It's Christmas already. Christmas carol for children

It's Christmas already. Christmas carol for children

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How do chickens live? How many eggs do they lay in a year? Do they have ears? What do they like to eat? Do they get along with the other animals? We answer the main questions of children about this cute farm animal. Discover in this video of, many curiosities of chickens with your children.

You can read more articles similar to The hens. One of children's favorite farm animals, in the category of On-site Education.

Baby at 2 Months, Week 4

Reading to your baby, even at this young age, will pay off. Hearing you read helps your baby develop an ear for the cadence of spoken language. Varying the pitch of your voice, using accents, and singing will make the connection between you and your baby that much more interesting more


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4 Weeks Pregnant - What to Expect Your 4th Week of Pregnancy

A new blood test to detect Down syndrome in the fetus

A noninvasive and safe blood test for pregnant women helps to discover the risk of Down syndrome in the fetus. Although until now ultrasound and amniocentesis were the main methods by which doctors detected the risk of this chromosomal malformation in the fetus, the specialists developed modern technologies for sequencing and reconstructing fetal DNA from the blood, to analyze with greater accuracy the risk of chromosomal malformations, including Down syndrome.

Currently, a pregnant woman goes through two standard screenings to detect the risk of Down syndrome in the fetus or other types of chromosomal abnormalities. The first is ultrasound, and the second, amniocentesis, the invasive and more dangerous method than the ultrasound test.

Both tests are performed in the first two trimesters of pregnancy and have an anomaly detection rate between 65 and 96%.

Blood test to detect Down syndrome in the fetus

The researchers developed a noninvasive method of detecting chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus through a modern blood test, DNA sequencing that the mother and fetus shared. The blood test involves collecting 10 ml of blood from the pregnant woman.

It can be done in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. The DNA cells that the mother and baby share are analyzed in the laboratory, where the specialists isolate the fetal DNA, then count the chromosomes in it. Chromosome counting is relevant for the detection of Down syndrome, because children suffering from this abnormality have an extra chromosome than the others, which is why the condition is also called trisomy (in a normal organism, the chromosomes are 46 and come in pairs). , and the presence of an additional chromosome determines the trisomy).

In the analysis of blood for the detection of Down syndrome, the specialists track the presence of anomalies on chromosomes 13, 18 and 21, directly involved in the diagnosis of several syndromes: Down, Palau and Edwards.

This state-of-the-art DNA sequencing and reconstruction technology in fetuses for the purpose of chromosome analysis is a safe and simple alternative to existing methods - amniocentesis and sampling of chorionic villi. They are invasive and present an increased risk of complications (miscarriage or pregnancy loss).

Who is the blood test for chromosomal abnormalities?

Doctors who have developed this new method of diagnosis recommend the test especially to pregnant women who have become pregnant after 35 years, have had problems or complications in previous pregnancies or have a family history of chromosomal abnormalities.

The sequencing test is not recommended for pregnant women with minimal risk of Down syndrome or those with multiple pregnancy. The researchers claim that the method does not provide results relevant to multiple pregnancies, as it has not been sufficiently tested and evaluated on such pregnancies.

The procedure is scientifically proven and internationally validated and has a detection rate of Down syndrome in the fetus of almost 98%. The only disadvantage of this test is the high cost. But the specialists are confident that if the demand is very high, the price will fall and more and more pregnant women will be able to benefit from its benefits.

How do you feel about the new blood test for Down syndrome? Tell us your opinions in the comments section below!

Down Syndrome Tags

I blew pumpkin

A delicious recipe for Pumpkin Soup. The recipe is recommended for babies of 1 year +.


  • 1 - 2 suitable pumpkin;
  • housewarming;
  • 2 egg yolks;
  • 1 tablespoon sour cream / yogurt;
  • parsley;

Carrots are washed, peeled and boiled;
Preparation of cottage cheese cheese;
After boiling, the pumpkins mix with the cow's cheese;
Add the 2 yolks mixed with the cream / yogurt;
Everything is baked;
When ready, sprinkle the parsley, finely chopped;

Tags Recipes children with pumpkin

Dummies: advantages and disadvantages

Advantages of dummies

Sucking seems to have a soothing and settling effect on babies. Sucking a dummy helps some babies settle.

When babies use dummies during sleeps and naps, there's a reduced risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

The best way to protect your baby against sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) including SIDS and fatal sleeping accidents is to put him to sleep on his back with his face uncovered. For more information, see our illustrated guide to reducing the risk of SUDI and SIDS.

