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Causes, symptoms and complications of pneumonia in children according to their age

Causes, symptoms and complications of pneumonia in children according to their age

Your child has a fever, cough, snot, and you also notice that he is having difficulty breathing and complaining of severe chest pain. As a mother, you suspect the worst,pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection limited to one part of the lung. The danger appears when the infection spreads beyond these organs. It does not affect a newborn in the same way as a three-year-old or a 6-year-old. Known the causes, risks and complications of pneumonia in children according to age.

Before making a judgment, it is necessary to adduce to the doctor because pneumonia will only be detected through a chest x-ray. Still, if you suspect that your child may have pneumonia, we give you a list with the main symptoms and a classification of types.

- Bacterial pneumonia
Typical in older children is high fever, cough, cold sores, chest pain, and / or purulent expectoration. In young children, on the contrary, the clinic is much less specific. We have to suspect it if the child had a cold in the upper airways in the previous days, and suddenly, we detect a high fever and a worsening of the general condition. In this age group, for obvious reasons, we will not register chest pain, and the respiratory symptoms are usually not very expressive.

- Atypical pneumonia
It is not usually so abrupt or flashy. The child usually has respiratory symptoms, as well as digestive (diarrhea and vomiting), eye (conjunctivitis) and / or joint symptoms (muscle pain, joint ...). The fever is not usually that high and all these symptoms appear progressively over time.

It is estimated that only 1% of community-acquired pneumonias are complicated. But what complications are we talking about? Before naming them, keep in mind that the lungs are surrounded by a double membrane called the pleura, which contains two leaves: one parietal and one visceral. Well, many of the complications are related to some alteration between these two leaves. The main complications of pneumonia are:

- Pleural effusion
It consists of the abnormal accumulation of fluid between the two pleural sheets.

- Pneumothorax
It is defined as the presence of air between the parietal pleura and the visceral pleura.

- Pioneumothorax
It is the abnormal presence of air and pus between the two pleural sheets.

- Pulmonary empyema
It consists of the accumulation of pus between the two pleural sheets.

- Lung abscess
When the pus is organized, what we doctors call a purulent collection can appear. When the collection of pus appears in the lung, we call it a lung abscess. There are some germs that tend to make this kind of complication.

- Necrosis
Necrosis is defined as cell death. A necrotizing pneumonia is one that not only induces inflammation in the lung, but also causes the death of a certain number of cells. In the X-ray of these children we will appreciate a cavity, which we usually call a cavern.

Like many pneumonia They can be treated with oral antibiotics, when it is complicated, the management will always be hospital. Their approach must be individualized. Sometimes, admission to a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit is required, and sometimes, the collaboration of the surgery service is also required.

You can read more articles similar to Causes, symptoms and complications of pneumonia in children according to their age, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.

