Normal Sugar Values ​​During Pregnancy

Normal Sugar Values ​​During Pregnancy

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Pregnancy is a process in which the body undergoes many different changes both physically and biologically. These changes, starting from the first moment the embryo attaches to the mother's womb, begin to show its effect first on your hormones.

Along with these differences in hormones, you may experience other chemical changes during pregnancy. Reactions in glucose metabolism especially for healthy development of the unborn baby, sugar in pregnancy problem.

As it is known, if the blood sugar level is above or below normal, some serious health problems may be encountered.

So what causes diabetes during pregnancy, what are the symptoms? What is the effect on the baby? What should be the normal sugar value?

What is Pregnancy Diabetes?

In the absence of the insulin hormone in the human body, the glucose taken into the body cannot be sent to the cells and accumulates in the blood and starts to damage the tissues. Consequently diabetes, ie diabetes It occurs.

Diabetes is a condition that occurs when the insulin hormone secreted from the pancreas is not produced at all or very little. In pregnant women who do not normally have diabetes, the second trimester of pregnancy, or after the diabetes that occurs'pregnancy diabetes or by name in medicine 'gestational diabetes' It is called.

You can review our article about everything you wonder about pregnancy sugar. Click the link to access the article.

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Gestational diabetes occurs especially after the 24th week of pregnancy and may also occur in someone without diabetes.

Gestational diabetes, which occurs in 3-5% of all pregnancies, often disappears with birth. However, it can have negative effects on both the mother and the baby during pregnancy and may cause various health problems.

Therefore, pregnancy sugar persons should be under the supervision of a doctor.

What are the symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy?

Symptoms of gestational diabetes may be similar to those experienced during pregnancy. Therefore, most of the time the person is not suspected of having diabetes and the diagnosis can be made late.

Symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy can be listed as follows;

  • Continuous state of thirst
  • Increased appetite and eating more
  • Weight loss
  • Weight gain over expectant mother's doctor's recommendation
  • Water consumption above normal
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue and fatigue
  • Water in the amniotic sac of the baby is more than normal

If the mother has such symptoms, blood sugar during pregnancy The test should be checked for the values.

You can watch our video about pregnancy sugar.

Why does diabetes occur during pregnancy?

The occurrence of diabetes in the middle of pregnancy in a non-diabetic pregnant woman is due to a series of events.

Especially in pregnancy Between the 24th and 28th weeks, the placenta is rapidly begins to grow. As the placenta grows, the level of HPL (Human Placental Lactogen) secreted from the placenta increases. This hormone reduces the resistance of the insulin hormone to provide the baby needs glucose.

In short, as HPL levels increase, insulin is disabled, which causes the body's sugar level to rise too much and causes diabetes.

Who carries the risk of diabetes during pregnancy?

As your baby grows in your stomach, your worries start to increase day by day. Sugar in pregnancyis not a problem for every individual; however, some people are in the risk group.

  • Those with weight problems before getting pregnant
  • Large births in previous births (4 kg and over)
  • Previously aborted
  • Those who have had stillbirths before
  • Family with diabetes
  • Those who have gained excess weight during pregnancy
  • Pregnant women with increased amniotic fluid
  • Older (35 years and older)
  • People diagnosed with pregnancy sugar in their previous pregnancy
  • People with symptoms of gestational diabetes
  • People with recurrent fungal infection or urinary tract infection are at risk.

These people must pregnancy glucose values should be tested for.

How is Gestational Diabetes Diagnosed?

Pregnancy sugar test, which every candidate has heard before, is a sugar loading test performed during the second trimester of pregnancy. 'How many glucose should be in pregnancy? ' And let's look at how the sugar loading test is done together:

  • First, the person's fasting blood sugar is measured after a 12-hour fasting. This value is expected to be above 95 mg / dl.
  • The 'glucose screening test' is then performed. For this purpose, 50 grams of pure glucose dissolved in water is drunk to measure blood sugar after 1 hour. (PPG Test)
  • If the blood sugar level exceeds 140 mg / dl, an 'oral glucose tolerance test' is performed to load 100 grams of sugar dissolved in water. (OGTT Test)
  • After this loading, blood sugar is measured 3 times at the end of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd hours, and the satiety blood sugar is checked. These values ​​are expected to be 180, 155 and 140 mg / dl and below, respectively.
  • Two or more values ​​from all these measurements normal sugar values ​​during pregnancy gestational diabetes is diagnosed.

Only individuals with a high value are monitored under the supervision of a doctor.

Pregnancy Blood Glucose Values

The issue of blood sugar during pregnancy is especially important for mothers who are at risk for pregnancy diabetes. 'What should be your blood sugar during pregnancy? ' Pregnant women should be aware of this issue.

During the day, fasting and satiety sugar values ​​should be in a certain balance. Therefore, 'how many sugar is dangerous in pregnancy? ' question arouses curiosity.

Well how many pregnancy sugar should be?

  • How many should hunger sugar be during pregnancy?

The time interval you choose to control your hunger sugar while pregnant can directly affect the value. Well how many hunger sugar should be in pregnancy?

  • Before breakfast, that night after long-term hunger value, 60-90 mg / dl must be between.
  • If it is worth before lunch or dinner, 60-105 mg / dl should be.
  • How Much Sugar Should We Have During Pregnancy?

The ideal time interval for satiety sugar is 2 hours after a meal. 120-130 mg / dl is considered normal.

What are the Effects of Pregnancy Sugar on Mother and Baby?

Babies will also be directly affected in the event of a possible pregnancy diabetes because they develop through the feeding of their mothers during their stay in the womb.

If the diabetes cannot be treated or controlled, the conditions that can be seen in the baby are as follows;
  • Early birth
  • Overweight baby (big baby)
  • The fact that the large baby does not allow for normal birth is required by cesarean section
  • Death or stillbirth of the baby in the womb
  • Breathing problems in the baby after birth
  • Neonatal jaundice
  • Late maturation of lungs
  • Low calcium
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) after birth
  • Injuries during birth in overweight baby
  • Obesity or risk of type 2 diabetes in advanced age after birth
Problems that may cause pregnancy diabetes on the mother are as follows;
  • Cesarean section
  • High blood pressure risk
  • Early birth
  • Risk of kidney infection
  • Risk of preeclampsia (pregnancy poisoning)

These conditions may occur as a result of non-treatment of pregnancy diabetes. However, it should be noted that, sugar in pregnancy disease can be treated easily. Blood sugar can be kept under control with medication and proper nutrition under doctor control.

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