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What are children afraid of according to their age

Children's fears are different depending on the age of the children. Some remain over the years and others, however, appear and disappear as the child progresses. For example, the fear that a baby feels, more related to new discoveries and what is still unknown, is not the same as that of a 12-year-old child, which have much more to do with their social environment and responsibility .

Find out what children are afraid of according to their age. This graphic table will help you follow the evolution of children's fears by age.

Fears change with us throughout our different evolutionary stages. In children, they are very present from birth, but they are different as they grow. We explain what children are afraid of according to their age:

- From 0 to 6 months: During this stage of attachment, babies feel a very strong bond with their parents. They feel protected and everything around them is strange to them and poses a threat to them. For this reason, in the first 6 months, the most common fears are fears of strangers, but also of loud sounds that may startle them. They may also be afraid of falling as they are still fragile and need to feel safe both emotionally and physically.

- From 7 to 12 months: Babies begin to crawl, to stand up, to investigate the world around them. It is a time of exciting discoveries for them, and yet new fears are generated. For example, they still need the protection of their parents. They need to feel safe around them, and they start to fear that they will disappear. It is the stage in which they 'miss' the most. They do not understand why their parents disappear and reappear hours later. They think with horror that they are abandoned. Loud noises also continue to frighten them, and they begin to feel other types of fear of external stimuli. For example, to the bathroom. In many children of this age the first fears of heights also begin to appear.

- From 1 to 4 years: The bond with the parents remains very strong. They have not yet fully developed the necessary autonomy, and that is why they continue to fear abandonment. Many other very common fears are also generated in children, such as that of the dark, a fear that can accompany them for many years, and even last until adolescence.

At this stage, there are very different fears that depend on each child: loud noises, clowns, TV or fictional characters with strong colors that scare them ... Big and strong animals and storms, by the noise that thunder generates. Also, for the first time children are beginning to fear changes.

- From 4 to 8 years old: At this stage, the child is more independent and begins to give more importance to his social relationships. Suddenly he hears news and sees images on television that he does not understand and they shock and scare him. The first fears of wars, attacks, death and pain occur. He is also afraid of being left alone. And above all, the most common fear at this stage is monsters and supernatural beings, such as zombies, vampires or ghosts.

- From 8 to 12 years: The child finally understands that his parents are not going to abandon him. That fear disappears. He also abandons previous fears such as the fear of loud noises or monsters, since he finally understands that they do not exist. However, other deeper fears begin to be generated, related to their social environment and the responsibilities they are assuming. Suddenly they are afraid of being rejected, of their physical appearance, of failure, of disappointing their parents, of failing an exam ...

As you can see, fears evolve with children. Many of them, if not located and treated in time, can persist into adulthood.

You can read more articles similar to What are children afraid of according to their age, in the category of Fears on site.

Proven Strategies to Help Children Overcome Fears. Age-Related Fears. Why is my Child Afraid?

Fewer toys and more space for children's imaginations

Are you not tired of so many toys around the house? You go down the hall and you have been hit by an ambulance, you have destroyed the little toe of your right foot when you step on a construction piece and several plastic cups and plates are thrown by sleep as if a hurricane had happened. Your children have spent the afternoon playing without spending more than 10 minutes with each toy and in the end their room looks like a battlefield. And above you have to listen to that of: "I'm boredooooooo".

And it is that, sometimes they have so many things, that they end up not enjoying anything. Do you remember in your childhood when some cushions and a sheet gave for an unforgettable afternoon? I suggest you do a test at home and see the results: return to the minimalism of toys and leave more space for children's imagination.

Have you ever counted all the toys that your children have? As much as you try to "retire" some from time to time, surely your shelves, boxes and closets are full of all those toys that your children have accumulated over the years. However, it is quite possible that the percentage of those who use to play is very low. Conclution? Toys serve as a source of dust and room decoration.

Let's do an experiment to reverse this situation and shake up children's imaginations a bit. We can put the children's toys in a closet and leave a few (a few are not 30!) On hand, just enough so they have those favorite toys they always turn to. Get ready because when you do they will ask indignantly: "Noooooooo! And now what do we play?"

