Pot use during pregnancy may increase risk of preterm birth

Pot use during pregnancy may increase risk of preterm birth

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Birth: vaginal birth and caesarean birth

Birth: vaginal birth and caesarean birth

Birth choices and advice

If you're wondering about which kind of birth to have, it's good to talk with your midwife or doctor about your health and your baby's health, and what might be best for you.

Some health professionals have different views on the best way to give birth. It helps to look for a supportive health professional who's open to discussing your birth options with you.

Vaginal birth

In Australia in 2017, two in every three women gave birth vaginally.

A vaginal birth is usually the safest choice if you and your baby are both well and there are no complications.

Common advantages of vaginal birth
Every woman's experience of vaginal birth will be different and individual, but women who have vaginal births generally:

  • have shorter hospital stays
  • are less likely to need to go back to hospital in the weeks after birth
  • have less need for strong pain relief after birth
  • recover more quickly from labour and birth
  • have a better chance of starting to breastfeed their babies straight away
  • are less likely to have medical problems in future pregnancies
  • are more physically able to care for their babies (and other children) soon after birth
  • are more physically able to do everyday tasks like driving soon after birth.

Babies born via vaginal birth are less likely to need time in the special care nursery. Babies born vaginally tend to develop stronger immune systems and are less likely to have allergies than babies born by caesarean. This is thought to be because of hormones released during vaginal birth, and the important bacteria babies get through vaginal birth.

Possible disadvantages of vaginal birth
Women who have vaginal births might:

  • need stitches if their vaginal openings tear or are cut (episiotomy)
  • need to have forceps or vacuum assistance to help their babies be born
  • get very tired because labour can take many hours.

Rarely, a woman might have trouble giving birth to the shoulders of her baby if the baby is large or there are problems with the position of the baby or birth position of the mother.

Sometimes when there are complications during vaginal birth, a woman might need to have an unplanned (emergency) caesarean. An unplanned caesarean can have more problems than a planned (elective) caesarean - for example, an increased risk of infection or risks from using a general anaesthetic.

Women who have had a caesarean birth might be able to try for a vaginal birth if they have another baby. This is commonly called a vaginal birth after caesarean or VBAC. Ask your doctor or midwife about whether VBAC is an option for you.

Increasing your chances of vaginal birth

Delivering your baby vaginally depends on many things, including your health, your baby's health and what happens during labour. It's always a good idea to talk with your health professionals about your birth options.

There are also a few things you can do to increase your chances of having a vaginal birth.

Pregnancy care
Pregnancy care with just a few professionals who look after you through your whole pregnancy, labour and birth can increase your chances of vaginal birth. This is called 'continuity of care'.

Birth classes
Birth classes give you detailed information about labour, birth, pain relief choices and more. When you know what to expect during labour and birth, you're more likely to stay calm on the day. And staying calm and relaxed increases your chances of vaginal birth.

Birth plan
A birth plan can include things like:

  • who you'd like to be at the birth
  • how you want to manage pain
  • who'll cut the cord.

But keep in mind that your baby's plan might be different from yours. Also, what you need and want might change on the day, so think of the birth plan as a guide and stay flexible.

It's a good idea to share your birth plan before labour with the midwife or doctor who'll be looking after you so they understand your preferences and can work with you to achieve them.

Your birth environment
Your birth environment can affect how you labour and give birth to your baby. The ideal labour environment is one where you:

  • feel safe, calm and positive
  • have access to pain relief
  • have privacy
  • feel secure and well supported.

With planning and preparation, you can usually create the environment you'd like in the hospital birthing suite or birth centre. For example, you might want to bring music, aromatherapy, cushions, food or other things from home.

This kind of environment will help you stay calm during labour, which means you're more likely to have a vaginal birth.

Being calm during labour can help increase the oxytocin in your blood. Oxytocin makes your uterus contract, so higher levels of oxytocin can mean better contractions during labour and a shorter labour. Staying calm can also decrease the adrenaline in your blood - adrenaline stops oxytocin from working.

Support people
You're less likely to have a caesarean if you have continuous one-to-one labour support from people you feel comfortable with. This might be your partner, family, midwife or a doula.

Labour choices
In the birthing suite, staying active and using upright positions might help your labour to progress and help you avoid interventions. This is because gravity helps move your baby down and relaxes your muscles. This means baby can move through the birth canal more easily.

Using mats, beanbags, cushions, water or birth balls can also help. Comfortable clothing and relaxing music might also help you to stay relaxed.

A healthy pregnancy
Healthy eating and keeping active during pregnancy helps you stay fit and well. Good health boosts your chances of vaginal birth.

