Leukocytes in pregnancy

Leukocytes in pregnancy

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You've found that mom experience is one of the most beautiful experiences of a woman's life and you don't even think about going through it at least once. Before giving in to the wishes and emotions of having a second child, consider a few essential things and calculate your options well. Also, it is essential to think about the advantages and disadvantages of age differences between them!

Only you and your partner are the most able to make such a decision and to consider if it is time to raise the family. But there are other things to consider and that are independent of your desire:

  • mother's age;

  • general state of health of the mother;

  • problems and degree of fertility;

  • financial implications;

  • professional objectives;

  • living space.

You need to think well and realize that your efforts to care for the child will double, complicate, become more complex. You will have to cope again with the lack of sleep, fatigue, stress, stress of changing diapers, staying up late at night, warming bottles, but this time taking care of an older child who needs you.

The differences of years between children, a criterion taken into account by most parents!

On the one hand, the smaller the difference, the better for the children. On the other hand, things can get complicated. It can become a source of conflicts between siblings, but also between parents and children.

Less than 18 months from the first

  • you may not be able to give birth naturally if you were born on Caesarean section;

  • it is the case to consider tandem breastfeeding;

  • it is possible to invest extra for another stroller, forerunner, etc., because at this age difference the first born will need them;

  • there is a chance that there will be less rivalry between them, they may be good playmates and may even have common concerns;

  • you will get rid faster, and most definitely, of changing diapers, baby bottles, breastfeeding, weaning and other aspects of your baby's life.

2-3 years after the birth of the first

  • you may encounter more problems with the acceptability and adaptation of the older child;

  • feelings of rivalry between siblings, jealousy, defiance, etc, may arise more easily;

  • you will not have a break between breastfeeding, changing diapers, etc., but on the contrary you will have a continuity for a long enough period if the child hardly goes to use the toilet when the next one is born;

  • meeting the needs of the big child in relation to the small one could suffer great imbalances; it is difficult to reconcile both tasks because you need time, energy, vitality, nerves of steel, disposition to face them;

  • your body has enough time to recover from the previous birth, which is an advantage;

  • you manage to enjoy moments of each baby's unique baby phase, without missing out on them in any way;

  • it is even more financially practical, because you can use you need the things of the older child (stroller, pre-mattress, cot, even clothes, etc.).

Over 4 years away

  • re-adjusting to the baby stage can be difficult at such a distance;

  • you will have more problems in understanding each other (rivalry between brothers appears easier) and in meeting their needs (they do not have the same interests, they do not enjoy the same toys or movies where misunderstandings may arise and your difficulty in succeeding) to reconcile them);

  • on the other hand, the eldest child can help you with the care of the baby, if you prepare him in time for the arrival of a new brother in the world;

  • you will be able to enjoy the childhood of each one, individually and you will treat them as separate individualities, not as some parents tend to impose the same behavior pattern or hobbies and hobbies on both children, considering them as developing their.

Tags Parent Emotions

Pretty girlfriend

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This doll in fabrics adopts a trendy look to seduce modern girls. It is undressable and washable at 30 ° C. Francette doll, Les Mistinguettes, 2 years old and +: 34, 90 €.

Aurora: origin and meaning of the name for girl Aurora

Are you pregnant and looking for the ideal name for your baby? Our name finder has thousands of names for girls to help you in this important choice. We highlight the name in the dictionary of meaning of names: dawn.

The goddess Aurora was the sister of the Sun and the Moon, and the mother of the winds, the stars and the morning star.

It comes from aurora: "dawn, east, place where the sun rises"

June 19, August 13 and 15 and October 20


  • Aurora Bautista (1925-)
  • Amandine Lucile Aurore Dupin (George Sand), writer and lover of Frederic Chopin (1804-1876)

Aurora name coloring pages to print and color

Aurora: pictures of the names coloring page printable game

Drawing of the name Aurora coloring page printable game

Drawing with the name Aurora coloring page printable game

Drawings of the names. Aurora name to paint, color and print

Linda Evangelista, pregnant, at 41 on the cover of Vogue magazine Until recently, it was believed that for the fashion industry, beauty, youth and waist diameter only matter, but this pattern begins to change slowly. One of the distinguishing signs of this change is the appearance on the cover of the August issue of the famous Vogue magazine of the top model Linda Evangelista, who at 41 years old passed the first youth and is also pregnant, comments Associated Press received by Rompres .

