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Allergic diseases are very common especially in childhood. However, if the necessary precautions are taken, you do not have to fear allergy! About the causes of allergy and the precautions that can be taken Otorhinolaryngology Specialist Op. Dr. View Abdülkadir's Full Profile We met with.
: What is an allergy?
Kiss. Dr. View Abdülkadir's Full ProfileAllergy is defined as an excessive reaction of our body to various substances in the environment. Some people react to certain substances that have no effect on normal people. Although the aim is to protect the body against foreign material, the reaction against this foreign material causes damage to the body and this situation is an allergic disease.
: Is it possible to determine if the baby is at risk of allergic disease?
Kiss. Dr. View Abdülkadir's Full ProfileIf there is an allergy in mothers, fathers and siblings, it is highly probable that the baby will carry this risk. Allergy probability; if the mother and father have the same type of allergies; asthma or hay fever, the probability of allergies in the baby is 50 - 70 percent. If the parents have different allergies, the probability of allergies in the child is 40-60%. If only the mother or father is allergic, it is 20 to 40 percent. Only if her brother is allergic, this risk is reduced to 25 to 35 percent.
: Can you give information about allergy types?
Kiss. Dr. View Abdülkadir's Full Profile As well as the food that babies eat, the air they breathe is effective in the development of allergy. Because the air in the house contains a lot of substances that can cause allergies. The most important of these is the house dust, which is the body of living things called mites. The dust produced by this mite reaches the child's airways through the respiratory air. These particles then cause allergic asthma in the bronchi. Mites prefer especially humid and warm environments. Therefore, the most densely located places are; bed, pillows, sheets and comforter. In this respect, the baby bed is an ideal place for them. Children have the first and longest contact with mites here. Therefore, the first allergic reactions to dust develops in the baby bed. Therefore, before the baby is born, it is necessary to make the bed a place where mites cannot shelter.
: What are the precautions to be taken?
Kiss. Dr. View Abdülkadir's Full ProfileThese measures can be summarized in 4 items.
• Make sure that the baby's bed is new.
• Never spread a cover made of wool (only wool is more suitable) to the bed
• Change bed linen every two weeks and wash at 60 degrees.
• Leave the teddy bears in the baby's bed every 4 weeks for 24 hours in the freezer.
: Does household dust cause allergies?
Kiss. Dr. View Abdülkadir's Full Profile Dust in the house plays an important role in the development of allergies. Because the elements of this powder, such as pollen, animal hair, such as elements of the human body through breathing enters the allergies. It is possible to reduce the risk of allergies by getting rid of the dust in your home. For this:
• You should not use carpet, carpet, curtain, fabric wallpapers, open shelf items as much as possible while arranging the house and the child's room.
• When dusting cupboards or floors, you should use a slightly damp cloth.
• You should take care not to sweep the house next to the baby.
: Is it right to feed pets at home?
Kiss. Dr. View Abdülkadir's Full ProfileParents with allergy-risk babies should not have pets at home. So even if it is difficult for you to leave your dog or cat, it is useful to give it to someone else. Microscopic protein particles of hair, dribble and eye fluids of domestic animals can reach the respiratory tract by combining with dust. Therefore, babies should not come into contact with animals. Also pillows and duvets should not be made of feather.
: Does smoking increase the risk of allergies?
Kiss. Dr. View Abdülkadir's Full ProfileThe harmful substances contained in tobacco smoke reach the bronchi and increase the likelihood of children getting allergies. Children with passive smokers allergic diseases the risk of getting 2 to 5 times more than others. That goes for the unborn baby. These children have a high risk of developing atopic dermatitis in the future. Therefore, parents who want to protect their children from allergies should stop smoking as soon as possible.
: What precautions should be taken against the common pollen allergy in spring?
Kiss. Dr. View Abdülkadir's Full ProfilePollen is considered among the main causes of allergy. It is very common in spring due to meteorological conditions. If your child is allergic to pollen, you should take the following precautions:
• Do not take your child out early in the morning. Wear protective mask if necessary.
• Do not let it play outdoors for a long time.
• Use filtered ventilation at home and in the car
• Wash regularly if using glasses.
• Do not remove your daily clothes in the bedroom.