For more information on pregnancy care choices and birth settings, you can explore Birth Choices. This tool also introduces you to the main types of health care professionals who'll look after you and your baby in different birth settings.

Caesarean birth

A caesarean section is an operation to give birth to your baby.

If you need a caesarean, you'll be taken to the hospital's operating theatre. There'll be quite a few people in the theatre with you, including the obstetrician, an assistant surgeon, an anaesthetist, theatre nurses, a midwife and sometimes a paediatrician.

You'll be given an anaesthetic so you don't feel any pain. It will usually be an epidural or spinal anaesthetic, or sometimes a general anaesthetic. Then a specialist doctor called an obstetrician will cut an opening in your lower tummy area and into your uterus, so your baby and the placenta can be lifted out.

Your partner is usually allowed into the operating theatre with you unless you have a general anaesthetic.

In Australia, both planned and unplanned caesareans are common and fairly safe.

Caesarean birth: problems
A caesarean birth is major surgery. As with any surgery, there is a chance of medical problems. If you have a caesarean birth, you'll need a longer hospital stay than for a vaginal birth and a longer recovery period once you're home.

Women who have caesarean births will probably have:

  • longer stays in hospital - 3-5 days on average
  • pain around their caesarean wounds
  • restricted activities for up to six weeks - for example, limits on lifting, housework and driving.

Some women might also have one or more of the following:

  • above-average blood loss (haemorrhage)
  • blood clots in the legs
  • infection of the wound and bladder or in the lining of the uterus
  • fever caused by an infection or by other factors related to the surgery
  • complications from the anaesthetic, including nausea, drowsiness or dizziness
  • increased risk of postnatal depression
  • a higher chance of caesarean section for future births
  • special health concerns for any future attempts at vaginal birth.

Babies born via caesarean birth are more likely to need time in the special care nursery, but they're usually ready to go home when you are.

Most women do get to see their babies straight after caesarean birth, and it's also your right to ask for skin-to-skin contact and the chance to breastfeed straight away. Skin-to-skin contact helps to keep your baby warm and lets you and baby bond physically straight away.

It might be hard to do skin-to-skin contact straight away if the obstetrician is stitching you up and a paediatrician or midwife is checking your baby. But if you have a spinal rather than a general anaesthetic, you should still be able to have this early contact with your baby.

After you've had a caesarean, there's a higher risk of medical problems for each caesarean you have after that. For example, there's an increased chance of the placenta growing into or over the scar inside your uterus. There's also a higher risk of the uterus tearing or rupturing in future pregnancies. In rare cases this can lead to a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus).

Planned caesarean birth: common reasons

You might have a planned or elective caesarean birth for medical reasons or because there are signs late in your pregnancy that you or your baby might have problems with a vaginal birth. Planning your caesarean for later (39 weeks onwards) in your pregnancy can be better for your baby's health, but talk with your doctor and midwife about what's best for your situation.

The most common reasons you and your doctor might decide on a planned caesarean are:

  • you've had a caesarean before
  • your baby is breech - that is, positioned bottom or feet first - and can't be turned
  • your cervix is covered by the placenta - this is called placenta praevia
  • your baby is lying sideways (transverse) or not head down and can't be turned
  • you're having twins, and your first baby is positioned bottom or feet first
  • you're having triplets, quintuplets or more
  • you have a health problem like high blood pressure.

Not all women have, or need to have, caesareans in these circumstances. For example, if your baby is breech you can ask about a vaginal breech birth. You can make the decision based on your doctor's advice about your particular situation.

More information about planned caesareans
With a planned caesarean you'll know the day and time that your baby will be born. A planned caesarean also means the birth will generally happen before you go into labour.

If you have a planned caesarean, you won't have tearing or need stitches in your vagina, but you will have an abdominal scar.

Planned caesarean surgery does have a lower risk of medical problems than unplanned caesarean surgery.

Unplanned caesarean birth: common reasons

Unplanned (emergency) caesareans can happen when there are problems either with your health or your baby's health in your pregnancy and during your labour.

You might need an unplanned caesarean if:

  • your baby's head doesn't move down or 'fit' through your pelvis during labour
  • your cervix opens too slowly, or doesn't open at all
  • you become unwell
  • your baby starts getting distressed in labour - for example, there are changes in your baby's heartbeat.

Things that can reduce your chances of needing an unplanned caesarean include:

  • having a support person with you in labour to help you stay calm
  • having a midwife with you all the time during labour (midwifery-led care)
  • keeping active and relaxed during labour
  • involving your doctor and midwife in decisions about your birth
  • avoiding an unnecessary induction before 41½ weeks of pregnancy (an induction can increase pain and medical intervention during labour).