Until recently, it was believed that for the fashion industry, beauty, youth and waist diameter only matter, but this pattern begins to change slowly. One of the distinguishing signs of this change is the appearance on the cover of the August issue of the famous Vogue magazine of the top model Linda Evangelista, who at 41 years old passed the first youth and is also pregnant, comments Associated Press received by Rompres .
Her generation colleagues in the fashion world take it as well as they can not, which could not be said about their forerunners in the branch who had long given up fashion after the age of 30.
Thus, at 36 years Naomi Campbell continues to be the queen of fashion shows, and the younger 32-year-old kate Moss had the time to resume her career after the drug possession and consumption scandal in which she was involved again. He is currently enjoying a great success with renowned fashion designers such as Versace, Christy Turlington, Angela Lindvall, Carolyn Murphy or Daria Werbowy.
About her personal life and career Linda Evangelista argues that she never wanted to do anything other than to present fashion.
"I decided on my career from the age of 12 and I was blessed to be able to realize my dreams. The possibility of becoming a rock star did not exist for me because I cannot sing. I am especially grateful for the chances. who were also awarded for my success in the career I chose. If I had not succeeded in what I proposed, I do not know what I would have done because I never had a plan B "she said.
Also, the Evangelist maintains that she is not worried as little as she looks after she is born this fall. "I'm not afraid and I can't wait to be a mom. In the meantime, I try to do everything in my power to keep myself fit. Every day I do either sports or yoga," she added.
Asked if he will return to the podium of fashion presentations after he is born, the Evangelist replied that he has no way to return since he has not separated any moment from the world of fashion.
Also in support of her is Sally Singer, the editor-in-chief of the fashion department of Vogue magazine, who specified that a model such as Linda Evangelista, who has a full life, a family, enjoys public recognition and has the experience of her age. is currently enjoying much greater success in the modeling career because women who buy business clothes can identify more easily with this image than with an anorexic and anonymous young woman.
"Readers and clients respond much better to the image of a mature woman, gone through life and of whom I know something more. They are much more interested in women who have had children and who still manage to look good. This image has the gift of it inspires women as opposed to the whispering appearance of a 14-year-old teenager from a country in the former Eastern European Communist bloc, "commented Sally Singer.
July 20, 2006

The child has no friends - worry if it will pass?

When a child has no friends, we wonder why this is so. Why can't our daughter or son make friends with anyone? Why are they lost and withdrawn? Is the problem the attitude of our child, or maybe in what company he is in?

Child development and ability to build relationships

The child's development takes place on many levels. The toddler changes physically, which we observe seeing him grow. It also matures in emotional and social terms. It is good when its development is harmonious. Guarantee that it will be, but unfortunately we don't have it.

Sometimes we can observe various alarming signals. One of them is trouble communicating with peers. Lack of skills to establish contacts or maintain them may be a disturbing signal, but is it always the case?

The child has no friends. Shy child

There are children who easily establish social contacts and those who have a problem with it. Daring toddlers, entering a new company with no problem and those who need a lot of time to get used to. It is not difficult to predict that open and brave children will have more freedom in making friends. It will be easier for them to build a relationship.

If your child has no friends, maybe the reason is his shyness, withdrawal, lack of self-confidence? By working on these qualities, teaching your toddler how to deal with his own shyness, you can solve the problem of making contacts. The effects sometimes have to wait a long time, but it's worth ...

Overweight child with glasses

Unfortunately, children at an early school age, and later, are ruthless. That is why they can see and use their "otherness" in a flash. Especially if a friend obviously has a problem with this. Overweight, a large defect in eyesight, short or very tall, wearing a flat on the teeth can be a source of mockery. Anything that makes a child stand out from his peers can be badly received.

A similar situation may occur during puberty. Children growing up much faster or much later than their peers are usually under "fire". Only wisely supporting children, building their sense of value and working with the entire peer group can bring the expected results.

The child has no friends. A talented child

Very often the child has no friends because he is perceived by the environment as "different". This problem may have very talented, outstanding, developed children over their age. Such babies usually do not find themselves in a peer group, but function perfectly among adults or children much older than themselves.

There may also be another problem. Gifted children may have trouble building longer relationships. They often treat their peers with a kind of superiority. They can't "get down" to their level, that's why they have fairly loose contacts with everyone. They last as long as the child seems "interesting".

Gifted children often meet with many people, but they do not have a so-called "favorite friend". Of course, this is not a cause for concern. Children, especially in the first years of primary school, often like to change their best companion. Their preferences for "best colleagues" are changing rapidly. Frequent conflicts, insults, and then equally quick reconciliation are natural.

When we have an exceptionally talented child at home, it would be worthwhile not only to support intellectual development, but also to sensitize the child by showing mechanisms that control social contacts.

The child has no friends. "Difficult" child

Not only very gifted children with excellent learning skills, but also those in extreme position may have trouble establishing relationships. Children who have problems with learning or having educational difficulties.

