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Antibiotics stain the teeth of children

Children under one year of receiving amoxicillin may later have stained teeth, a recent study in the American Journal of Pediatric Medicine shows. In addition, antibiotics present a major risk: because of them children become allergic.

Children under one year of receiving amoxicillin may later have stained teeth, a recent study in the American Journal of Pediatric Medicine shows. In addition, antibiotics present a major risk: because of them children become allergic.
The use of amoxicillin in infants aged 3 to 6 months doubles the risk of developing fluorosis in the incisors later. Fluorosis means the appearance of yellowish-white spots on the tooth enamel. The problem is that the stains are irreversible.
Dental fluorosis is caused by excessive and prolonged intake of fluoride. The main sources of fluoride are foods (there is also fluorinated salt), water, medicines (tablets, drops), toothpaste.

In order not to reach excesses, pediatricians recommend evaluating fluoride intake in children up to 12 years of age (end of mineralization period of teeth) before prescribing fluoride tablets. In order to prevent cavities, the optimum amount of fluorine should not exceed 1 milligram per day.
Liang Hong of the University of Iowa has monitored 579 children from birth to two and a half years. Every three months, the American researcher sent parents a questionnaire on the administration of amoxicillin and fluoride intake.
Amoxicillin is an antibiotic from the same family as penicillin. More potent than simple penicillin, amoxicillin is often used in children to treat specific bacterial infections. Otitis, for example, are extremely common infections in babies.
Liang Hong concluded that 24% of the children observed developed fluorosis. Thus, administration of amoxicillin between 3 and 6 months doubled the risk of fluorosis. Another important conclusion: 91% of the children participating in the study received at least once this antibiotic. This confirms the concern of specialists, who warn parents about the risks of antibiotic abuse in childhood. Despite warnings, however, the number of children treated in this way is increasing.
Following the results of the study, it is necessary to realize that antibiotics should be used with caution, especially in children ', concluded Liang Hong. In addition, antibiotics should be considered before prescribing fluoride tablets in children.
Penicillin can cause severe allergies
Infants treated with antibiotics present major risks of becoming allergic. Bacterial infections during childhood allow the immune system to form. Thus, the body manages to protect itself against infections and allergies. But incorrect use of antibiotics stops this process.
"The administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics, such as penicillin, especially locally (nose, eyes, tongue), favors the development of allergies in children. may have a real need, this drug can no longer be used because it causes severe allergic reactions ", draws the attention of Dr. Rodica Nanu, scientific secretary at the Institute for the Protection of the Mother and Child.
Source: National Journal
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When is shyness a problem for children?

It is absolutely undeniable that each child is unique and different. No two are the same. As parents we know that each child has their own temperament and personality, their way of interacting with the world, their preferences and their tastes from the moment of birth.

As we grow up, we observe how some are more spontaneous and open while others are more shy and withdrawn. Some easily strike up conversations with strangers while others hide behind Mom until the ice is broken. In the latter case, how should parents act? Is it necessary to intervene and modify their way of being or is it preferable to wait and respect their way of being in the world? Intervene, wait, respect? What should we do?

First of all we must understand that shyness in the first years of life should not be considered a problem. Only if beyond 6-7 years the boy or girl openly manifests relationship problems with their peers should we speak with a child psychology professional.

As children grow and develop, they acquire different abilities and skills, including social-emotional ones. Social skills that will allow them to interact with others in a healthy and rewarding way. These, contrary to what we believe, are not innate, we are not born with them, therefore, they can be learned. The best teachers in childhood are the reference adults (parents) and from them and with them children learn to relate to others.

Many parents who ask about the shyness of their children of 2 or 3 years, of 4 or 5, are concerned that they do not know how to relate properly with their classmates at the park or school. They are afraid that they will not know how to defend their interests before others, that they will be left out or even make fun of them.

