Abdominal pain, which is one of the most common problems in childhood, is not a disease, but it can be a symptom of diseases caused by intra-abdominal or extra-abdominal organs. Liv Hospital Child Health and Diseases Specialist İsmail Gönen explained the causes of abdominal pain in children and the precautions that can be taken.What are the causes of abdominal pain?Abdominal pain should first be classified according to duration. Short-term (acute) abdominal pain is usually a symptom of an underlying disease. Depending on age groups, the underlying diseases can be very different. Diseases such as congenital developmental defects, intestinal periods and obstructions, meconium plugs are seen in the neonatal period, and surgical pathologies such as hernias before 2 years of age and appendicitis in later periods may be seen.May be chronic if lasts longer than 3 monthsChronic abdominal pain may occur if the abdominal pain lasts longer than 3 months. In this case, no pathology can be detected from the underlying diseases. Chronic abdominal pain occurs in 10-20 percent of children during school childhood and often recurs. Causes of non-organic (not related to an underlying disease) chronic abdominal pain are usually included in the functional class of abdominal pain. It may be due to functional dyspepsia, iritable bowel syndrome, abdominal migraine and functional abdominal pain.May indicate inflammatory diseasesAbdominal pain may manifest in the form of restlessness and crying crises in young children and infants who cannot express themselves or begin to speak. The most common causes of abdominal pain in infants colic (gas pains), if accompanied by vomiting gastroesophageal reflux disease can be seen. Food allergies (usually associated with milk protein), and occasionally bowel obstructions or knots, may indicate structural or inflammatory diseases of the abdominal organs. If abdominal pain is due to an underlying organic or structural disease, the child's nutrition is necessarily impaired and appetite is reduced. In addition, biliary vomiting, high fever may be complaints. If there is deterioration in the general condition, high fever, biliary vomiting, consult a doctor immediately.If the pain is accompanied by fever, watch out!The presence of fever with abdominal pain is closely related to the duration of abdominal pain. If there is a short-term abdominal fever, it is either due to an inflammatory cause such as infection or a surgical cause such as appendicitis. If prolonged abdominal pain is associated with fever and recurs, there may be a risk of familial Mediterranean fever. If joint swelling occurs, rheumatologic diseases may also occur.Take precautions, save your child from abdominal painNutritional habits should be arranged in a way to prevent children from staying constipated. This will both prevent constipation and prevent the formation of kidney stones.