Parents facing childhood depression

Parents facing childhood depression

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Get him to eat vegetables!

Many young mothers dream about being able to go through the hardships of pregnancy with a loved one. They would love to be able to confront their experiences with a friend who is at a similar stage of pregnancy. If the delivery took place at the same time and the children in this way fate would magically connect ... Similar dreams had two sisters from New Hampshire from the United States gave birth to children in a two-hour break. Until the first meeting of young mothers with babies in their arms occurred in the same maternity ward. After delivery, two women ended up in rooms separated from each other by a wall.

It's not everything, when one of the sisters began the parent, suffering severe labor contractions, the other comforted her, ignoring what her body signaled: also discomfort caused by the upcoming delivery. Finally, the delivery of two women took place almost at the same time.

This is not the first case of this type. In 2011, they were born at the same time mother-twins. Then children were born in Salt Lake City, an hour apart. The born boy and girl, according to mothers, had the same noses, which could indicate that they are twins - according to happy parents.

Young mothers recalled after delivery that pregnancy also went on in a similar way, when one was nauseous, the same problems occurred in the other, when one was waking up with pain, the sister knew that she was going through a hard day. Coincidence is unbelievable, but couples ensure that they did not agree on the date of conception.

There are other amazing events ...

For example, a few days ago, Chase Delperdang and his wife greeted the world of a son who was born on April 2 ... There would be nothing extraordinary if the date of birth was not the same as the day of the birth of the boy's father and grandfather ... Now three generations of men will celebrate birthday on the same day.

And you would like to give birth on the same day as your friend or sister?

Why do lymph nodes grow in children?

Why do lymph nodes grow in children?

The lymph glands are a unit of the immune system that protects us from any foreign bodies, substances, cells, and similar formations. The lymph glands are obliged to purify our body from foreign and harmful substances like a strainer. Providing information on lymphatic enlargement that worries parents Acıbadem University Department of Child Health and Diseases, Acıbadem Maslak Hospital, Child Health and Diseases Specialist. Dr. İnci Ayan, He said lymph node cancer, known as ad lymphadenopathy ”, is a very rare condition and the risk is less than 0.4 percent.

Professor Dr. Pearl Ayan listed the conditions that cause lymph node growth:
? The most common cause of lymph node growths are infections. Bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi, such as harmful factors spread through the blood or the entire body (systemic) disease by creating lymph nodes affect. Or locally, they directly cause lymph nodes to become ill.
? Most often related to upper respiratory tract infection, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, otitis, conjunctivitis, gum infections, dental abscesses, intraoral aphthae, skin infections, lower respiratory tract infections, hand, arm, leg, foot, finger infections, genital and anal area infections they cause the lymph nodes of the region to grow.
? Viral infections of the upper respiratory tract are the most common cause of lymph node enlargement in children.
? Infectious mononucleosis, rubella, measles, enteroviruses, adenovirus, chicken pox, cytomegalovirus infections are the major infections.
? Bacterial infections include streptococci that cause tonsillitis, staphylococci, diphtheria, typhoid, brucellosis, tuberculosis, mycobacteria, syphilis, which also cause systemic disease.
? Toxoplasma, malaria, tick bite diseases, cat scratch disease and fungal diseases are other lymphatic disease-causing infections.
? Lymph nodes may grow as a result of the response to foreign substances other than infections. Vaccine reactions, particularly BCG vaccine; insect stings; dermatitis caused by continuous irritation of the skin; drugs such as aspirin, hydantoin, penicillin, tetracycline can be shown as examples.
? Rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, especially rheumatic diseases, congenital metabolism diseases, some internal gland diseases are among the diseases that affect the lymph nodes.
? Apart from these, the most important cause of lymph nodes is leukemia and lymphomas, and other tissue and organ cancers of childhood.

What are the settlements of lymph nodes in our body?

