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The human body has a well-developed adaptation mechanism to carry out a miraculous event like pregnancy. In this case, it is important that the expectant mother is well aware of and prepared for the changes that are waiting for her, and that physical changes can be distinguished from diseased conditions. Memorial Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Department Op. Dr. View Banu's Full Profile 10 10 changes in the body during pregnancy and adaptation methods ”tells about those who are curious about.
Mothers should be ready for dizzying changes
Pregnancy is a physiological period in which a woman will live several times in her life and many changes develop rapidly in a period of about 9 months. This change continues from the first days of pregnancy, when the egg and sperm meet, to birth, and some difficulties may be expected for the mothers to keep up with this dizzying speed. Egg and sperm formed by the merger of zygote after fertilization 6-7. days, the embryo clings to the mother's womb and after this period, these cells programmatically divide and multiply to form the fetus. The developing embryo begins to synthesize various hormones from its earliest days to complete its development by taking its place in the womb. It is very natural that many changes occur in the mother's body and mood as a result of these hormones, which are foreign to the mother candidate, and the adaptation mechanisms that occur in the body for the maintenance of pregnancy and the physical changes caused by the fetus growing in the uterus in the later weeks of pregnancy.
1. WEIGHT INCREASE: The most important change in pregnancy is weight gain. This is necessary for maintaining a healthy pregnancy and bringing a healthy baby to the world. Of course, the fact that the weight gain is too little or more than normal brings a number of drawbacks for the mother and the baby. Balanced and regular nutrition by increasing the average daily calorie intake 150-300 kcal can provide the necessary nutrients for the baby. It is expected that the expectant mother is expected to gain between 9 and 16 kg depending on the body mass index before conception. It can be said that the normal body mass index of this figure is 10-12 kg on average for women. It is generally expected to gain weight between 1.8-2 kg in the first 12 weeks, and to gain 0.5 kg per week in the following 3 months, after which it will be expected to gain approximately 4.5-5 kg until delivery.
2. CHANGES IN SKIN: However, almost all parts of the body are affected by these hormonal factors. Many changes occur in the skin, hair and nails, teeth and gums. The most remarkable changes occur in the skin of the skin of the mother candidates. Dryness, cracks in the breast and abdomen, pregnancy mask called spots, abdominal color, darkening of the middle line, problems such as acne may occur.
It is important for a mother to take care of her hygienic care and body care throughout her pregnancy in order to protect her body well. Glycerin-based soaps can be used to moisturize the skin instead of using a normal soap for a woman with dry skin. It is recommended to use body oils during bathing and to apply moisturizing cream after removal.
3. HORMONAL CHANGES: One of the most complained subjects during pregnancy is vaginal discharge. As a result of changes in the natural flora and pH of the vagina during pregnancy, discharge increases and the tendency to infection increases. Vaginal fungal infections may frequently develop during pregnancy due to increased vaginal acidity. If a discharge with a large amount of yellow, green odor or vaginal itching occurs, it may be necessary to check it and, if necessary, use oral medication or vaginal suppositories.
The mammary glands start to work especially during the last period of pregnancy and it can be observed that white-yellow milk called colostrum comes from the nipple. This has no harm to the health of the expectant mother. The colostrum on the nipple can be cleaned with a warm soapy cloth, and daily breast pads can be used if it is too uncomfortable during the day. The bras should be changed especially after the second half of pregnancy. Cotton undergarments that support the breast from the bottom should not be too tight.
4. CHANGES IN THE SLEEP SYSTEM: One of the many complaints during a pregnant woman's pregnancy is sleep disorder. Studies show that almost 80 percent of mothers have sleep problems during a certain period of their pregnancy. During the first months of pregnancy due to hormonal changes in the mother during the day, drowsiness, lack of concentration and the desire for constant sleep may develop… This is a normal event due to the progestron hormone completely rising in the blood. Since the rise of progesterone hormone in the first months will not continue at the same rate, this problem will usually disappear spontaneously in the later stages of pregnancy. In addition to hormonal changes, sleep problems occur due to reasons such as stomach enlargement and low back and back pain in the following weeks of gestation and the inability of the mother to gain a comfortable position in bed as she gains weight. Apart from these, baby movements during the night is a factor that can be felt too much sleep.
5. CHANGES IN BODY POSTURE: During pregnancy, a change in body posture occurs with the baby growing in the womb. However, pregnancy-related hormones also affect the ties and joints in the body, causing changes in body balance, so falls and related injuries and traumas are more common. Therefore, it is recommended that mothers should prefer non-slip shoes with high heels when going out in winter.
6. CHANGES IN THE HEART AND CIRCULATION SYSTEM: In pregnancy, many changes can not be counted with the mother and the heart and circulatory system, digestion, respiration, urinary system in all body systems, such as invisible changes occur.
The heart and circulatory system are the most important ones. Pregnancy itself is a condition that forces the heart and circulatory system. With the development of the fetus, the increase in the amount of blood to the uterus, the growing uterus by pushing the diaphragm upward and rotating the heart up and forwards, and the increase in plasma volume in the blood vessels after the second half of pregnancy due to a physiological anemia situation are important changes in this system. While these changes do not cause problems in a healthy woman before pregnancy, hidden heart diseases that have not yet presented symptoms before pregnancy may become apparent or may worsen existing heart diseases.
7. CHANGES IN RESPIRATORY SYSTEM: An increase in the number of respiration may occur due to the pushing of the diaphragm up and the increase of the progesterone hormone. In this period, nasal bleeding may be common due to the increase in blood flow in capillaries, and rarely hoarseness may develop due to the edema in the vocal cords.
8. CHANGES IN THE URINARY SYSTEM: Frequent urination problems may also occur due to hormonal changes at the beginning of pregnancy and then the baby's urinary pressure on the womb. In addition, kidneys and ureters due to compression of the urinary tract and progesterone hormone and urine to the kidney due to the development of the bladder to slow growth may develop, urinary tract infections can occur frequently.
9. CHANGES IN THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM: With regard to the digestive system, nausea and vomiting may develop especially in the first three months. However, salivation increases during pregnancy. As the stomach is pushed up and the gastric emptying rate decreases due to hormonal reasons, the stomach contents easily return to the esophagus and cause stomach burns. In addition, constipation is a common problem in pregnancy due to slowing of bowel movements.
10. MENTAL CHANGES: Apart from all these, many psychological changes occur in pregnancy and many of them are ignored. Variable mood may occur especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. Sometimes, even in very desirable pregnancies, inability to accept pregnancy, introversion, passivity may occur in the first months. fear of fear of being able to give birth to a healthy baby.