This is when you can put on a face of intrigue and warn them that the games they are about to play are only suitable for children with great creativity and limitless imagination. If they're not ready, they can keep playing with that buggy with two wheels missing and you'll never mention such exciting games to them again.

Recycled costumes: Although the temptation arises to resort to the trunk where you keep all the costumes of Disney princesses and pirates of the Caribbean, do not do it. Create your own costumes, with old t-shirts that you can paint, sheets that can become superhero capes, cardboard boxes that transform into robots or Formula 1 cars. All you need is one thing to play recycled costumes. .. imagination!

Tents: Several sheets, blankets and cushions can be used to create a fortress where to play castle raiding or it can also be a great opportunity for children to be little architects and create their own space.

Home theater: improvising is fine, but we can create something more elaborate, hanging a sheet, preparing a little script, making the costumes and performing the function for a small audience. Each one can be in charge of a task. It will be a great afternoon!

Free play: When children have fewer toys and play more independently, boredom is an excellent vehicle for creativity. The options are available, within their grasp, they just have to imagine them and set the stage for them to immerse themselves in a new game or even create new ways to use the toys they already have.

Hiding place: yes, yes, hiding, was the mainstay of games at home when we were little, we always found new corners to hide and, however, this game little by little, is lost because hundreds of toys and screens fill the space of children.

Do not hesitate, reducing the number of toys that your children have, you are promoting the development of other skills.

You can read more articles similar to Fewer toys and more space for children's imaginations, in the On-site Learning category.



8 challenges all children face before their first birthday

Surely you also find it wonderful to see how your baby grows, and it is a challenge for him to get older and for you a delight to see that overnight he has acquired a new and surprising ability. As we know that the curiosity of young and old has no limit, in Guiainfantil.com we have prepared a list with the most common (and also fun) things they represent a little challenge that children face before their first birthday. Let's see them!

Laughing loudly, holding your hand and not wanting to let go, take their first steps ... These are just some of the things that babies do before they are one year old. The reason? This is how their physical and mental development guide it. Be clear that each baby has its own rhythm and that some will achieve these skills before others, but all of them will undoubtedly do it before they celebrate their first birthday. Don't forget to have your camera close at hand!

1. Take your first steps
There are children who start to stand up at only 8 months of age and there are those who are not until 18 months old that they dare to take a few short steps on their own, however, all will have the ability to take one step after another. before the year, either her mother's hand or clinging to the edge of the sofa. How exiting!

2. Make your first drawing
No, we are not wrong. Drawing their first drawing is another thing that children must do before their first birthday and that must be yes or yes on this list. Surely you are going to do the same as me and you are going to save that drawing as if it were a work of art. Of course, the drawing will consist of some scribbles drawn with a wax on a blank sheet of paper, and it will be very nice!

Babies have the ability to hold a pencil and put it on a piece of paper making a few strokes. Remember that at this age they put everything in their mouth so do not leave your little one with the colored waxes in hand.

3. Bend down and get back up
Once your baby learns to stand on his own, it won't take long for him to bend down to pick up something that caught his eye and stand upright again. It is another thing that babies have to do before they are one year old and that you cannot miss under any circumstances. It's adorable watching them do this! You may bend over and get up again before you can even walk on your own.

4. Learn to catch food with your hands
You can offer him a piece of cooked potato or any vegetable that falls apart when it comes into contact with his mouth so that he can pick it up with his fingers alone. Children from 6 months of age, which is when the first foods should be introduced, show an amazing fine motor skills that allow them to easily pick up food and put it in their mouths.

Have you already given your baby cereals with gluten? If so, put some cooked macaroni cut into small pieces on his plate and let him have a great time by taking them to his mouth by himself. Of course, as you may have imagined, it will leave everything very dirty but, it is well worth it!

5. Laugh out loud
Let me share with you one of the most beautiful memories I have of my little ones. My six-year-old son started making funny noises with his mouth and clapping his hands at home, and my daughter, who was just 6 months old, laughed out loud when she saw what her older brother was doing. I didn't even think about running for my cell phone to record it, I just stood there looking at it and enjoying the moment to the fullest. Surely when your baby laughs like this it will also be one of the most beautiful memories you keep. A baby's first laugh is the most beautiful there is!

