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Each child is different from one another. Each child has a unique physical, cognitive, social and emotional structure. Some children show insufficiency in cognitive behavior, affective characteristics, communication skills and motor functions. One or more deficiencies in these areas of development may adversely affect the child. General education services are inadequate and special education services are needed for children who are adversely affected by their inadequacies in developmental areas.
Special educationIt is expressed as a whole of educational services provided individually to the students who differ significantly from the average student characteristics and aiming to maximize the possibility of the individual to live independently. Students with special needs, in other words, students with special needs, people with mental disabilities, people with learning disabilities, people with emotional and behavioral disabilities, people with physical disabilities, people with emotional and behavioral disabilities, speech and language problems, hearing impaired, gifted students and gifted students. are divided into groups.
Children with intellectual disabilities are the most popular group among children with disabilities. However, it cannot be said that these children are sufficiently recognized by society. There are even some unrealistic prejudices and beliefs about these children. Children with mental disabilities are generally considered as a homogeneous group in society. Moreover, when mental disability is mentioned, severe cases come to mind. However, children with intellectual disabilities show important individual differences in themselves depending on the inherited traits, medical treatment, education and environmental facilities provided. Among these differences, the majority of the mentally handicapped are children and adolescents, who are slightly retarded than their peers. They cannot be easily recognized. In this case, they cannot benefit from the special services and training facilities they need. Therefore, defining the state of mental disability is important. If we examine what mental disability means, it is the committee that is known as American Assocation Mental Retardation. "Gerizekalılık" his definition by using the term stands out; “gerizekalılık present significant limitations in current functions. It is significantly sub-normal in mental functions, as well as adaptive skills related to mental functions (communication, self-care, home life, social skills, community usefulness, self-management, health and safety, functional academic skills, leisure and work). more is the case of showing limitations. Retardation occurs before the age of 18. ”
As it is understood from the definition, the special education needs of mentally retarded individuals focus on functional academic skills and independent life skills. Functional academic skills are intended to be used in the daily life, at home, in the community and in the environment for the individual. Independent living skills include the skills necessary for an individual to survive without being dependent on others.
Daily life skills consist of skills related to the individual and his / her environment within the scope of independent life skills. Daily life skills include all the functions necessary to sustain life such as food preparation, storage, placement, cleaning, cooking, washing dishes, washing clothes, ironing, sewing, traveling, buying, going to the doctor, and using the convenience store. use of community resources. The mentally retarded individual is in constant interaction in the society in which he / she lives. Individuals with intellectual disabilities are able to live and be accepted independently in the society to the extent that they can express themselves and meet their needs independently. For this, the individual needs to be able to gain daily life skills.
Normal children can acquire daily life skills through developmental stages through models such as parents or opportunities given to them. Children with mental disabilities, however, often lack the opportunities given to normal children. Because families do not have enough information about how the mentally retarded child can acquire daily life skills. Families often do this for themselves rather than for children with mental disabilities. Mental disability as well as negative attitudes of parents and the environment and lack of systematic experiences can affect and delay the ability of children with intellectual disabilities to gain daily life skills. Therefore, the ability of children with intellectual disabilities to acquire daily life skills requires special arrangements.
I have almost no memories of the bad drink I had when I left my daughter in kindergarten or nursery school for the first time, but those days I am experiencing the same situation in the third person. A co-worker is having a hard time with her baby's first days in daycare. We are all expectant in the writing with the adaptation of your little one, as if it were ours. After all, all or almost all of us have had the same experience, right?
Could it be that today has remained without crying? How did it turn out today: crying or smiling? The mother tells us that on the first day it was very hard because when she went to pick him up, his cheeks were red from crying. The baby cries, the mother cries, the older brother, the father and even the grandmother, with whom the little one has been in his first two years. Can you imagine the scene? Well, it is a fact that happens in many homes, especially when parents have to return to work after the holidays.
Adaptation is tough but necessary. And although we all know how we have to act and that the baby is well cared for and cared for, and that as the days go by he will get used to it and have a great time, the suffering of separation is inevitable for both babies and parents. .
Here are some tips for parents on how to help your baby adjust to school, daycare or kindergarten:
1- Accompany your baby to school and say goodbye to him in a very natural and sure way that it will be the best for him.
2- Do not let your baby see or notice that you are going through badly or that you are suffering.
3- It is not recommended that the baby, at first, stay all day at school. The best thing is that the little one adapts little by little. One, two or three hours a day, for at least the first week.
4- Don't forget to bring a pacifier or a favorite toy to your baby. That will give you more security.
5- Try that the first days of your baby's school do not coincide with other changes, for example, removal of the diaper, changes of house, etc.
6- If your baby is sick, don't take him to school. You will feel doubly annoying and can also infect other babies.
7- When you pick up your baby from school, spend some time playing with him, taking him to the park or doing an activity together.
8- And finally, don't forget that we all need time to adapt to new situations.
The most important thing in the initiation to nursery school are the babies, giving them support and affection so that they adapt as well as possible. However, we must not forget all those mothers and fathers who leave school with tears in their eyes and with a feeling of sorrow. For them we also have advice. Unburdening ourselves and crying when the baby can no longer see us is positive and releases tension.
Do not hesitate to talk to your partner or family to express your feelings. It will also help you to share experiences with other parents who have gone through the same situation. I have cried a lot and I will never forget that.
You can read more articles similar to How difficult it is to leave the baby at school or daycare, in the School / College category on site.
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Photo: EuropressThe health system active Hungarian monthly payers paid an average of HUF 16,100 per month per capita and a total of HUF 21 billion per month over the past 12 months, according to the GKI Economic Survey last year.
Patients are the most paid to the doctors in the hospital, occasionally an average of $ 50. They are followed by specialists in the field of inpatient care (4900 HUF / occasion) and general practitioners (2400 HUF / occasion). Home physicians and specialist assistants receive the least amount of money, sometimes at an average of 800-800 HUF.
According to the response the way out is the presenthowever, if doctors bill you for the extra care your patients insure or pay for their health money, this would be a difference to your mortgage.