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Babies are stronger than they seem. They won't break when you hold them, most of them fall unharmed. But they're vulnerable to accidents. Even very young babies can get into trouble somehow. To protect your baby from accidents, always pay attention to the following:
• When driving your baby by car, always use a safe car seat. Wear the seat belt yourself and attach it to the driver; If the driver is not safe, no one is. Do not drive or drive after drinking.
• When washing your baby in a large bathtub, put a towel underneath to prevent it from slipping. Keep one hand on your baby all the time.
• Do not leave the baby alone in bed or on the couch when changing the baby's diaper. Even a newborn who cannot yet turn around can fall down with his body.
• If you are using a baby seat, do not place it on a small table, kitchen counter, or any other high place that is not wide enough, or your baby may fall over by tipping the seat.
• Do not leave your baby alone with a pet, no matter how well trained.
• Do not leave the baby alone with a brother under five.
• Do not leave the baby alone with a caregiver under the age of fourteen, someone you do not know, and a caregiver whose references have not yet been checked.
• Do not throw or hold the baby in the air or shake it firmly.
• Do not leave your baby alone in the house, even for a short time; the spread of a fire occurs within seconds.
• Never leave a baby or child alone in the car.
• Do not leave the baby in front of your eyes in the store, on the walk or in the playground, as a stroller or stroller is a particularly easy target for a child thief.
• Do not hang the baby's toys or other things in the crib with rope and hang tags, medallions, necklaces, bracelets on the baby's neck or arm. Make sure that the ends of the laces on the baby's clothing and hoods are well knotted or they may come off. Do not keep rope, chain, cord in the reach of the baby. Make sure there are no curtain lanyards or phone cords near the baby's cot. All this can cause the baby to accidentally suffocate.
• To prevent accidental drowning, do not place large soft toys, pillows and similar things near your baby's bed.
• Do not hold the baby under an open window for a moment.
• Use fire detectors at home.
PROVIDING BABY SAFETY IN THE CAR
Parents who take their babies out for the first time fear (sometimes too much) that they are afraid of sudden wind or rain. But millions of parents do not protect their babies where they should be. Brief exposure to adverse weather conditions does not cause very adverse events for the baby, but having the baby placed in an improperly positioned safety seat or not in the safety seat when traveling can have very bad consequences. Parents should be most concerned about car accidents, not illness. When traveling with your baby for the first time, make sure that the safety seat produced for your baby is correctly positioned and that the baby is safe enough when the car moves. Do not rely on slow driving, but do not trust that you can hold the baby. Starting from the first time the baby is accustomed to the safety seat will allow him to adopt this event. The baby who travels regularly in safety measures is both safer and easier to handle (this is important when traveling with the infant.)
After purchasing a standard safety seat, note the following:
• Carefully read and follow the manufacturer's recommendations to ensure that the seat is positioned correctly and to secure your baby. Before each journey, make sure that the seat is correctly positioned and that the belts and straps are tight.
• Place the dolls facing back until they weigh at least 8.5-9 kg and can sit upright. Babies weighing more than 9 kg can travel with their faces facing forward.
• Whenever possible, the baby should sit in the middle of the rear seat; This is the safest place of the car. If the driver is alone with the baby, it is a good idea to communicate with the baby and sit in the front seat in order to observe the baby.
SAFE NUTRITION OF YOUR BABY
Food poisoning is one of the most common and very easy to prevent diseases. It can be prevented in other risks caused by food. If you want to make sure that you do everything to ensure that your baby can be safely fed, take the following precautions every time you prepare a meal.
• Always wash your hands with soap and water before feeding your baby. If you touch raw meat, chicken or fish during feeding, wash your hands again because they contain bacteria. If you have a wound on your hand, cover it with the bandage before feeding.
• Store dry baby cereals and unopened baby food jars in a dry, cool place.
• Before opening the baby food jars, wipe or wash the dust on them.
• If the jar is difficult to open, pour warm water over the neck or force the edge of the lid with a bottle opener.
• Do not feed your baby directly from the jar of baby food and do not store the remaining food in the bowl for the next meal, as the enzymes and bacteria in the baby's saliva will begin to digest the food, which will cause the food to water and break down more quickly.
• Before opening a jar for the first time, make sure that the emblem is on the lid and not opened before.
• When using a can opener, be sure to clean it, discard it when it starts to appear rusty or cannot be cleaned.
• Always remove one meal from the jar with a clean spoon. If the baby wants a little more, use a new clean spoon.
• After taking a meal of food from the jar, close the lid again and store it in the refrigerator until it is used again.
• It is not necessary to heat baby food, but if you do, heat only one meal and discard the unused portion of the food. Warm your baby's food by pouring hot water into a container and keeping it in it. Do not taste your baby's food with his spoon. Change the spoon if you look.
• When preparing fresh baby food, ensure that the containers and surfaces you are working on are clean. Keep cold food cold and warm. Foods deteriorate as fast as 15-50 degrees, so do not keep baby food at these temperatures for more than an hour (the safe time for adults is close to 2-3 hours).
• When the doctor allows egg whites, make sure that they are completely cooked before giving eggs to your baby. Salmonella germ can be found in raw egg white.
• If you suspect a food's freshness, discard it.
• If it is not documented that it is organically grown, peel the fruit and vegetables before giving it to your baby.
• Wash all peeled vegetables and fruits by brushing with water if possible.
Foods that should not be given to babies:
• Smoked or processed meats (sausages, bacon etc.). These foods, which are rich in both nitrate and other chemicals, as well as fat and cholesterol, and sometimes contain bone, should be rarely given to infants.
• Smoked fish such as smoked salmon or trout. These foods, which are often treated with nitrates to maintain freshness, are not suitable for infants.
• Fish caught in contaminated water.
• Food and beverages such as coffee, tea, cocoa, and chocolate containing caffeine and related compounds. Caffeine can make a baby very nervous or even worse, and may interfere with the absorption of calcium and other nutrients.
• Fake foods such as milk-free cream (filled with fat, sugar, and chemicals), desserts made with frozen soy bean milk, beverages (they contain too much sugar and sometimes chemicals). Feed your baby with food, not chemical cocktails.
• Do not give natural herbal teas. These can often contain suspicious substances and often have undesirable effects on the baby's body.
• Vitamin preparations other than those specially prepared for babies. Excess vitamins can be particularly harmful to babies because their bodies cannot process them as quickly as adults. Acid in chewable vitamin C preparations can damage teeth and should not be used by infants or adults.
• Raw fish. Young children cannot chew strongly enough to kill parasites that can be found in raw fish, and they can cause serious food poisoning.
• Alcoholic beverages. No one puts it in the baby's diet, but in some cultures it's fun to give a baby a sip. This is a dangerous game, as alcohol can be toxic to a baby and the baby will develop pleasure.
• Tap water contaminated with lead, PCB, or other harmful substances. If you have any doubts about water in your area, do not use tap water even if you boil.
• Vegetables and fruits that are known to be contaminated. If news of a particular vegetable and fruit is harmful, do not buy it until the name is cleared.