Healthy Feeding, Healthy Baby: Eat for Health -- Infant Feeding Guidelines

Healthy Feeding, Healthy Baby: Eat for Health -- Infant Feeding Guidelines



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Breastfeeding: 9 things that can go wrong

Basin, uterus, vagina ... throughout the pregnancy, these different organs will prepare for childbirth and make every effort to promote the birth of baby. We take stock!

For the child to be born, it will be necessary for the uterus, which is a muscle, to contract, and for the child to successively cross the cervix, which, in normal times, is a narrower, narrower canal than a soda straw, then the vagina. This path that will follow the baby to be born crosses the basin from side to side, basin formed by naturally rigid bones but also by joints and ligaments that will soften. Throughout pregnancy these different organs will prepare for childbirth.

The basin

  • The joints that connect the bones between them relax, which widens the pelvis by a few millimeters; it can be painful at the end of pregnancy.

The uterus

  • Its fibers become fifteen to twenty times longer. At the same time, they become wider. These changes will make the uterus more elastic, they will allow it to contract more easily and therefore better play its role of "engine" to open the neck and push the child forward. The blood circulation in the uterus increases considerably. The cervix, which before pregnancy was hard and fibrous, softens and becomes supple. In the end it is said that it is "ripe". It can thus open without difficulties.

The vagina

  • During pregnancy, it is completely transformed; and at the end of the pregnancy, it has nothing to do with a vagina of a woman who is not pregnant. It lengthens, widens, its walls become more and more flexible and extensible, folded like an accordion.
  • At the same time, vaginal secretions are significantly increased as well as the acidity of the vagina. Secretions promote the development of fungi responsible for frequent vaginitis in pregnant women, but this hyperacidity represents an excellent barrier against many microbes. The mucous plug which appears at the end of pregnancy at the level of the neck forms a second, and, the membranes of the egg a third.

Important

In late pregnancy, the vagina is ready to let the head of the child, while it would not matter nine months earlier. This is an important point to make to reassure expectant mothers because almost all fear that the head and the body of the child can not pass through the vagina "which is too small".

Article from the book "I'm expecting a child" by Laurence Pernoud.

All our expert answers

Find in bookstore the new edition of "I'm expecting a child"

Name Jocya - Meaning and origin

Name Jocya - Meaning and origin

Origin of first name:

Germanic

Meaning of the name:

The female name Jocya bears the same etymology as its male namesake "Josse". He finds his roots in the germain "gauz" or "son of God".
Jocya and Josse also have French, Dutch and Breton origins. Josse is a variant of "Jodocus". "Jodocus" is the Latin version of "Iodoc", which means "Lord".
Thus, it seems that through languages ​​and cultures Jocya is synonymous with "child of God".

Celebrities:

Child star, the daughter of Enrico Macias is named Jocya.

Saint Josse, also known as Uzec and Judoc, lived in the 7th century. Like his brother Judicael, Josse succeeded the throne of King Judah of Domneum. However, Josse, who preferred to lead a religious life, renounced the throne and joined a group of pilgrims. In perpetual quest for the absolute, Josse lives as a hermit at the edge of the Canche in the Pas-de-Calais.

His character :

Jocya is an idealist, endowed with an intelligence and a deep creative spirit that allow her to excel in artistic fields, as a writer, musician or playwright. Beauty in all its forms inspires its overflowing imagination. Her affectionate and expressive character makes her sometimes be carried away by her feelings.

Derivatives:

Jocelaine, Joceline, Joceline, Jocelyn, Jocelyne, Joceran, Jocerand and Jochen.

His party :

Jocya is celebrated on December 13th.

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Christmas Eve dinner or Christmas lunch is a special moment that is lived as a family. The table is dressed up and we try to prepare special recipes that are different from the daily menu.

If you are not sure what to serve as a first course for children this Christmas, we offer you different suggestions for all tastes. And if the children can also help in its preparation ... it will be perfect!

Seafood, vegetables or rice are great options for the Christmas menu if you want all of yours to be delighted with dinner and, above all, if you have children at the table.

Prawn cocktail. Prawn cocktail. Traditional homemade recipe of celebrations for children. How to make a prawn cocktail for Christmas dinner. Recipes of first courses for Christmas dinner. Easy and very simple homemade recipe to make to serve as a starter at lunch or dinner.

