70 cows flew from Ireland for orphan children in Romania

70 cows flew from Ireland for orphan children in Romania



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Tales of schools, colleges and nurseries

Tales of schools, colleges and nurseries

1. My first day of school
Violet Denou
Today is Teo's first day of school. After breakfast, his grandmother accompanies him. Upon arrival, he puts on his robe, sits down at the desk, and begins to write letters. How much work! Luckily, it will be time to eat soon and after playing. At the end of the day his father comes to pick him up and Teo, very proud, explains what he has done all day.

2. Lila goes to school
Eduard Estivill Sancho, Montserrat Doménech
This illustrated album with pedagogical content brings us closer to the daily life of Lila, a five-year-old girl who, like all children, must get up and clean herself to go to school. The book works not only as a diversion for children, but also as a didactic tool for parents, by including a pedagogical notebook written by Dr. Estivill and Monsterrat Domènech. This booklet includes the most frequently asked questions and doubts by parents regarding the habits and educational process of the youngest members of the household.

You can read more articles similar to Tales of schools, colleges and nurseries, in the category of For children on site.



Fruits and vegetables in your pregnancy diet

Why fruits and vegetables are so important

Packed with essential nutrients and full of fiber, fruits and vegetables are an important part of any healthy diet – and should be especially abundant in your kitchen when you're pregnant.

Have a slice of cantaloupe or a bowl of strawberries for a snack, and you'll provide your baby with vitamins and minerals for growth, while keeping yourself healthy too. Pair the fruit with a little protein, like cottage cheese, and you'll get a sustained energy boost to get you through a long afternoon.

Key vitamins supplied by fruits and vegetables include:

  • Beta carotene for your baby's cell and tissue development, vision, and immune system
  • Vitamin C for your baby's bones and teeth as well as the collagen in your baby's connective tissue
  • Potassium to regulate blood pressure
  • Folic acid to help prevent neural tube defects and promote a healthy birth weight

How much you should eat

Aim to eat 2 cups of fruit and 2 1/2 to 3 cups of vegetables a day. Here's what counts as a cup:

  • 1 cup raw or cooked vegetables
  • 2 cups raw leafy greens (or 1 cup of leafy greens and 1/2 cup of other vegetables)
  • 1 cup raw, canned, or frozen fruit
  • Two small bananas (less than 6 inches) or one large (8 to 9 inches)
  • 1/2 cup dried fruit
  • One medium to large piece of fruit (one large orange, one medium pear or grapefruit, two large plums, 1/2 large apple)
  • 1 cup 100 percent fruit juice, vegetable juice, or fruit-vegetable juice

For maximum nutrition, include plenty of leafy greens, and vary the color of the produce you choose, making sure to include dark green and deep yellow, orange, purple, and red. (Also try to include legumes two to three times per week.)

Fresh is best, but frozen and even canned are good (as long as you avoid fruit packaged in sugary liquid). Think beyond apples, oranges, and bananas too. Here are some other tasty and nutritious possibilities.

Some excellent fruit choices

  • Apricots
  • Avocados
  • Blueberries
  • Cantaloupe
  • Cherries
  • Grapefruit
  • Grapes
  • Guava
  • Kiwi
  • Mango
  • Papaya
  • Pears
  • Persimmons
  • Pineapple
  • Raspberries and blackberries
  • Strawberries
  • Tangerines
  • Watermelon

Some excellent vegetable choices

  • Asparagus
  • Beets
  • Bell peppers
  • Broccoli
  • Endive or escarole
  • Green peas
  • Dark leafy greens (collard greens, kale, leafy lettuce, mustard greens, spinach, Swiss chard)
  • Parsley
  • Summer squash
  • Sweet potatoes or yams
  • Tomatoes
  • Winter squash

Easy ways to add more fruits and vegetables to your diet

Grab and go: Keep produce washed and ready to eat, so it's easy to grab a bowl or handful of fruit or vegetables for snacking.

Mix them up: Make dishes that can include several kinds of vegetables, such as stir fries, omelets, and salads. (This works for fruit salad too.)

Boost flavor: Roast or grill vegetables to enhance the flavors, and season with herbs and spices.