This concern is completely normal and understandable since whenever we talk about shy and withdrawn children, we do it from a negative point of view, from the need to promote their lack of confidence or increase their self-esteem. It is true that we must provide these children with social skills and personal resources so that they can, in the future, relate to others without difficulty, but we must be cautious and respect the times of each child.

Before seeking professional help and intervening, it must be understood that there are children who need more time than others to adapt and relate, who take time to feel comfortable and open up to others.

But there are also others who simply choose not to participate in some social activity. because they just don't care. Whatever the case, we must respect their way of proceeding without pressuring them to greet, kiss or interact with the grandmother, the teacher or the person on duty who wants to make them funny.

The answer is to be respectful of the way you are and this means do not force, do not insist, do not force. It means accepting their reactions and not giving importance to their behavior, their refusal to say hello or interact with others. It means giving you time to decide whether or not you want to participate, to see and observe the situation.

If we do not force, if we do not force, if we do not insist, the boy or girl who is initially shy and withdrawn will have the opportunity to initiate the social relationship when he feels ready. The more we insist the worse, that is why we must avoid:

- Reproach, criticize or punish their way of being.

- Scolding for not wanting to kiss when greeting.

- Answer for him or her when they ask a question.

- Compare him with other children or siblings, because each child is special, unique and unrepeatable.

Accept your child as he is, provide him with different opportunities for social interaction, and respect his time. Children need time to know how they should act in society.

You can read more articles similar to When is shyness a problem for children?, in the category of Conduct on site.

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Three different approaches in kindergarten education (2)

Three different approaches in kindergarten education (2)

We continue to explain 3 different educational approaches applied in kindergartens in our country. After the Montessori Training Approach, you can find the High Scope Training Approach this week. The topic of next week is Reggio Emilia Education Approach…

As the second approach…

High Scope Training Approach:

When we look at the content of the approach…

Social Area:
• Ensure that children are as active as possible, and adults provide the child with maximum mobility.

• Encourages children to work in groups, so there are time periods within the high scope curriculum that allow for different group work.

• All kinds of problems can be solved by discussing and finding solutions by the students.

• One of the teacher's most important responsibilities is to engage the child in communication, so instead of asking the child instead of closed questions (yes or no questions), they encourage the child to think by asking why, why and how…

• There is a review form developed by this program to follow the students, children are examined by teachers throughout the year and their progress is recorded in this form, and the development of the child is examined by teachers and families in periods.

Curriculum Content:
• In this program, there are 8 different concepts called “key experience.. Children's educators develop around these key experiences and their subtitles. Key experiences:
1. Classification
2. Ranking
3. Language development and reading / writing
4. Social relations
5. Numbers
6. Movement
7. Music
8. Time

• “Time for planning and remembering oluştur is one of the most important parts of this program. Children plan their activities before going to play or work time, and after the activity is over, they tell their friends about the activity to remember. Planning and remembering time aims to raise children's awareness of their work.

• Recovery and cleaning time are the transition periods designed to complete the activity of the child at the end of each activity and to provide the order required for the new activity. The child spends this period collecting materials and helping to clean and collect the classroom.

• There is a daily routine for children in this program. Activities take place within this routine. Thus, the child knows when to do and tries to understand the concept of time with concrete elements in his own mind.

Environmental Design:
• It has very rich classes in terms of material. The locations of the materials are designed with labels for the child to understand. This means that children can easily pick up materials and put them back in place without any problems at the time of the gathering.

• Materials are placed where children can reach and buy them on their own. So children can explore their environment by themselves.

• Different corners have been created in order to carry out different studies in the classroom. For example, a block corner, a house corner, a book corner gibi

Points specific to this approach:

“Time for planning and remembering dizayn and izle High Scope Tracking Forms için designed to monitor the development of children are the points that are specific to this program.

How do you know that a school really uses the SC HIGH SCOPE TRAINING APPROACH??

If there are studies based on key experiences, if there are planning and remembering activities and the classroom education includes a routine, we can say that or High Scope Education Approach ”is applied in this school.

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