Campaign "Together we beat autism!" inform family doctors


10,000 family doctors find out about autism symptoms in children, from the age of 18 months through the campaign brochures and posters "Together we beat autism!".
The campaign, started in November 2008, continues to inform family doctors through the distribution of brochures and posters that will help them identify the signs of autism in children. The packages came with the support of the National Society of Family Physicians in 33 counties at the local associations of family doctors.
Thus, 8000 brochures and posters of the campaign "Together we beat autism!", Will be distributed in March and April to family doctors in monthly meetings at the level of the 33 counties. 2000 brochures and posters were distributed at the Rare Disease Conference and the National Conference of Family Physicians. The autism screening package includes a poster and a guide.
Romanian Angel Appeal Foundation and the Civil Society Development Foundation, together with their official partner, the Vodafone Romania Foundation, support the information campaign so that the authorities, doctors, people, society can realize that a correct and timely diagnosis and appropriate therapy can help a child with autism to lead an almost normal life.
The campaign started at the Carturesti Bookstore in Bucharest with an exhibition of moving photos of 23 beautiful, delicate, sensitive children who struggle daily to get out of the captivity of their special worlds. At the same time, www.invingemautismul.ro - the information and awareness site of the campaign was launched.
Another step in the campaign to inform family physicians was achieved on February 28 by attending the National Conference on Rare Diseases. This event was initiated and organized by the National Center for Studies in Family Medicine, in partnership with the Romanian Society for Rare Diseases.
Among the topics presented was the subject of early diagnosis of autism in children. This topic has aroused interest and discussions among those present, because so far information related to the instruments for screening and evaluating and monitoring the child with autism has been missing or outdated. This is because the role of the family doctor is an essential one in establishing and confirming an early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
The problem related to the psychological and medical assistance of children with ASD was presented by the psyche. Domnica Petrovai and Dr. Mihaela Stefanescu. In addition to the notions of medical and recovery therapy, the doctors present also benefited from the brochure and poster that initiated the campaign "Together we beat autism!" they made it available free of charge to the network of primary medicine in Romania.
Read more about the Campaign "Together we beat autism!"
• Together we beat autism
• Autism. Our children need us
• Autism can be defeated
The role of the family doctor in establishing and confirming a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder is very important, being the first link that helps in the recovery of these children. Because, National Conference of Family Physicians, which will take place in the period March 25-28 in Bucharest, is one of the essential moments of dissemination of information about autism through brochures made in the campaign "Together we beat autism!".
"Given that autism in children is quite difficult to identify and identified, that there are no specialists who can evaluate and diagnose a child with autism spectrum disorders, who will then guide the child and his family to assistance and recovery services, we consider that the brochure distributed by the Romanian Angel Appeal Foundation is very welcome, especially at the level of primary health care, of family doctors. of children with autism ", says Dr Costinela Georgescu, Deputy Director, Galati Health Directorate.
The campaign, which runs from November 2008 to April 2009, continues in the coming month with an intense advocacy action to increase the involvement of the competent public authorities to respond to the needs of autistic children in Romania.
Donation accounts were opened at BRD - Groupe Societe Generale, Calea Calarasilor Agency:
RO90BRDE441SV30677974410 lei
RO31BRDE441SV30678184410 euros

Be with the children and parents who are struggling with autism every day. Think of them instead, you fight. For a child, the fight is never in vain!

Pregnancy and candida

Pregnancy and candida

Kaç How much weight should be gained during pregnancy? ”
“Can pregnant women wear contact lenses, mobile phones?”
“Will tight clothes harm my baby?”

These are hormonal in a woman's life, physical and the most curious issues about pregnancy, the most frequent period of psychological changes.Memorial Antalya Hospital Head of Gynecology and Obstetrics Assoc. Dr. View Gürkan's Full ProfileShe answered the 15 most frequently asked questions during pregnancy and advised mothers.

1- How much weight should I gain each month during my pregnancy?

During pregnancy your body weight will increase between 9-13 kg. your pregnancy In the first 3 months you can get 0-3 kg. From the first 3 months, your body weight should increase by 1-1.5 kg per month.

2- Is sexual intercourse in pregnancy inconvenient? What should be the frequency and position?

If your previous pregnancies are not aborted and preterm birth, sexual intercourse is not restricted. Pregnancy-related complaints in the first months, and in recent months due to abdominal enlargement, sexual desire may be reduced. Between the 3rd and 6th months, due to the increase in hormone level, increased blood flow in the genital area, and lack of anxiety for conception; increased sexual desire. In the last weeks, non-abdominal positions should be preferred

3- Nausea and vomiting bothers me very much, how can I get rid of it?

This is for you stress source and affect your life negatively:

- You can try to eat more often by reducing your meals.
- Before getting out of bed in the morning you can eat a few salty biscuits, dry foods such as chickpeas.
- You should take plenty of fluids, especially if you are losing fluid by vomiting.
- To avoid constipation, consider the following recommendations: You should drink 6-8 glasses of water per day.
- You should eat pulp.
- You should increase your daily activity and exercise regularly every day.

