A good little devil

A good little devil

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5 Toys For AUTISM YOU Need!

The importance of play for the child's learning

Women Health and Diseases Specialist from Anadolu Health Center Op.Dr. Nuri Ceydeli, explained the tests applied for the detection of anomalies during pregnancy.

With the rapid developments in biochemical and cytogenetic methods, advances in ultrasound technology, many anomalies in pregnancy can be diagnosed early. If it is desired to have a healthy pregnancy, some tests should be performed before conception and if appropriate timing can be made, various vitamins should be started before pregnancy. After this, the doctor should be consulted as soon as the menstrual delay and the shape, location and number of pregnancy should be clarified. At this stage, some blood tests should be used to determine whether everything is OK. After this, an important process starts for both the family and the doctor. The first thing that all families, whether girls or boys, want is their babies to be completely healthy. The most important point to be mentioned here is unfortunately not a blood test, imaging method or person showing that a womb is 100% healthy. With today's knowledge and technology, we can tell all babies that they are only 60-70% healthy and 30-40% can face various problems.

Anomaly detections are now easier!

With the approach in the center followed, the sensitivity of the tests used and the experience of the people, anomalies are minimized as much as possible. Pregnancy follow-up becomes more problematic with the widespread use of ultrasound and the accumulation of experience in medical education. As of 4-5 weeks of pregnancy, babies start to be seen in the womb. Approach in recent years all over the world 11-14. This is the application of the test which is called double scan between weeks and includes measurement of nuchal translucency. With this test, if the nuchal thickness of the baby is measured correctly and the information is entered correctly, a number of chromosomal diseases, especially Down's syndrome, can be detected at a rate of 85%. But the point that should not be forgotten here; The 15% group and the test are false positive or false negative. Moreover, these tests are screening tests applied to the whole society, should never be expected to show 100% accuracy. Nowadays, this dual screening test is routinely performed if the nuchal translucency of the baby can be evaluated.

Applied tests

Generally, controls are performed monthly unless there is a problem during pregnancy. 11-14. In the infant whose nuchal translucency is normal between the weeks of 16-18 weeks, a triple screening test can be performed or the third component, AFP protein, which is different from the double screening test can be examined. This hormone is an important indicator of neural tube defect, which is a disease with the opening of the back of babies. If all these tests are within normal limits, the next method is a detailed ultrasound examination performed between 21-22 weeks of gestation, primarily with the detection of cardiac anomalies. Detailed ultrasound is usually performed in many centers by people who do this job professionally and who have specialization in perinatology. If no anomaly is detected in this examination, things usually go well. However, new problems may arise in various systems such as kidneys, brain, heart in parallel with the growth of babies in the weeks of pregnancy. These can also be captured in routine ultrasound examinations.

If anomaly is detected…

All the information mentioned so far includes non-invasive procedures to make things work. If an anomaly is detected in the 10th week or later and is thought to be related to chromosomal disorder, a number of interventional procedures are performed. These are respectively 9-11. Chorionic villus sampling between 16 and 16 weeks, 16-18. amniocentesis between weeks. In all of these processes, the main basis is the chromosome determination of the cells belonging to the baby and reproduction in special media. In this way, a number of detectable chromosomal diseases are revealed in the early period and if the problem is incompatible with life, infants can be evacuated. However, this diagnosis and evacuation is not always easy. Ethical and medical problems sometimes arise here. Generally, if approved by the appropriate committee, it is possible to give medical evacuation by giving birth to a baby with anomalies up to the 24th week. After this week, the problems become more complicated. In many clinics, pregnancies with life-incompatible problems are terminated if approved by special medical councils. Making decisions here is not easy. Because as the gestational week progresses, it is difficult for the family and the doctor to terminate the pregnancy. At the same time, the possibility of complications increases rapidly. Considering all these, early diagnosis of anomalies becomes more important.

Unnecessary operations

Of course, there are unnecessary invasive procedures in normal babies. There is a risk that all procedures will cause miscarriages even if the baby is normal. Therefore, if a problem is encountered, the risk should be explained to the patient fully and the procedure should be done after the joint decision. Otherwise, problems will arise in terms of both the family, the doctor and the laboratory.

Considering all of these, it is clear how important and difficult it is to follow the pregnancy closely and accurately. Moreover, even today, there is no diagnostic method that shows 100% of all anomalies. Therefore, both the pregnant and the doctor should take maximum care for the healthy progression of pregnancy. The basis of healthy individuals is healthy pregnancy.