There are about 600 lymph nodes in the whole body. These are in the head-neck region, in front of the ear, behind the ear, in the upper nape region, in the upper-middle-lower neck regions, under the chin and anterior chin, on the collarbone, around the major middle structures in the thoracic cavity, at the lung entry doors and under the armpits, in the arms. elbow areas, abdominal cavity liver, spleen organs such as the entrance gates, around the gastrointestinal tract, midline vascular structures and spine neighborhoods, kidney and urinary tract circles, groin and thigh upper regions and behind the knee.

Under what circumstances should children undergo lymph gland size (lymphadenomegaly) or lymph gland disease (lymphadenopathy)?

The size of lymph nodes varies between 0.5 cm and 1.5 cm in healthy children, depending on the location. Generally, lymph nodes larger than 1 cm in diameter are considered abnormal and lymph node enlargement (lymphadenomegaly) is mentioned. Enlarged lymph nodes, especially in the head and neck, armpits and groin areas can be detected or visible to the eye. Lymph gland disease (lymphadenomegaly) should be suspected in lymph nodes that differ in size, continuity and number than normal. Regional lymphadenopathy is a disease of lymph nodes in a single region; Two or more non-adjacent lymph nodes are called abnormal lymphadenopathy.
Regional lymphadenopathies constitute three quarters of lymph node diseases.

How often can cancer occur in children with lymph node enlargement?

In children, the growth of benign lymph nodes, which can be exemplified by large tonsils, nasal flesh, is quite common except for lymph node growth caused by infection, allergy and other tissue diseases. Cancer as a cause of lymphadenopathy is a very rare condition with a risk of less than 0.4%.

How should parents follow a child with lymph node size?

Parents should first of all consult a pediatrician without getting too anxious but without spending time. Parents should tell doctors:

How did you notice the size of the lymph nodes?
Since when did this growth exist?
? Has there been an increase in size over time?
? Is there any accompanying fever, pain, redness or discoloration?
Is there any softening or discharge? Cough, sore throat, ear, tooth, joint or other pain occurred?

What is the history of sweating, weight loss, rash, injury, insect stings, vaccination or medication history? What kind of examinations are needed for diagnosis?

The examination of the relevant lymph node area and the whole body is the first condition for diagnosis. Lymph gland size, consistency, adherence to adjacent structures, sensitivity, color change, other lymph nodes and tonsils, liver, spleen in the organs related to the lymph system, presence of fever, paleness, skin rash or bleeding symptoms are important clues for diagnosis. . Complete blood count, detection of infectious agents and signs of infection by blood tests, culture tests for identification of infectious agents, imaging methods such as ultrasound and chest x-ray are frequently used tests. If examinations and investigations are in favor of infection, antiviral and supportive therapies in viral infections and improvement in bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections usually occur within 1-2 weeks after appropriate antimicrobial treatment. In cases where no improvement is detected and / or lymph node growth continues, biopsy is performed at the end of the follow-up period (usually 4-8 weeks) approved by the attending physician.

Who does the biopsy, is there any danger?

The pediatric surgeon or surgeons of the relevant region (eg, ear, nose and throat specialists for the neck region) will be directed by the pediatrician who has followed the biopsy event from the beginning. For the correct diagnosis, removal of the largest lymph node in a way that does not harm or hurt the child is the most appropriate approach. Fine needle biopsies may sometimes be inadequate and the biopsy may need to be repeated. With the right person and appropriate approach, lymph node biopsies are not life-threatening. The biopsy should be sent to the pathology laboratory under appropriate conditions and the result should be monitored. Research has shown that only 3% of the biopsy is necessary for lymph node enlargement.

What are the treatment methods and results in lymph node diseases?

Treatment is applied according to the cause of lymph node disease. The most common causes are infections, and both regional and systemic infectious diseases are cured with appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Sometimes the lymph nodes shrink after the treatment of the disease, but may not reach the full normal size, this is considered a normal condition, does not require additional treatment. Except for infectious diseases, there is a high chance of recovery with original treatment including cancer. Especially with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, full recovery is seen in the majority of patients.

