Weight loss after birth. Feeding rules

Weight loss after birth. Feeding rules



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Expert sleep strategies for babies

Newborns have a hard time distinguishing between night and day, which explains their maddeningly short bursts of sleep around the clock. But once your baby is a few weeks old, you can start to teach him the difference – and establish healthy sleep habits while you're at it. These expert tips can help:

Use light strategically

"Lights push your child's biological 'go' button," says Elizabeth Pantley, author of The No-Cry Sleep Solution. On the flip side, darkness triggers the brain to release melatonin, a key sleep hormone. Keep your baby's days bright and his nights dark and he'll quickly figure out when it's time to sleep.

  • During the day, allow plenty of sunlight into the house or take him outside. Put your baby down for daytime naps in a well-lit room (unless he has trouble falling asleep at nap time).
  • To induce nighttime sleepiness, consider installing dimmers on the lights in your baby's room, but also in other rooms where you both spend lots of time. Lower the lights in the evening (up to two hours before bedtime) to set the mood.
  • It's fine to use a night-light in his room, but choose a small, dim one that stays cool to the touch. (Don't plug it in near bedding or drapes.)
  • If your child wakes up during the night, don't turn on the lights or carry him into a brightly lit room. The shift from dark to light tells his brain it's go time. Instead, soothe him back to sleep in his dark bedroom.
  • If early morning sunlight prompts your child to wake too early, or if he has trouble napping in the afternoon, consider installing room-darkening shades.

Put your baby to bed when she's drowsy, not asleep

This is a tall order, especially for breastfeeding moms, but master the timing and both you and your baby will rest easier. Babies who drift off on their own are more likely to learn to soothe themselves to sleep, says Kim West, a sleep consultant and author of The Sleep Lady's Good Night, Sleep Tight.

Try to put your baby to bed your baby as she's quieting down, just before she nods off. West suggests creating a sleepiness scale from 1 to 10 when your baby is 6 to 8 weeks old. (1 is wide awake and 10 is out cold.) Wait until your baby hits 7 or 8, then put her down to sleep.

Wait a moment before going to your baby

If you jump at every squeak heard over the baby monitor, you're only teaching your child to wake up more often. Wait a few minutes to give her time to settle back to sleep on her own. If she doesn't, and it sounds like she's waking up, try to reach her before she escalates into a full-blown howl. Stepping in before a meltdown means you'll catch her before she's too worked up to fall back asleep.

Either way, it's okay to turn down the sensitivity on your baby monitor. Set the volume so you'll be alerted when she's distressed but won't hear every gurgle.

Try not to look your baby in the eye

Many babies are easily stimulated. Just meeting your baby's gaze can engage her attention and signal it's playtime.

Parents who make eye contact with sleepy babies inadvertently encourage them to snap out of their sleep zone, says Claire Lerner, senior parenting adviser at Zero to Three, a nonprofit that promotes the health of infants and toddlers. "The more interaction that takes place between you and your baby during the night, the more motivation she has to get up."

So what to do instead? Lerner suggests keeping it low-key. If you go to your baby at night, don't make eye contact, talk excitedly, or belt out her favorite song. Keep your gaze on her belly and soothe her back to sleep with a quiet voice and gentle touch.

Relax the rules on diaper changes

Resist the urge to change your baby every time he wakes up – he doesn't always need it, and you'll just jostle him awake. Instead, put your baby in a high-quality, nighttime diaper at bedtime, says Pantley. When he wakes up, sniff to see if it's soiled and change only if there's poop. To avoid waking him fully during nighttime changes, try using wipes that have been warmed in a wipe warmer.

Give your baby a "dream feed"

If your baby has trouble sleeping, waking him up for a late-night feeding (between 10 p.m. and midnight, for example) may help him sleep for longer stretches.

Keep the lights dim and gently lift your sleeping baby out of his crib. Settle him down to nurse or take a bottle. He may wake just enough to start feeding, but if he doesn't, gently nudge his lips with the nipple until he latches on. After he's done, put him back to bed without burping him.

Wait until she's ready for sleep training

Following these tips helps establish healthy sleep habits, and you can start as early as the first month of your baby's life. But as desperate as you may be for some solid shut-eye, your baby won't be ready for formal sleep training until she's at least 4 months old. By then she'll not only be ready to sleep for longer stretches, but she'll also be much more receptive to the techniques you use.

