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Fraterna: origin and meaning of the name for girl Fraterna

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Successful potty training for girls

You'll miss many things once your baby grows up, but changing dirty diapers is probably not one of them. Still, it doesn't pay to be in a hurry: Teaching your daughter how to use the potty requires time and patience on your part and a reasonable degree of cooperation and motivation on your child's.

Lucky for you, experts say girls potty train earlier than boys because girls aren't as easily distracted. Kids with older siblings to look up to and imitate may be easier to toilet train, too.

The key to potty training success is starting only when your daughter is truly able to do so. While some kids can start as young as 18 months, others may not be prepared to learn until they're 3 or 4.

There's no point trying to get a head start – studies show that when parents begin potty training before a child is physically or emotionally able, the process simply takes longer. In other words, you arrive at your destination at the same time, no matter when you start. So the first thing to do is use our checklist to see whether your daughter is primed for potty training.

Once you've determined that your daughter is ready, focus on timing. Make sure your child's routine is well established – if she's just started at preschool or has a new sibling, she may be less receptive to change or feel too overwhelmed to tackle this new challenge.

Avoid periods when her natural toddler resistance is high, and wait until she seems open to new ideas. To train, follow these steps:

Let her watch and learn

Toddlers learn by imitation, and watching you use the bathroom is a natural first step. When talking about body parts, it's important to be accurate. If you teach her to refer to her vaginal area as her "wee-wee" when every other part has a more formal-sounding name, she may infer that there's something embarrassing about her genitals.

If your daughter has seen her older brother, her father, or one of her friends from preschool or daycare stand tall at the toilet, she'll more than likely want to try to pee standing up. Let her. Sure, you'll have to clean up a couple of messes, but she'll probably get the idea fairly quickly that she doesn't have the equipment to make it work, and you won't have to engage her in a power struggle.

If she persists, have her watch you and explain how mommies and their daughters have to sit down to pee.

Buy the right equipment

Most experts advise buying a child-size potty, which your toddler can feel is her own and which will also feel more secure to her than a full-size toilet. (Many children fear falling into the toilet, and their anxiety can interfere with potty training.) Bathrooms can be a dangerous place for curious toddlers so always supervise her when she's using the toilet.

If you prefer to buy an adapter seat for your regular toilet, make sure it feels comfy and secure and attaches firmly. If you go this route, you'll need to provide your daughter with a stool because it's important that she be able to maneuver her way on and off the toilet easily any time she needs to go. She also needs to be able to stabilize herself with her feet to push when she's having a bowel movement.

You may want to pick up a few picture books or videos for your daughter, which can make it easier for her to make sense of all this new information. Check out Uh, Oh! Gotta Go! or Once Upon a Potty, which even comes in a version with a doll and miniature potty.

Help your child get comfortable with the potty

This early in the process, your child needs to get used to the idea of using the potty. Start by letting her know that the potty chair is her very own.

You can personalize it by writing her name on it or letting her decorate it with stickers. Then have her try sitting on it with her clothes on.

After she's practiced this way for a week or so, you can suggest she try it with her pants down. If she seems at all resistant, avoid the temptation to pressure her. That will only set up a power struggle that could derail the entire process.

If your child has a favorite doll or stuffed animal, try using it for potty demonstrations. Most children enjoy watching their favorite toy go through the motions, and may learn more this way than from you telling them what to do.

Some parents even construct a makeshift toilet for the doll or stuffed animal. Then while your child is perched on her chair, her favorite toy can be sitting on its own potty. See tips on how to start potty training.

Motivate with cool underwear

Get your daughter focused on the benefits of being potty trained by taking her on a special errand: Buying panties. Let her know that she gets to choose whatever kind she wants. (Underwear featuring a favorite movie character or bright design is usually a big hit.)

Talk up the outing ahead of time so she gets excited about being old enough to use the potty and wear underwear just like mommy or her big sister.

Set up a training schedule

Getting your toddler out of diapers will depend on your daily schedule and whether your daughter is in daycare or preschool. If she is, you'll want to coordinate your strategy with her daycare provider or teacher.

You'll have to decide whether to use the back-and-forth method of switching between diapers and panties or the cold-turkey method of going to underwear full-time. Some experts recommend making the move to disposable training pants, which are essentially like diapers but can be pulled up and down like underwear.