Cream of leeks. Leek cream recipe for children's Christmas Eve dinner. Leek cream, a traditional recipe for Christmas food. easy recipe for vichyssoise, healthy leek cream for children.

Colored rice balls. How to make colored rice balls for children. Fun recipe for colored rice balls. Original recipes from our site for a children's party. How to make colored rice balls step by step.

Vegetable flan. Simple vegetable tart for children. Vegetable flan with egg for children. A simple dish for children to eat vegetables. On our site we tell you all the details of this recipe, its ingredients and the step by step of its preparation. You will suck your fingers.

Tomato soup with a smile. Easy tomato soup recipe. Tomato soup with a face, a fun dish for children. Decorated food recipes for children. How to make tomato soup for children.

Smooth pumpkin cream. Scrumptious homemade squash cream cheese cream recipe. A very grateful dish with many vitamins for the children's lunch or dinner. Recipe for soft cream of pumpkin with cheese. How to make soft pumpkin cream for children.

Fish soup. Fish soup is one of the most typical examples of traditional cuisine. A grandmother's recipe that is ideal for children's dinner. Easy Fish and Vegetable Soup Recipe for Kids

Eggs miniature plate. Eggs on the plate with tomatoes and ham recipe for children. This little plate not only contains lots of necessary nutrients for children, but it is also a lot of fun. Eggs recipe for children. How to make baked eggs for children.

Shrimp With Gabardina. Step-by-step recipe for prawns with gabardine in cheese sauce. our site offers us a crunchy, traditional recipe that the children can help us prepare. Easy fish recipes for kids. How to make crispy gabardine prawns step by step.

Ham And Cheese Quiche. For any dinner or a birthday party, a quiche can be the solution. On our site we offer you the ham and cheese quiche, quick and easy. Ham and cheese quiche recipe for kids.

Juicy dried fruit risotto. Juicy dried fruit risotto recipe, step by step. our site offers us a recipe to enjoy Italian cuisine. Easy risotto recipe with nuts for children. Simple rice recipes.

Sea spaghetti with prawns and chirlas. Sea spaghetti recipe with prawns and chirlas. our site offers us an easy, healthy and nutrient-packed recipe. Seafood recipes for children, step by step.

Christmas rice. A traditional recipe for Christmas rice that is very easy to make. An ideal dish for children and adults that is also very attractive for its beautiful colors. A homemade recipe for one of the most typical dishes of Christmas dinner. We teach you how to make this recipe, step by step.

You can read more articles similar to Recipes of first courses for children at Christmas, in the category of Recipes on site.



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Healthy Snacks for Pregnant Women

Healthy Snacks for Pregnant Women

Healthy Snacks for Pregnant Women

Pregnancy can greatly increase your appetite.

During the first trimester of pregnancy (0-12 weeks), conditions such as excessive nausea and food refusal usually occur. In the trimester (13-28 weeks), nausea generally diminishes slowly and may increase the appetite of the expectant mother.3. In the trimester (29-40 weeks), appetite increases further.

The way to deal with this situation healthy and regular nutrition. Candidates should consume 3 main meals and at least 2 snacks during the day (3 or 4 depending on the needs of the person). Meals, especially during pregnancy balancing blood sugar and providing appetite control is of great importance in terms of.

Healthy snacks are snacks with a high nutritional value but relatively low in calories, total fat, saturated fat and sugar. The most important part of this equation is the increase in nutritional value.

For example, peanut butter is high in fat and calories however, it is loaded with the nutrients we need and is a healthy choice, but we need to pay attention to the amount of consumption.

Unhealthy aperitif options are usually low in nutritional value, but their calories, total fat, saturated fat, high sugar or sodium consists of foods.

You can easily consume during your meals during pregnancy top 6 healthy snacks We put together. These healthy snacks will help you meet your nutritional needs. Moreover, they are all practical and only in the range of 100-150 calories and they are all delicious!

Healthy Snacks During Pregnancy

Apple and Cheese

During pregnancy constipation problem is a common problem. It is important to meet daily fiber needs to cope with this problem. Dietary fiber is defined as non-digestible carbohydrate sources.

Dietary fiber is naturally found in all foods of plant origin that we often eat. Apples are also a good source of fiber. The apple peel is filled with pectin, a soluble fiber, so I recommend eating the apple with the peel.

