Protect your baby from summer accidents!

Protect your baby from summer accidents!

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Summer is especially for children, which means running and having fun, enjoying the sea and the sun. But on these beautiful days, many summer accidents, from sunstroke to insect stings, threaten the little ones. There are some important points to be aware of when you encounter these problems. Acıbadem Healthcare Group Emergency Service Officer View Demet's Full Profile summer accidents.

Sun stroke

Symptoms; headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fatigue and weakness.

What to do ?
• Relax in a cool place
• Abundant fluid intake (primarily water)
• Painkillers are taken if necessary
What shouldn't he do?
• Do not stay in the sun for a long time during very hot weather and at certain times of the day (10: 00-15: 00)
• Should not continue playing when a feeling of discomfort arises


The skin has several functions;

1. Prevents infection
2. Protects the organs and tissues it contains
3. Maintains body temperature
4. Carries the senses of heat, cold, pain and touch
5. It forms a way to remove body interests.
It is the tissue destruction that occurs as a result of the organism's encounter with fever, steam and hot objects. The classification of the degree of injury takes into account the depth of the burn, how much of the body is affected, and the location of the burn zone. According to this

1st degree burn (superficial burn); The skin is dry, red, and slightly swollen. Painful and very sensitive. Moderate sunburns are examples.

2nd degree burn (partial floor burn); Skin appears red and moist. Bulb-filled vesicles called blisters are formed. Very painful. Direct contact with fire, hot liquid or body burns, chemical substances or sun burns can cause second degree burns.

3rd degree burn (full floor burn); They affect all layers of the skin and subcutaneous tissue to muscle, bone and organs are burns. The skin is dry, hard, has lost elasticity, can be waxy appearance. It can take color from dark brown to black, painless.

First aid
1.Remove the patient from the source of the burn and stop the burn.
2.Initiating applications for first aid, firstly assessing the patient's vital signs quickly and prioritizing
3.After making the decision to deal with the burn zone is sufficient

first degree In cold burns with cold water.This process is done with running cold water or in a container full of water for 5-10 minutes.And pain medications can be taken by mouth.A painkillers creams should be used with caution in some people as they can cause an allergic reaction. If the redness and pain persists at the end of this period, you should consult a health care provider.

Second degree burns, soak the burned area with cold water, or wait in the container filled with cold water is appropriate. Cover the burned area with a clean cloth.

Third degree In case of burns, it is necessary to move the patient away from the area and briefly cool it, and then deliver it to a health facility as soon as possible.

What shouldn't he do?
1.Ice is not used to cool the wounds, it can cause sensation reduction and may form dull.
2.The clothes stuck on the wound should not be removed;
3.Never apply toothpaste, cream, oil, tomato paste.


3rd degree burns on hands, feet, face and reproductive organs
• Burns associated with respiratory system damage
• 3rd degree burns covering more than 10% of the body
• 2nd degree burns covering more than 20% of the body
• All kinds of burns in children and the elderly
• In particular, burns covering the entire arm or legs circularly
• Burns with suspicion of fracture of the arm or leg. The vital signs of the patient should be carefully observed and supported if necessary, and treatment should be initiated in a healthcare facility as soon as possible.

Fall, Impact, Sprain

What to do ?
1.Immediately take the patient to rest at the time of an accident and avoid using the injured hand or foot
2. If possible, apply cold to swollen or bruised area
3. Should not hang down to prevent further swelling of the injured area
4. If there is injury to the skin, it should be cleaned first with clean water and then with germicidal liquid.
5. Painkillers can be taken if available
6. After all these conditions are met, a health center should be consulted.

What shouldn't he do?
1.Do not apply hot on the sprained joint
2.Play should not be continued with painful hand or foot


The most effective help to a person drowning in water is to move it to a safer environment than the first one.

Hypothermia is the most important factor that worsens symptoms in drowning.

What to do ?
Safety of the patient and rescuer is provided first
Patient is tried to warm
Quickly assess the general situation, the person's breathing and circulatory help if the condition is maintained in the fastest way is called.If breathing and circulation stopped, basic life support rules are applied.

What shouldn't he do?
It should not attempt to remove the liquid from the patient by turning it upside down or holding it upside down.

Insect stings

• Cold applied to the bitten area
• Pain relief medication can be taken if there is pain
• The wound is cleaned and kept clean
• Swelling, redness and temperature in the bitten area should be referred to a health center

Snake and Scorpion Stings
Most of the scorpions and snakes in our country do not carry deadly poison except for local privileges. However, when any bite is encountered, it is necessary to keep the bite high, apply ice, take a pain relief other than aspirin and apply to a healthcare institution.

What shouldn't he do?

Do not cut the bite, do not try to remove the poison by absorbing the woundDo not apply a tourniquet over the wound


The first thing to do in diarrhea and vomiting caused by consuming food and beverages stored in poor conditions, especially in the summer months, is to take as much fluids as possible, to relax and to comply with hygiene conditions.

What shouldn't he do?
Breast milk should not be discontinued if the infant is sick, and oral ingestion should not be stopped


Bleeding is the most visible symptom of an injury. Bleeding injuries can be evaluated under several headings.

1.)Those formed with a sharp object; Because bleeding occurs due to the density of the small veinlets in that area, the incisions in the highly bleeding areas such as the scalp and lips bleed too much, even if they are small.

2.)Crushing occurs when the body falls on a hard surface or vice versa. On the surface of the skin, the injury level in the deep tissues may be different.

3.)Drilling injuries; Although bleeding is not too much, it can cause fatal wounds in deep tissues and organs.

4.)Limb ruptures, injured tissue is broken, there is a danger of shock in proportion to the location and size of the lost tissue. Bleeding may not be too much because the object causing the injury crushes the exposed vessels.

What shouldn't he do?
• Foreign substances are not covered on the wound.
• If the rules are not known, the tourniquet is not applied.
• In abdominal injuries, the patient is not given anything by mouth; it should not be attempted to place the organ or part of it.

What to do?
First of all, a quick assessment of the general condition of the patient, whether there is a vital risk should be determined. The response of the body to bleeding varies with the amount of blood lost, the type and location of the injury, the previous health status of the person. .

In small cuts and abrasions, it is essential to clean the wound with antiseptic material with a cloth that you are sure to be clean, if not as sterile as possible, and to stop the bleeding by wrapping.

Large bleeding wounds
If possible, a clean cloth, if not sterile, should be pressed firmly onto the bleeding site, if there is none, to stop the bleeding.

Drilling wounds
It is possible to see the entry and exit holes in piercing wounds; the inlet hole is small, the outlet hole is large.
There are no entry holes and no exit holes.

The first thing to do in both cases is to get the patient to a hospital as soon as possible.

Abdominal and trunk sores
Since most vital organs are located in the abdomen, it may not be possible to know to what extent the injury is damaged.

First Aid Kit
Batticon, Betadin: for antisepsis (wound cleaning)
Antibiotic cream: for the care of wounds caused by falls, impacts
Gel used for sprains: for early pain and swelling
Elastic bandage: to reduce joint swelling in sprains
Package that can be both hot and cold compresses
Sterile square gas, gas winding
Antihistamine cream for insect stings
Blunt-tipped scissors for dressing

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