But others disagree, saying it's best to transition right into underwear or old-fashioned cotton training pants, both of which will allow your daughter to feel when she's wet right away. That, of course, makes it more likely that you'll be cleaning up some accidents.

You'll have to decide what's best for you and your child. Your child's doctor may recommend one way or the other.

For a while at least, you'll want to continue using diapers at night. And your daycare provider or preschool teacher may have her own opinion on when to switch to panties at school.

Teach her to sit and wipe

One of the most important things you'll need to teach your daughter is how to wipe properly. Explain that she needs to make sure she moves the toilet paper from front to back, especially when she has a bowel movement, to avoid getting an infection.

If this seems too complicated for her to grasp (and it can be for many girls because it requires having to remember to go in a certain direction), teach her to pat the area dry after she pees.

Bladder infections, while uncommon, seem to be more likely in girls around the time of potty training. If your daughter needs to urinate frequently or feels a sudden need to go, says it hurts, complains of abdominal pain, or starts to wet her pants after having established good bladder control, call her doctor and have it checked out.

Set aside some naked time

Nothing helps your toddler figure out when she needs to go like letting her spend some time diaperless. Put the potty in an accessible area while she plays, and encourage her to sit on it at regular intervals.

Watch for signs that she has to go (jumping up and down in place, clutching her legs together, or swaying from side to side), using these cues to suggest it's potty time.

You can do this on several consecutive days, in the evenings when the family is all together, or just on weekends. The more time your child spends out of diapers, the faster she'll learn.

Celebrate triumphs

She will undoubtedly have a few accidents, but eventually your daughter will know the accomplishment of getting something in the potty. Celebrate this moment with fanfare. Reinforce the idea that she's reached a significant milestone by rewarding her with a "big kid" privilege such as getting an extra bedtime story.

But try not to make a big deal of every trip to the potty or else your child will start to feel nervous and self-conscious under the glare of all that attention.

If at first she doesn't succeed, try, try again

As with any other skill, the more she uses the potty, the better she'll be at it. But there are some things you can do to make it easier for her. Dress your child in loose-fitting clothes that she can easily take off herself, or buy panties a size too big.

If she still has trouble with the concept, don't overreact or punish. Nothing can disrupt potty training faster than making a child feel bad for having an accident. Accidents are normal and part of the process.

Keep in mind that even children who have used the toilet successfully for months occasionally have accidents when they are engrossed in an activity. If you feel frustrated, remind yourself that scolding her for wetting her pants might mean months of diapers ahead.

And if you're both frustrated, take a break for a few weeks then try again when you're ready.

Increase the fun factor

If you approach potty training with a little panache, your child will be more likely to stay motivated throughout the entire process. Drip some blue food coloring into the toilet and she'll be amazed at how she can turn the water green. Or put her favorite book in the magazine rack next to the toilet so she can look through it whenever she has to go.

If your child starts to lose interest when she's well into potty training, you may want to consider offering rewards. One popular method is to use stickers and a calendar to keep track of her successes.

Every time she goes to the potty, she gets to paste a sticker of her choice on the page. Watching the sticker bounty accumulate will keep her inspired.

If the stickers themselves aren't enough of a thrill, you can offer an additional reward such as a trip to the playground or a wished-for toy when she amasses enough stickers or stays dry for a certain number of days in a row. See ideas on potty training.

Move into night mode

Once your daughter gets the hang of daytime training, you're ready to move into the next phase. Wait until she's securely potty trained, then start checking her diapers in the mornings and after naps to see whether they're dry. Many children start staying dry during their afternoon naps within about six months of learning to use the toilet.

Nighttime training is trickier because it depends on her body being able to hold the urine for an extended period of time and how deeply she sleeps. If she wants to try sleeping without diapers, go ahead and let her. If you're worried about her soiling the mattress, an absorbent mattress cover can help.

If, after a few nights of this experiment, she's clearly not ready to stay dry, put her back in diapers in a non-judgmental way. Tell her that her body is not quite able to tackle this next step, and reassure her that she'll soon be big enough to try again.

If your child stays dry three out of five nights, make your "all underwear, all the time" policy official. Support her attempts to stay dry by restricting how much she drinks after 5 p.m. and getting her up for a bathroom trip before you go to bed.

