How To Play With A 3 Month Old Baby

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Bleeding gums during pregnancy

Is it normal to have bleeding gums during pregnancy?

About half of pregnant women have swollen, red, tender gums that bleed when flossed or brushed. This gum inflammation is pregnancy gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease. Pregnancy gingivitis is partly caused by hormonal changes that make your gums more sensitive to the bacteria in plaque.

You may also develop a small lump or nodule on your gums that bleeds when you brush. This relatively rare lump is called a pregnancy tumor or pyogenic granuloma – scary names for something that's harmless and usually painless. Pregnancy tumors can actually pop up anywhere on your body during pregnancy, but they show up most often in the mouth.

A pregnancy tumor on the gums can grow to up to three-quarters of an inch and is more likely to appear in an area where you have gingivitis. It typically disappears after you have your baby, but you'll need to have it removed if it doesn't. You can also have it removed while you're pregnant if it's uncomfortable, interferes with chewing or brushing, or starts to bleed too much.

Can pregnancy gingivitis affect my developing baby?

Pregnancy gingivitis is unlikely to be harmful to you or your baby, especially if you practice good dental hygiene. You may have heard that gum disease can cause preterm labor, but that's only a potential risk for women with severe gum disease.

And although some studies suggest a link between severe gum disease and preterm birth, low birth weight, and even preeclampsia, other studies show no relationship between gum disease and these serious complications.

How should I take care of my teeth and gums during pregnancy?

Start with good oral hygiene:

  • Brush thoroughly but gently at least twice a day (after every meal if possible), using a soft-bristled brush and toothpaste with fluoride.
  • Floss daily.
  • Consider using a fluoridated, alcohol-free mouth rinse.

Also, see your dentist regularly for preventive care. Your dentist or periodontist can remove plaque and tartar that brushing can't. If you haven't seen your dentist recently, schedule an appointment now for a thorough cleaning and checkup. Let your dentist know that you're pregnant and how far along you are.

If it's early enough in your pregnancy, you'll probably want to be seen once more before your baby is born – or even more often if you already have gum disease because it's likely that pregnancy will make the problem worse.

Don't put off getting treatment for dental problems. If necessary, local anesthetics such as lidocaine are safe to use throughout pregnancy. Similarly, if you need to take antibiotics, drugs are available that are safe to take during pregnancy.

When should I call my dentist about bleeding gums during pregnancy?

In addition to your regular checkups, call your dentist right away if you have:

  • A toothache
  • Painful gums that bleed frequently
  • Other signs of gum disease, like swollen or tender gums, receding gums, persistent bad breath, or loosening teeth
  • Growths in your mouth, even if they're not painful or causing any other symptoms

Learn more:

How Periodontal Disease Affects Pregnancy. Lake Merritt Dental, Oakland, CA



13 months

13 months

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10 gift ideas for grandmothers

Although the years go by, we will always be someone very important to our grandmothers. Let's not forget that grandmothers are not only those who are there to take care of our children when we have to work or take a trip, or those who help families emotionally and even financially. Grandmothers are not second mothers… they are grandmothers! has prepared a fantastic list with 10 gift ideas for grandmothers. It doesn't have to be his birthday. Any day is a great time to thank them for all they do for their grandchildren.

Grandmothers bring wisdom, love and many values ​​to their grandchildren. Instead, the grandchildren bring them life, joys, unique and joyful experiences. On such endearing dates as grandparents' day, birthday, saint's day, Christmas or Three Kings, it would be nice if we didn't forget about grandmothers, right? We have prepared for you a selection with the 10 gift ideas that we can make to grandmothers. You'll tell us what you think!

1. books
If the grandmother is one of those who like books, a book can be a very successful gift alternative. There are many books that may interest you: recipes, therapies, romantics, biographies, travel, self-improvement ...

2. Handbag
A new bag will always be welcome for grandmothers, as it is an accessory that we do not change many times. And if also if your grandmother is the one who has to go look for the grandchildren at school, it does not hurt! You will have to fit the snack and the water bottle and you would need space.

3. Flowers or plants
If the grandmother has a house full of flowers and plants ... talk no more! The perfect gift for her is a flower pot. You can go to the local florist or plant a 'tree' in a very cool pot.

4. Pajamas or nightgown like that of the grandchildren
There is no more appreciative gift for a grandmother than a pajama or nightgown. You are sure to have happy dreams, and if you also wear it when your grandchildren stay with them and it matches with them, much more special!

