Tricks to prevent viral diseases in pregnancy

Tricks to prevent viral diseases in pregnancy

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Name Arsène - Meaning and origin

21 things it's time the world understood about hyperemesis gravidarum

We hear it again and again: "Morning sickness has a purpose." " Morning sickness is worth it because you are rewarded with a beautiful baby in the end." "Be grateful it's only temporary."

All this may be true, if you're one of the lucky ones whose worst pregnancy complication is your garden variety hormonal "queasiness." But what about those women whose morning sickness is something bigger, something more extreme, something more deeply toxic than a week-long tequila and cigarette bender could ever induce? What about women who suffer from hyperemesis gravidarum (HG)? Never heard of HG? Picture this:

Imagine being so sick you can't keep even one sip of any liquid down for longer than ten minutes.

Imagine getting so dehydrated you need to go to the ER for intravenous hydration, sometimes weekly.

You eat nothing, so you have to go to the ER for intravenous nutrition.

Instead of gaining 8 pounds in the first trimester, you lose 20.

You vomit so violently and so frequently you have to go to the ER for intravenous, prescription, anti-emetic drugs.

You will possibly need to continue taking these drugs, orally if you're lucky, through a PICC line if you aren't, until you deliver your baby.

You feel fear, and intense guilt because, while the drugs are helping you survive, no one really knows what they are doing to your unborn baby.

Imagine being so debilitated you miss weeks, even months, of work. You might even lose your job.

You are so miserably ill, 24/7, you can't perform even the simplest of household chores or childcare tasks.

You can't move, you can't read, you can't watch TV, you can't tolerate any scent other than fresh air.

You can't bear to be touched by your husband and children.

Your misery extends well past the first trimester – so long your doctor, your husband, your mother, your best friends might start to wonder if it's all in your head.

You start to wonder if it's all in your head – that you are somehow causing this to happen.

You get depressed.

You throw up so much – once per hour, maybe more – you begin to think you might die from puking.

You start to believe dying is a better option than continuing to suffer like a martyr.

It occurs to you, against your deepest desires, that the only total relief from your misery is not being pregnant any more.

You feel so desperate, hopeless, and worthless as a human being and a mother, maybe you decide to terminate your pregnancy.

If your intense, relentless nausea subsides after only 18 weeks, you can consider yourself one of the lucky ones.

No matter what, you feel completely alone in your feeble inability to handle being pregnant.

You will very likely live in terror of ever getting pregnant again.

If any of this sounds familiar to you, and you haven't yet been diagnosed with HG, go see your doctor, immediately and demand treatment. Because HG is no joke. Enduring HG is not a way to prove yourself worthy of motherhood. No one should suffer through the hell of HG without help and support.

Read here for more info about hyperemesis gravidarum.

This post was originally published in February 2017

All images from iStock

Opinions expressed by parent contributors are their own.

What children with disabilities learn through play

A cognitive or intellectual disability is not the same as a motor disability and, therefore, the way of working education with each of these groups of children is totally different. What if it is a common denomination is everything what children with disabilities learn through play: autonomy, winning and losing, rules, ability to excel ...

A motor disability does not have to carry an intellectual disability or vice versa. The motor disability within its varieties is linked to a poor functioning of the locomotor system, either at the bone-articulatory, muscular or nervous level and, therefore, affects posture, movements, walking ... Instead, intellectual disability is more related to behavior.

Although the procedure is different, when working with these children the objective is the same, which is not another that the child is capable of reaching the maximum possible development in all dimensions of his person (physical, mental, emotional, social, health) to achieve the maximum degree of autonomy possible and to be able to generalize it in different environments and contexts. Obviously this will depend on the type of disability and the degree of affectation it has.

Play is a very serious activity for the child. Through play the child learns things that can then be generalized to other environments: concentration, waiting, keeping the turn, following rules, adopting certain roles, knowing how to win and lose, effort; but fundamentally, the game should be fun and should serve to socialize, that is, it should be an opportunity for children with and without disabilities to play together in a normalized way.

Working with a child with a disability would be aimed at achieving the highest degree of autonomy possible, that is, to carry his backpack with tools that he can use throughout his life to have the greatest possible independence.Play boosts your self-esteem, helps you improve and have fun.

From day-to-day habits (dressing / undressing, eating, toilet training, toilet), with the home (cooking, making a shopping list, going shopping, taking the subway or a bus ...), social skills (adapting their mood to the corresponding situation, following established social norms, road safety, knowing how to live in a community ...) or conceptual (knowing how to read, write, basic academic skills ...) and even ability to their own safety (recognize yourself when you are sick, know road safety rules, don't be fooled ...)

Regarding the types of toys for children with intellectual disabilitiesIt must be said that children with intellectual disabilities receive, process and organize information with difficulty and slowly, so their ability to respond presents limitations. In these people, everything that allows the arrival of external information and sensory stimulation will favor their brain development.