Ditch the diapers

By the time your child's ready to say goodbye to diapers altogether, she's accomplished a lot. Acknowledge this and reinforce her pride in her achievement by letting her give away her leftover diapers to a family with younger kids, or by packing up the cloth diapers and sending them away with the diaper delivery service one last time.

Or assist her in choreographing a joyful jig around the house and call it the "no more diapers" dance. The entire family can form a makeshift conga line and head to the potty when nature calls.

Potty Training in 3 DAYS

5 anti-migraine massages: the ankle

5 anti-migraine massages: the ankle

The point called "vesicle" is used in acupuncture to relieve migraines. Practice ... but without needles, this ancestral medicine!

Always massage the opposite point to your pain: the right ankle, if it is the left side of your face that is "caught in a vice", the left if it is the right side ... both if the pain takes you all the head.

  • First locate the pressure point: with the fingers tight, put the tip of your little finger on the protruding part of the ankle bone (external malleolus). Position your other fingers one after the other on the fibula, the thumb designates this point.
  • Press the tip of the thumb firmly enough on this point and massage it with a clockwise rotation. Several minutes are often necessary to obtain a result.

Rosana: origin and meaning of the name for girl Rosana

Rosana: origin and meaning of the name for girl Rosana

Snack Attack

Peanut allergy: causes, symptoms and recommendations

Peanut allergy is one of the most common food allergies. The increase of its presence in children is indicated. According to recent studies, the number of US children with peanut allergy has tripled between 1997 and 2008. Also, studies in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Canada indicate a wide spread of peanut allergy in school-age children.

Hazel allergies tend to extend throughout their lives, although research indicates that about 20% of children with peanut allergy outweigh their allergy eventually. The brothers or sisters of children who are allergic to peanuts can be at increased risk of allergy. Your doctor can give you advice regarding testing for brothers and sisters.

Allergy to peanuts it is, in fact, a generic name for the sensitivity to several types of seeds, which fall into the same food category with peanuts: common walnuts, Brazilian walnuts, hazelnuts, pecans, almonds, cashews. All these grow in trees and have a high allergenic potential.

However, the allergenic potential of peanuts, which grow on the ground and are part of the legume family, which are also included beans, peas, lentils and soy.


Hazel allergy occurs when the body is exposed to peanut / peanut proteins. The body perceives these proteins as harmful, and the immune system produces substances that have symptoms such as redness, itching, diarrhea, nausea, etc.

Risk factors:

- age - the most common cases of peanut allergies occur in children;

- presence of other allergens - allergies to other substances;

- there are cases of allergies in the family;

- history of the patient with atopic dermatitis

Small amounts of peanuts can trigger an allergic reaction. Accidental contact with peanuts, such as touching them or debris peanut butter, is less likely to initiate a severe reaction. Accidental contact becomes a concern if the area that comes into contact with the peanuts touches the eyes, nose or mouth (for example, a child with peanut allergy gets dirty with peanut oil on his fingers and rubs his eyes).

How it manifests

The symptoms of peanut allergy vary, and can occur immediately (in a few minutes) after the peanuts have been consumed or can also occur by simple contact with them. Among the most common symptoms are:

- sudden swelling and irritation of the epidermis, itching throughout the body, especially in the eye area;

- choking sensation;

- the sensation of tingling on the tongue and lips;

- abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea;

- nasal pruritus or frequent sneezing.

If the allergy is more severe, the above symptoms may be combined with a state of dizziness and sweating of the lips, throat, tongue or face. The presence of an exacerbation of the symptoms may indicate the imminence of an anaphylactic shock, thus imposing the urgency of taking medical measures.


Diagnosing peanut allergy can be complicated. Symptoms may vary from person to person, and a single individual may experience different symptoms during each reaction.

If you suspect that your baby has a peanut allergy, make an appointment with an allergist, keep a child's food diary, and keep track of any reactions. If there are reactions, note:

- what (and how much) he ate;

- when the symptoms started;

- what have you done to alleviate the symptoms;

- how long it took until the symptoms subsided.

Because a peanut allergy can be difficult to diagnose by epidermis or blood tests, the allergist may require an elimination diet, in which you avoid the suspected food allergen for a specific period of time (normally between 2 and 4 weeks ).

If the symptoms improve after removing the allergen from the child's diet, it is likely that he is allergic to the substance.