You have a right to be involved in and make decisions about your care. A caesarean can be done only if you give your written permission. Your partner or next of kin can give written permission if you can't.

How to draw a rabbit mask


How to do an rabbit mask for children for Carnival. In Guiainfantil.com We propose you this easy and cheap idea to make an original costume for children.

Have fun with your children teaching them to draw their own rabbit mask for carnival, parties or birthdays. A children's craft with which to have a good time of leisure with the family.

You can read more articles similar to How to draw a rabbit mask, in the category of Crafts on site.

Your 2-year-old now

Not only is your tyke saying and doing funnier things every day, but she responds to humor in a big way, too. Her preferred mode of humor isn't wry jokes or irony, but more along the lines of slapstick, strange sounds, and funny faces.

Use humor to your advantage to cajole a reluctant child into getting dressed: "Where does the sock go? On your nose?" ("No! On my feet!") Your child gets a rush out of feeling smarter than Mom or Dad. If you sense you're heading into a power struggle, start to talk in a silly baby voice or quack every other word. Using silly voices when you read or tell stories makes book time more fun.

Your life now

Now that your 2-year-old seems so big, should you buy her some age-appropriate software? It depends on how you use it and why you're doing it. Although older preschoolers can manipulate a mouse with ease, you needn't worry that they'll fall behind if they don't learn how to use one now. (That will never be a concern for any child born this century.) Nor will computer games give your child an academic head start. Kids this age learn best through hands-on explorations with three-dimensional objects. A flat screen, no matter how many bells and whistles it has, can't compete. It's not clear whether any harm can come from computer play at very young ages.

Use software for kids sparingly if you do — the time your child spends at a computer count toward the total "screen time" he should have in a day, including TV. (Most experts on children and media recommend an hour or two at most total screen time per day.) Never place a TV, DVD player, or computer in a young child's bedroom; it leads to excessive viewing and creates a habit that's very hard to break. When and if you do use computer games, pick educational programs made for 2-year-olds. Ideally, play together so you can help interpret what's happening.

advertisement | page continues below

Five Little Birds 3 + More Nursery Rhymes and Kids Songs - CoComelon

How much screen time is okay for my child?

Screens are everywhere. They're part of our daily lives, they're in schools, parents oftentimes have multiple devices that they use at home, and even in the pediatrician's office there's a screen that your child's doctor uses to document information. This can be confusing for parents to think about how best to set rules in their home and message to their children about using a screen. The AAP recommends discouraging any screen time for children under the age of 2 and limiting it for children who are older than the age of 2.

So how do you manage screen time for your child? One of the most important things to do is model appropriate screen time, so limit your own screen time and make sure that you have tech-free and screen-free times and locations in your home that you show your child. In addition, passive screen time tends to not be stimulating for development, as opposed to active screen time. What do I mean by passive? Programs that play or talk to your children that continue regardless of whether your child does a specific activity are more likely to be passive, even if they are supposed to be learning-based. Interactive activities that require your child to do something in particular and then get feedback about the activity they've done are more interactive and more stimulating.

An example of a great interactive tool are video chats. When family members live far away and it's not possible to see them often, a video chat with a grandparent is a great way to maintain a strong emotional bond with that grandparent in spite of distance.

Kids and Screen Time: Mayo Clinic Radio

Things to do after childbirth

Things to do after childbirth

Congratulations! Your mother-to-mother process is now over
and you are in a puerperium. Being a mother for the first time or again
experiencing happiness. So what to do during the puerperium and what
need to pay attention?

First of all, we should give importance to hygiene after birth.
Remember to wash your hands frequently. Hygiene is the most
The pads we use need to be careful. The pads we use are absorbent, clean
and be soft. They are also colorless and odorless.
It is important. You should pay attention to your underwear along with the pads we use,
especially cotton underwear should be preferred.

If you gave birth to stitches in the first days
Swelling in the stitched area, can be strain. You may have difficulty sitting.
In this process we expect the sewing threads to fall spontaneously, the wound is clean.
shortens the healing process. Wound in about 1-2 weeks

The most curious about hygiene; from birth
then the question of how the bathroom should be done. If you have a normal birth every day
standing and need to take a shower with warm water. When you give birth by cesarean section
a transparent tape is attached to the wound and you are discharged. This
way you can take a standing shower when you go home. Throw the tape after the shower
you can wear your underwear instead.