Brace yourself for sleep regressions

If your baby starts waking up during the night again, don't panic: It's probably just a temporary hiccup. Babies and toddlers often have minor sleep regressions around major developmental milestones or changes in routine, like travel, illness, or a new sibling. Many parents notice sleep problems begin around 4 months, when babies become more mobile and their sleep patterns change, and again around 9 months as separation anxiety increases.

To get through it, go back to basics: Stick to a predictable, consistent schedule during the day and a soothing bedtime routine in the evening. If your baby is old enough, choose a sleep training strategy and try it for a week. If you don't see improvement, reassess and try a new approach.

Learn more:

  • How to help your baby learn to soothe himself
  • Top baby sleep mistakes – and how to avoid them
  • SIDS and sleep safety
  • Sleep training basics

Mother's Day coloring pages: the gourmet crown

Mother's Day coloring pages: the gourmet crown

Mother's Day coloring pages: the gourmet crown

Download free coloring for Mother's Day

Accidents, big or small, what to do?

Accidents, big or small, what to do?

A huge lump on his forehead, a swallowed ball, a burned finger, a broken arm, a bleeding nose ... In the emergency, know how to make the right decisions and make the necessary gestures, without giving in to panic. The advice of our specialists to deal with all situations.

My child cut his finger

Your jack-of-all-trades or clumsy little cut yourself with a knife or whatever. Simple small cut, bleeding, more serious case ... case by case, the advice Dr. Dominique Penso-Assathiany, dermatologist.

Good reflexes in case of break.

Ouch, he banged!

Going to discover the world, even guided by an attentive mother, is not without risk. A big bump, a crowned knee, these are common sores in a baby's life.

A bump, a knee crowned ... what to do?

He stuck his finger

AIE Aie Aie ! Your toddler has just caught your finger in the doorframe of a window or the door of the car. It's rarely serious, but painful enough. The advice of Dr. Frank Fitoussi, orthopedic surgeon.

How to react ?

He's bleeding

Frequent in children, nose bleeds (epistaxis) are almost always benign. It is a bit awkward when it repeats itself regularly, but rarely alarming. Fragile mucous, cold, small object embedded in the nostril ... our specialist explains the right things to do.

The good gestures.

He swallowed an object

Your child brings everything he touches to his mouth. But this time, he has just swallowed an object. Ball or battery swallowed all round, object stuck in the throat ... How to react in such a situation? The advice of our specialist, Dr. Karine Garcette, gastropediatre.

What to do ?

He opened his forehead

Ouch, the dreaded accident has just arrived ... this is your toddler screaming, his hand on his brow with blood. Quick, first aid, some reassuring words, a big hug! Review of details with Dr. Jean Lavaud, head of a Pediatric SMUR in Paris.

What do I do ?

1 2

Are you breastfeeding Learn effective ways to solve the 5 most common problems that arise during this period

How to breastfeed your baby

In the 0-2 month period, babies want their needs to be met instantly. Instinctive, hungry when they open their mouths and look for the breast. Not just because the baby is hungry; she cries to go to her mother's lap. He feels safe, comfortable and well with him. Kadıköy Şifa Suadiye Polyclinic Child Health and Diseases Specialist Günay Ermergen informs mothers to breastfeed their babies more comfortably and easily.

Breast-feeding; it is not only a physical - biological diet, but also a spiritual diet. There is a mutual emotional feeding between the baby and the mother. During sucking, there is an emotional exchange between the mother and the baby. Breastfeeding strengthens the psychological bond between the baby and the mother. Start breastfeeding your baby in the first half hour and share the same room with your baby; it provides a bond between you and your baby. Facilitates a loving relationship.

Most importantly, the mother and the baby feel each other's warmth and love more closely. Physical contact is very important in the first months. Physical contact; the heart rhythm of the mother, the texture and smell of the skin, the warmth of the baby to soothe, calm and feel safe. The warmth, smile, comfort and strength of the mother holding her baby in her arms help the baby relax.

The mother - baby gets used to each other after the initial difficulties and breastfeeding becomes easier. Breastfeeding is comfortable and easy, as well as a nice feeling. While sucking, not only the baby but the mother also makes effort. The mother needs time and silence to breastfeed her baby.
It is also important that the mother gives full attention to her baby while breastfeeding. While breastfeeding, mind and attention should not shift to different places, thoughts.

How she holds her baby while breastfeeding (safe, insecure, anxious, calm, peaceful, restless, etc…) and with what emotions it is also important. The baby feels this, is affected by the negative feelings of the mother and may experience restlessness, it reflects the environment around.