If the elimination diet provides inconclusive results, the food challenge test is recommended, in which small amounts of peanuts or peanut products will be administered in increasing doses, in the allergist's office.


In order to prevent a reaction, strict avoidance of peanuts and peanut products is essential. Always carefully read the labels on which the ingredients are listed, to identify those derived from peanuts.

The legal regulations in force, regarding the labeling of products containing allergens, provide the obligation to mention their presence. As such, read all the product labels carefully, before buying them and offer them for consumption to the child, and in case you have any doubts, contact the manufacturer.

Currently, the use of informational labels (such as "May contain") on packaged foods is voluntary, with no instructions for their implementation. However, there are efforts to develop a long-term strategy to assist manufacturers in using these formulations in a transparent and consistent manner, so that consumers with food allergies and their caregivers can be informed about the potential presence of major allergens.

Avoid foods that contain peanuts or any of these ingredients:

- artificial peanuts;

- cold pressed peanut oil, pressed in oil separator or extruded;

- peanut butter;

- peanut flour.

Unexpected sources of peanuts:

- African, Asian or Mexican culinary preparations;

- sauces: chili sauce, spicy sauce, pesto, steak sauce, soft sauce and salad dressing;

- sulciuri: pudding, biscuits, pastry, pies and hot chocolate;

- egg rolls;

- pancakes;

- the pizza;

- bakery and pastry products;

- candy;

- chili;

- egg rolls;

- enchilada sauce;

- Martipan;

- Mole sauce;

- walnut;

- some vegetarian food products, especially those presented as meat substitutes;

- foods that contain peanut oil;

- glazes and seamen;

- food for pets.

Does your child suffer from peanut allergy? What measures have you taken to combat this condition? Help other moms fight the allergen with your helpful tips in the comments section!

On the same topic:

Children with food allergies: what parents should know

Children's allergy to nuts

How do you know if your child is allergic to certain foods?

Tags Food allergies Children allergies

Importance of vitamin E for children and pregnant women

Importance of vitamin E for children and pregnant women

Although we should all try to consume through feeding all the vitamins that the body needs, it is children and pregnant women who should be most concerned about getting all the nutrients.

The Vitamin E It is essential for the prevention of some diseases and also for healthy growth and we can find it in many foods that we must include in the infant diet and in the diet during pregnancy.

Undoubtedly, we need all the vitamins and minerals for good health, but each vitamin has a specific functionThat is why this time we analyze the functions of vitamin E.

- Vitamin E is an excellent protector against heart disease, something we should be concerned about in All ages.

- Like vitamin A, vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant and numerous studies link this vitamin with a lower risk of cancer.

- This vitamin E relieves the inflammation derived from some diseases and is also of great help to alleviate the effects of diabetes.

- The main benefit of vitamin E is in its protective function of the vision, being very useful to prevent some of the most frequent eye problems in children.

The best way to get all the vitamins is through one Variety feeding, but there are some foods to which we can pay special attention if we want to include vitamin E in the diet during pregnancy or in the daily diet of children.

- The nuts they contain high amounts of vitamin E, especially almonds and peanuts that also promote concentration. To a lesser extent, we also find it in hazelnuts and pistachios.

- Among vegetables, the richest in vitamin E are broccoli and the spinach, but it is also convenient to include tomatoes, peppers and asparagus.

- Some spices and condiments such as peppers, the basil and the oregano They contain a lot of vitamin E and are also excellent for improving the taste of dishes.

- Fruits cannot be lacking in children's nutrition and we can take into account that those that contain the most vitamin E are kiwis and the mango.

Laura Velez. Editor of our site

You can read more articles similar to Importance of vitamin E for children and pregnant women, in the Infant Nutrition On-Site category.


Common or external cashier?

They raise their children together, but they do not invest money. It is a distinct contradiction, but not an isolated one. Is it possible to have a life outside the coffin?

Does having a coffin or an ex-cashier bring about sustained happiness?

In the past, household finances have also meant a common wallet, and for some couples today, besides the family certificate, the budget does not miss. Of course, outside the family, the cashier also has a number of grades: it starts with a dip in cash and goes all the way until the couple doesn't know much about their income.