Disadvantages of dummies

Not all babies like dummies. There are other downsides to dummies too:

  • Dummy use is linked to slightly higher rates of middle ear infections.
  • Dummy use, especially beyond about 4-5 years of age, increases the chance of dental problems later in childhood - for example, the problem of a child's teeth growing out of line.
  • Babies can get very upset when dummies are lost or misplaced.
  • Babies can end up needing their dummies to get to sleep.
  • If babies aren't old enough to find their dummies and put them back in during the night, they'll cry for help. You can teach dummy independence when your baby is eight months or older.
Eventually, your child will have to part with the dummy. Children who've had their dummies for some time are likely to be very attached to them. Our article on letting go of the dummy has tips for weaning your baby off the dummy when you're both ready.

Choosing a dummy

Dummies come in different shapes. The best way to find one that's right for your baby is just to experiment.

Here are tips to help you choose a dummy for your baby:

  • Look for a one-piece model with a soft nipple. Dummies made in two pieces can break apart and become choking hazards.
  • Look for a firm plastic shield with air holes. Check the shield is more than 3 cm across so your baby can't put the whole thing in her mouth.
  • If your baby is younger than six months old, choose a dummy that can go into the dishwasher or be boiled.
  • Check the labelling to make sure you have the right size for your baby's age. Most dummies are labelled for babies either under or over six months.
  • Tying the dummy around your baby's hand, neck or cot is dangerous. Your child could choke on the string or chain if it's long enough to catch around your child's neck.
  • If you're bottle-feeding, your baby might like a dummy from the same brand as the bottle. The teats are often the same.

Using a dummy

To ensure that dummy-sucking doesn't interfere with breastfeeding, it's best to offer the dummy only when you can be sure your baby isn't hungry - for example, after or between feeds.

If you're experiencing problems with breastfeeding, speak with your child and family health nurse or lactation consultant.

Don't dip your baby's dummy in sweet drinks or sweet food like honey because this can cause tooth decay.

If your baby uses a dummy, have spares on hand. Your baby is bound to drop the dummy somewhere without you noticing, then get upset when he wants it again.

Looking after the dummy

Babies under six months should use dummies that have been sterilised.

From about six months, your child will be more resistant to infections. This means you need only to wash the dummy with soap and water, rather than sterilising it. Just make sure to squeeze out any fluid that gets inside.

Check the dummy regularly to see whether it's worn or degraded. Replace the dummy if it's broken or worn. Babies can choke on any loose bits.

An alternative to dummy use is sucking fingers or thumbs. This is normal and common. On the upside, babies can find their own fingers easily when they need them. On the downside, you can't ban fingers when your child gets bigger. Luckily, most kids give up finger-sucking by themselves.

The lowdown on children's vitamins

The BEST Quality Multivitamins For Men, Women, and Kids

Differences between childhood cancer and adult cancer

Differences between childhood cancer and adult cancer

The child cancer represents an enemy against which science and medicine have been fighting with great determination since the 1950s. At that time, the first specific treatment units were formed in child cancer, and the first effective treatments appeared.

Thanks to the constant efforts of researchers, the effectiveness of treatments for these tumors has improved enormously. Today they are achieved cure more than 80% of childhood cancers. However, that remaining 20 percent has represented, for years, a complicated challenge for medicine and scientists.

One of the reasons why child cancer continues to present pitfalls is because it shows significant differences with respect to cancer of adults. In this article we will briefly describe some of the most relevant, but above all, we want to give visibility to the research, the only way to cure the 20% of the cases that are not cured. A job that since CRIS Against Cancer we have bet since our birth, investing funds in research projects in hospitals and public centers

Without going into the biological part yet, we find that the first of these differences is social and family. Receiving a cancer diagnosis is always a tough and traumatic experience. Fear, uncertainty and anxiety about the times ahead are usually common reactions when someone receives the news.

However, this can be especially hard when it is a child who suffers. The effect of a cancer diagnosis on your child can have a devastating effect on a family. Facing the prospect of treatments, uncertainty, changes in family routine, hospital admissions can make a world.

There are more biological reasons than differentiate childhood cancer from adult cancer. Cells' DNA represents their instruction manual and indicates how they should behave in the body. If these instructions accumulate errors (called mutations) over time, cells can behave abnormally. In a minority of cases, these abnormal behaviors lead to cells multiplying uncontrollably and developing A tumor.

