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4 party recipes around the duck

How to proceed in case of milk teeth trauma in children. Tips from a dentist

After the age of 1 year, as the child learns to walk and begins to explore the environment or is involved in different activities, accommodations are quite frequent.

The rush, the inaccurate coordination of the movements at play, walking, running, the difficulties of maintaining the balance during the beginning period, can cause accidents followed by dental trauma, the most frequent in the incisors of milk, especially the upper ones. Fortunately, however, most of the time these traumas have high chances of healing, in rare cases causing some complications.

When dealing with a dental trauma to the child it is necessary that the child is consulted as soon as possible by the dentist, and in order to establish a correct diagnosis and to choose the best treatment, a dental x-ray is required. This will show if there are bone fractures, if the root of the traumatized tooth is damaged and if it is near the permanent tooth in the bone.

Because the tooth enamel is hard and the bones of the children are malleable, elastic and spongy, most of the time it will be identified the modification of the tooth position by moving outwards / inwards or, more frequently, the entry of the tooth into the bone (dental intrusion) or, on the contrary, avulsion (exit of the tooth from the bone). The tooth fracture rarely occurs.

Treatment of trauma

If the root of the milk tooth is being formed and the dental trauma is minor, the chances of spontaneous healing are high. If the trauma has appeared near the age at which the milk tooth must fall, its root being partially resorbed, it is often no longer tried to treat it, but dental extraction is done.

If the tooth was expelled during the trauma or the tooth extraction was required, the child should be monitored until the permanent tooth erupts in order not to insert the tongue, lip, finger into the remaining space.

Unlike the extraction of milk molars, the lack of an incisor does not produce the migration of the neighboring teeth and the shrinking of the space for the tooth to be replaced, but the area can sometimes become more difficult to cross through, and can cause a delayed eruption.

Although the child is scared and collaboration with him can be difficult, the trauma should not be neglected because it can sometimes have serious consequences, such as necrosis (the nerve dies, and the tooth becomes brown) followed by its infection, possible fistulas, permanent tooth damage when the tooth milk enters the bone and reaches its buds. The permanent tooth may undergo structural changes (stains on the enamel), position changes and eruptions.

Dental trauma is often accompanied by injuries of the gum and lip, bleeding, edema (swelling of the area) and pain. Depending on their severity, the doctor may only recommend disinfection of the area or treatment with antibiotics.

Tips for parents

Most commonly, in the dental office the area is cleaned, the tooth repositioned and fixed internally or externally, the tooth is monitored in case of intrusion or extraction, if it has very high mobility, to prevent the risk of swallowing.

Parents are advised to ensure proper hygiene of the area and a soft nutrition and also to prevent the child from inserting the finger, sucking or tongue between the teeth until the traumatized tooth is fixed. In the case of dental fracture, the sharp edges are smoothed so as not to hurt the lip and gum, and if the fracture is large, it is necessary to remove the nerve and seal the canal and crown.

The dentist will choose for each case the most appropriate method.

Article written by Dr. Mihaela Dan, orthodontic specialist Orto-Implant Expert

Researchers for a day: In "Bayer Science Laboratory", students discover the secrets of the natural sciences.

Bayer company, a global scientific leader in the field of health, nutrition and high technology materials, launches in Romania the project "Science laboratory", which aims to educate students in grades I - IV in the field of natural sciences.

During the period April 7 - 11, 2014, within the national program school Otherwise: Know more, be better, "Bayer Science Laboratory" will give students the opportunity to participate in practical and attractive experiments, inspired by the fields of chemistry and biology, anchored in daily life.


The "Bayer Science Laboratory" will be set up in the central circle of Children's World Park, the entrance near the National Children's Palace, sector 4, Bucharest.