We do not owe each other an explanation

"It soon became clear that we were facing the opposite with money in the opposite direction" - Klaudia, the annual Leila mamбja. "We had many debates. Pйter clean and I think I spend unnecessarily. The decision came about when I had to say why I bought five hundred forints in turquoise. I realized: we don't need a bank account. We are both willing, So at least we don't fight for moneybecause we simply do not owe an explanation. By the time we have a baby, we have developed a way of dividing the cost between us. Now he keeps his car, I pay my apartment credit, but my utility is my couple. I make smaller purchases and the market, and have trouble buying more food. I buy the clothes for the kid, but his father pays for kindergarten lunch. For larger expenses, we will discuss when to fit the scooter or bike into the frame. If you run out of money, I will ask you to buy the child's vitamin or what you need. " he didn't buy anything for himself, he didn't want to ask the couple who paid his home loan too. And for Leila, we open up an investment account that we'll pay in half, "he continues." Although we don't always talk about how much money others have, and everyone saves money, the year Peter paid everything, even if I can't support myself. "

Cross-designing outside your wallets

Miklós Chernok money advisor, author of the Reported Blog, says it is not uncommon for couples to contact me to talk about money and public credit, but to emphasize my split. "If we share all terьletйt the йletьnk egymбssal, it йs йvtizedeteket egyьtt leйlni, you do not cйlszerы financially to stay цnбllуnak" - suggests a specialist, because a lot of pйnzьgyi dцntйst have to make a layette megvбsбrlбsбtуl the otthonteremtйsen йs valу the nyaralбsra takarйkoskodбson бt egйszen children university tandнjбnak elхteremtйsйig And the safety of our resting years to the utmost care. If you don't have a wallet, it's difficult to plan also, everyone expects to be clean for the other, and often finds that they borrow without one another, use a credit card, because - as well as being a household - they are both wealthy.

The relationship is clear

Roboz Gabriella The psychologist believes that the way money is managed in the family reflects exactly what we think about the relationship and what we expect from it. If a relationship is working well, you cannot even upset one of the parties if they lose their jobs or lose their income, because the balance of emotionality is maintained regardless of this. ad and hood, and the balance and intimacy of intimacy and sovereignty, and they are even more important when it comes to our money. Therefore, it is not the family budget budget that seems strange, or the parties' contribution rate, but that it should be the result of mutual consultation and decision-making.

Ene, you know, ours

Rйkбйk its method of managing money is not an ordinary one, and may even seem complicated to the outsider. However, the pregnant mother felt she needed so much independence, convinced her and worked well in practice. a combination of separate and common numbers"We opened up a crowd with ours when we were getting ready for our wedding," says the mother-of-two, who is currently living poorly. "We both refer to the size of our income in relation to home loans, utilities, food, child-related expenses, and here we also have everything we can do for ourselves. It is clear to you how much it contributes to your family life, but you also have the freedom to own your own money. An English Financial Advisor on this page recommends that the father pay the housework to the mother at home, so the mother refers to the common word. it would really be too complicated, okay regrettably, my brother also often takes part in household chores. "

Under load

Timiйk there has been a lot of controversy in the money lately, here too the chick feels that Timi it stretches beyond what their blankets are for. Since taking out a home loan, you have to pay special attention to the money: "Because my son feels that paying my monthly loan may be in jeopardy, he has stopped accessing his account," Marci (3) and Lilla (5) her mother. "I have to pay some fixed costs and make smaller income on my own, and she pays the credit, the overhead, the groceries, the groceries, the groceries, the groceries, and the groceries. You used to say that this is not one-man control, it's just a matter of control, and if there is no credit, then we will have a common color with ours. it didn't fall well. It's like a downgrade. "

Economy or exercise of power?

"If money is a problem with the family, it often has a more serious relationship problem in the background: money has become a tool for exercising powerto assert dominance and to disrupt the partner's autonomy, "says the psychologist. And if you are in a long-term, financially or emotionally subordinate position, then most of the time, you can do it yourself. one of the more sporadic, the other is more or sometimes impulsive, it can be more or less important. they also get involved in ice skating money is also about smaller secrets, but of course, as long as we do not use them to go back against others.

Death save dugipénz

Kata йs Mбtй from the very first moment they are in a coffers, they also run their business together. They thought they couldn't surprise each other for a while. That's it. But I wouldn't mind. "We have spent a few minutes in the womenswear on the selected but more expensive couch, when I just lost my husband. I have fifty thousand dugouts, "says Kata.Related Articles:
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