Aggressive children from dysfunctional families may also have trouble dealing with peers. Often, through "difficult behaviors", they try to attract attention, which unfortunately most often aggravates the problem, rather than solving it.

Only very reliable and systematic work with a few years old can help him build healthy peer relationships. That is why it is so important that both teachers and parents do everything to include the child in need of therapy or other supportive measures.

The child has no friends - what to do?

Each of us has different social needs. One child will feel good, "mate" with two friends, seeing them from time to time. The second will need frequent, even daily social contacts after school in a larger group of people. There are periods when the level of social activity of our child will be extremely high and such when it will decrease significantly. It is understandable that sometimes a few-year-old may prefer to stay at home rather than go out with his friends. Mute periods can last up to several weeks.

It is worth observing the toddler and responding to his needs, remembering that for a healthy development, the child needs company.

If the period "without friends" lasts a long time, it is worth looking at the situation.

  • offer your child to invite a friend home,
  • meet parents living nearby or parents of children from a child's class,
  • talk to the teacher how the child behaves in a peer group,
  • support the child's self-esteem,
  • read therapeutic books about building relationships,
  • watch how the child behaves
  • be by, don't press on the conversation,
  • children usually start telling stories when they spend more time with their parents,
  • help to solve the child's problems on a regular basis,
  • check if the child is not ashamed, what is the reason for the embarrassment of the daughter or son?
  • maybe martial arts training that will strengthen self-confidence
  • A balanced diet and going out to the pool can help you slim.

If the child has no friends, is not accepted among peers, it is worth seeking help from a psychologist.

Hughes syndrome and fertility

Women's fertility can be affected by a disease rarely diagnosed in time, called Hughes Syndrome. The inability to carry a normal pregnancy has been shown, in many cases, to be caused by a rare blood disorder, which causes blood clots in the arteries and veins. The unusual physiological phenomenon impedes the normal functioning of the reproductive process, which is why many women diagnosed with infertility sooner or later discovered that they are in fact suffering from Hughes disease. A simple blood test can elucidate the mystery in a timely manner.

Photo: drknp.com

Although Hughes Syndrome is not a popular name in relation to factors affecting fertility, it has been noted in recent years as one of the common causes of difficulty conceiving. This hidden disease can change the blood of the mother so much that the growth and development of the fetus becomes impossible even in the early stages of pregnancy.

As a result, Hughes Syndrome causes recurrent miscarriages at an early stage after conception, so that women do not even have the opportunity to find out the pregnancy is lost.

Hughes syndrome - the cause of infertility

Hughes syndrome, also called antiphospholipid syndrome, is a rare autoimmune disease that causes a predisposition to arterial or venous thrombosis (blood clots), but also repeated pregnancy losses (it is one of five causes of miscarriages in the first trimester of pregnancy).

Infertility is the result of disruption of blood flow through the small blood vessels of the placenta, which cannot provide the embryo with the nutrients and oxygen needed for development. Unfortunately, most women suffer from over 6 early pregnancy losses before Hughes Syndrome is diagnosed and treated.

In addition to repeated pregnancy losses in the first trimester of pregnancy, the death of the fetus in the womb can occur at any time during pregnancy due to placental insufficiency. The syndrome is also associated with other diseases specific to the period of pregnancy, such as preeclampsia or placenta previa.

Symptoms of Hughes Syndrome

In general, patients with Hughes Syndrome have specific symptoms depending on thrombosis dynamics, such as:

  • severe recurrent migraines;
  • venous thrombosis in the legs, arms or internal organs;
  • arterial thrombosis;
  • episodes of multiple sclerosis;
  • unusual body movements;
  • memory loss;
  • cardiac disorders (palpitations, high blood pressure);
  • rashes or lipomas;
  • repeated pregnancy losses.

Even if there are no symptoms specific to the disease, women with infertility problems are advised to request a blood test to detect the amount of antiphospholipid antibodies. 80% of cases are discovered by such a simple test.

In the case of an uncertain result, periodic analyzes can be repeated, because the antibodies in question can be identified to a concern if there is an infection in the body, when in fact they are harmless.

Treatment of Hughes Syndrome

The treatment for Hughes Syndrome is strictly individualized for each case. Women wishing to conceive and have a history of frequently missed pregnancies will receive prophylactic aspirin treatment at low doses (75 mg / day) for a long period.

If a new pregnancy is confirmed, the doctor is administering heparin, and the combination of the substance with aspirin helps the pregnant woman to complete the pregnancy.

Tags Causes infertility

A father calms his baby with the 'Om' technique

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