Age by age diversification

Age by age diversification



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Children and strangers

Shrimp foam with egg and avocado

Shrimp foam with egg and avocado

Acute cold or rhinopharyngitis

Acute cold or rhinopharyngitis

When our children lose their temper, yell, or frown, we get upset and react in a negative way. But, Did you know that it is good for children to get angry? We are going to analyze the mechanism of anger and observe this situation from a different perspective, since it is a way of defending themselves against different attacks and with it our children learn and develop resistance to frustration.

We are angry to see them angry, because we think that they do not know how to manage their emotions and that they exaggerate in their reactions, but we must bear in mind that they are not adults. Our sons and daughters do not have the tools that we have to face conflicts, not even your cerebral prefrontal cortex is mature to do so.

Really, if we think about it, we would also be upset if the minors never got angry, because we would wonder if they are so lazy that they don't care what happens around them or we would doubt their sensitivity. So, starting from the premise that they are children who are learning and who do not reason as we do, we must face their anger considering the following aspects:

They learn emotional intelligence
The little ones still do not know how to recognize what they are feeling, so it is important that we help them to recognize basic emotions such as joy, sadness, fear or anger. We can also help them with questions like: 'What's wrong with you?' or 'Why do you think your brother is crying?' It is essential that they learn to identify their own emotions and the emotions of others.

Practice active listening
When our sons and daughters get angry, they need to feel heard, but we must actively listen to them. We have to bend down, get at their eye level and put our full attention on their words, without interrupting them. It is good that we respond with fillers of the type well, I understand, mmm, I see, etc. so that they see that we are empathizing with their feelings. You have to be patient and let them express themselves freely.

They develop communication
Take advantage of his anger so that he learns to express his feelings and to communicate in all kinds of situations. It is important that they learn to dialogue calmly. To do this, tell him to relax and that it is better to tell things quietly, without screaming or crying.

They acquire skills
We do not expect minors to react like adults. They have no competencies to do so and are governed by immaturity and impulsiveness. Children have an opportunity when faced with anger to analyze the situation and learn to react in the next few occasions, know how to handle the matter and repair the damage caused or know how to ask for forgiveness. Let's give them the tools to do it.

They learn from us
If we manage the conflict in a calm way, our children will learn by imitating our reactions. Be calm, do not insult, threaten or lecture him. In a stressful situation this does not work. They are curled up in their tantrum and they don't react to anything. Run away from phrases like: Because I said so! It is better to try to understand why he has become like this and to try to breathe calmly and try to explain.

They prepare for real life
Anger helps children to defend their own interests and to establish the concept of justice. They will learn to express their criteria and opinions. But teach them that they should do it assertively, that is, defending their position, but respecting the other's vision and avoiding damaging their feelings. This way of reacting will help them to strengthen relationships with people around them.

No small reason
In truth, what for us may be a trifle, for them may be the reason why they want the world to end. He thinks that for them the reason for their anger is totally justified. Don't downplay it, just offer them different solutions and alternatives. They will see for themselves that there is a way out.

They learn to set limits
Sometimes sons and daughters get upset with reason, because we have not fulfilled what we had promised them or for any other reason. Anger helps them prepare for frustration in life. They also learn to express displeasure when faced with something that does not seem right to them.

So keep in mind that anger is a tool for self-defense, learning, and personal growth. You just have to guide them so that they learn to handle conflict situations with calm and respect for others.

You can read more articles similar to Why is it good for children to be angry, in the category of Conduct on site.

Discrete Trial Training (DTT)

What is Discrete Trial Training?

Discrete Trial Training (DTT) is not a therapy in itself, but a teaching technique used in some autism spectrum disorder (ASD) therapies.

DTT is based on Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) theory. It involves breaking skills down to their most basic parts and teaching those skills to children, step by step. All achievements are rewarded, which encourages children to learn.

Sometimes called Discrete Trial Teaching, DTT is often used as part of a broad ABA-based approach.

Who is Discrete Trial Training for?

Discrete Trial Training (DTT) is typically used with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) aged 2-6 years, but it can be used with people of any age.

What is Discrete Trial Training used for?

Discrete Trial Training (DTT) is used to teach many new skills to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). These skills range from very simple to more complex, depending on children's specific needs. For example, DTT can be used to teach:

  • speech and language skills, like those needed for having a conversation
  • skills needed for sign language or communication devices
  • daily living skills like dressing, using utensils and following instructions
  • writing skills.

Because it works on changing behaviour, DTT can also be used to teach parents how to manage children's difficult behaviour.

Where does Discrete Trial Training come from?

Discrete Trial Training (DTT) is a teaching technique that comes from Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA). It has its roots in 'learning theory', which was developed in the early 1900s. Learning theory suggests that how people behave in any given situation is largely determined by their previous experiences of similar situations.

As a treatment for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), DTT is typically associated with the Lovaas Program, which was developed in the 1960s with DTT as a central component.

What is the idea behind Discrete Trial Training?

Discrete Trial Training (DTT) is based on the idea that you can teach any behaviour or skill by breaking the skill into smaller steps, which makes it easier to master.

DTT uses repetition, so children have plenty of opportunities to learn and practise new skills. DTT uses rewards to encourage children to learn and use new skills. This is based on the idea that behaviour that's rewarded will happen more frequently, whereas behaviour that isn't rewarded will happen less frequently.

The DTT technique suits children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) better than more traditional teaching methods.

What does Discrete Trial Training involve?

Discrete Trial Training (DTT) involves using a basic procedure to teach a new skill or behaviour and repeating it until children learn.

The procedure involves giving an instruction like 'Pick up the cup'. If needed, you follow up the instruction with a physical or verbal prompt like pointing at the cup. You reward success with praise and something the child likes.

DTT can be a very time-intensive approach to learning and changing behaviour. It can involve many hours a day. Depending on children's specific goals, DTT can go on for several years.

The level of parent involvement varies depending on the program or service that's using the DTT approach.

The time commitment required for DTT depends on the type of program in which it's used, as well as children's specific needs. Although this technique can take a lot of time, research has shown that this intensity can be critical to its success.

Cost considerations

The cost of Discrete Trial Training (DTT) depends on the type of ABA-based intervention or program it's being used in. It's likely that ABA programs using DTT will involve a high cost because they take a lot of time.

Does Discrete Trial Training work?

High-quality research shows that Discrete Trial Training (DTT) has positive effects on the behaviour of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It's been found to be even more effective when combined with other ABA techniques.

Who practises Discrete Trial Training?

Anyone can practise Discrete Trial Training (DTT). Most ABA programs using DTT are developed by psychologists and implemented by special education teachers, occupational therapists, speech pathologists, registered behaviour technicians and other aides.

Parent education, training, support and involvement

If your child is in an Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) program that uses Discrete Trial Training (DTT), you usually need to play a role. Training might be available depending on the ABA program.

Where can you find a practitioner?

The Behavior Analyst Certification Board has a list of certified Discrete Trial Training (DTT) providers.

You can also find professionals by going to:

  • Speech Pathology Australia - Find a speech pathologist
  • Occupational Therapy Australia - Find an occupational therapist.

If you're interested in DTT, it's also a good idea to talk about it with your GP or one of the other professionals working with your child. You could also talk with your NDIA planner, NDIS early childhood partner or NDIS local area coordination partner, if you have one.

There are many treatments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). They range from those based on behaviour and development to those based on medicine or alternative therapy. Our article on types of interventions for children with ASD takes you through the main treatments, so you can better understand your child's options.


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