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Are toys tidied?

Are toys tidied?

Two Ikea chests of your choice, a plywood board ... and voila! A cabinet with storage that can serve as a bench, but also small office to play.


Any mom should know that. How to properly sterilize the baby's bottle

Any mom should know that. How to properly sterilize the baby's bottle

Regardless of whether you feed your baby with powdered milk or breast-feeding her baby's bottle, it is vital to keep baby bottles and pacifiers clean and safe. Sterilizing them helps protect your baby from bacteria and infections, because dangerous germs develop faster than you think in milk. Sterilization should be done both for baby bottles and pacifiers, as well as for milk pumps and feeding accessories, such as teaspoons or bowls, at least until the baby turns one year old.

Boiling sterilization has long been a used method, but it can be dangerous for little ones. The plastic from which the bottles or pacifiers are made can contain chemicals that when heated to the boiling temperature are released for a longer period and can contaminate the baby's milk, writes babycentre.com. In addition, if you do not do it correctly, sterilization will not be as effective in destroying germs.

That is why more and more responsible mothers have given up the traditional method and resort to a modern sterilizer, which destroys 99.9% of bacteria in minutes and can be used with the guarantee that all feeding accessories will be perfectly safe for the baby. Here's everything you need to know about sterilizers, so make the best choice for you and your baby:

There are three types of sterilizers:

- with microwave steam

- steam electric

- with cold water

Microwave steam sterilizers

They work without rinsing or chemical solutions and destroy bacteria using hot steam heat. Depending on the model you choose, they can hold sterile instruments for up to 24 hours. Sterilization takes between 3 and 8 minutes, but the disadvantage is that you cannot sterilize metal or metal-containing accessories.

Electric steam sterilizers

These types of sterilizers are simple to use, do not require rinsing, sterilization solutions and kill bacteria with steam. Electric sterilizers do their job in 6-15 minutes and maintain sterile accessories for 24 hours. This is the most convenient method and you will find a wide range of models from which to choose the right one for you. The vials and the pacifiers should be placed with the mouth down to increase the efficiency of sterilization. The advantage of steam sterilization is that it does not leave any smell or taste on the sterilized equipment, so the baby will not feel any difference.

Cold water sterilizers

To sterilize the bottles with cold water, you will need a special liquid or tablets and a large vessel. All accessories are placed in the water, add the liquid or sterilization tablets and leave for at least 30 minutes. This method ensures that the bottles will remain sterile for 24 hours.

The solution can be reused as many times as you need within this 24 hour period. All accessories should then be rinsed with hot water. The great disadvantage of this method is that the sterilizing solution can leave a specific odor or taste not quite pleasant on the pacifiers, so you risk the baby to refuse the bottle. In addition, it is a method that takes a long time and must be planned ahead of time, before the baby becomes hungry.

How big should the sterilizer be?

Depending on the size, in a sterilizer can fit between 2 and 8 bottles. You should also consider the fact that a bottle with a larger mouth takes up more space than a standard one. If you exclusively feed your baby with milk powder, then you will need to sterilize about 6 bottles daily. Mothers who breastfeed can choose a smaller sterilizer, at least in the first months of their baby's life. After the age of six months, when the diversification begins, you will need a sterilizer with higher capacity, in which to fit the teaspoons or castronas from which you give the little one to eat.

Some sterilizers also come with a set of features that make your job easier:

- an alarm that alerts you when the device has finished sterilization

- handles that stay cool even after you put the appliance in the microwave oven

- a water filter

- automatic sterilization after several hours

- an accessory tray

- brushes and pliers for baby bottles

How long will I need to sterilize the accessories?

It is recommended that sterilization be continued until the baby is one year old. At this age, your immune system should be sufficiently developed to keep germs and bacteria away. But some moms prefer to sterilize the accessories until the child stops using them.

Do I have to sterilize the instruments after each use?

If you use a steam appliance, you will not need to sterilize the accessories more often than once a day. For the most part, it will be enough to clean them with water and detergent after use and rinse them under a strong jet of water or put them in the dishwasher.

Photo source: Shutterstock, Copyright: YanLev

Tags Sterilization of baby bottles

7 pregnancy problems associated with autism

7 pregnancy problems associated with autism

Can autism be prevented? To date, medical experts have no concrete theory regarding the causes of autism. While everyone agrees that the condition occurs when the typical brain development is discontinued, it is not yet clear to them why or how this is happening.

Some theories point to genetics as the main factor. Others argue that autism is caused by environmental factors to which a developing child is exposed while still in the womb. Prenatal development in the womb has not yet been analyzed from all points of view.

Without reaching very eloquent conclusions, here are some pregnancy problems that have often been associated with autism.

Periods between tasks

The Kaiser Permanente Research Division in Oakland, California has published a study that says the distance between two consecutive pregnancies could be a factor that causes autism. The study published in the journal Pediatrics shows that those children who were conceived at a distance of less than 2 years or more than 6 years after the first pregnancy have a 2-3 times higher risk of developing the condition.

