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Influenza in children - symptoms, treatment and prevention

Flu is a very contagious disease. Spreads quickly. And it can be violent. What are the symptoms? How do you know it's flu in children, not a cold?

What is flu?

Flu is a rapidly spreading disease caused by viruses. Most often they cause infections A and B viruses. The problem with taming the virus is that it quickly mutates. Every year, a new type of virus emerges that society is not immune to. That's why it's so easy to get sick. It is hard to find effective prevention.

There is also a type C influenza virus, but it causes very mild respiratory disease or no symptoms. Certainly not responsible for epidemics.

How does influenza spread in children?

Flu in children is spreading extremely quickly. The virus is transmitted by droplet route. Just sneeze or transfer the virus through your hands to toys or other items. The disease can be easily transmitted by using the same cups or cutlery. Just touch something that previously touched the sick person, then move the virus to the mouth or eyes and it's ready.

It's easiest to get the flu from someone who doesn't have symptoms yet. This further increases the rate at which the disease spreads. The most contagious is flu about 24 hours before the first symptoms, that is, when a person does not know that he develops a disease. The risk of infecting others usually passes on the 7th day after falling ill.

Which children are most likely to get the flu?

  • children who are surrounded by other people's diseases,
  • children attending nursery, kindergarten, school,
  • with weakened immunity.
  • forgetting about hygiene - e.g. washing your hands.

Influenza in children is most dangerous for infants and young children. It is the smallest children who usually have a serious illness.

How long does the flu last for children?

Usually, the flu lasts seven days. However, your toddler may feel weak for up to three weeks after getting sick.

What are the symptoms of flu in children?

Flu in children gives different symptoms. It is hard not to notice them because they are severe for people of all ages. They are easy to recognize and provide the basis for a doctor to make a diagnosis. The main symptoms are:

  • high fever (reaching 39-40 degrees),
  • chills,
  • body aches
  • Headache,
  • sore throat,
  • cough (worse)
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • weakness, drowsiness
  • nausea / vomiting / diarrhea

Influenza in children is definitely more severe and severe than the common cold. It develops quickly, suddenly and unexpectedly. A cold does not cause a high fever. The temperature may be elevated, but slightly. The head may hurt, but rather not painfully. There is also no problem with body and muscle pain. A cold is usually more severe in a cold.

In some cases, the flu leads to pneumonia. It can also cause permanent health problems and even death in extreme situations.

How is flu treated?

The method of treating influenza depends on the patient's age and condition, as well as the course of the disease. The basis is to alleviate symptoms and provide the body with the best conditions for recovery. It is advisable to rest in bed and provide the child with plenty of fluid. It is important to take care of the child, because untreated flu causes numerous complications.

Flu is not treated with antibiotics. Antipyretics, relieving symptoms - cough, runny nose, and in the case of more severe course - antiviral agents are administered.

Emergency birth at home

Childbirth is a medical condition that is mostly appropriate in a hospital setting.
process. Many married couples are aware of this. But in some cases, giving birth at home
There is also the possibility. Prepare yourself for such a possibility, and
in this case you need to know what to do.

How to give emergency birth at home?

1. If you have to give emergency birth at home
Try to stay calm. Call an ambulance if you are alone
if possible, call your doctor. If you have someone else with you
ask him to handle it. Before this happens
phone number of your doctor and the nearest ambulance, emergency room.
Record. Let your phone stay within easy reach.

2. Try to do breathing exercises.

3. If you are alone in your home, you can reach your neighbor or you immediately.
know someone you know.

4. Wash your hands and vaginal area thoroughly if possible.

5. Help reach out to you but before you go to bed sheet, blanket
or cool a similar cover.

6. If the baby starts giving birth without help,
hold the baby and the baby every time. If you have someone, ask him.

7. Bend the knees and raise the legs so that the feet touch the ground.
If you have someone, you should put a pillow under your shoulders and head.

8. When the baby's head begins to appear, breathe deeply and push.
If you have someone with you, it can make the baby's head grow slowly.
This person next to you must not act fast and never pull the baby out. Already
As you push, the baby will come out slowly. Umbilical cord of baby
be careful. If this is the case, slowly
Get over the baby's head.

9. After the baby's head is fully visible
clean the slimy fluid and amniotic fluid downwards by hand. Later
Hold the baby's head gently with both hands and press down, but
definitely not pull. Push the mother firmly to the shoulders of the baby.
Tell. When the upper part of the arm appears, carefully raise the head and
the device. Shoulders come out, the remaining part will be easily removed.

10. Immediately as soon as the baby leaves
wrap something clean. Without tugging the baby on the mother's tummy or if the cord is long
Put on your chest.

11. Do not try to pull the placenta out. If it came spontaneously
towel or newspaper. Also try to keep the baby up. This
Show your doctor. Do not cut the umbilical cord yourself. Because the umbilical cord is not connected
not interrupted. Otherwise, it may cause blood loss in the baby and mother, vital

12. The mother and the baby are both warm and comfortable until help arrives.
Try to keep.

How to get to London traveling with children

To travel to London with children you have many options, depending on your city of origin. But whether by plane, car or boat, here is a London guide where we recommend the best route.

It is also important that you know how to move around the city, it is important to plan the routes of the visits so that the children do not get tired. London has the tube, bus and other comfortable alternatives for the whole family.


The most comfortable way to travel to London is probably by plane, especially if we are traveling from America or anywhere far away. The flight can be very long, lasting about thirteen hours from Argentina or ten from Mexico for example.

luckier Spanish tourists will have, since London is only an hour away and it is a very comfortable trip for children.