Another question mark with hygiene
need to resolve. Evacuation problem. Urine must be done in the first 6 hours, here
we shouldn't make the postponement error considering the possibility of stitching.
Defecation may not occur immediately after birth. So fiber foods
should consume and drink plenty of water.

The most attention to your postnatal nutrition
required period. Take care of every meal without skipping any meals. Oily
avoid food and give weight to juicy food. Bitter, sour, spices,
gas will take the baby through the milk when the food will spread
you should be careful thinking. Smoking and alcohol consumption
should avoid as much as possible from beverages such as tea and coffee.
should also remind.

period and take care of your sleep order. In this period
fatigue, grappling with pain while on the one hand to care for the baby
you may not have enough time to sleep and rest. So during this period
it will be useful to minimize the number of guests. Well at night
to breastfeed your sleep will be divided frequently. So in abundance during the day
rest and at least 2 hours to sleep.

resting on your back as it improves blood circulation is more beneficial
We can say. Our last important advice; living the happiness of being a new mother
avoid heavy work, hard work and
Enjoy your first days in peace with your guests.

Baby's first contact with the sea

I still remember my son picking up the sand from the beach by handfuls and putting it in his mouth, as if he had shovels instead of hands. And how he turned around, skipped the waves and kept pebbles and shells in the bucket as if they were magnificent treasures. The first time you stepped on the beach, froze, feet sunk to the ankles, pointing to that thin and soft carpet that he had not yet stepped on. I wish I was in his eyes, his ears, his hands. Because he, like us, surely will forget over the years that magical moment ... or not?

Maybe they have a memory of that first time. The first time his eyes contemplated the infinite and overwhelming sea; the first time they felt the saltpeter on their lips; the first time they heard the melodic murmur of the waves; the first time they ran barefoot along the shore ... Because the beach for us may be rest, or dreaminess or perhaps stress and exhaustion from not being able to stop watching over our children. But for them, the beach is suddenly transformed into an open-air school, where you learn by touching, listening, testing, imagining.

The sea, the sand, the conches and shells, the sound of the waves. Everything becomes stimuli for the baby. If the sea seems immense to us, imagine what it will be before those tiny eyes, still half naked before the amount of colors that the world gives us. I always remember Orlando, a boy who met the sea when he was six years old. In her bright eyes and wide open mouth, I see my son reflected in that first contact with the beach.

Astonishment, disbelief, fear, doubt, admiration ... That first moment conveys hundreds of new sensations. That is why it is so important that the baby lives that moment with freedom. Do not prevent him from sinking his hands in the sand, or approaching the waves, or looking for shells. Do not forbid him to wallow on the shore, or taste the salt water. Do not forbid him to experiment. Remember that they are learning, and the beach, the sea, is a privileged teacher for them.

You can read more articles similar to Baby's first contact with the sea, in the category of Outdoors on site.

Meaning of the name Martirio. Name for boys

Meaning of the name Martirio. Name for boys

Among all the names for boys we highlight Martyrdom. You will find in our search engine all the meanings of baby names.

Male name from various saints, two of them from Byzantium and martyrs in the 4th century. It is also a feminine name.

It comes from the proper Greek name Mártyris, "witness to the faith, martyr".

May 29, October 25, December 14.


  • José Martiniano de Alencar, Brazilian writer (1829-1877); Martiniano Leguizamón, Argentine writer (1858-1935); Martiniano Molina, Argentine cook and television presenter (1972-).

Drawings of the name Martirio coloring page printable game

Martirio: pictures of the names coloring page printable game

Drawing of the name Martirio coloring page printable game

Drawing with the name Martirio coloring page printable game

Drawings of names. Martyrdom name to color and print

Cleft lip and / or cleft palate

Cleft lip and / or cleft palate

Of all the birth defects, cleft lip (open, split) and / or cleft palate is one of the most common. Currently, this abnormality affects one in 700 newborns, and is more common among Asians and certain groups of American Indians. Its incidence is lower among African Americans.

Regarding the frequency of these anomalies, some studies show that 25 percent of babies have a cleft palate, 25 percent have a cleft lip, and the remaining 50 percent of both. Both cleft lip and palate can develop separately or at the same time. These abnormalities present as a congenital defect of the structures that make up the mouth. It occurs when the baby, at birth, presents a cleft or separation in the lip and / or the palate, because the two sides of the upper lip did not grow at the same time, as they should.

It is an abnormality in which the lip does not form completely during fetal development. The severity of cleft lip can range from mild (lip indentation) to severe (large opening from lip to nose). This anomaly has different names depending on its location.

