Flu in pregnancy

Flu in pregnancy

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Flu and colds, which are sufficiently disturbing in normal times, are both more troublesome in pregnancy and cause the mother to worry about her baby. American Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist We received information from Alper Mumcu about the flu and cold during pregnancy.Differences between flu and coldFlu and cold are often confused, even interchangeable terms, but they actually mean two very different situations. Similar symptoms are seen in both diseases, but:
  • Both diseases are caused by viruses and both affect the upper respiratory tract. However, influenza A, B and C, influenza, is a disease caused by three types of virus. There are two hundred different types of viruses that cause colds.
  • Colds often affect the nose, influenza is the whole body.
  • Both diseases can cause complications, but severe conditions such as pneumonia are not seen in the common cold.
  • Unlike colds, influenza vaccine can be prevented.
Ways of transmissionBoth diseases are transmitted from the air in the form of droplet infection. When the person carrying the virus sneezes, millions of viruses enter the air and enter the body through the person's eyes, nose and mouth, causing infection. The person receiving the virus has the most infectiousness in the first two days. In other words, the first period of symptoms is the period of the most contagious. On the other hand, hands can also play a role in infecting the virus.Pregnancy and fluPregnancy alone does not pose a risk of influenza. However, the risk of complications is much higher when you catch the flu. Compared to women of the same age group, it is seen that pregnant women have higher rates of inpatient treatment because of the flu. Pregnancy causes changes in the woman's immune system as well as circulatory and respiratory systems, leading to a higher risk of complications. On the other hand, a pregnant woman caught with the flu in the late stages of pregnancy is likely to pass on to the baby after birth.Flu vaccine during pregnancyInfluenza vaccine, live virus-free and can be used in pregnancy is considered safe vaccine. The flu vaccine is usually immune to three types of influenza viruses. The contents of the vaccine are changed each year to produce a fight against viruses that are expected to cause outbreaks in that year. The effectiveness of the vaccine usually depends on the age of the person vaccinated and the similarity of the inactivated virus contained in the vaccine with that infection that year, and is around 70 to 90 percent.American Gynecologist and and the Association of Obstet-Dricians (ACOG), published in 2000, the second or third period of pregnancy, the equivalent of the epidemic of women in the flu vaccine is recommended. Again in the same report, diabetes, asthma, hypertension, such as the presence of high-risk conditions, regardless of gestational age is recommended to be given the flu vaccine. Women who do not have such high risk factors should be vaccinated at the end of their first pregnancy. Antibodies that develop in the mother after the vaccination also protects against the flu in the first months of life by passing on to the baby.

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