The toys must be easy to handle in all their functions so that the child can play independently. They should be attractive toys that allow you to keep your attention from the beginning to the end, that adjust to your response time, that do not require high levels of concentration or reasoning, that if they are games of rules they can be adapted to the different levels of participants etc.

It will also depend on what we want to promote: language and communication, concentration, memory, waiting time ... The market offers a large number of toys for these interests, without giving up the classic board games (ludo , goose, four in a row, bingo, who's who ...)

In the case of children with motor disabilities, it will depend on the degree of autonomy they have, but obviously all related activities should focus on avoiding deformations, the appearance of bedsores (wounds), achieving good postural control and activities that enhance their autonomy and that allows them to do the maximum of things by themselves, from moving around, dressing, eating, toilet training ... But of course, this will depend on their degree of disability and the type of disability they have, because it is not The same is a child with cerebral palsy with a monoplegia than another with a tretraplegia.

Regarding the most appropriate toys There are many people with physical disabilities who have difficulties handling toys, precisely because they require skills such as movement, movement of parts of the body, precision or coordination, so many toys cannot be fully used by this type of children and require adaptations or the help of another person.

In this sense the toys must allow them to be controlled motorically by them, that is to say, that they are accessible; that if they have pieces they are easy to fit; that allow them to reach them with their wheelchairs, that have velcro or magnets so that the pieces do not fall easily due to some unexpected movement; other than toys that require several simultaneous movements at the same time (press two keys at the same time).

Above all, the family must avoid being overprotective and falling into pain. Play is an opportunity to have fun, but it is also an opportunity to learn. It is important to learn by progressing and the game allows you to progress through minimal effort.

Games that favor the relationship between siblings are highly advisable, avoiding competition and comparisons; games in which family participation is encouraged and in which the child with a disability has the opportunity to learn while enjoying themselves.

Gambling is a very serious activity in which there is the opportunity to work on concentration, waiting time (so difficult for many of these children), control of impulsivity, roles, patience, etc. Outdoor games with natural elements (sand, water, mud) are also very stimulating, for example, the park is a context that favors motor, sensory and social development for any child. We play?

You can read more articles similar to What children with disabilities learn through play, in the On-site Learning category.

How to make love to a pregnant woman

Love-making is one of the touchiest subjects a pregnant couple may encounter. Over several months post-conception, the sporadic love-making sessions of the pre-child years gradually give way to claims of “I’m too tired,” “I just feel unattractive right now” or “Let’s hold off until this child quits tap-dancing my vagina.”

This is not to say that pregnant women can't enjoy sex or that pregnancy is a death sentence to a couple's physical intimacy. In fact, pregnancy can have the opposite effect depending on the swing of the hormonal tide, but in general it would be naive to assume that sex in any form will proceed as normal while pregnant. That said, don't fret, sexually-frustrated reader, because I’m here to tell you that you can make love to your pregnant spouse right NOW.

“But random our site blogger, I don’t think that’s such a good idea,” you might say. “My pregnant spouse compares herself to a different barnyard animal every week, and she’s currently browsing eBay for used Rascal scooters. I’m just not sure making love is on her to-do list at the moment.”

Of course it is. You’re just going about in the worst way possible. If you want to make love to a pregnant woman without being shut out like the Cleveland Browns on game day, here’s what you do.

The first step in making love to a pregnant woman to set the mood.

You need to do this subtly because a woman's mind-reading powers are only enhanced by the second brain growing in her uterus. Try drawing your spouse a bath and telling her to go take some time for herself. Grab whatever child-themed bubble bath you currently have stocked for your other children or yourself and fill it up. Don’t be stingy because this is no time to skimp. You’re aiming for a bubble apocalypse here, a level of foaming that would sexually excite a doomsday prepper.

Once you’ve coaxed your pregnant spouse into her bubble wonderland, leave the room. As you exit, casually mention that you’re going to get started on a random household task. Preferably it’s something that she’s been asking you about for weeks, or one of her own weekly tasks that she dreads. Maybe it’s fixing a running toilet. Or laundry. Or vacuuming. Maybe you’re just going to wash your own coffee mug for once. Whatever it is, go do that and at least two more equivalent tasks until 30 minutes have passed. Your spouse should be nice and relaxed now.

Now, reader, pay attention because this is where it gets hot.

Gently knock on the bathroom door and ask your spouse if she needs anything. Don’t tell her about the wonderful things you’ve been up to so far, but DO tell her that you’ve got a surprise for her when she’s ready. Wink if you want to add an air of creepiness, but refrain from pointing at your crotch and thrusting.