Plan leftovers: Make an extra amount of your side vegetable, and put it in a salad for lunch the next day. (Steam your broccoli lightly, then serve half with dinner and make a broccoli salad with the other half.)

Enjoy with dip: Make a low-fat dressing or dip to serve with your fruits and vegetables. Or simply dip them in plain yogurt.

Keep it handy: Some fruit – like bananas, citrus fruits, and stone fruits – can be kept in a bowl on the counter (as long as the fruit hasn't been cut into pieces). Fruits and vegetables such as berries, carrot and celery sticks, or broccoli can be kept fresh and ready to go in the refrigerator, stored in reusable produce bags or containers, or in plastic bags with air holes cut out.

Top off breakfast: Add fruit to your morning cereal, pancakes, or waffles.

Drink up: Make a smoothie with yogurt, fruit juice, and fruits like strawberries, bananas, blueberries, papaya, and mango.

Be adventurous: Try a new fruit and a new vegetable the next time you shop for groceries.

Learn more:

  • Pregnancy nutrients you need to help your baby grow
  • Healthy pregnancy snacks
  • Energy-boosting foods
15. Christmas hearts
The table of points to improve the child's behavior

It is increasingly common to find children who lie, who are aggressive and challenging, who disobey, who insult ... All behaviors that appear as clear symptoms that there is some type of behavior problem.

When threats, yelling and punishments are used in the child's environment to improve the child's behavior, parents, teachers or close family members are making mistakes and can get the opposite effect from what they seek and even , further increase the misbehavior of children.

Therefore, to improve behavior it is necessary to use other ways of acting in these situations, using strategies based on positive reinforcement and leaving punishment aside. In this sense, we can talk about boards points to improve the child's behavior, as an alternative method to punishment based on offering other alternatives and reinforcing them.

It is a behavior modification tool based on the so-called “token economy”. This consists of select behaviors that will be positively reinforced when they appear, assigning it a point or a sticker.

This type of table of points to improve the behavior of the child is usually used when the child is around 6 years and older. They are very effective in changing specific behaviors. To do this, they must be used appropriately and not abused so that they work and increase the probability that the reinforced behaviors will reappear in similar situations.

These types of tables are very easy to use but, despite this, a series of common errors is often incurred, among which we can find the following:

- Delay reinforcement (prizes). Sometimes, the mistake of reinforcing with the point or the sticker is made many hours after the behavior appears, days and even it is not granted due to forgetfulness.

- Use generic behaviors. Many times they make the mistake of choosing behaviors that are neither objective nor concrete, such as "behaving well", "being good" and in the end they do not know how to behave.

- Select unapproachable behaviors. Many times, behaviors are selected for which the child is not yet ready due to maturation, such as "eating while sitting."

- The way in which the behavior is formulated. It is a frequent mistake to formulate behaviors in a negative way. For example: "do not yell", "do not hit", "do not get on the sofa", etc.

- Complexity in the system. Other times the mistake is to use a system that is too complex, awarding amounts of points that are quite difficult to manage.

In order not to make all the common mistakes mentioned above, it is necessary to follow a series of tips:

- The design of the table can be done with the help of the child. It is one of the ways we have to involve the child in participating in the process even if they feel involved.

- Preparation of prize list. They must be defined precisely and must always be in view together with the table of points.

- Clear and specific definition of behaviors. It is necessary that the behaviors to be reinforced are clearly specified. We must clearly define what we want from the child so that he knows what is expected of him.

- Consensus. It is important that at the end of each day, parents and children, review the tasks they have completed and those that have not. And this is how it will be achieved that there is a clear and real commitment in this matter.

- You have to keep the commitment. It does not work if one day we fill in the table and another not. Or one day we give him the award and another not.

- Only positive reinforcements are given. Therefore, points are only obtained when the desired behavior is achieved, we will not give you “negative points” when you do not do it or remove stickers when you misbehave for something else.

- It should not be an imposition. The table of points is a system that must be used jointly by parents and children. Children must be prepared to carry out this incentive system. Therefore, if we cannot get the little one to change his behavior and it has been about two weeks, it is better to leave him and wait until he is ready.

You can read more articles similar to The table of points to improve the child's behavior, in the category of Conduct on site.

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