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In addition to many positive features, the summer season also offers some unpleasant surprises, especially for children. Sunburn, shock, fall, insect bites are the most common accidents encountered in summer. We also take these accidents and measures to be taken Memorial Hospital Pediatric Specialist Dr.. We talked with Gökhan Mamur.
: What are the most common summer accidents in children in summer?
Specialist Contact Gökhan directly Half of the deaths associated with accidents under the age of 14 are between May and August, but peak in July. The most important reason is that children are on a summer vacation and adults do not take care of them. Approximately 3 million children in the United States are expected to apply to hospitals due to accidents this year. Children between 10 and 14 years of age account for 50% of deaths, while the group between 5 and 9 years is 44%. 6% under 5 years of age.
41% of the car hit the child
40% car accident
: What are the precautions to be taken against these accidents?
Specialist Contact Gökhan directly The most important point is that even if our children are very responsible, they should be closely monitored by adults until the age of 9 in terms of accidents. We need to pay attention to drowning accidents in our country surrounded by seas on 3 sides. First of all, if possible, should enter the sea in areas with coastal security. Areas without marine pollution should be used. Never leave your children alone when they are swimming, and always keep an eye on them. One minute is enough for the child to suffocate. Training is the best way to prevent bicycle accidents. Cycling is recommended in closed areas and make sure your children wear helmets. The prevention of falling and car crashes to our children is also followed by monitoring and training. The most important task in reducing the fatal damage caused by car accidents is for adults because we are behind the wheel. In addition, appropriate car seats from newborns to older children must be used. In many hospitals in the United States, the newborn baby is not discharged unless the baby's car seat is shown to the health care team.
: When should I take babies to the sun? What precautions should be taken for sunburn and sunstroke?
Specialist Contact Gökhan directly There is no age for babies to go under the sun. However, between 10: 00-16: 00 in the summer when the sun is the most angry should not be removed. You should use sunscreen as a precaution to sunburn; Protection factors above 18 are more expensive but do not protect your baby's skin any more. Stroke is caused by excessive heat exposure. Causes liquid loss and dehydration. It affects the heat centers in the body and causes high fever. In warm weather, light clothing should be worn and a hat should be worn.
: What should be done in order to get rid of sun exposure babies?
Specialist Contact Gökhan directly The baby should keep calm to avoid increasing the body temperature. The clothes that imprison the heat in the body should not be dressed and give plenty of liquid. Of course, such a situation will affect infants more and more quickly than adults should definitely consult a doctor.
: What should be done against bee and insect stings?
Specialist Contact Gökhan directly First of all, measure. 30% DEET against mosquito is used by adults but not recommended for children. The wind keeps mosquitoes away. Insect killing lights are also available. A little humorous but if you want an ecological approach, a bat house can be built near your garden. A bat has no poisonous side with eating hundreds of mosquitoes in an hour, and it can have exciting moments to watch.
The most important things you shouldn't do in bee stings are to panic and remove the needle from the skin with your fingers or tweezers. If you do so, you will squeeze the venom that is trapped inside the needle and the wound will become worse. The sharp side of the blade can be removed by pushing it from one side with something like a credit card. Apply cold compresses immediately.
In a general approach to insect bites, kill the insect, but don't throw it away and try to identify it. Although medical treatment is not usually required, it is a great benefit to contact your doctor if you have a disease carrier such as allergic response, malaria, infection or poison. Symptoms in the allergic response are cough, difficulty breathing, wheezing, bloating, itching and vomiting. Do not: keep the bite at a higher level than the heart, do not apply tourniquet, do not give or run stimulants, aspirin or pain relief other than the doctor's advice. If the wound occurs after itching, you should keep this area clean with soapy water. In our country should be careful against scorpion bites. Not every scorpion is poisonous. In mild cases of bite, numbness, prickling and itching may be felt in the bite area. In severe cases, referral, muscle spasms, incontinence, excess saliva, rapid breathing, forced breathing, respiratory arrest, abdominal pain, stool incontinence, high blood pressure, abnormal heartbeats, rapid heartbeats and irritability. Symptoms may be more severe and obvious in children under 6 years of age. The first thing to do is apply ice to the bite area for 10 minutes and then not apply it for 10 minutes and repeat it. The patient should be kept calm and still as much as possible. Before calling the hospital, the patient's age, weight, general condition, and what time the bite occurred should be known. You should go to the hospital immediately. In such cases, medical expectation is more likely for children under 6 years of age than for older children. If worsening is observed 2-4 hours after the bite, the condition will be severe. Symptoms end in 24-48 hours, sometimes death can occur even after 4 days.
: What are the points to take into consideration when putting babies into the sea and pool?
Specialist Contact Gökhan directly The most important thing is that adults should be very careful. It should also be kept in mind that babies from the sun can be very easily affected. Entered into the sea area and pool maintenance should be taken into account the cleanliness of the water. Remember, infants or children may drown in a bucket of water, a toilet or a few inches of water. Take your precautions accordingly! Symptoms of suffocation include paleness, bruising, abdominal bloating, cough, pinkish foamy sputum, astonishment, fever, irritability, tendency to fall asleep, not breathing, uneven breathing and vomiting. If you have seen a drowning child, or if you are not trained or endangering yourself, do not attempt to rescue and notify a professional. Immediately initiate the resuscitation of the person removed; Do not attempt to remove water from lungs and start artificial respiration immediately. Take off wet clothing to prevent heat loss and try to get personal heating. You can take a cardiopulmonary resuscitation course before heading to the sea. If you have a pool, you should always surround the area with an iron fence and keep the doors secure. If you can't find your child, look at the pool at the first stage.
: Is it necessary to take precautions for babies who sweat too much in the summer?
Specialist Contact Gökhan directly In the newborn period, thermoregulation is not very good. This means that the baby can easily get cold or warm up due to the environment. Another feature of this period is that babies cannot sweat very well. Since the baby sweats too much, he will want more breast milk and should be breastfed more. Remember that 88% of breast milk is water.
I wish you all a happy, healthy and accident-free summer !!!
Memorial Hospital Child Health and Diseases Specialist We thank Gökhan Mamur.