40 weeks pregnant or gestation

Congratulations, your baby is about to be born! At any time you can go into labor. The pregnancy week by week has reached the end, your baby is full term and in the 40th week of pregnancy you are ready to receive your baby and cradle him in your arms. After nine months of sweet waiting, this is the week you've been dreaming of for so long. At last, you will meet your baby.

However, some deliveries are made to order and are delayed a bit. Note that your baby can also be born in week 41 or 42. Your gynecologist and the medical team who treat you will perform tests every few days to determine the status of the placenta and to know if it continues to nourish and oxygenate the baby correctly.

You feel pleased every time you feel your baby's kicks and movements. And it is that each time he moves less, but noticing the vigor of his kicks fills you with tranquility since it is a sign of good health. When you have not noticed it moving inside for more than an hour, you can stimulate it by drinking a juice or taking some cookies, since sugar gives it energy and encourages it to move. Keep in mind that if after a while you still do not notice their movements, you should go to the emergency room.

In the 40th week of pregnancyYou must be very attentive to any symptoms that indicate that you may be in labor. Remember that you may start to notice more and more contractions. You will be in labor if the contractions are rhythmic, every 5 minutes and are maintained with that regularity for more than an hour. If the contractions are not very followed, but you notice intense pain, also go to the emergency room.

Bleeding greater than or equal to a rule and a ruptured amniotic bag or sac will also indicate that you are in labor. Sometimes a ruptured amniotic sac does not imply an abundant fluid leakage. Sometimes the break is a fissure and the loss of fluid occurs in small amounts. In any case, you should go to the maternity ward because it is an unequivocal sign that your baby will be born in the next few hours. It is important that you look at the color and appearance of your amniotic fluid. If the liquid is transparent, everything is fine, however if it is yellowish or greenish, it could be a sign that the baby is suffering from fetal distress and you should go to the maternity ward as soon as possible.

Your baby is full term. It is full size and ready to be born. Its length generally varies between 48 and 53 cm and its weight can be ebetween 3 and 4.5 kg, depending on the sex of the baby. Children are usually taller and weigh more. Most of the caseous vermix (the fat that covers it) is gone, although some remains may remain in their skin folds.Although many babies are born bald, they most likely have long hair and nails, with which you can scratch your face shortly after birth. The bones in your baby's skull are still separated and will stay that way to allow the head to compress enough to pass through the birth canal. Fontanelles close months after they are born.

Anxiety and nervousness are the dominant notes of your emotional state in the days leading up to delivery during the 40th week of pregnancy. The gynecological protocol will mark the last days before delivery, since it is very important for the medical team to know exactly your health status, that of the baby in the womb, the status of the placenta, cervix and birth canal.

In week 40 of gestation, following the SEGO (Spanish Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics) protocol, the first fetal monitoring is performed, also called a baseline test for all low-risk pregnant women. It is a simple method, easy to perform, non-invasive and safe for both the mother and the fetus. This test should not be performed on an empty stomach to more accurately measure some variables such as fetal heart rate and its variability with ascents or decelerations.

Monitoring can be classified as reactive or non-reactive. When the basal test is not reactive, the pregnant woman must be admitted to repeat it or end the pregnancy. If the test shows signs of loss of fetal well-being or that your baby may begin to suffer fetal distress, you will be admitted to end the pregnancy, either inducing labor or performing a cesarean section, depending on the degree of fetal distress that exists.

Meanwhile, they will perform an examination to see how the cervix is ​​changing. If you are very dilated, you will be admitted to the hospital to give birth. You will be assigned a room to carry out labor during the dilation phase until you reach 10 cm. At that time, you will be taken to the delivery room, where your baby will be born.

If it has been necessary to schedule a cesarean section because the baby is in a breech or transverse position, you have not dilated the neck or you have had a previous cesarean section, the dilation period will not be necessary and you will be taken directly to the delivery room.

In week 40 of pregnancy, you may have food-related cravings more often. There is so little left to give birth that you can indulge yourself. Whenever you can, choose healthy snacks such as vegetable sticks, fruits, low-fat yogurts ... before salty snacks or sugary soft drinks.

However, it is normal that you want to eat between meals. Keep eating 5 small meals a day. They will help you keep your blood sugar levels in good condition and avoid energy dips that could cause some slight dizziness, since due to the fact that the growth of your uterus and your baby are at their highest moment, it is normal that you feel more tired and exhausted than normal.

