Few of the sun decided to hurt most

Few of the sun decided to hurt most

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The sun's rays are reflected in water and sand, which can burn people even in the shade. A person who has sunburned once in his life has twice the risk of developing skin cancer compared to those without sunburn. With each burn, this risk increases twice. The best way to prevent skin cancer is to prevent skin burns. Children should therefore not be taken out during the hours when the sun's rays reach the most intense surface.

Emsey Hospital Child Health and Diseases Specialist Exp. Dr. Gülten Karasu shares her views on the subject…

The eyes of children should also be protected from the sun against the risk of cataracts and therefore UV-protected sunglasses should be taken for the child. In addition, if the child is fair-skinned, blond or red-haired, colored eyes, freckles or moles, he is much more susceptible to sunburn and must use protective lotion as he is at risk for skin cancer.

The sun, a natural source of vitamin D, prevents Rickets
The more important it is for the healthy development of children, the more important the sunlight is. The sun, a source of vitamin, has a great role in the development of bones. Rickets disease develops in vitamin D deficiency. Rickets infants closure latex, teeth come out late, sitting and walking is delayed. Children should be taken out for at least 2 hours a day in very hot and not too cold weather to benefit from sunlight. In the summer months, 2-3 months old babies can be exposed to the sun naked in windless weather to benefit from sunlight.

Things to consider when sunbathing children
When babies are brought to the sun, they should be covered with a sun hat to protect the head and eyes. Children should not have sunbathing between 11.00 and 15.00 hours when the sun rays come upright in summer. The first day of sunbathing should start with 2 minutes and should not exceed 30 minutes in total. When sunbathing, children should be dressed in undershirts and hats and children should never be put under the sun. Older children should not exceed 45 minutes of sunbathing naked in summer. It should be noted that the sun can be harmful as well as beneficial.

In the summer, children should be wary of sunstroke. Prolonged exposure of the child to the sun can cause redness of the skin, a feeling of pain, accumulation of water in heavily affected areas, headache, vomiting, and fever. In this case, a doctor should be consulted immediately. If the child's skin is cold and humid in sunstrokes, it is necessary to lay them in a shade and cool place and keep their legs high. If the skin has turned red, hot and dry, the child should be placed in a cool, shade place after being immersed in cold water and applied to the body with a cloth soaked in cold water until the fever falls. Against the harmful effects of the sun in children, sun lotions with high protection factor developed for sensitive skin should be used with the advice of a doctor.

What to do to protect children from the sun
· Babies and young children should not be exposed to direct sunlight between 11.00 and 15.00.
· On holiday, a water-resistant protective cream with at least 30 protection factors should be used.
· Protective creams should be applied to the skin in sufficient amounts.
· The sun baths should start with two minutes and the duration should be increased by accustoming the body. This period should not exceed 25-30 minutes.
· As children enter the pool or sea, they should continue to apply protective cream throughout the day as the sunscreens will lose their effect as they are dried with towels.
· Children coming to school age should be told about sun protection methods.
· Children should be allowed to drink enough water to prevent water loss.
· Heads of babies and children should be protected from the sun with a hat.
· If the child is going to be out for more than 30 minutes a day, he should be allowed to use sunscreen cream.
· Infants are more sensitive to the sun because their skin is thinner. Therefore, children under 6 months of age should not be exposed to direct sunlight, should be kept in the shade.
· Children should be dressed in such a way that they do not sweat and provide protection against the sun. A white shirt with sleeves and a hat with a border would be appropriate in this sense. Clothing should not be sparsely woven.
· Cloudy weather should be considered, because 70% of the sun's rays pass through the clouds.
· It should be remembered that sand and water reflect sunlight. Skin burns may occur even in the shade.
· Children's eyes should be protected from the sun with a UV-protected glasses. Exposure to UV radiation for many years increases the risk of cataracts.
· Since most cheeks, nose and shoulders are burned in the sun, care should be taken to protect these areas in particular.
· It should be sunscreen, UVA and UVB filters, easy to absorb, moisturize the skin, resistant to water and perspiration, odorless and colorless, long-lasting and easy to use.
· Sunscreen products should be applied half an hour before sun exposure.

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