After she gets out of the bathtub and dries off, tell her to lie down and get comfortable. She may be getting suspicious at this point, which is normal, especially if you disobeyed my crotch-pointing instructions. Don’t panic. If you think your spouse may be fleeing the room, sit her down and grab her foot. Start rubbing. Rub some more. Rub her feet like you’re trying to excise a cramp from LeBron James’ foot in game seven of the NBA Finals. If you’re any good, she’ll lie back and start moaning. That’s a good thing. Here’s where you make your move, Casanova.

At the precise second your foot rubbing has melted your spouse into a euphoric blob, disclose the honey-do list you spent the last 30 minutes completing. Start small and build it up, starting with how you emptied the dishwasher. Don’t forget to keep massaging the pregnancy out of her feet. She won’t even know what’s happening until you drop the bomb that you finally patched up the hole in the wall from the Great Taebo Incident of 2012, which should send her into a climactic frenzy of Harry-met-Sally proportions.

Congratulations. You have just made love to a pregnant woman.

Behold the near-comatose spouse in front of you and bask in the satisfaction that you, and you alone, made that happen.

“But wait,” you might be saying. “You were supposed to tell me how to have sex with my pregnant spouse."

No, what I actually said was I’d tell you how to make love to your pregnant spouse. That doesn’t always mean sex, but here’s a consolation prize: There will come a day after the baby arrives that your spouse will remember that time you told her to take a bath, rubbed her feet and HGTV’ed your way around the house like a sexy Bob Vila. (Or just regular Bob Vila, if that’s her thing.) She’ll be so overwhelmed with gratitude that she’ll want to repay you in kind. And then it will be her turn to make love to you.

Photo credit: Thinkstock

This post was originally published in September 2015.

Opinions expressed by parent contributors are their own.

How to sleep during pregnancy. Best Sleeping Position during pregnancy

Name Hanen - Meaning of thumbs

Name Hanen - Meaning of thumbs

- I have a boy of 5 years. After being examined by a pediatric surgeon, the following "floating testicle" was diagnosed. He showed us an injection treatment with "Pregnyl". Since I read this medicine contains hormones. Please tell me if the treatment is good, if there is some other treatment and if I need to consult another doctor. How serious is the situation in the case of the boy?


Testicular migration abnormalities are defined as delays or stops in lowering the testes, on the normal migration path (groin channel - scrotum) or outside it.

From an embryological point of view it must be remembered that the testicles are born in the lumbar region, the migration begins in the fourth month of the embryonic life and ends at the end of the gestation period so that at birth the testicles must be found in the scrotum.

Anorhidia - uni- or bilateral lack of the testicular gland.

Testicular ectopiaa - aberrant migration of the gland outside the normal descent path.

The testicle not broken - the most frequent event that consists in stopping the migration and development of the gland on the normal descent path.

Retractable testis - the testicle is permanently on the groin canal, but, through external maneuvers, it can be brought into the eponymous scrotal exchange, repositioning itself promptly when the maneuver ceases.

The floating testicle - is found spontaneously but intermittently in the scrotal exchange, being promoted by stimuli that favor the cremasterian contraction.

Floating testicles generally do not require treatment (it is important for the time they are up, as well as the age of the child).

Intensely retractable testicles benefit from hormonal treatment. The most unsubscribed testicle requires the prior hormonal treatment associated if necessary with surgical treatment. Cryptorchidia requires exploration by laparatomy associated with various surgical procedures for descending the testicle into the scrotum, for the first time or through serial interventions.

Untreated and timely, testicular migration abnormalities are the most common cause of male sterility.

Such a dystopian, macroscopic testicle appears hypoplastic, whitish, with reduced consistency, with epididymis unfolded, microscopic degenerative lesions appear at its level, with the reduction of the number of seminal cells and of the seminiferous channels, the spermatogenesis stopping at various stages without the appearance of sperm, Sertolli and Leydig cells are immature and interstitial tissue is fibrous.

The lesions are due to the higher temperatures at which the gland is subjected (at the scrotum level the temperature is lower by 3 degrees Celsius.)

The medical treatment is indicated both for the intention of a cure and for the development of the spermatic gland and cord to develop a quality that allows a quality orhydropexy (fixation of the testicle).

Human chorionic gonadotrophin (PREGNYL) is administered:

  • between 1-4 years, 10 injections of 250U.I.
  • between 4-8 years 10 injections of 500U.I.
  • over 8 years 10 injections of 1000U.I.

Ideally, the treatment should be completed by the age of 3 years, maximum 5 years, beyond this age limit the results are unfavorable in terms of spermatogenesis function.

If the patient presents for surgery at the age of puberty, before fixation the testicle will be biopsied, to detect any malignant lesions.

Patients over 18 years of age with an unobstructed testicle no longer benefit from orhydopexy, direct orhydectomy (removal of the testicle) is preventive, because the incidence of cancer on these retained testicles is significantly higher.

The treatment prescribed by the doctor who consulted the child is very correct, and the doses indicated have no harmful effect, so it is not left to perform and observe the beneficial role on the testicles and their position.

Tags Testicular disorders

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