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The relationship between pregnancy and nutrition is too much. Barriers to pregnancy, how to feed the mother-to-be, the German Hospital IVF Center Director Professor. Dr. Mustafa Bahçeci tells.
What is the relationship between nutrition and pregnancy?
Unbalanced nutrition makes women's ovaries resistant to producing healthy eggs. In men, it reduces sperm count and quality. It also makes it difficult to conceive naturally and increases the risk of miscarriage. It also reduces the success of infertility treatments.
How should parents feed?
First of all, harmful habits such as smoking, tea and alcohol should be left completely. If a spouse applies a nutrition program determined by an expert, they will both make it easier for them to reach their babies and take an important step for a healthy life.
Is there a period in which those who decide to have a baby should pay special attention to their nutrition?
Nutrition is extremely important not only during pregnancy but also when it is decided to conceive. When preparing for pregnancy, artificial sweeteners, caffeine, cigarettes, alcohol, habits related to the use of many substances should be changed. If you have excess weight, the best period to give them is before pregnancy. Because diet during pregnancy is not recommended. Some supplements daily may be useful before you become pregnant. 400 - 800 micrograms of folic acid taken daily reduces the central nervous system abnormalities in the baby.
How does smoking affect the reproductive system?
Nicotine in cigarettes is one of the reasons why ovaries are more prone to genetic anomalies. It may also cause menopause to come earlier than expected. The ovaries of women who smoke are resistant to producing healthy eggs. Pregnancy becomes difficult, but the risks of miscarriage increase even if you become pregnant. Men who smoke one to two packs of cigarettes a day have more forms, movement disorders and anomalies in their sperm. According to research, only one-fifth of women whose spouses smoke can become pregnant, and one-third of women whose spouses do not smoke can become pregnant.
Does alcohol make chances of getting pregnant difficult?
Yes, it reduces the number and quality of sperm in men. Infants exposed to alcohol in the womb may have long-term mental retardation, learning disorders and behavioral disorders. In another study, it was found that women who used alcohol one to five times a week became pregnant more difficult than those who never used alcohol.
Can obesity prevent children from being alone?
Could be. In cases of infertility, the cause of which we do not know, if the patient has a weight problem factor, we focus directly on this issue. And as a result, we see that the mothers who apply to us because of infertility and who are included in the nutrition program can get pregnant without any other treatment or assistive methods. It is a proven fact that excess weight reduces fertility in women.
Does the same rule apply to men?
Excess weight in men also cause infertility. Fat people are more prone to hormone disorders. In overweight men, the excess fatty area around the testis keeps body temperature constantly high, which threatens sperm production.
Does excess weakness have an impact on fertility?
Excessive weakness makes menstrual irregularity. This can lead to infertility.
What are the negative effects of obesity during pregnancy?
It increases the risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, urinary tract infection, congenital deformity in the baby, overweight birth, caesarean section and premature birth. It can also lead to an increase in the amount of bleeding after birth and wound infection in the cervix.
What are the diseases that require special nutrition before pregnancy and cause infertility?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which means ovaries with multiple cysts, is one of them. Patients with this syndrome develop resistance to the hormone insulin, which regulates blood sugar levels in their bodies. Therefore, the pancreas is forced to secrete more insulin. High doses of insulin also affect the ovaries, preventing ovulation. And patients have an increased risk of developing diabetes. The treatment to be applied to such patients would be drugs that increase insulin efficiency and a weight loss program.