How to read and bring poetry to children

How to read and bring poetry to children

Poetry is the music and dance of words. Through poetry, children can convey feelings and emotions, and make their imagination and fantasy 'fly'. Antonio Machado He said that 'singing and counting are the two functions of poetry'.

The poetry it is a universal language among children, it makes them grow inside and is an inexhaustible source that benefits their sensitivity and creativity, and helps them understand situations, passions and emotions. Poetry, with its rhythm and melody, leads children by the hand to the essence of words.

Poetry offers many benefits and advantages to children:

1- It favors memory

2- Improve diction

3- Motivates expression and language

4- Wake up feelings and emotions

5- Stimulate the rhythm

Poems and short poems for children

Short poems about love. Short poems that talk about love, special for children. Poems, like stories, are great transmitters of values. Without a doubt, love, in addition to a feeling, is a great value, a universal value. There are many types of love (family, infatuation ...).

Short poems for primary school children. Enjoy these short poems so that elementary school children can recite from memory. We have compiled some nursery rhymes with which students can work on memory, creativity, group work ... Don't miss these poems for elementary school children.

Short poems with few stanzas. We have compiled 6 short poems for children of 2, 3 and 4 stanzas. The protagonists of these nursery rhymes are animals such as birds or whales. If you want your child to become fond of children's poems, propose these verses that are accompanied by children's games

Short poems about Peace. On January 30, the School Day of Nonviolence and Peace is celebrated. On our site we offer you a selection of short poems that talk about peace to teach children what peace is through poetry.

Short poems about animals. We offer you up to 5 short animal poems for children. Animal poems for children. Very short poems to encourage children to read. Very short poems to read to young children. Five very short poems to read to our son. Poems for young children.

Short poems about grandparents and grandmothers. Short poetry for children to recite aloud. Poems about grandparents and grandmothers to cultivate or children's love. Short poems to read with children. On our site we offer you short poems dedicated to grandparents and grandmothers to recite on Grandparents' Day.

Short poems to learn the numbers. Does your child have to learn numbers? We propose a different, original and very enriching way to do it. We have selected several short poems about numbers. Poetry is a good resource for teaching math to children. Try reading these poems to your children.

Short poems about the family. On our site we have selected a series of short poems that talk about the family. It is a small tribute to fathers, mothers, grandparents or siblings in the form of poetry that reminds us of how important family is. Poetry is a nice way to encourage children to read.

Short poems by Gabriela Mistral for children. On our site we offer you a series of children's poems signed by the Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral. Gabriela Mistral's poetry is of simple language, very musical, with a personal style and a great abundance of texts dedicated to children, and she was a rural teacher for fifteen years.

9 short poems to read with children. Nursery rhymes to teach and educate children. What do poems bring to children? Short poems by classic authors. 9 short poems to read with children. Very short nursery rhymes to recite with children and motivate them to read, in a fun way. Traditional nursery rhymes to recite with children.

Sleeping songs or lullabies are sung words, they are poetry. When parents sing lullabies to the baby, it will be easier for him to fall asleep because of the intonation and the pleasant feeling of the sung words. They are memories that children will carry for a long, long time. Sung poetry caresses the ears of babies and children, calms them. It is the lullaby of words and music in poetry.

Children are very receptive to poetry. For them, poetry is a magic of words, it is playing with verses. You should start reading poetry to children at the same time you begin to tell children's stories or sing songs to them. It is advisable to find a quiet moment, an hour when they cannot do something else at the same time. Poetry is read in silence.

From the age of four to five, children can be invited to draw what a poem or poem suggests, to dramatize it, and to begin creating their own poetry. Teaching children to love poetry is inviting them to play with words and the music that comes from them, is discovering with them a source of living words, which will be a large part of their education.

You can read more articles similar to How to read and bring poetry to children, in the category of Poems on site.

