The lack of vitamins is visible on the skin

The lack of vitamins is visible on the skin

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7 superpowers of spirulina, an algae for the whole family


Name Hasma - Meaning of origin

It is much easier to make them with gloves, and small children can make it easier for them, and even for a fairy tale, there are many elves in crafts.

The simplest fingers are the fingers themselves. Even annuals are happy to cry out when we approach a mosquito, a fluttering, musky-pointing finger, or pinch a small-fingered pike. The characters will be more unique if we draw a face on our finger. Currency dolls can be made of felt, mittens and mittens. Sew two pieces of 5x10 cm felt, turn it over and sew head and clothes out of the rest. It is simpler to glue a sheet of felt or colored paper around the fingers by gluing the tube and gluing the typical garment and face. Even with two gloves, you can move only two at a time, and your fingers can bring to life multi-actor tales. For example, you can march at the same time with a giraffe of the week, winding the head of a dragon, or have the baby's ten fingers all over the forest or the green.

9. Lena Its origin: derived from Helen, from the Greek elê, "luminous". Her story: Lena is a fairly new name in France that has certainly benefited from Léa's surge. Hélène from whom she is inspired is one of the most stable female names, the archetype of the classical name. Saint Helena, a Roman empress, is said to have discovered the Holy Cross on the occasion of a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Lena was 9th last year and in 2013. Her birthday: August 18th with Hélène.

9. Lena

His origin : derived from Helen, from GreekEle, "bright".
His history : Lena is a fairly new name in France that has certainly benefited from Léa's surge. Hélène from whom she is inspired is one of the most stable female names, the archetype of the classical name. Saint Helena, a Roman empress, is said to have discovered the Holy Cross on the occasion of a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Lena was 9th last year and in 2013.
His party : August 18 with Helen.

More On Lena

A simple rule for kids on wheels: Wear a helmet

That may sound like obvious advice, but a recent national poll by the C.S. Mott Children's Hospital at the University of Michigan found that 1 out of 5 parents don't require their child to wear a helmet while riding a bicycle.

Even fewer parents of the more than 1,300 parents surveyed enforce helmet safety when it comes to scooters and skateboards: 1 in 4 parents said their child never wears a helmet while riding a scooter, and 1 in 3 parents said their child isn't helmeted while skateboarding.

Safety strategies while riding bikes in the street also varied widely. Parents reported doing a pretty good job of making sure their kids stop at stop signs and give the right of way to cars. But only half said their child walks their bicycle at crosswalks, and just 22 percent said their child uses hand signals for turning.

Helmets save lives

Wearing helmets and following basic safety rules helps prevent serious injuries. Almost 50 children go to emergency departments every hour because of an injury related to riding a bike, skateboard, or scooter, according to a 2017 survey by Safe Kids Worldwide.

Even if your child isn't riding on the road or anywhere near traffic, he can still get hurt if he crashes into something or gets thrown off his bike and hits his head. And even before your child learns to ride a bike, he should wear a helmet when he's riding as a passenger with an adult.

Speaking to the New York Times, poll codirector Dr. Gary Freed said wearing a helmet should be a nonnegotiable rule for kids riding bikes, scooters, or skateboards.

Other important bike and wheel-sports safety tips include:

  • Wear helmets correctly: Your child's helmet should fit snugly on her head and cover the forehead. It shouldn't be tipped backward or forward. Buckle the chinstrap and tighten it so that no more than one or two fingers fit between the chin and strap. Make sure the helmet doesn't rock back and forth or side to side by more than an inch.
  • Model good behavior: Wear a helmet yourself. Ride with your kid when he's young and teach him safe behaviors, such as slowing down, using a bell, using appropriate hand signals, and staying alert for vehicles backing out of driveways and people opening car doors. Safe Kids Worldwide recommends that kids under 10 years old ride only on sidewalks, bike paths, and in parks – not on the road.
  • Get the proper equipment: Make sure your child's bicycle is the right size for her and that her feet can touch the ground. Ensure brakes, reflectors, gears, and tires are in good condition before riding. Beware of long or loose clothing that could get caught in the chain or bicycle wheel spokes.

Check out and BabyCenter's bicycle safety tips for more information.

our site News & Analysis is an assessment of recent news designed to cut through the hype and get you what you need to know.

15 things to make you a better skater.

Probiotics for babies

What are probiotics?

Probiotics are microorganisms, such as bacteria or yeast, that can be beneficial to your health. Some types of these microorganisms live in your body – in your intestines, for example. Probiotics are also found in food, such as some kinds of yogurt. They're also available as dietary supplements, and some baby formulas even have added probiotics.

Some adults take probiotic supplements to help with digestive problems. Probiotics may also have benefits for infants, such as easing colic and treating diarrhea.