"The global mission of Bayer is: science for a better life. Through everything we do, we are aware that scientific expertise is essential to successfully cope with future challenges. Therefore, besides our own research, the company's strategy includes and direct involvement in the promotion and consolidation of general education and research. We are pleased that this year we will also offer the Romanian students a new and memorable experience for understanding the natural sciences. "Bayer science laboratory" comes with an innovative approach to chemistry and biology by involving children in a journey in the secrets of science, giving them the opportunity to make interesting and useful experiments, "said Andreas Schremmer, Managing Director of Bayer Romania.

A team of national olympics in chemistry and biology will present and coordinate the experiments conducted in the "Bayer Science Laboratory".

Thus, through practical and fun experiments, children will discover the secrets of science in three main areas: health, agriculture and high technology materials. In the health area, children will work together to discover vitamin C in different fruit juices and the existence of enzymes in vegetables. In the area of ​​experiments related to agriculture, children will discover the composition of a leaf, extract chlorophyll pigments from the leaves and measure the pH of the soil using several methods. The experiments in the area of ​​high technology materials will consist of: placing an egg in a bottle, preparing the invisible ink, creating fireworks in the water. The access of the children to the experiments will be done in groups or classes of maximum 30 students, through the presence and direct supervision of the teachers.

In the experiments carried out in the laboratory, well-known materials from everyday life will be used and the participating students will be directly involved. In the "Bayer Science Laboratory", children will become small researchers through the discoveries they will make with the Olympians.

To provide a beautiful and memorable experience, the interior design of the "Bayer Science Laboratory" will be carried out in collaboration with the SANE Architecture architecture studio, owned by two young Romanian architects.

The "Bayer Science Laboratory" will open its doors and receive student classes from April 7 to 11, 2014, from Monday to Friday, from 12:00 to 18:00. The duration of a visit to the "Bayer Science Laboratory" will be approximately one hour. registrations for participation are made, for each class, by the teacher, until April 4, at the contact person Paula Popa, phone 0742.049.418, or by e-mail: [email protected]

Tags School Other School Other 2014 Week School Other 2014 Programs School Other 2014

Asthma: causes

What is asthma?

Children with asthma have inflammation in the small airway passages (bronchi) of their lungs. This makes their airways sensitive to triggers. Triggers are the things that bring on asthma attacks. When children come into contact with triggers, the muscles in the walls of their airway passages tighten up.

When this happens, children get less air into and out of their lungs. This causes wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and uncomfortable breathing.

Causes of asthma: genes, inducers and triggers

Children with asthma probably get genes from their parents that make it more likely that they'll get asthma too. This is called genetic predisposition.

If you, your child's other parent or other family members have asthma, eczema, hay fever or allergies, there's an increased chance your child will also have asthma.

Early in life, something switches on a child's asthma for the first time. This thing is called an inducer. The asthma inducer might be a viral infection, an allergen or something in the environment that irritates the child's airways.

Once a child's asthma has been switched on, triggers can cause acute asthma attacks. These triggers vary from child to child.

The most common trigger is a viral infection, usually the common cold. Other triggers include pollens, exercise, changes in the weather, cold air, cigarette smoke, pollution, house dust mites and pets.

Children with asthma react to asthma triggers by wheezing, coughing and becoming short of breath.

Exposure to smoke during pregnancy, or to second-hand and third-hand smoke in childhood, can lead to asthma in children who have a genetic predisposition to it.

Tests for asthma

Most children don't need any special tests for asthma. Doctors usually diagnose asthma on the basis of your child's medical history and by examining your child.

Children with more severe asthma, or who have frequent asthma attacks, might need special breathing tests or very occasionally an X-ray. These are often arranged by a paediatrician or respiratory specialist.

Mother's Day coloring pages: 1000 thanks for everything!

Mother's Day coloring pages: 1000 thanks for everything!

Download free coloring for Mother's Day

Stuffed empanadas. Peruvian recipe for children

The cuisine of Peru is one of the most famous in the world. Thus, Guiainfantil.com offers us an easy and very exquisite recipe for the family's lunch or dinner: empanadas stuffed with veal, although we can also use minced chicken or pork. We can also use chili, which because of how spicy it is, is optional.