A shorter period between pregnancies may be associated with the reduction of folic acid, an essential nutrient for children's brain health and its development during the intrauterine period. Too long periods can be associated with possible infertility problems, which could also play a role in the development of autism.

Administration of antidepressants during pregnancy

A study by the University of Montreal on a sample of 145,456 women shows that antidepressants such as Prozac or Seroxat can increase their chances of developing autism by 87% when administered in the second and third trimester, by 87%. pregnancy. Antidepressants are generally not recommended during pregnancy, with minor exceptions, where the benefits of their administration may be more important than the risks.

Obesity and diabetes

Children born to obese women with diabetes are 4 times more at risk of developing autism, according to a study by John Hopkins Bloomberg School for Public Health. He studied both future mothers who already had diabetes and women who developed diabetes during pregnancy. A previous study by the same researchers shows that diabetes developed during pregnancy exposes children to a double risk than previously diagnosed. Obesity and diabetes are alarming signs for any pregnant woman, and these studies clearly show how the child can be affected in such situations.

Polycystic ovary syndrome

The Karolinska Institute in Sweden recently conducted a study showing that children born to mothers diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome have a 59% higher risk of autism than others. Autism is 4 times more common in boys than in girls, and women who suffer from this syndrome have an increased level of androgen, the sex hormone responsible for developing typical male characteristics. Exposure to this hormone during the intrauterine period could therefore be very dangerous. But the researchers believe that the real problem is the changes in metabolism suffered by women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome.

In vitro fertilization

Researchers at Columbia University show that in vitro fertilization exposes children to a 2-fold increased risk of developing autism than natural fertilization. Scientists argue that the procedure itself does not cause autism, but the risk of multiple pregnancies and other risks associated with infertility treatments. In vitro fertilization, this occurs in a laboratory, and the embryo is subsequently implanted in the mother's uterus. In order to prevent the chances of multiple pregnancies, doctors who are responsible for fertilization recommend transferring a single egg.


This is a condition that occurs during pregnancy and is manifested by increased blood pressure and the presence of protein in the urine. In a study by the Davis MIND Institute of the University of California, conducted on 500 children diagnosed with autism, it was shown that 200 of them also had developmental delays. Researchers believe that placenta problems are the main cause.

Preeclampsia restricts the fetus's oxygen and nourishment and can affect the development of its brain. The study also shows that the severity of the illness exposes children to a higher risk of developing autism. Moreover, preeclampsia is a danger to pregnant women, not just to children.

Erythematous lupus

This autoimmune disease attacks the immune system and healthy cells. According to a study conducted by the Register of Descendants of Mothers suffering from Lupus Erythematosus, children whose mothers were diagnosed thus have a double chance of developing autism. But researchers say that exposure to antibody treatments recommended for treating lupus is actually responsible for developing autism in children.

Tags Causes Autism

Safe pregnancy with nicotine replacement therapy

Women who want to stop smoking during pregnancy can now use the patches or gum used in nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) without posing a risk to their baby. According to a new study, the use of NRT decreases the probability that the baby will be born lifeless.

This is the conclusion of a study carried out by a team of researchers from the University of Southern Denmark, in Copenhagen, and published in the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. There are several possible explanations for the low risk of having a lifeless baby among NRT users. One is that it is a group of smokers who are healthier and more likely to comply with the prevention advice during pregnancy. And another is that medical risk factors are less frequent among NRT users than among non-users.

The study used national data to gather information on NRT use and smoking in 87,032 single-baby pregnancies. 2% of the women said they used NRT, 14% had not smoked during that period, 30% had given up the addiction, and 56% continued to smoke. 495 stillbirths were registered, eight of which were among the NRT users. Compared with women who did not use the therapy, those who did had a 43% lower risk of stillbirth after considering other risk factors. And even among women who continued to smoke while using NRT, the risk decreased by 17%, compared to nonsmokers. In contrast, smokers who did not use NRT in pregnancy had a 46% higher risk of stillbirth.

Vilma Medina. Editor of our site

You can read more articles similar to Safe pregnancy with nicotine replacement therapy, in the Health on site category.


Night weaning and phasing out night feeds: things to think about

If your baby has diarrhea, it is very important to avoid fluid loss!

Some diseases in the summer especially affect the infants whose immune system is not sufficiently developed. Experts in the summer is very common childhood mean that someone vomiting and diarrhea of ​​the disease in Turkey.
Bayındır Hospital Kavaklıdere Department of Pediatrics Dr.Nevin Aykol stated that these diseases can be prevented if the parents take the necessary precautions. Aykol said: “The disease usually resolves spontaneously within a week. Diarrhea caused by causes such as amoebic and bacillary dysentery does not resolve spontaneously; The most important issue in diarrhea and vomiting is to meet the fluid needs of the child. There will be no danger to life except loss of fluid.