In adults, this accumulation of alterations is usually associated with age. As we age, cells have to replace each other more and more times. This implies an increased risk of accumulating errors in the DNA that lead to a tumor. The amount of errors that accumulate can also be determined by habits, such as lack of physical exercise, poor diet, or consumption of alcohol and tobacco.

Now, this is not so in the case of children. The tumors they can appear in very early stages. Therefore, factors such as habits do not play a role in the development of the child cancer. In fact, unlike adults, there are hardly any risk factors that have been clearly associated with the development of childhood cancer. The absence of risk factors makes it difficult to design prevention strategies for these tumors.

For this reason, one of the challenges for researchers today is to look for genetic elements, both in children and in their families, that allow future identification of which newborns present risk of developing childhood cancer.

On the other hand, the cells that usually trigger tumors in adults and children are also often different. The organs of our body are made up of various types of cells. Some of them act as exterior cladding, ceilings and floors, define the limits of that organ. Other cells have more structural tasks, they are scaffolding, foundations and pillars. In adults, the most common tumors usually occur in lining cells (carcinomas), while childhood cancer is more common in structural cells (sarcomas).

This means that we cannot treat childhood tumors in the same way as adult tumors, since the cells that cause them are not the same. Also, children do not respond in the same way to treatments as adult patients. Child patients are not small adults, but have specific therapeutic needs.

On the other hand, the cases of childhood cancer are few but very heterogeneous. This makes it very difficult to study these tumors, especially the more aggressive ones. In the case of adults, hospitals and research centers usually have a large number of samples of different types of tumor, which allows finding common elements and drawing conclusions more easily than in childhood cancer.

The most direct conclusion of this last point is that in order to develop effective therapies against childhood cancer, especially against the forms that today do not have treatment, several things are important:

- In the first place, communication between a large number of research centers and hospitals, both national and international. This allows the creation of data banks and common samples, containing patient data from a multitude of institutions.

- Second, it is essential to create specialized units that integrate research, clinical practice and the development of experimental therapies and clinical trials. These units will favor a faster flow from laboratory results to the application of new therapies. One of these Units, the Advanced Therapies in Childhood Cancer Unit that CRIS Foundation Against Cancer has just created in the University Hospital of La Paz, in Madrid.

In any case, there is only one way to combat the child cancer. And that way is to support research.

Author: Jesús Sánchez Ruiz, Dr. In Molecular Biology and Head of Projects of the CRIS Foundation against Cancer.

You can read more articles similar to Differences between childhood cancer and adult cancer, in the Cancer category on site.

Top 10 most gag-worthy smells when pregnant

Pregnancy brings with it an interesting symptom, a hyper-sensitive sense of smell. The sense of smell is so sensitive some people call it “pregnancy nose”.

The January 2013 Birth Club’s members are newly pregnant and are listing the "smells we can't stand". Their top gross smells along with some of my own make up this list.

The top 10 most gag-worthy smells when pregnant:

10. Cooking meat – The cooking meat smell is ever changing; sometimes chicken smells disgusting, sometimes hot dogs. At other times it can smell good. The cooking meat smell is completely unpredictable, but when it smells bad to a pregnant woman, it smells BAD.

9. Pet smells – Most pet smells are pretty grody on a non-pregnant day. They are just multiplied in grossness by pregnancy nose. The smells include kitty litter, dog breath, wet dog smell, etc.

8. Seafood – I don’t know what it is about seafood, but it was one of my worst pregnancy aversions. I canceled a dinner out with friends once because it was at a seafood restaurant and I knew I couldn’t take the smell.

7. Strong fragrances – This includes lotions, laundry detergents, cleaning products, candles, perfumes and colognes.

6. Bad breath or pretty much any odor on breath – Bad breath is gross enough, but almost any of the scents on this list are even worse on someone’s breath, especially seafood, booze and cigarettes.

5. “Grocery store smell” – Most women who have been pregnant know exactly what I’m talking about. It’s the culmination of all the different smells in a grocery store that result in an odor that’s almost impossible to take when pregnant.

4. Cigarettes – This made the list for a lot of people and it's a smell I can't stand even when not pregnant. When I'm pregnant it seems I can smell cigarettes from a mile away. Luckily I don't encounter this smell too often.

3. Strong food odors – Garlic and onion are the worst offenders. I remember my toddler eating a soy-garlic pizza and I swore the garlic was oozing out of his pores the next day. You know it’s bad when an adorable toddler can turn your stomach.

2. Body odor – Enough said.

1. Everything else – I had to say it because any smell can turn gross during pregnancy, it’s unpredictable.

How about you? What would you add to the list of the grossest smells when pregnant?

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