It is a quick and very inexpensive recipe to prepare. Kids will love helping them make the dough. Peruvian empanada. You will see ...

For the dough and filling

  • ½ Kg. Of strength flour
  • 5 eggs (4 cooked)
  • ¾ cup of milk
  • 250 gr. butter or margarine
  • ½ Kg. Of minced meat (beef or other)
  • 1 large onion / 2 hard tomatoes
  • Yellow pepper (julienned)
  • 2 cloves of garlic / Green or black olives
  • Parsley or coriander and salt / Oil

1- Mix the sifted flour with the salt on the table.

2- Add the butter or soft margarine to the flour and with the help of two forks mix everything until a paste texture is achieved.

3- Make a hole in the center of the dough and add the milk and the yolk.

4- Put everything together with your fingertips and give the dough a ball shape.

5- Wrap the dough in plastic wrap and put it in the fridge for about 2 or 3 hours.

6- While the dough is in the fridge, prepare the filling.

7- In a frying pan, heat the oil and then sauté the onion and minced garlic, then the tomatoes, salt, pepper and chili.

8- When everything is sautéed, add the meat with a little chopped parsley or coriander. Let cook for about 5 minutes.

9- When everything is cooked, remove from heat and let cool. Add the hard-boiled eggs and the chopped olives.

10- Take the dough out of the fridge and arrange it on the floured surface.

11- With the help of a rolling pin, open and stretch the dough, leaving it about 5 mm thick.

12- With the help of a pasta cutter or a large rimmed glass, cut circles about 8 cm in diameter.

13- Place the filling that should be cold in the center of each circle.

14- Close the dough forming a half moon and seal the edges with the help of a fork.

15- Brush the empanadas with the yolk of an egg.

16- Arrange the empanadas in a source and take them to the previously heated oven for about half an hour, or until golden brown.

You can read more articles similar to Stuffed empanadas. Peruvian recipe for children, in the category of Peruvian Recipes on site.



Meningoencefalocelul Question:

- My name is Flory and I live in Arad, I have a 4 year old girl and she was born with a right occipital meningocele. I was sent with her for a CT scan. To our delight, this meningocele is not related to the brain. This cyst is small but the only way to get rid of this cyst is surgery. Can you tell me how fast this operation should be done and if there is a risk of it increasing or affecting the brain? Thank you.

Answer:


The cerebral nerve substance is separated from the cranial bones by three membranes dura mater, the arachnoid and the pia mater which together are called meninges.
meningocele it represents a herniation (exit) of the meninges through a bone brace (spine or cranial bones).
myelomeningocele - herniation of the meningeal sheaths and the bone marrow.
Meningoencefalocel - herniation of the meninges and the cerebral substance.
The cranial meningocele appears as a result of a defect in the suture of the cranial bones. It occurs on the median line, either in the occipital region or anteriorly in the frontonazal. The previous location is more frequent.
The differential diagnosis between meningocel and meningoencephalocel is made by computer-tomographic (CT) examination, which you have performed.
Regarding the time when you have to perform the surgery, you will only determine with the neurosurgeon that depending on the CT, the size of the meningocele and the condition of the underlying tissues will decide the optimal period.
In my opinion it would be good to solve the problem as soon as all the data are on your side - optimal age, lack of nerve substance in the sac and associated neurological disorders.
Good health,
Dr. Dana Paduraru,
Resident doctor in the Pediatric Surgery specialty
Emergency Clinic Hospital for Children "Grigore Alexandrescu"
Specialist details

Renovata: origin and meaning of the name for girl Renovata

Guiainfantil.com

We highlight in our dictionary the name for a girl: Renovata. You will find in our meaning finder of all baby names.

History of the name Renovata

Feminine form of Renovato. It alludes to the renewal brought about by baptism.

Meaning of name Renovata

"Renovated"

Origin of the name Renovata

Latin

Famous people with the name Renovata

  • Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish writer (1875-1936)
  • Ramiro Oliveros, Spanish actor (1941-)

Drawing of the name Renovata coloring page printable game


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