Beside the apple, 1 or 2 finger-sized feta cheese may be a nutritious snack alternative.

A medium-sized apple is only 52 calories, 1 slice of cheese is 93 calories.

Calcium intake during pregnancy is also extremely important. Especially 29-40 weeks is a rapid period for the baby's skeletal system and tooth development and calcium requirement increases significantly.

Cheese is a calcium bomb. A mid-sized apple with a mid-morning snack two thin slices of feta cheese can be a great duo!

Oat

Oats contain a high amount of soluble fiber, so it has a blood sugar raising effect. Fiber also occurs in pregnancy reduces cramps, nausea and digestive problems.

It is rich in nutritional value and provides toughness for a long time. Especially the time between lunch and dinner is quite high and for weight management during pregnancy, it is very important to take a snack in order to avoid being burdened with dinner.

3 tablespoons of oatmeal, a medium sized fruit and 4 tablespoons of yogurt will be a nutritious healthy snack.

It is also possible to make practical and delicious recipes with oatmeal. Here is a great recipe for you!

Materials:

  • 6 tablespoons oatmeal
  • 2 teaspoons of molasses
  • 6 tablespoons yogurt
  • 1 fruit

Fabrication: Oatmeal and molasses are mixed in a bowl. The freezer is placed at the bottom of the storage containers. Yogurt is added on it and finally it is decorated with a fruit of your choice.

Thanks to its iron-rich content, molasses is common in pregnancy anemia and iron deficiency help prevent problems caused by

Yoghurt

Probiotics are living bacteria found in foods. These microorganisms improve intestinal flora and help strengthen our immune system.

Intestines are our second brain. Yogurt is an excellent source of probiotics, rich in protein and calcium. It is important for strong bones and in reducing cancer risk. The main thing to be aware of here is to choose plain yogurt and avoid added sugars.

Instead of fruit yogurt, fruit slices can be a good alternative for your pregnancy period.

100 grams of yogurt only 60 calories!

Avocado

Avocado is one of the most ideal foods to eat during pregnancy. A good folic acid and your baby needs folit acid for its development.

Folic acid also helps prevent complications such as depression, drowsiness. Balances cholesterol and sugar levels. Avacado contains calcium, full of vitamins. Common during pregnancy Helps reduce nausea problems and potassium in it alleviates leg cramps, a pregnancy symptom.

Leg cramps are usually caused by potassium and magnesium.

100 grams of avocados are also 160 calories.

You can crush it with the help of avocado fork and put on 1 slice whole grain bread and pamper yourself.

Date

Palm, protein, fiber is rich in various minerals and vitamins. The food is low in fat. During pregnancy increases the body's energy need, palm is a good source of natural sugar for energy, prevents fatigue and fatigue during pregnancy.

Did you know? According to a study published in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology in 2011, a research paper was published to help date and shorten the labor pains.1 calorie 42 calories.

You can remove the palm kernel and put 1 teaspoon of molasses into the dates and add 2 walnuts.

Walnut

Walnut A, B12, B16, C and D vitamins and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, iron, potassium, you and the baby during pregnancy to protect you from vitamin deficiency, is an important role in the development of the baby's food.

Walnut consumption in pregnancy brain power enhancing effect in newborn babies Proven by scientists. It is a rich source of protein and helps you stay full for a long time. prevents weight gain. Balances the body's cholesterol level, protects from bad cholesterol.

The amount of walnuts that a pregnant mother should consume daily is 1 portion, 1 portion means 2 walnuts. Excessive use of walnuts during pregnancy has several risks and some side effects may occur. For example, excess walnut consumption May cause diarrhea in pregnancy. It prevents the absorption of iron minerals and the formation of blood clots.