6. Take off your shoes and socks
A few months ago when I went to the check-up with my baby, the nurse asked me if she took off her shoes and / or socks herself. I said no. Well, it was a few days later that he began to do it over and over again, especially when he was in the car.

It is another skill that they achieve before the end of the year and that they do not stop repeating whenever they remember and it is that they find it the most fun and at the same time gratifying since they see that, after the effort, they achieve their goal, take off their shoes and the socks and that you put them back on.

7. Go up and down a step
Going up and down a step, with help of course, is another skill that is included in the long list of goals that babies achieve before one year of age. There will be times when you want to try a high step and others that settle for a street curb. In any case, let him try because it is something that will make him gain in agility, but always by his side to avoid hurting himself.

8. Give your parents a loving kiss
We could not close the list of things that children do before turning one year without talking about kisses. Those that will taste like honey even if they are full of slime. The first kiss that your baby gives you, even if he only makes the gesture of putting his lips on your cheek, it will be the most beautiful in the world.

The baby likes the feeling of giving the kiss since he notices the warmth of the cheek of his mother and father and at the same time it will be very funny because he will do everything possible to imitate the sound of the kiss. There you have another memory that you will keep like gold on cloth.

And you? Would you add something else to the list of things that children have to do before 1 year?

You can read more articles similar to 8 challenges all children face before their first birthday, in the category of on-site development stages.



Endocarditis in young children

Endocarditis in young children

Endocarditis is a bacterial condition that involves the development of an infection in the outer lining of the heart, the endocardium. Although it is quite rare in young children, the incidence of this disease among the very young population has been steadily increasing in recent years. Symptoms of endocarditis have an imprecise character, which is why the pediatrician must be very intuitive to establish the diagnosis at an early stage.

Although antibiotic therapy and cardiac surgery have undergone a remarkable development to date, bacterial endocarditis still has a lethal character. The frequency of the disease is higher in the 21st century, because the life expectancy of those suffering from congenital heart disease has also increased exponentially.

The spread of endocarditis in children

The incidence of endocarditis in children is 1.35 per thousand annually. The cases are concentrated around babies born with complex heart malformations.

Worldwide mortality is 11-27%, a fairly high percentage, justified by the consistent costs involved in diagnosis and treatment.

Causes of endocarditis in children

Endocarditis occurs after infection with bacteria or fungi of a vulnerable heart, unable to fight against them as it happens in a healthy body. Inflammation generally manifests at the valve level, native or implanted.

Most infections are caused by streptococci, enterococci (intestinal bacteria) or staphylococci. Golden Staphylococcus produces acute endocarditis, on a previously unrelated valve, with rapid and fatal evolution (in about 6 weeks) if not treated in time.

Other sources of disease are microorganisms from the oropharyngeal flora. In principle, any bacterium can cause infectious endocarditis against a sensitive heart system.

Symptoms of endocarditis in children

  • fever;
  • cardiac breath;
  • loss of appetite;
  • acute fatigue;
  • night sweats;
  • constant chills;
  • pallor.

Treatment of endocarditis in children

The treatment of infectious endocarditis can be medicinal (anti-infectious with antibiotic, preferably intravenous, for 4 weeks) or surgical, in special situations such as:

  • vegetation development over 10 mm;
  • thrombosis;
  • beginning of septicemia;
  • prosthetic dysfunction;
  • heart or kidney failure.

Antibiotic therapy depends on the type of microorganism that caused the disease. Blood cultures are used to determine which antibiotic is best.

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19 weeks pregnant

You may feel hotter in the nineteenth week of pregnancy than at other stages of your life and even sweat more. It will help you fight hot flashes, cool showers and wear loose clothing and natural fibers.

Likewise, it is possible that you feel itching in your belly and a constant urge to scratch, it is due to the distension of the skin. Use moisturizers and avoid scratching to avoid causing small injuries.