5. Photo holder
Grandmothers love to have frames with family photos all over the house. So a photo holder with the photo of the grandchildren, they will love it. A real treasure! What if you make it yourself as a homemade craft?

6. Creams or makeup
Grandmothers, like moms or aunts, also like to take care of themselves, so they would like to receive as a surprise gift a hand cream, or an exfoliating, moisturizing cream, a natural soap ...

7. Chocolate box
That is a gift that will make grandmothers even sweeter. Children can prepare some chocolate bonbons for their grandmothers.

8. Cologne or perfume
This is also a very successful gift for grandmothers. We just have to know which scent they like the most and is more in line with your personality and way of dressing.

9. Jewelery or jewelery
If you have a flirtatious grandmother who likes to get ready to go out ... this present will suit her wonderfully! A necklace, a bracelet, an earring ... you will love it and it will make you shine more strongly!

10. Massage
For grandmothers who have a busier life, a massage can become a perfect gift. A back or foot massage can undoubtedly become an unforgettable gift.

Grandmothers do not give their love without expecting anything in return, so perhaps the idea of ​​giving them something that children have made themselves can make them much more excited than something material. And the thing is that the most important thing of all for grandmothers is the love and time that we can dedicate to them throughout the year.

For children, and as explained in the research work 'The benefits of the figure of the grandfather in Early Childhood Education', carried out by Maitane Alejos for the University of Navarra (Spain), 'the figure of the grandfather is a wise person with whom they maintain a close emotional bond and share moments of fun, being these more flexible than parents when it comes to establishing norms.

- Recite a poem
If you can't find the exact words to tell Grandma all that she means to you, ask for help! We advise you to memorize a short poem and recite it the next time you are all together.

- Write a story
Can you imagine the face of your grandmother when opening the mailbox at her house (or the mail, for the most modern) and finding a letter with a story written in the handwriting of her grandchildren?

- Send an emotional phrase by whatsapp
Sometimes we can't have our grandparents as close to us as we would like. If this is your case, don't panic! Send him a very emotional phrase on WhatsApp or organize a family video call. It will be very fun!

- Create a very special craft
If you love crafts at home, you already have the perfect gift for grandma! You just have to find the necessary materials, for example, rolls of toilet paper and give life to your favorite animal (a ladybug), a microphone or an off-road car.

- Make a drawing or collage
We are going to prepare a very special mural! All you need is a piece of cardboard, magazine or newspaper clippings, pictures of you from the whole family, pens, scissors, glue and a lot of imagination. What will come out of you? Surely something very cool!

- Cook a sweet
How many times have you called your grandmother to make you some meatballs or to make you that delicious puree that only she knows how to make? Surely many times, but this time we change roles: it is the children who must prepare something special for their grandmother. How about a very easy to make Maria cookie cake?

Reading stories to their grandchildren is something that our elders enjoy a lot. Grandparents love to surround themselves with all their grandchildren and see their faces when they tell them their 'little battles' from when they were young. Surely you still have a lot of adventures to tell them, but if you lack ideas, you can take a look at these grandparent stories!

You can read more articles similar to 10 gift ideas for grandmothers, in the category of Grandparents on site.



Delicate skin care since the first days of life at Pharmaceris B

Brothers: bonds that leave their mark

After the parent-child relationship, probably the relationship between siblings is one of the most complex. It is a non-chosen bond, which will accompany us for life, which will teach us a lot but at the same time can present difficulties.

Siblings are that bond that leaves its mark on children and it is our job to promote and care for it.

Uruguayan psychologist Fanny Berger addressed this issue in her book "Brothers. Links that leave a mark"edited by Uranus. The author explains that it is in the relationship with siblings where we develop our skills of competence, socialization and positioning in front of others. Siblings are our trainers: either because we learn with them to bond with the other, or to develop other special skills such as argumentation, empathy, mastering jealousy, etc.

Regarding this last point, it refers to the famous favoritism, real or dreamed, that is always a reason for jealousy among children. Usually each one thinks that another is the favorite. Berger argues that differential treatment often exists on the part of one of the parents, even if it is unconsciously and of course without the intention to harm or harm. This differential treatment is related to the personality of the father, the traits of each child and the circumstances of birth. Sometimes a child was more sought after, at other times it may have arrived unexpectedly, at a time when the parents were more serene or complicated by personal issues, and all this can affect the bond that is established with the child.