A cleft on one side of the lip that does not extend to the nose is called incomplete unilateral. A cleft on one side of the lip, which extends to the nose, is called full one-sided. And finally, a cleft that involves both sides of the lip and that extends and involves the nose is called full bilateral.

When this congenital defect presents with a cleft or opening only in the upper palate, it is called cleft palate. In this case, the palate does not close completely but leaves an opening that extends into the nasal cavity. The cleft can affect either side of the palate.

It can spread from the front of the mouth (hard palate) to the throat (soft palate). A cleft palate is not as noticeable as a cleft lip because it is inside the mouth. In many cases, other members of the family have also had a cleft palate at birth.

Medicine has not yet found an exact cause that explains why babies are born with this defect. Some studies have shown that this malformation occurs, above all, in families with a history of this abnormality in some member. But it was also shown that it can occur in families without the aforementioned antecedents.

If parents who were not born with a cleft have a baby with this abnormality, the chances of having another baby are between 2 and 8 percent. If one of the parents has a cleft, but neither of their children has this defect, the chances of having a baby with this defect are 4 to 6 percent. If one parent and one child have a cleft, the chances of another child being born with this abnormality are even higher. It is recommended, in these cases, to consult a geneticist.

It is also believed that there are some environmental factors, such as certain drugs, drugs, chemicals, lead and even vitamin deficiencies (such as folic acid), which react with certain specific genes and end up interfering with the normal process of closing the palate and in the development of the lip.

The fetus's mouth is formed during the first three months of pregnancy. During that time, the parts of the upper palate and upper lip normally come together. When this union does not occur, the baby has a cleft lip and / or a cleft palate. A child may have a cleft lip, a cleft palate, or both. Cleft lip and palate together are more common in boys than girls. It is important to know that most babies born with this cleft are healthy and do not have any other birth defects.

You can read more articles similar to Cleft lip and / or cleft palate, in the category of Newborn on site.

Leading Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate Surgeon Discusses Treatment and Care

Spring abstinence from mothers. Solutions and methods of prevention

Besides seasonal allergies, asthenia in the spring is another big problem with which spring welcomes you. It is a condition caused by the climatic changes that gradually settle in the body and give rise to symptoms that are similar to depression, but which are not pathological, they can be combated and prevented by some essential changes in lifestyle.

Photo: healthyhappystrong.com

How do you recognize spring asthenia?

Spring starts with more sun and more light compared to winter, due to the increase of the number of hours of the day and the increase of temperatures.

Under these conditions, the body needs time to adapt to the new climate changes, and the transition is often accompanied by a poor mood, lack of energy and irritability.

The springtime is easy to recognize and is characterized by:

  • increased fatigue (exhaustion);
  • irritability;
  • low physical and mental tone;
  • lack of appetite;
  • headache;
  • state of apathy, lethargy;
  • muscle weakness;
  • sadness (crying for no reason);
  • slight dizziness, etc.

How do you treat and prevent asthenia in spring?

Do sport!

The constant physical activity contributes to the prevention of the symptoms of asthenia and to the increase of the vitality of the origenism during this period, full of climatic transformations.

The walks, the gym, the runs, all keep the state of apathy specific to the asthenia and charge you with strength and energy to cope with daily demands.

Be careful what you eat!

Food can be the trusted friend of any mother who cares for a child, takes care of the house and still works.

After a long and poor winter in fresh vegetables and fruits, the body is depleted of vitamins and minerals, and the changes specific to the spring further exacerbate the fatigue and apathy caused by this deficiency.

It is important to recharge your body with energy through the consumption of spring fruits and vegetables, full of nutrients essential for your health.

Get dietary supplements!

If you have severe symptoms, go to your doctor to prescribe a dietary supplement with vitamins and minerals.

The addition of such supplements helps to charge the body's batteries consumed throughout the winter and prevents the appearance of apathetic states of asthenia.

Among the nutrients that have the most powerful effects are vitamin B complex, magnesium, vitamin C, zinc or iron.

Always seek medical advice before taking dietary supplements. Until then, try to provide the body with nutrients through nutrition.

Sleep at least 7 hours a night!

The lack of sleep and thus of rest creates a favorable ground for the installation of the symptoms of asthenia. In addition, the state of drowsiness and fatigue aggravates the already existing symptoms.

Make sure you have a stable sleep schedule and organize yourself so that you can accumulate at least 7 hours of sleep each night.

The body needs to relax and rest during the night, to charge with energy and to be able to cope with the physical and mental demands of the day.

Tags Astenie spring

Video, Sitemap-Video, Sitemap-Videos