Therefore, in the first days when the mother and the baby got used to each other; There is a need to create a safe and quiet environment for the mother and the baby. The mother's and the baby's needs for rest and rest should be met.

Women are programmed to give birth through the secretion of a number of hormones. These hormones also play a role in the secretion of milk.

The secretion of milk begins before the birth of the baby

There are many examples of the connections between the physiology of labor and the physiology of milk secretion.
In general, mammals, in particular women, control pain at birth by releasing pain relief agents called endorphins. These endorphins are known to stimulate the secretion of prolactin, a key hormone in milk secretion.

The same hormone - oxytocin - is necessary for the contraction of the uterus during labor, as well as the contraction of the breast during the milk secretion reflex when the mother breastfeeds her baby.

A Swedish study provides answers to this question, considering that oxytocin must be secreted by frequent contractions to be effective. When the baby starts suckling the mother, milk secretion and hormones can be activated.

In general, when the newborn is able to find the udder for the first time, it is possible to say that the behavior of the mother and the baby is influenced by the birth contractions and the numerous hormones secreted during delivery. Different hormones secreted by the mother and the baby are still present during the birth process or they are withdrawn at the time of birth. All of these hormones also play a decisive role in the interaction between the mother and the baby and thus in the initiation of milk secretion.
Starting to give milk is not the same for cesarean delivery and normal birth. Breastfeeding is easier after vaginal delivery without medication; because the mother can move more easily, the mother will adapt to the baby faster and the milk comes sooner. The contact between the mother and the baby starts more comfortably and safely. After caesarean section, the mother and the baby need more help. Women need someone to give their babies to themselves, correct pillows and place their babies. The helper who brings the baby can help the mother to relax and return to breastfeed. The milk of the mothers who have delivered by cesarean section comes immediately and becomes more active after 3-4 days. After the first days, mothers gain more courage and try the most comfortable breastfeeding positions for themselves.

Here comes the milk of every mother to remember. Nature programs women accordingly. Mothers may experience tension, anxiety and insecurity in the early days for various reasons. In this case, milk can be reduced, the baby refuses to suck, show reluctance, even a mutual power war, can lead to anger. If this period is prolonged, it is useful to seek help from an expert to restore a healthy and safe mother - baby relationship. The healthy, safe mother - infant relationship established during this period also plays a decisive role in the future relationships of the infant and should be considered by the parents.

What should be considered in the first breastfeeding:
• Providing a calm and quiet environment
• The mother feels calm, peaceful and safe
• I can and I have knowledge and feeling
• Determining the appropriate position for breastfeeding, and obtaining assistance from a specialist midwife, nurse or doctor if necessary.
Tips for Breastfeeding
• Breastfeeding will be successful in many cases
• The mother feels good
• Infant placement of the breast effectively
• Breastfeeding as often and as often as desired
• Support of the environment

Breast Pumps click for more information.

It can help you during your breastfeeding period: //www.e- / single-breast-pump-p-byp-s04 /

Riddle: I have three numbers, three

Riddle: I have three numbers, three

Guess riddle

The three hundred and thirty three

I have three numbers, three;
if you don't guess who I am,
running, I'm going for you.

Guess, guess ... Riddles for kids are a great way to stimulate intelligence, logic and creativity in your little ones. Also, this children's game provides a wonderful opportunity to spend time with the family.

For this reason, on our site we have created a fun application to play riddles as a family, with thousands of riddles to stimulate children in their learning and help them learn vocabulary with a fun game.

You can search children's riddles from different categories, pick a random puzzle, get clues, and enjoy an afternoon of family leisure, in the company of our mascot. Go ahead and try your luck!



Family meals help develop language and social skills. The children learn to interact politely and discuss various topics during the interaction during the meal.

Some studies correlate the interaction within family meals with children's school performance and with reducing the risk of childhood obesity and other nutrition disorders.

Children learn to cook and be ordered - skills that many adults today do not have - which makes them feed unbalanced.

Family meals help cohesion and family unity. Families are micro-universes that have their own cultures - and the interaction within the meals helps to develop the feeling of belonging, a crucial feeling for the children and their development.