It is important to understand that the bond between siblings largely depends on the behavior of adults. A special section of the book is dedicated to the comparison between the brothers, that the Psic. Fanny Berger argues it is tremendously harmful. Remind parents that “in reality each brother is in relation to himself and not in comparison with the other. Each brother is as he is and the only valid comparison is within his own development as an individual. See how he progresses, his progress and efforts, how he matures when facing life and working on his own limitations with respect to himself ”.

Especially interesting is the chapter dedicated to "false beliefs". Beliefs are fixed ideas with strong messages that characterize people's lives. One of them is that all the siblings have to receive the same, since it is assumed that they are all the same. Nevertheless, they are all different and therefore with different needs.

Berger also examines the popular belief that siblings should get along and be friends or they should not conflict with each other. Actually It is expected that they have conflicts and that if they resolve them well, they will come out stronger.

Among the multiple appreciations for parents, we chose to close the note one related to empathy. Fanny Berger explains that “The father or mother can choose to position themselves to look at their children two different and opposite lenses: the lens of empathy and that of expectations. The only lens that helps in life is the lens of empathy, because it can capture reality as it is. On the other hand, the lens of the expectations that each parent has can distort the look that one has towards each child in particular ”.

Parents must assume from the birth of each child that each one is different and that our role is to help each one to fulfill their maximum potential in whatever area. Not all of them will be great professionals, great artists, probably financially some will obtain a greater development than the others. We must let them know from a young age that they are different and that what matters in life is to achieve what each one sets out to do, even if it is completely different from the goals of his or her siblings.

You can read more articles similar to Brothers: bonds that leave their mark, in the category of Brothers on site.

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Diet after pregnancy and breastfeeding

Diet after pregnancy and breastfeeding Once you have a period of pregnancy and breastfeeding, sometimes you look anxiously in the mirror and weight. Unfortunately, here and there are some excesses, and in the onslaught of work with the baby you do not know how to embrace it.
Then start from the first step:
1. Check your BMI and correct body weight (calculators on the page here). Now you know the facts about where you start, in addition, you should measure and record your waist and hips. Also save subsequent values ​​when you repeat these steps every two weeks.
2. Define your goal: do you want to lose weight to a specific value, or do you want to wear a specific size of clothes, or maybe you want to put on your favorite pants. It is important that when defining a goal you know exactly when the moment will come when you reach it. Also save your destination.
3. Over the next few days, preferably seven days of the week: write down everything you eatat what time and in what quantity. After this time, look at it objectively to find out what mistakes you make. Remember, if you cheat without entering a cookie (oh, it was only one cake) or another snack, you are only cheating on yourself. Ask yourself in this situation, are you sure you want to achieve the intended goal?
4. What should it look like? proper diet after pregnancy and breastfeeding?

  • 5 meals a day preferably every 3 hours, set real hours of meals and do not eat between them, if you can't stand, drink something warm, e.g. fruit tea;
  • The diet will include: whole grain bread, cereals, brown rice, legumes, vegetables, fruits, semi-fat dairy products without flavors, eggs, olive oil, lean meats and sausages, fish, grains e.g. pumpkin, sunflower, flax, nuts , Herbs;
  • Avoid: ready-made intermediates and products, colorful carbonated drinks, ready-made flakes, even of this type of fitness, bars, cookies, sweets, ice cream, waffles, chips, donuts, fruit yogurt, pates, fatty sausages, sugar and other similar products;
  • Pay attention to what you do while eating, when you eat, do nothing else.
  • Drink water, best quenches thirst, cleanses the body, and does not provide unnecessary kcal.

5. Move! It does not have to be an organized form of club activity, just go out for a walk every day, 30 minutes of brisk walking a day is an excellent form of movement.
6. Check your progress every two weeks. Do not be discouraged by failures, there will be ups and downs, but it is important whether after falling you rise to enter the path leading to the goal again.

What can a young mother's correct and healthy menu look like?
7.30 Breakfast: Oatmeal with strawberries and almond flakes cooked on water
10.30 II Breakfast: 2 wholemeal bread sandwiches with butter, tomato, pickled cucumber, lettuce, vegetable paste (e.g. broad bean or chickpeas)
13.30 Lunch: Wholemeal pasta with Mediterranean sauce (onion, zucchini, tomato, pepper, olives)
16.30 Afternoon tea: Crunchy vegetables: raw carrots, peppers, fresh cucumber
19.30 Dinner: Greek salad with feta cheese

Mother who provides such a dose of carbohydrates with a low glycemic index has a guaranteed mega dose of energy, weight loss and reduction of circuits.

Now just start, good luck !!!

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