Immediately after the onset of the disease, ie after the first vomiting and following each defecation, it is appropriate to start preparing and delivering sugary and salt water without forcing your child to eat. In addition, buttermilk and yogurt, linden, apple juice, tea can be used to cover the lost liquid. It is appropriate to give breastmilk more frequently to babies under 6 months instead of salt-water. ”

Aykol said, sıvı If fluid loss cannot be met by mouth and dehydration, heart rate increases too much, breathing becomes more frequent, loss of tension due to skin loss, dryness of tongue and mouth, urine and tears appear. should be treated by hospital admission or intravenous fluid in a clinic, antibiotics and diarrhea stopping medications are inconvenient in diarrhea without stool culture and cause. ”

Rash (Milia)

Aykol stated that an itchy and swollen skin rash is seen frequently in infants, especially in the summer months and added: durum In this case, the sweat glands are occluded. The more humid the environment, the more severe the symptoms are. If itching results in skin openings, secondary infections can occur. In order to prevent this condition, cotton clothes should be worn, frequent bathing and skin should be ventilated as much as possible. In severe cases, it is recommended to use medication according to the doctor's advice..

Physical benefits for the mother of breastfeeding her child

Breastfeeding gives your baby the best nutrition you can have. It is undoubtedly a great advantage for him. But ... and for the mother? Are there any advantages for the mother in opting for breastfeeding? The answer is clear and forceful: Yes.

Breastfeeding offers physical and emotional benefits for both the baby and the mother. We explain you cwhat are the main physical benefits for the nursing mother.

Breastfeeding offers many physical benefits for the nursing mother. Advantages not only in the short term, but also in the medium and long term. Here are some:

1. Short-term benefits:

- Breastfeeding makes uterine involution faster (the uterus has to return to its pre-pregnancy size. This is done through spasms or contractions that we know as 'mishaps').

- It causes bleeding to decrease, thereby preventing possible anemia after delivery.

2. Medium-term benefits:

- Postpartum recovery is faster.

- The woman regains her pre-pregnancy weight more easily, since with breastfeeding the mother's caloric expenditure increases.

3. Long-term benefits:

- Protection against the risk of breast and ovarian cancer.

- Prevents the future appearance of osteoporosis in menopause, since breastfeeding provides a higher bone density to the mother.

You can read more articles similar to Physical benefits for the mother of breastfeeding her child, in the category of On-site breastfeeding.

Importance of Breastfeeding for Baby and Mother. World Breastfeeding Week

What are vulvar synechiae in girls and how are they treated

Vulvar synechiae, What strange name right? Have you ever heard what it is? Surely if you have a baby girl who has not reached 24 months, unfortunately you have had to inform yourself about this situation acquired in some small ones, but that, in no case, is it a congenital malformation. Next, we will see what it is, why it occurs, and what is the treatment.

The vulvar synechiae They occur in girls, generally under two years of age, when the edges of the labia minora of their vulva come together, producing a scar that causes the introitus to close, partially in most cases.

Diagnosis is usually made with vulvar inspection in the pediatric consultation, in a causal way, since as we will see later, most of the girls do not present any symptoms. Why is it produced? To this day it is not known for sure what the cause is, however, this union of the labia minora has been associated with low levels of estrogens (characteristic of this stage), inflammatory processes such as the famous diaper rash, and due to the lack of hygiene in the area.

Knowing this, what is in our hands to prevent it from appearing? What can we do to avoid them?

- Carry out proper hygiene in our baby's vulva. We must avoid disposable wipes, since their continued use can cause irritation in the area. We will replace them with soft sponges, warm water and soap.

- Too we will change our baby immediately when it has peed or pooped, so that it is always dry. It is very important not to delay in this practice!

- Also It is recommended to clean from the vulva towards the butt, to avoid dragging the feces to the vulva and not soiling it with our baby's feces.

With these simple recommendations, we guarantee that the vulva is always well cleaned, thus reducing the risk of synechiae.

A very common question that often comes to the head of parents is ... and how can my daughter pee? And it is that, the vast majority of vulvar synechiae are partial, that is, the labia minora are not completely fused, and have a hole through which urine can exit.

Although the vulvar synechiae cause significant anxiety in the parents, and immediately want to start treatment, it is important to note that in the vast majority of cases it is not treated because, normally, they do not produce any type of symptoms, and the girl does not even realize that it have.

However, if our baby began with frequent urinary infections, pain in the vulvar area or fever, it would be necessary to assess medical treatment, of course always at the hand of your pediatrician.

As our baby develops, the vulvar synechiae will resolve spontaneously: when he begins to walk, ride a tricycle or bicycle, in short, when he begins to be more independent.

However, sometimes synechiae can remain in time, resolving naturally in the prepubertal or pubertal stage when the number of estrogens, characteristic of this stage, increases. If we are approaching adolescence and the labia minora have not separated, it is necessary to put treatment, either with local corticosteroids in the form of cream, or with surgery.

As we said before, these last cases are exceptional, so relax! If your daughter has vulvar synechia, when you least know it, it will have resolved spontaneously.

You can read more articles similar to What are vulvar synechiae in girls and how are they treated, in the category of Newborn on site.

Severe Ashermans syndrome

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