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Summer vacation is approaching. The expectant mother is already undecided about whether to go on holiday. Dr. of American Hospital Women's Health Unit. Alper Mumcu summarizes the points that the expectant mothers should pay attention to as follows:
What are the points to be considered in the health of the expectant mother when planning a holiday? (Who is not recommended or holiday is a must?)
Generally, there are no situations where the holiday is recommended or not, but there may be some suggestions according to the course of pregnancy. For example, it is inconvenient to travel in the early stages of pregnancy in those who are at risk of bleeding and miscarriage. In such a case, measures ranging from home rest to definitive bed rest may be necessary depending on the severity of the bleeding. In the following periods, it is absolutely inconvenient to travel in cases such as the presence of water, bleeding, and the presence of premature birth contractions. When planning a vacation, the dates should be determined in advance and the doctor should follow the pregnancy. In general, it is better not to go on holiday in the last three months unless it is very compulsory.
What should be the characteristics of the selected holiday venue?
Although there is no certainty in this regard, it is useful to choose facilities that are generally clean, have a reliable kitchen and have good ventilation in the rooms. On the other hand, it is advantageous to have a physician and a hospital with the necessary equipment and personnel in the immediate vicinity.
What are the benefits and harms of sea and sun for the mothers? (During which hours you should sunbathe, swim in the sea, health effects etc vs)
There are some points to consider when swimming during pregnancy. The most important of these is not to enter the waters that are not sure to clean. For this reason, it is useful to prefer the sea instead of the pools used by too many people. Women who regularly float before pregnancy can continue their previous programs. However, the first time after conception they will have to be a little more careful going into the sea.
First of all, before entering the water, the body needs to warm up, swim slowly and gradually increase the dose. For those who are in the first 3 months of pregnancy, 20 minutes a day is enough to swim. In this period, swimming early in the morning reduces pregnancy nausea and vomiting and helps to spend the rest of the day more comfortably. In the second quarter, water supports the joints and ligaments and helps to reduce back and back pain. In this period, previous swimming habits may continue. Recently, there is no harm in continuing to swim.
Cultures made on land can be carried out in physical movements in water. This has the advantage that it prevents sweating and overheating. Optimal depth of water at the nipple level when performing culture physical movements.
Of course, this rule applies when swimming. Especially women who have cramps frequently should swim at depths not exceeding height. In the event of a possible cramp, care should be taken not to enter the water alone to get help.
Skin specialists agree that tanning in the sun or artificially can be harmful to health. Tanning is an answer your skin has to protect itself against the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays. Scientific data show that prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays increases the effects of aging as well as accelerates the development of a type of skin cancer called malignant melanoma.
The skin of many pregnant women is more sensitive during pregnancy and is more vulnerable to sunburn. During pregnancy, melonocyte-stimulating hormone levels, which affect the melanin-secreting cells, which give the color of the skin, rise. This makes the pregnant woman susceptible to excessive pigmentation. If you have a pregnancy mask called cholasma on your face, which means irregular and dark color changes, then you are too sensitive to sunlight and ultraviolet. In this case, your skin will respond to the sun's rays more and more violently than ever before. However, prolonged exposure to the sun can cause both excessive body temperature and dehydration. Both situations can have negative effects on your pregnancy. For all these reasons, it is not recommended to stay in the sun for a long time while pregnant.
Ideally it is to swim early in the morning and late in the evening or in the pool.
What should be the choice of swimwear and sunscreen?
Pregnant women are not recommended to stay in direct sunlight. It is more convenient to rest in the shade and preferably with a t-shirt on them.
Creams with high protection factor should be used. During the summer months and especially on the beach, water loss will be more than ever, so maximum attention should be paid to fluid intake. It is necessary to use swimsuits designed for pregnant women who do not squeeze the body too much.