4- My ankles swell especially in hot weather. Is this a sign of danger?

With the effect of hormones, water and salt retention in the body, excessive standing or sitting in situations such as swelling of the ankles and legs is considered normal. To reduce the discomfort, raise your legs high, reduce salt in your meals, and wear comfortable shoes and slippers. If the swelling disturbs you, you can wear corset stockings.

5- When everyone wants fruit and vegetables I smoke and drink alcohol, will this harm my baby?

During pregnancy, especially after 4 months cigaret The harm of drinking has been documented. Negative conditions caused by smoking include; miscarriage, infant death, preterm birth, low birth weight infant birth. On the other hand, the alcohol used in pregnancy passes into the circulation in your baby, mental retardation, developmental disorders, facial anomalies, stillbirth It has been shown to cause a number of problems. Therefore, you should not use alcohol during pregnancy.

6- Will there be any differences in my pregnancy, daily personal care (dental care, bathing, etc.)?

During your pregnancy hormonal changes can cause inflammation in your gums and vomiting can cause decay in your teeth. To avoid all these problems, you should first brush your teeth effectively twice a day. Pregnancy Due to increased sweating and rips, it can cause you discomfort. Bathing every day soothes and relaxes you. There is no limit to bathing during pregnancy and washing in a tub full of water. Because water doesn't get into the vagina. However, instead of lying in the bathtub or sitting, you should choose to take a bath in the form of standing shower. This way, you can protect the delivery route from infection. As a precaution, it is recommended that you leave care applications such as hair dyeing and perming treatment after birth.

7- I love to travel, do you mind?

You should avoid long journeys during pregnancy. For journeys by car, you must take a 15-20 minute break every 2 hours to ensure circulation in your legs. In previous pregnancies, women who had miscarriages should not travel in the first 3 months, and pregnancies terminated with preterm birth should not travel in the last 3 months. If you do not have a history of preterm birth, miscarriage, it is okay to travel by plane. However, as a precaution, you should not board after 34 weeks.

8- I feel tired and tired quickly. What should I do?

Nausea, vomiting, anemia, weight gain in recent months and a tendency to intoxication of pregnancy; quick fatigue and fatigue. For this, you should exercise regularly during pregnancy, you should rest every day for a while, take care of your nutrition, increase your sleep time, avoid excessive weight gain.

9- My leg is painful, my legs cramps at night. How can I get rid of it?

Cramps may occur due to increased phosphorus in the body, decreased calcium, increased head pressure between the baby's bones and hip bones due to pregnancy. Causes like cramping in the legs can be caused by stagnant or in inappropriate positions for a long time, standing for a long time, walking a lot, overloading the legs, not consuming enough foods such as milk-yogurt-cheese. In this case, you should consume more milk and milk products, stay in the sun for a sufficient period of time, you should massage your leg when cramps.

10- I want to wear contact lenses, is it okay if I'm pregnant?

It can be abruptly uncomfortable with pregnancy, which causes no problems before pregnancy. This may be due to a change in the curvature of the cornea affected by hormonal changes during pregnancy. In such cases, an eye examination should be performed immediately. Mostly, eye drops are not used in this type of eye examination, but if it is necessary, eye drops have not been shown to adversely affect pregnancy. However, information should be given about the eye drops that the pregnant woman will use. Safety-tested drops can be used and, if possible, pupil-enlarging drops should be avoided during pregnancy.

11- Does my mobile phone affect my baby?

Mobile phones have taken place in the market for more than 10 years, yet adverse effects on pregnancy has not yet been reported. Mobile phones operate with radio frequencies and no additional warnings have been raised. Although high frequencies are preferred for good sound quality, their absorption in the body remains below the acceptable amounts. Older telephones and old car telephony systems operate at higher frequencies, but no negative data has been reported. There is no mention of an increased risk for those living in areas with cell phone transmitters.
However, it is still recommended that the relations with the mobile phone be adjusted well, as far away from the heart and abdomen as possible, and that the talk time is well adjusted.