I Am Me! A Poem for Preschoolers

Britney Spears loses child custody

Britney Spears was ordered by a judge to relinquish custody of her children in favor of Federline because of her lifestyle revolving around alcohol and drugs, the Associated Press reports.
Judge Scott M. Gordon ruled that her ex-husband, Kevin Federline, will take Sean Preston, 2, and Jayden James, 1, starting October 3, 2007, until another court ruling.
Gordon said that last month, Spears used drugs and alcohol continuously and frequently.
As a result he was asked to be tested for these substances twice a week as part of his dispute with Federline.
Spears was also asked to meet once a week with a specialist who would evaluate her parenting skills.
Spears, 25, and Federline, 29, were married in October 2004. She filed for divorce in November last year, a divorce filed in July.
The two shared custody of their children, but Federline always wanted to have more in his care.
Alina Sica
October 2, 2007

Where does the child sleep?

This is perhaps the most frequently asked question when it comes to baby sleep. Some parents are convinced that the little one should sleep in his bed, in his room and manage to do these things. Others, though starting from the same wishes, cannot put them into practice.

The crying from the first months, the mother's fears that something might happen during the night or that she won't hear him crying make the parents give up at least for a while the ideal of sleeping the child separately. He is taken to their mother's bed or only to his mother, whom he will not want to leave afterwards. But some mothers resist this temptation and manage to re-place the baby in his bed after each awakening.

Who does the child sleep with?

A child can sleep alone and all specialists recommend it. But their arguments are different. Doctors insist on hygiene and peace, psychologists on independence.

It is true that often children used to sleep with a certain person, mother or grandmother, cannot fall asleep alone or with someone else and this can become a problem especially when parents think that "now it is big enough to sleep alone". Of course, there are special situations such as when the little one is sick and the mother stays with him or leave when there are no more beds but they must remain exceptions. At home, under normal conditions it is preferable to have as much as possible the baby's room and not necessarily a cot only.

How much sleep does the child have?

A newborn sleeps on average 16-17 hours a day in 3-hour intervals. At 3 months, his sleep is 15 hours but he can sleep uninterrupted 7 hours (during the night). Around the age of 1 year, the child sleeps at night 9-10 hours and after lunch 2-3 hours.

The total amount of sleep is diminished, by 4-5 years some children get to stop sleeping in the afternoon.

The ideal sleep of the child is alone in bed, in his room, with quiet sleep when he is sleeping and spontaneous awakening in the morning. But each man has his own rhythm of sleep and his own time in which he manages to rest according to the effort and personal characteristics.

Knowing this child's rhythm as much as possible saves his parents a lot of effort to sleep when he is not asleep or to wake him up when he wants to sleep.

The differences between a rested and tired child's condition are very large and are manifested in all types of activities. What is very important is that each child has his or her own needs and it is good for them to be respected.

Some are more sleepy, others wake up very early, some sleep in the afternoon, others rest better in a longer sleep at night. Sleep problems can lead to a lack of attention, irritability, memory disorders, lack of appetite, etc.

The main problems related to sleep.

Insomnia in the first year is a common disorder, with different meanings depending on the severity but which always reflects a difficulty in relating between the baby and those around him.

In common insomnia, it is often the case of unfavorable conditions (rigidity of meal hours, excess food, noise, stressed atmosphere, etc.). Insomnia ceases with the improvement of these conditions. The calm of the mother and the other members of the family is of utmost importance.

In severe insomnia, a restless insomnia is distinguished, in which the baby does not stop screaming, crying, shaking and a calm insomnia, where the baby is in bed, eyes open, silent for hours; Looks like he doesn't need anything. These severe insomnia are rare and present in the history of autistic children or with early psychosis.

Sleep difficulties are much more common, occurring at least a few months in the development of any child between 2 and 6 years. During this period, the child in full exploration of the world and discovery of new objects and activities, with difficulty accepts going to bed at the expense of the game.

After 2 years, the first nightmares or dreams of anguish appear in which the child becomes scared and can lead to a sleep phobia. In these conditions, special arrangements of the "bedtime" are required, involving the reading of stories, the lit light, rituals, certain toys, the presence of a person near the child.

Sleeping rituals - frequent between 3-6 years. The child asks and cannot fall asleep without an object, a glass of water, a candy, a repetition of the same song, etc. Often mothers are exasperated by the hours that pass between going to bed and the actual sleep, in which the child asks for water, closing / opening the door, wrapping / revealing.