There are many flight companies that operate from different countries. If the trip is short, the best option is a low-cost company such as Ryanair or Easyjet.

On the other hand, if it is a question of traveling many hours, it is better to abandon the idea of ​​low-cost and find the balance between price and comfort, for this it is best to consult a page of offers and flight search engines.

London airports

London is an important and very large city, so it has several airports: London City, Stansted, Gatwick, Heathrow and Luton.

London city: It is the closest to the center of London, but it is used more for business trips.

The airport is easily accessible thanks to the Jubilee tube line that connects to the London Underground network. To access it, you have to buy a bus ticket that takes you to the beginning of the line from the airport, Canning Town, and costs 2 pounds (1 for children).

there is also a direct bus (Blue airport Shuttle Bus) that takes you to central Liverpoool Street. The round trip price is 12 pounds.

Gatwick: One of the largest and busiest airports in the world, Gatwick welcomes thousands of travelers every day, and is located south of London, at a distance of 45 kilometers, but with very good communication.

The Gatwick Express train leaves the South Terminal every 15 minutes and has a very long schedule, making it the best option to get closer to London. Each journey is priced at £ 17, £ 29 roundtrip, and the journey takes you to Victoria Station in 30 minutes.

With the same destination we have the Connex South Central train, also with a schedule with departures every fifteen or thirty minutes, the trip also takes about half an hour and costs 11 pounds each way.

The bus, which runs every hour, costs £ 9 and the journey takes about 90 minutes.

Stansted: Third in importance, it is located about fifty kilometers from London and most of the low cost companies operate there

The best way to get to the center is the Stansted Express train. It has departures every fifteen or thirty minutes, and the journey is 45 minutes. The train, which costs £ 13 one way (and £ 26 round trip) stops at Liverpool Street and Tottenham Hale, two very central stations.

You can also take the Terravision bus, which has different destinations (you can check the most convenient on their website). The price is £ 9 for adults and £ 4 for children.

Heathrow: It is a very important and busy airport, it is also relatively close to London, about 30 kilometers. Most transatlantic flights arrive at Heathrow

This airport has a train service, the Heathrow Express, which for 18 pounds (34 round trip) makes the journey to Paddington Station. It departs every 15 minutes and the trip takes about 45 minutes in total.

The subway is the cheapest option, although it can be longer and uncomfortable. The Piccadilly line runs from Heathrow Central Station to central London for around £ 5, and the journey takes about an hour.

The buses of the National Express company connect Heathrow with the well-known Victoria Station, with journeys of about 45 minutes and a price of 6 pounds.

Luton: Despite being a smaller airport, very popular companies such as Ryanair, Easyjet or Silverjet operate there.

As it is a fairly modern airport, the connection with London, which is about 30 kilometers, is quite good. From the airport you can access a free shuttle bus that allows you to access the train in a few minutes. For £ 17, the train takes you to Victoria Station in about an hour.

The Terravisión buses also take you to Victoria Station, although they make several stops along the way, so the trip lasts up to an hour and 15 minutes, for 15 pounds (4 for children).

The Easybus company also has buses to different destinations: To the Earl's Court stop (one hour's journey), Victoria Station (1 hour and 20 minutes), for 10 pounds.

Remember also that London can be accessed through the underground tunnel that connects it to Europe, so renting a car may be a good option if we get used to the English traffic regulations, according to which we drive in the left lane.

You can read more articles similar to How to get to London traveling with children, in the category of Tourist destinations on site.

New recipes for 2015. Attention, important for parents!

Each year brings changes. Especially in the regulations. What are we preparing for the new 2015? This is worth knowing!

PIT tax returns for 2014 - how to calculate the child allowance?

For the second year in a row, the family relief will look different. A higher tax rate can be deducted for the third and subsequent children. In addition, worse earners will benefit from the new rules. The legislator gives the possibility to deduct the full allowance - even if during the year the income of the parent / parents of the child did not allow the deduction of the full amount.

The so-called child allowance can be calculated by the parents, foster families or legal guardians of the child who are raising a child up to 18 years of age or up to 25 years of age if he / she is constantly studying.

The next year brings some restrictions for the only parents (the following limits do not apply to parents with two and more children). A taxpayer wishing to take advantage of the relief may not exceed an annual income of:

  • 56 thousand PLN - if he is a single parent
  • 112 thousand PLN - for a marriage bringing up one child.

If this income limit is exceeded, parents cannot take advantage of the annual tax credit.

What relief can we use?

  • for the first child - PLN 1112.04
  • for the second child - PLN 1112.04
  • for the third child - PLN 2000.04
  • fourth and subsequent children - PLN 2700

In 2015, with the PIT tax settlements for 2014, an additional change appeared in favor of people with the lowest salaries. These persons can deduct the maximum amount of the discount, even if they have not paid so much tax in a given year. It was increased for them by an advance on ZUS.

If the sum of tax advances collected during the year does not allow for full deduction of the child allowance, the parent, in addition to the existing PIT / O attachment, is obliged to attach the PIT / UZ form to the settlement.

Most taxpayers will benefit from the changes. They are not beneficial only for employees working in the shadow economy, who do not pay income contributions and ZUS.

End of high maternity in 2015?

For several months there has been information about the imminent removal of the "loophole in law", which allows the future mother to obtain a high maternity allowance of several thousand zlotys per month. Unfortunately, or "fortunate," despite the announcement, work on the bill extends over time and it is difficult to estimate when exactly the bill will come into force.

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