"What we eat, with whom we eat, where we eat are aspects that have an important psychological component. Eating together far exceeds nutrition. This valuable time is an opportunity to communicate, change opinions, joke, laugh. It represents moments in which can express the affection, the emotions, the states, in which you can strengthen the connections between parents and children, between brothers, in which each of the men can contribute to the knowledge of the other ", considers the psychologist Aurora Liiceanu.

Experiment - "Family Dinner"

Oprah Winfrey conducted an experiment in 1993 - "Family Dinner": 5 families voluntarily accepted the challenge of having dinner every night for a month, staying at the table for at least half an hour each time. . All family members had to keep a diary in which they wrote down their opinions and feelings about the experiment. At first, the meals together were perceived as a chore for most, and the time they spent together seemed somewhat boring. But after a month, the families were very happy and had made the voluntary decision to continue - and outside the experiment - to eat together every evening.

When the families appeared on Oprahei Winfrey's show at the end of the experiment, the biggest surprise was for the parents to find out how much they liked and appreciated the time they spent together at the table.

Family meals help in the development of children

Family meals help children have better school results. This is what states a study (Wildavsky, R. "What's behind success in school?" Reader's Digest. October 1994. Pages 49-55) conducted in 1994 by Louis Harris and Associates on 2000 high school students who were tested for to measure their school skills. Thus, the students who had dinner in the family 4 or more times a week recorded better school results than those who ate together 3 and less than 3 times a week.

The study of Harvard researchers (Carter, Jaine and James D. Carter, Scripps Howard News Service. Eating Together Strengthens Family Ties), which followed 65 children over 8 years, analyzed which of their activities (including play , reading stories, family events and other factors) helped him the most in the further development - the family meals came out first.

Vices, higher risk for children who do not eat in the family

Also, a recent 10-year study at the National Center for Drug Addiction and Drug Abuse at Columbia University in the US shows that those children who often have family meals (5 times or more per week) are 50% more likely less exposed to the risk of smoking or using drugs later than their friends who only rarely eat with their family.

"The rhythm of life, the social problems and the value system put their mark on socialization. We see today how in children and young people, especially, the internal socialization - that of family, with relatives -, which has positive effects on personality formation and assimilation of preferences. and values, give in favor of external socialization, that with friends and colleagues. Once children grow up, external socialization "competes" with internal socialization, children spending more and more time alone or with friends, including on the net, " says Aurora Liiceanu.

The division of tasks at the table

An important aspect of family meals is the division of tasks, training everyone in organizing the meal, distinguishing between regular and festive meals, cooperating to achieve a pleasant environment. Participating in these events means for the children to provoke their imagination and creativity, to convey to them what is the "cultural heritage" of the family they belong to and the "culinary heritage" which means recipes and customs. They all build family memory.

Children can be stimulated to express their tastes, preferences, desires, need for experiments and, as such, participation in the role of co-author of this heritage and even winning a "label" as a result of specialization: the cakes made by the mother can enter in competition with those made by her daughter, etc.

"Of course, the time budget is important. Children often have a different program than their parents. They come home at different times. There are, however, meals served in the family in the evening, weekends, legal holidays, family holidays, vacations as opportunities for leisure. stay in the family, at least to eat, communicate and establish relationships between those who are close and even around the children, "added Aurora Liiceanu.

Family meal can be an exercise in combining tradition with innovation, each contributing to the pleasure of staying in the family and getting to know your family, but it can also be an important cultural transfer.

We find that the expression "Come to the table!" - when the mother is in the kitchen and the family members meet at her call, often delaying her annoyance - it has no relational value, it excludes the children even from the relationship that takes place when things are done together: talking, learning, changing opinions , expresses preference.

"A table can also mean flowers, and colorful napkins. It can become an event perceived in its different meanings: a pleasant meal every day, a wedding, a meal that brings us all together around Sunday, a table in the middle of nature. on vacation. An ordinary meal or a festive meal can be a pleasant surprise every time. Culinary culture is more complicated than we think. It makes a subtle connection between nature and culture, "concludes Aurora Liiceanu.

Within the debates of the Scientific Council of the National Movement "I live healthy too!" SETS, www.sets.ro, initiated by the PRAIS Foundation and aimed at preventing childhood obesity, the lifestyle is holistically approached being a broad concept that integrates our attitudes towards life, in close relation with health, with the well-being to an individual. From this association was born the concept of healthy lifestyle.

Material made with the support of the psychologist Aurora Liiceanu, member of the Scientific Council of the National Movement "And I live healthy" - SETS, initiated by the PRAIS Foundation.

Tags Family meal


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