Sleeping phobia - can often be reduced to a counter-phobic request: the light on, the door open but sometimes it can reach a high intensity so that the child is panicked as soon as he feels asleep.

He usually avoids his bed and is in a dream of anguish. In most cases, in such cases, it is necessary to consult a specialist or even a psychotherapy for the child.

Night anxieties include "night terror" or night terror, anxiety dreams and anxious awakening. They often appear under the name of nightmares without precise differentiation.

Night terror - the child begins to scream in bed, bumpy and with a frightened figure, does not recognize the people around and seems totally absent from the situation, not responding to words or gestures. The crisis usually lasts a few minutes, then the child falls asleep. On waking the child remembers nothing of what happened during the night.

The dream of anxiety comes with a high frequency, 30% of children report such an episode that happened recently. It can be observed from the age of 2 years. The child moans, screams, cries, cries for help. Sometimes he wakes up but most often only the next morning he tells the "ugly dream".

Anxious awakening is the intermediary between night terror and the dream of anguish. The child wakes up restless and often goes to the parents' bed. Sleepwalking occurs between 7 and 12 years of age, especially in children with a family history of sleepwalking.

During the first half of the night, the child gets up and walks, sometimes presenting a complicated but always identical activity.

After a few minutes (10-30) he will lie down or leave in bed. The next day he remembers nothing. Somnambulism often evolves favorably, disappearing spontaneously.

When accompanied by other symptoms, especially anxiety manifestations, therapeutic help is needed. Motor automatisms - they are bruxism or brushing of the teeth, the sleep disorder in which the child speaks in sleep and the rhythms during the sleep in which the child turns his head left-right, bends his knees, etc.

After they have been detected, it is good for parents to observe and note the duration, type of manifestation, reactions of the child, frequency, etc. In the case of those who denote anxiety, they can relate to real life events or disturb the child it is necessary to talk to him about these things, to tell him if he asks and in any case not to be punished or laughed at.

Children are afraid that what frightened them in their sleep may not really happen, they show anxiety or guilt even when they tell the nightmare they had. The only method available to the family is to comfort the child and not try to avoid his problem but to provide him with all the understanding and support.

Good night

The evening meal should be taken in a calm atmosphere, without quarrels, screams, reproaches, threats;

It is desirable that the bedtime should not vary too much;

If the little one cries at night, we should not run to him immediately but not let him cry too much. 5-10 minutes are enough to see if you can calm yourself. A few reassuring words, the presence of one of the parents on his bed, a little water or juice are most often welcome. If we leave him to cry, we risk to wake up and not be able to sleep for a long time.

In the case of night terror, when the child wakes up screaming, the calm and understanding of the parents, peace is essential. Let us not forget that only a quiet man can comfort a child. If we get angry, we scream at him, we try to ignore him or laugh at him, we aggravate the problem instead of solving it!

If a child sleeps in a place other than his bed, it is best not to move him in the first 20 minutes of sleep;

Avoid giving him syrups or sedative medicines as they do not solve the problem for the moment.

It is not enough to deal only with sleep. Awakening is also important and the child should not perceive it as a torment. That is why it is good to wake the child up early in order to dress and sit down for breakfast; he will be better off than with half an hour of extra sleep!

It is useless to threaten the child: "If you do not sleep, I will not buy you ..." etc. Sleep is a necessity and the child should not think of him as a punishment or a torment.

We must not forget that for a child the period between sleep and sleep is more difficult than for the adult and that the need to stay with someone, listen to a story or have a toy in bed are not "bumps" and should not be eliminated. they will disappear with age.

Moving from one room to another, changing the décor, sleeping habits are often the cause of sleep disorders. So avoid them as much as possible!

When the child can tell or understand what you are talking about, do not hesitate to ask his or her opinion, ask him / her how best he / she would like before bed or at night.

Before important changes, leave on leave, removals, absence of parents during the night, talk to them about them.