2 walnuts are 65 calories.Is it possible to lose weight in pregnancy? You can see our article named. Click the link below to access our article .// www. / Pregnancy-weight-give-normal-Is /

Additional Nutritional Advice During Pregnancy

  • During pregnancy coffee consumption should be reduced. Prepared fruit juices and acidic beverages should not be preferred. Instead, probiotic sources such as milk, buttermilk and kefir should be preferred.
  • Tea should be open and lemon, should not be drunk next to meals. May cause anemia.
  • Thyroid hormone production increases during pregnancy and the need for iodine increases indirectly. Therefore, during pregnancy iodized salt should be used.
  • Seasonal fruits and vegetables should be consumed and washed well.
  • Empty energy sources such as sugar should be avoided. Molasses instead of sugar It should be consumed.
  • Food such as sausage, sausage, salami containing additives should be consumed in as little as possible.
  • Snacks should not be skipped. Changes in blood sugar should not be caused.
  • In terms of weight control fries in oil should not be preferred. Instead, grill or oven cooking should be used.
  • Rice rice has a high glycemic index and is quick to eat. Instead it is more nutritious and keeps it satiated for longer you can choose bulgur rice. Moreover, bulgur has an important place for brain development in the first trimester of the baby.

I wish you a healthy, happy and peaceful pregnancy period. See you in the next article.

Nutritionist Beyza Uyan

instagram: //www.instagram.com/dytbeyzauyan/

To keep your weight within normal limits in pregnancy, it is important not to believe in the myth that you should eat for two, but also avoid spoiling yourself with all kinds of high-calorie foods. If you want to avoid deforming the silhouette during pregnancy and not to over-weigh the needle at the end of the nine months, adopt a balanced caloric and nutritious diet and put into practice the following tips!

You don't have to eat for two

The conception that a pregnant woman should eat double amounts of food, because eating for two people is the most known myth related to eating in pregnancy. On the contrary, specialists say that, at the beginning of pregnancy, you should eat absolutely normal, taking care to have a diet rich in vitamins and minerals, and starting with the third trimester add between 350-450 calories of daily intake, according to the doctor's recommendations .

Do not use cravings as a pretext to eat more

Do not neglect the idea of ​​eating balanced and healthy, motivating that you are pregnant and now you can eat absolutely anything. You may not say it out loud, but you think. And in order not to be guilty of eating more cakes and snacks than recommended, blame your appetite. Quit this habit. Even if you crave an unhealthy and caloric preparation, just try to taste the respective food, not to consume a generous serving.

Make lists of prohibited and permitted foods and organize your menu

The easiest way to make sure you eat healthy is to organize your nutrition throughout the pregnancy. Make a list from the beginning with as many of the foods that you are allowed and you must consume during the nine months and another, separately, with the prohibited ones. Keep the lists in mind, and when planning a day's menu, make sure you find as many of the foods recommended by pregnancy specialists in it.

Use Weight calculator in pregnancy to find out how much you will gain in weight each week of pregnancy.

I do physical movement daily

"Moving" does not mean only sports at the gym, fitness or aerobics. The physical movement that all specialists recommend also refers to longer walks or less dancing, for example. It is important not to be sedentary during pregnancy and try to move as much as possible. It is an easy way to reduce the number of kilos you accumulate during pregnancy.

Eat boiled, baked or grilled

Not only are foods important in trying not to get too fat when you are pregnant. The way you cook and eat them is just as important. Give up frosting and adopt healthier cooking styles - baked, boiled or grilled. Foods thus cooked are less caloric and more nutritious. Consume vegetables and fruits as natural as possible.

Don't skip breakfast

Breakfast is the most important meal of the day and it also plays an essential role in preventing pregnancy. Specialists have shown that daily breakfast service reduces appetite and prevents you from consuming more calories than you need.

Weigh you regularly

Even if it is not usually advisable to weigh yourself constantly when you want to stay fit or maintain a lean diet, when it comes to pregnancy, things differ a bit. On the one hand, you are not allowed to take care of your weight loss, and on the other hand, it is advisable to have a constant record of the weight you accumulate periodically. Depending on these values, you can tell if you have exceeded the measure or not with some foods and how to restore your menu, so that you fall back into normal parameters.

Relax as much as you can

Most people, pregnant or not, get to eat more food than they need because of stress. Avoid eating on a nervous basis and try to find your relaxation methods in other activities - sports, reading, walking, etc.

How did you manage to avoid overweight in pregnancy? Tell us your opinion in the comments section below!

Tags Weight loss tips Weight gain Weight pregnancy Weight nutrition

Baby sleep: 2-12 months

How baby sleep changes from 2 to 12 months

As they get older, babies:

  • sleep less in the daytime
  • are awake for longer between naps
  • have longer night-time sleeps and wake less at night
  • need less sleep overall.