The uterus has grown and is almost at the level of the navel, your pregnancy is now evident, your belly is much more noticeable. You will have noticed that you have a slightly darker line from below the navel and up to the pubis, it is called dawn line.

In pregnant women it is much easier than stains come out, many will disappear when you have given birth, but it is very important that you take care of your skin. Protect it from the sun by applying a high protection factor to prevent stains from remaining after pregnancy.

Due to the stretching of the skin, many women get stretch marks, red lines produced by the rupture of the tissues. Once they appear it is very difficult to eliminate them, so you have to make an effort to prevent them. To do this you must use highly moisturizing creams several times a day and drink plenty of fluids, especially water.

Every time your body supports more weight and this could cause pain in your back or lower back. It will help prevent these pains if you strengthen your back with gymnastics for pregnant women. But if in the nineteenth week of pregnancy you already have discomfort, try to lie down in bed and apply heat to the area.

Your baby is 17 weeks old, measures about 19 centimeters and weighs between 250 and 260 grams. Their ears, at week 19 of gestation, approach their final position. The ears are already formed and can perceive the sounds that come muffled from the outside.

The fetus performs a multitude of movements And since it is still small, it has room to change position at will. If you are calm you might notice their kicks. Her body is covered by a substance called vernix caseosa that helps protect her skin and prevent it from cracking as she is constantly surrounded by fluid throughout pregnancy.

The baby's nervous system continues to evolve and its brain grows rapidly. Your five senses are activating can taste amniotic fluid, feel the touch of his hand or his umbilical cord or listen to the beat of your heart.

Pregnant women can suffer from headaches and some even complain of migraines. It is normal to have headaches during pregnancy. They are due to stress, fatigue, lack of sleep, dehydration or low blood sugar.

When you suffer from headaches, you can apply cold compresses to the back of your neck or temples and try to be calm. Take a deep breath and close your eyes imagining a pleasant scene for you. You can also rest in a room without light. If your headaches are very severe and continuous, consult your doctor.

During your pregnancy, vaginal secretions should be white and odorless. If you experience vaginal itching or burning, pain or irritation when urinating, or a discharge that is different than usual, consult your gynecologist to rule out possible vaginal infections.

Are you worried about knowing which is the most suitable clothes for your pregnancy? Your way of dressing will change during these months, but the fashion for pregnant women has evolved a lot and you can look beautiful and fashionable despite having lost your waist. During pregnancy you will feel warmer so try to find natural fiber garments, dresses or shirts that do not fit too much. Avoid wearing very high heels and do not wear plastic shoes because it will accentuate the swelling of your feet and ankles.

The basis of a healthy diet during your pregnancy is to have a varied diet that will provide you the nutrients and energy needed for you and your baby's development.

Take as a guideline if you have not done it before, from the nineteenth week of gestation, include in your meals all the food groups: dairy, vegetables, legumes, cereals, fruits, meats and fish.

Always have a small bottle of water on hand and drink at least 2 liters of water a day. Not only is it not convenient to skip meals, but you have to try to 5 meals a day: breakfast, mid-morning, lunch, snack and dinner.

Eliminate alcohol from your diet, totally contraindicated during pregnancy, and reduce the consumption of fats and sugars. To avoid constipation, a disease that many pregnant women suffer from, make sure the necessary supply of fiber, present in whole wheat bread, raw vegetables, fruits and cereals.

If you feel heartburn after meals, try drinking a glass of milk and, above all, avoid spicy foods, bingeing, or excessive amounts of coffee and tea.

In the nineteenth week of gestation you could be suffering from sleeping problems. Many women in the second trimester of pregnancy complain of sleep disorders. Some tricks to combat these moments of insomnia and to be able to rest are:

- exercise during the day but never before bed

- always have the same waking and sleeping schedule

- avoid caffeinated drinks in the last part of the day

- don't take too many naps throughout the day

The baby's agitation and movements during the night may wake you up, he is still tiny and his kicks are light, you may now be aware of his movements for the first time.

You can read more articles similar to 19 weeks pregnant, in the category of Stages of pregnancy on site.

Ultrasound Anatomy Scan - 19 Weeks Pregnant




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