12- Will working with computers and watching television harm my baby?

Computers emit radio frequency, and we're actually in a field like this. However, at high doses it can act as a microwave oven; these high doses are found in radar and radio stations. As for computer monitors, they also emit non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation and are harmless. Many studies have shown that both computers and monitors are harmless. Just working with the computer for a long time can be annoying. In this context, watching television is also harmless, and the beam energy is already lost in the distance of watching television and no effect is expected.

13- Are the baths, baths and swimming pools inconvenient?

Water does not enter the reservoir during pregnancy and therefore there is no problem entering the bathtub, bath and pool. However, pregnant women are especially advised to be more careful in such areas against falling and impacting. And also; they have to pay more attention to the hygiene of the environment due to their susceptibility to some infections. Swimming is one of the best sports that pregnant women can do pool and sea baths can be useful. However, the danger of cramping and choking must always be borne in mind.

14- I like to wear tight clothes, will this harm my baby?

Especially the blood flow above the lower part of the body is under pressure, causing the growing uterus of pregnancy to slow down, and with each passing month, the uterus grows further, which increases the deceleration of the flow and the stagnation of the vessels. Tight stockings and tights that do not cover the abdomen and do not put pressure on the uterus can be worn. Bras should not be hanging.

15- Do I have to have a CT scan, is the radiation and X-ray harmful for my baby?

Ray or light energy is known as radiation, but those that are harmful to biological matter are called “ionizing radiation, ki which in fact is known as radiation damage in the common language. Ionizing radiation affects cells proliferating more easily and is therefore expected to be more harmful in pregnancy. However, there are certain periods in pregnancy that effects on the baby varies. In the early stages, it gives large and various damages, while in the growth period it gives more targeted damages in the form of deviation of growth. At doses of 4 rad or more, caution should be exercised and the possibility of pregnancy questioned. If the patient is pregnant and is likely to receive radiation such as film shooting and tomography, necessary precautions such as lead protection should be taken and the dose to be given to the baby should be calculated and minimized. X-ray devices used in high-security areas, such as airports, are very well insulated and do not emit damaging radiation. It has been suggested that no radiation effect is observed even in long-term employees in this area. Therefore, there is no need to worry.

Sharp shyness Question:

- I have a girl of 14 years and she is quite shy. When he is in front of his colleagues he is intimidated and sunny and his voice trembles or when he has to live with unknown boys he cannot speak, he stumbles. Please tell me how can I help her? What should I do to be so shy? Please help!!

Answer:


From what I relate I understand that your face is not only shy but also has a strong fear / anxiety in the presence of other people (social phobia). It is a problem for which you need to seek specialized help (psychologist), otherwise, as time goes by, this will create a growing discomfort for your daughter.
She probably does not have a good self-image and is afraid that she will not make mistakes when talking to colleagues or thinking that she is unable to communicate at the level others are expecting. He imagines that he will stagnate and the result will be exactly what he imagined: stubbornness and redness. So, your face gets to condition their behavior with their own thoughts.
To change this, a specialized psychotherapeutic intervention is required, which requires a much more complex and laborious approach. Therefore, as a written answer I can offer you only a few tips until you call a specialist:
- provoke your daughter to discussions about her shyness, until she gets to talk to you quite relaxed on this topic;
- tell her that everyone has emotions when communicating with new people, only that some in a smaller quantity and others in a larger quantity like her;
- try to find out in which situations he has no emotions, and how he manages to do it;
- show them that they don't always stumble, giving them some examples of situations you have witnessed;
- tell her that she is more interesting or maybe even more beautiful when she is reddened, just because she looks more feminine, more refined;
- imagine how he wants to communicate with others for several minutes, and do this exercise several times a day;
Diana Paula Stoian,
Specialist in Child Psychology
Specialist details Looking for an answer to your child's problems? Ask a question too!


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