But there isn't scientific evidence to support all the claims made in favor of probiotics. Before giving your baby a probiotic supplement or probiotic-enhanced formula, talk to your child's doctor and do a little research.

Read on to find out how probiotics work and what the evidence shows about their benefits and safety.

How do probiotics work?

Your body hosts trillions of microorganisms, mostly bacteria, that are collectively known as your microbiome. Some types are considered harmful and others helpful, but ideally they coexist in balance with one another. When the balance is disturbed, resulting in too many "bad" bacteria, it can lead to diarrhea or other health problems.

Certain illnesses can upset the balance of bacteria in your intestines. So can taking antibiotics, which wipes out both good and bad bacteria. The body usually restores this balance on its own over time. But studies show that taking probiotics can sometimes help speed up this process and may prevent or ease certain symptoms.

How can probiotics help babies?

Probiotics may help infants with:

  • Diarrhea: There's strong evidence that certain probiotics can help treat diarrhea caused by infection or antibiotics. One study showed that giving babies certain probiotics as soon as they started having diarrhea caused by a stomach virus shortened the course of illness by one day. There's not as much evidence that probiotics can prevent diarrhea in babies.
  • Colic: The cause of colic is unknown, but some experts believe that it may be related to gas-producing bacteria and low numbers of a certain type of bacteria in a baby's intestinal tract. Probiotics may reduce colic symptoms by tipping the balance in favor of good bacteria in the intestines. One study found that colicky, breastfed babies given a probiotic supplement cried for a shorter period of time each day than untreated infants within one week of starting the treatment. However, more studies are needed to confirm this effect.
  • Eczema: In another study, researchers gave probiotics to women with a history of eczema in their last months of pregnancy. They breastfed their babies and gave them probiotics for six months. By age 4 years, kids who received this treatment were almost half as likely to have eczema than those who didn't. However, other studies found no benefit.

What about prebiotics?

Prebiotics are substances found in certain foods (mostly fruits and vegetables) that function as food for gut bacteria, stimulating their growth. Prebiotics are also sold as dietary supplements and can be found in some baby formulas.

Not much research has been done on prebiotics. In one study, infants were given prebiotic supplements in formula during the first six months of life. After 2 years, the infants given the prebiotics were less likely to have a type of skin allergy called atopic dermatitis. But other studies haven't found any benefit to prebiotic supplements.

How can I tell what kind of probiotics could help my baby?

Talk to your baby's health care provider. She'll first examine him to rule out a more serious illness and make sure that it would be safe for him to take probiotics. This is especially important if your child has a compromised immune system.

If you decide to give probiotics a try, your child's doctor may be able to recommend a brand that contains the right bacterial strains to meet your baby's needs. For example, research suggests that Bifidobacterium breve and Bifidobacterium longum can help manage colic. Bifidobacterium lactis, Lactobacillus reuteri, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (known as LGG) may help treat diarrhea.

Dosage is another consideration. For infants and children, studies show that a dosage between 5 and 10 billion colony-forming units (CFUs) per day is sufficient to establish enough good bacteria.

How do I give my baby probiotics?

Probiotic supplements come in many forms, including liquid drops and powder that can be mixed into breast milk, water, or formula. However, keep in mind that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) doesn't regulate supplements, so it's often difficult to know exactly what you're getting. (See our article on buying supplements for guidance.)

You can also put probiotic drops directly into your baby's mouth. If you're breastfeeding, you can even put the drops on your breast right before you nurse him. Or you can add them to a bottle of formula or breast milk. Just don't heat the bottle over 100 degrees F or you'll risk destroying the microorganisms.

You can also buy formula containing probiotics. Unlike the supplements described above, these products are regulated by the FDA and have been approved as safe. But that doesn't mean there is evidence in support of any health claims. And as with the drops mentioned above, you'll destroy the probiotics if you heat the formula too much.

Are there foods containing probiotics that I can give my baby?

Some foods contain probiotics, although there haven't been any studies done that demonstrate health effects for babies. Still, it can't hurt to try them.

Yogurt is a great source of probiotics. Most babies can start eating yogurt as soon as they start eating solids – around 4 to 6 months. Look for products that contain "live" or "active" cultures, which means the organisms have not been destroyed by heat during processing. Choose plain, unsweetened yogurt to avoid added sugar.

Other foods that naturally contain probiotics:

  • Kefir, a type of fermented milk drink (like yogurt)
  • Brined or fermented foods, such as sauerkraut, kimchee, and pickles made with salt (not vinegar)
  • Miso (fermented soybean paste)
  • Tempeh (another fermented soy product)
  • Aged cheeses, like cheddar or blue cheese

If you have questions about starting your baby on these foods, talk to your health care provider. our site also offers these tips for introducing your baby to new foods.

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