Sleep well

Before bedtime, many parents:

I tell the child what happened that day or what they will do the next day;

Listen to some music

I tell her a prayer and / or a story

Eat or massage it to relax

It is good to notify the child in advance that he must lie down, let him finish what he is doing, choose if he wants a toy to take in bed. The young child is very physically, emotionally and intellectually active. While learning to walk, climb, fall, hit and get tired.

Tiredness, tension, agitation, mixed with restlessness and dissatisfaction are amplified to the point where the child no longer feels tired and does not know how to stop to rest. Parents need to recognize these signs and let them rest before they get here. The very tired child, who hardly sleeps at night, needs more rest, not necessarily more sleep. Once or twice a day, read or draw with him to keep him calm.

If the sleep time is delayed, the child becomes more tired and crying. An irregular sleep schedule also influences meal times. If he has gone to bed late, the child will wake up late or tired and will not eat, the whole program of that day being "thrown over his head".

Here are some of the common problems encountered in children: the baby falls asleep and wakes up at night from fear. Many children find it difficult to sleep. Tired parents get to do everything to see the baby asleep ... The hustle and bustle of the house, late visits, too much TV or at home lead to such problems. Refusal to go to bed at night can be caused by nervousness and dissatisfaction during the day.

Sweet Dreams

Of course, all children dream and that dreams that frighten them are quite common. Cartoons, computer games, aggressive scenes, various disputes in the park or kindergarten are sometimes considered their causes. We can hardly find them and we can almost never remove them all! So it remains for us to go to him whenever he cries, to calm him down, to talk to him slowly, without scaring him any more. It is good to avoid the ignition of the light, the galley, the bedding, the walking around the house. The child will come to understand that it is time for sleep and will fall asleep even if he has dreamed bad or woke up for other reasons.

No method is perfect because every child is different. Some have favorite toys without which they cannot fall asleep, others sleep rituals that cannot be avoided. Do not ignore the fear or anger of the child and do not punish him for them. Stay with him until he calms down and falls asleep.

The activities before bedtime should be quiet, without any special physical effort, noisy or too demanding games. If you think that you are tired and sleep "unrepentant" you may have the surprise to be too tired to have a quiet sleep !!! Between the evening meal and the time of bed the child can play, listen to a story at least an hour.

Talk to the child in the evening, answer his questions even if they are "endless", talk about dreams, explain what they are, why they appear, that all people have them. Encourage him to tell them and express them Do not tell them that they are stupid, but that they should not be afraid that they will happen in reality.

So we intend to talk, Monday, April 7, about Sleep in children.

Anca Munteanu

Psychologist - Child psychology
Center of Action Psychology and Psychotherapy

Your 3 3/4-year-old: Classes for preschoolers?

Your 3-year-old now

Planned lessons, classes, and activities abound for 3-year-olds, but sign up with care. Activities can easily become too much. Preschoolers who have every moment planned for them don't learn how to entertain themselves, stunting their imagination, creativity, and independence. Even if you like to keep your child busy during the day, downtime is as essential as activity time.

How much is too much? Many child development specialists think one scheduled class or activity in a week is plenty for 3-year-olds. Pay attention to your child's behavior. Notice if she disengages during the class, cries, or refuses to go. Temper tantrums, disrupted sleep, and grumpy mornings are other signals that an activity might not be right or the day might be too structured overall.

Experts agree that there's nothing a 3-year-old can "miss out on" that she can't do in good time when she's older. So if you're the slightest bit unsure about whether your child is ready for dance or gymnastics, wait another year.

Your life now

Having your child strapped into the seat of a shopping cart has been a handy way to run errands ever since she could sit up. But as she heads toward 4, take care to monitor whether this is still safe. Many kids wind up in the emergency room each year when shopping carts tip over or kids clamber out and fall. When your child is too big for the front seat, she'll have to walk alongside you; the grocery part of the cart is not designed to hold children, and it's not safe. Don't ever leave your child unattended in a shopping cart, even for an instant.

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