Hydration is essential. Try to drink at least 2 liters of liquid a day between juices, soups, infusions and water. Maintaining optimal hydration levels will help you take care of your health and that of your baby in the final stretch of pregnancy.

And finally, think that you are about to give birth and you need to have strength and energy to face the birth in the best conditions. All the nutrients that you ingest in these last days will not only serve to nourish the development of your baby, but will also provide you with everything you need to carry out labor in the best conditions. Remember that if you go into labor at home, it is advisable to eat something before leaving for the hospital, since the normal thing is that in a first delivery the dilation lasts about 6 hours on average and also in the maternity they will give you an enema to empty the stomach contents before giving birth.

Only 4 percent of women go into labor on their due date. Generally, 98 percent do so in the two weeks before or after. Surely your baby will be within that 96 percent of babies born head down, but if you are finally going to have a cesarean section because your baby is in the breech or cephalic position, you should know that it is a safe method to be born, although recovery Cesarean delivery is usually slower than vaginal delivery.

The duration of labor varies from one woman to another. In primiparous women it usually lasts from 6 to 8 hours on average, while in multiparous women it usually lasts from 4 to 6 hours. Going through labor safely and confidently, without tension or nervousness, will help you a lot to have a smooth delivery and will facilitate the birth of your baby. The closeness and support of your partner and your family will be of great help.

After being born, your baby will continue to receive antibodies through breast milk, whereas before it was through the placenta. Most of the lanugo that protected its skin has already disappeared, although it will be born impregnated with vernix caseosa. Whereas before it was customary to wash them and remove that natural protection after birth, it is now considered necessary to maintain it for a few days for greater protection of the baby's skin.

As soon as it is born, your baby will undergo the Apgar test, which is carried out in two phases, one at birth and another at 5 minutes. In both cases, the baby's reflexes are scored on a scale of 0 to 10, which will account for the baby's vital status and health at the time of birth.

You can read more articles similar to 40 weeks pregnant or gestation, in the category of Stages of pregnancy on site.

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Name Nassim - Meaning and origin

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Meaning of the name:

From the Arabic "nassim", light breeze breath of life. No feast date known.

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The second emperor - answers to the questions that bother you If you gave birth by caesarean section, you are not condemned to future operations. It happens, however, that the procedure must be repeated at the next delivery. When is the second emperor necessary and how to prepare for it? Read.

When is the second emperor necessary?

A second emperor is necessary in several situations:

  • if you have a low placenta,
  • you have a uterine vertical cut from the previous delivery,
  • you had a uterus that burst during your previous delivery.

There are also individual reasons why re-caesarean section is safer for a woman giving birth:

  • you have preeclampsia
  • the baby is too small or too big for the age of pregnancy,
  • you are expecting twins
  • you have had two emperors in the past or more,
  • you are 40 years old or older
  • you had uterine surgery

It is true that in any of the above situations, childbirth is possible, but the risk of complications is higher, which is why the doctor may order termination of pregnancy via Caesarean section.

Advantages of the second emperor

When you are in your second pregnancy and the first delivery ends by caesarean section, you are probably wondering how this baby will be born this time. Perhaps you are considering the pros and cons of each solution. It's natural. It is worth considering the consequences of each option.

The second caesarean section allows for performing the planned surgerywhich gives a sense of security and control over the situation. Your partner can plan a vacation and be even better prepared for what will happen next.

Another advantage is the ability to repeat a known scenario, that is, the feeling that you know what caesarean section is and strive for what you have already known. Setting up for a natural delivery can be much more difficult because of this.

Childbirth by Caesarean section carries a much lower risk of uterine rupture. It is estimated at a level of 1 to 5000 women for those who have a repeat cut in relation to 1 to 200 for those who decide to give birth naturally after a cesarean section.

Caesarean section allows protect you from painful cramps and labor. With it, you can avoid cutting your crotch or breaking it. Caesarean section also reduces the risk future stress incontinence, uterine prolapse, and heavy bleeding after delivery. However, it should be remembered that pregnancy, not just labor, weakens the uterine floor muscles, so after termination exercises for strengthening them are recommended.

