fungal organisms in the vagina is detected in approximately 40% of pregnant women. Fungal findings may not be observed in 35% of them.
: What are the causes of vaginal fungus during pregnancy?
Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Decrease in cellular immunity in the last 3 months of pregnancy, increased levels of circulating estrogen and progesterone hormones facilitate the placement of fungal infection in the vagina.
: How are vaginal yeast infections treated?
Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: It is important to eliminate the causes of vaginal yeast infection. In the treatment, vaginal suppositories and oral systemic azole group fungicides are used. The addition of creams containing cortisone to the treatment is helpful in relieving the symptoms of irritation of the vulva skin. Treatment of spouses is also necessary to prevent recurrence of vaginal yeast infections.
: Is it possible to avoid infections?
Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: It is necessary to protect against the causes of the fungal infection mentioned above. It should be known that nylon and tight garments worn especially in obese patients cause an increase in heat and moisture in the genital area and thus increase the risk of fungal infection. For this reason, patients should be advised to change their underwear frequently, prefer cotton clothes and not stay in wet swimwear for a long time.