2-3 months: what to expect from baby sleep

At this age, babies sleep on and off during the day and night. They sleep for around 16 hours in every 24 hours.

Babies sleep in cycles that last about 40 minutes. Each cycle is made up of active sleep and quiet sleep. Babies move around and grunt during active sleep, and sleep deeply during quiet sleep.

At the end of each cycle, babies wake up for a little while. They might grizzle, groan or cry. They might need help to settle for the next sleep cycle.

Around 2-3 months, babies start developing night and day sleep patterns. This means they tend to start sleeping more during the night.

Around 3 months: what to expect from baby sleep

Around three months, babies' sleep changes to longer cycles of light sleep, deep sleep and dream sleep. These changes might mean less waking and resettling during sleep.

At this age, babies might regularly be having longer sleeps at night - for example, around 4-5 hours.

Babies still need around 16 hours sleep in every 24 hours.

3-6 months: what to expect from baby sleep

At this age, babies need 15-16 hours of sleep every 24 hours.

Babies might start moving towards a pattern of 2-3 daytime sleeps of up to two hours each.

And night-time sleeps get longer at this age. For example, your baby might be having a long sleep of six hours at night by the time she's six months old.

But you can expect that your baby will still wake at least once each night.

6-12 months: what to expect from baby sleep

Babies sleep less as they get older. By the time your baby is one year old, he'll probably need 14-15 hours sleep every 24 hours.

Sleep during the night
From about six months, most babies have their longest sleeps at night.

Most babies are ready for bed between 6 pm and 8 pm. They usually take less than 30 minutes to get to sleep, but about 1 in 10 babies takes longer.

At this age, baby sleep cycles are closer to those of grown-up sleep - which means less waking at night. So your baby might not wake you during the night, or she might wake you less often.

By eight months, most babies can settle themselves back to sleep without a parent's help. Others keep waking if they need help to settle back to sleep, or if they're still having breastfeeds or bottles during the night.

Sleep during the day
At this age, most babies are still having 1-2 daytime naps. These naps usually last 1-2 hours. Some babies sleep longer, but up to a quarter of babies nap for less than an hour.

6-12 months: other developments that affect sleep

From around six months, babies develop lots of new abilities that can affect sleep or make babies more difficult to settle:

  • Babies learn to keep themselves awake, especially if something interesting is happening, or they're in a place with lots of light and noise.
  • Settling difficulties can happen at the same time as crawling. You might notice your baby's sleep habits changing when he starts moving around more.
  • Babies learn that things exist, even when they're out of sight. Now that your baby knows you exist when you leave the bedroom, she might call or cry out for you.
  • Separation anxiety is when your baby gets upset because you're not around. It might mean your baby doesn't want to go to sleep and wakes up more often in the night.

6-12 months: night-time feeding

From around six months of age, if your baby is developing well, it's OK to think about night weaning and phasing out night feeds. But if you're comfortable with feeding your baby during the night, there's no hurry to phase out night feeds.

You can choose what works best for you and your baby.

A rollover feed is a late feed somewhere between 10 pm and midnight. Some parents find that rollover feeds help babies sleep longer towards morning. If this works for you and your baby, it's fine to give your baby a rollover feed.

How baby sleep patterns affect grown-ups

Most parents of babies under six months of age are still getting up in the night to feed and settle their babies. For many this keeps going after six months.

Some parents find that this is OK as long as they have enough support and they can catch up on sleep at other times. For others, getting up in the night over the long term has a serious effect on them and their family life.

The quality of your sleep can affect your health and your mood. Being exhausted can make it hard to give your baby positive attention during the day. And your relationship with your baby and the time and attention you give him during the day can affect quality and quantity of his sleep.

It's a cycle that isn't good for you or your baby - so it's worth doing something about it.

If you're concerned about your baby's sleep, there are strategies you can use to change your baby's sleep patterns. If you've tried these strategies and things haven't improved, or the difficulties are starting to upset you, seek professional help for baby sleep problems. There are ways to make sure that everyone gets the sleep they need.

Baby sleep problems can affect the health of mums and dads. There's a strong link between baby sleep problems and symptoms of postnatal depression in women and also postnatal depression in men. But the link isn't there if parents of babies with sleep problems are getting enough sleep themselves.

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