Disadvantages of the second emperor

Unfortunately, the second caesarean section is not without its flaws. The more treatments you undergo, the risk of complications increases:

  • about 1 in 4 women after cesarean section have adhesions, scar syndromes that are painful and can cause obstetrician difficulties at the next end of pregnancy,
  • the risk of occurrence increases leading bearings (completely or partially covering the cervix) with subsequent pregnancies - which increases the risk of indications for subsequent cesarean sections with subsequent pregnancies,
  • the risk of education increases adnate placentawhich settles too deeply and is difficult to remove after delivery, and consequently carries heavy bleeding, which poses a threat to the life of the mother and child,
  • at the second emperor your child's risk of breathing increases.

Read - natural delivery after cesarean section.

Why children love to play hide and seek

One of the first games that most attract babies is the well-known: cucu-tras, just cover or cover the little eyes that your baby will kick energetically. He will shout excitedly or laugh with joy when he sees the face of mom or dad, who has discovered him again. Babies begin to learn that objects or people do not vanish, or mysteriously disappear, but that there is a will in it.

Surely, spontaneously, your children have hidden under the bed when you call them, or they have gotten into the laundry basket to give you a scare or have taken advantage of our visit to the shopping center to hide behind the large amount of clothes exposed in the store.

Games like hide and seek are very attractive to children, both the little ones and the oldest. My brothers and I played at home at a most elaborate hide-out: the lights in the whole house were turned off, my brothers took them to hide in absolutely unlikely places: inside a folding bed, on top of the bathroom cabin ... , I was the smallest and my favorite place was under the table skirt or behind the curtains. I spent a long time in hiding because my brothers knew my hiding place by heart and they no longer bothered to look for me (I think I remember that I ate the snack under there).

More than once, it was difficult for us to scold our mother, break a vase or stain the walls when trying to climb, but what a good time we had! It is curious to see how some children want to be found right away, or risk getting "home" as soon as possible and getting rid of the search. Others, on the contrary, remain motionless for a long time, despairing the participants who seek him to the point of boredom. Each child chooses his game strategy.

Patro Gabaldon. Editor of our site

You can read more articles similar to Why children love to play hide and seek, in the Games on Site category.

As the baby approaches two years of age, he is able to communicate better with the people around him. You can now have conversations with him that, although they are not very fluent, allows you better understand what you want or what happens to you in every moment.

If in the previous months, you did not show interest in playing with other children, now you not only observe how they do some activities, but also begins to want to participate in their games.

The twenty-three month old baby It is already about 87 centimeters tall and weighs about 12.5 kilos. His figure is no longer as rounded and with folds as in previous months and he is gaining in muscle and definition.

Each child has its own growth rate, if the pediatrician finds that the baby's weight and height are normal, there is no reason to be alarmed if it is not in the middle percentile.

Your baby has become a whirlwind: jump, run, open doors, climb on furniture, open and close drawers ... His great energy and enormous curiosity make you have to extreme vigilance both at home and away from home to avoid unnecessary accidents.

Play with their toys autonomously and with greater ease. You can make towers, perform a simple puzzle, repeat songs, pick up objects from the ground without falling or unscrew caps.

His vocabulary has grown in recent weeks. Can already say about fifty words and make sentences of two or three words. It is able to recognize objects, animals or parts of the body. You can name and point to them.

The twenty-three month old baby answers simple questions and can express himself perfectly to ask for something he needs.

The diet of the almost two-year-old baby has to be complete, integrating all the food groups, varied and balanced. You have to eat five meals a day: breakfast, mid-morning, snack and dinner.

Milk is still very important in the baby's day-to-day life, the ideal is to drink 500 ml a day, but in addition he must eat vegetables, fruit, bread, pasta, fish, meat and eggs. To drink, the best is water and fruit juices.

It is important for the child's learning that start doing certain tasks as soon as possible to make them a habit. Therefore, we must make it a routine to wash our hands before eating, brush our teeth every day even without toothpaste, or pick up toys after playing.

To stimulate the baby's language, it is very beneficial to read stories or sing songs.

Baby development month by month
First yearSecond year
Month 1Month 7Month 13Month 19
Month 2Month 8Month 14Month 20
Month 3Month 9Month 15Month 21
Month 4Month 10Month 16Month 22
Month 5Month 11Month 17Month 23
Month 6Month 12Month 18Month 24

You can read more articles similar to 23 month old baby. Baby development month by month, in the category of on-site development stages.



This blend of sweet almond oil, sesame and calendula cleans gently and prevents dryness. Washing cream body and hair: 6,55 € (Weleda).

This blend of sweet almond oil, sesame and calendula cleans gently and prevents dryness. Washing cream body and hair: 6,55 € (Weleda).

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