Your 6 3/4-year-old: Talking back

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Postponement of the trial of the deadly fire on Boulevard Vincent-Auriol

How to make a pumpkin lantern for Halloween

How to Make Halloween Pumpkin Jack-o-lantern Polymer Clay. Calabaza de Halloween Porcelana fría

5 simple steps to bring up a nigga

The topic of food has already been raised hundreds of times. As the world worlds mothers complain about small eaters. The mother's heart trembles at the thought that the child ate too little. Pharmaceutical companies have already captured and used this fear. You can buy it at any pharmacy a wonderful specimen, after which your child will not only miss the whole dinner, but will also ask for additional.

When I first heard the radio advertisement for such a measure, I was speechless. Here are another ones easy solution to a serious problem. You believed? If not - like me. There are no easy solutions in the "parenthood" mission.

An effective pill to improve a child's appetite does not exist, just as it does not exist (which is a pity!) A pill for mother's loss of appetite. No dietary supplement can fix what we ... spoil ourselves.

Yes, many mothers every day (I wrote mothers on purpose, fathers usually have more sense about feeding children) effectively spoils your child's healthy appetite and teaches disastrous eating habits. All in the name of love.

If your child is healthy, you and your attitude are the main cause of your appetite problems. What miracle? Well, the following examples will illustrate the topic and give food for thought. I used some of the mentioned recipes in my time, being quite successful.

I was on a great path to closed education for culinary experiments. As young mothers are reluctant to listen to someone else's advice and wisdom (I know from experience), I offer you anti-advice. I bet many of you will find something of their own in them.

1. Feed.

For common sense, feeding should be a way to raise a chubby sweet tooth. It happens, but often it works exactly the opposite. The child should eat 4-5 meals a day, meanwhile, as statistics show, he eats much more. Record holders reach 12. How come? Banana, rice wafer, biscuits, apple, fruit puree - these are all meals, and not some seem like an unimportant snack. Snacks between main meals should be a second breakfast and afternoon tea. I have a lot when I give crisps, cakes, sticks and fruit to my child, and I don't notice at all that the toddler just got something to eat. When they give the child soup in thirty minutes, he eats three tablespoons (because of a stomach filled with corn chips or another "tiny" delicacy), and mom grabs his head saying "he doesn't eat anything". In this way, the child "stuffed" with low-grade snacks, refuses a healthy meal. Eater!

2. Don't let your child get hungry. Force to eat.

You didn't let your child snack between meals. You put your favorite vegetable soup in front of your child, and instead of losing his appetite, he plays, washes his hands and rubs it on the table? Of course, you might think that he is simply not hungry, but you are the mother - it's been three hours since the last meal, so your treasure MUST eat. Here are included: "planes", "for mommy", "bird flies", TV (the sight of a staring toddler who unknowingly eats dinner is not so rare) and in extreme cases feeding "by force". The child is full, the mother is calm. Another thing is that in this way we give the toddler to understand that eating is fun / torment. Many of us give up "circus" when feeding children. And it would be enough to set aside the soup and try it in an hour. The "fasting" method not only effectively encourages the child to eat a meal, but also makes the child eat more of what is valuable and healthy.

3. Provide only what the child certainly likes. Tell him your culinary prejudices.

Do you know children who eat only a few types of food? The menu of many kids consists mainly of sausages and chicken soup. This is just an example, it could very well be a pate sandwich and pancakes. Many children, although they do not appear to be malnourished, are such a species of ungulates. For nothing in the world they will not put a new dish in their mouths, so they get only what they certainly like, and their diet is very poor. How can this be achieved? It's easy. Start by expanding your diet. When you give your child a new dish and it winces and spits, stop trying. Only serve familiar flavors. Don't give what you don't like. Because it's not good, after all. Of course you can do it differently. The fact that an infant grimaces when taking a completely new dish in his mouth is completely normal. Overcoming this situation does not require sweetening / salting / seasoning or complete withdrawal, but your patience. Give a bit of novelty when serving dinner. Broccoli rubella was everything for my daughter - plasticine crushed in her hands, a hat, a toy - everything, but not food. By the time. When it overcame, it turned out that boiled or steamed without the addition of salt broccoli was her favorite vegetable. Buckwheat pancakes served for a long time as filling the gap between the feeding chair and the sofa. Today they are a delicacy in any combination: sweet, vegetable, meat. Can be! But not with the pill, but with work and patience.

4. Serve the juices. Without limits.

Thick, puree, sweet as a slice of juice. Just health. With this statement one could argue, considering the composition of the most popular, nevertheless many mothers give the child puree juices without restrictions, I believe that "good never is too much". Well, it happens that you can overdose. Puree juices act as snacks - they clog. Do not be surprised that your "eater" did not eat dinner, since he had a few glasses of drink thick as soup from the morning. Give up completely? No. Dose wisely. And pay attention to the composition - the amount of sugar may qualify the product as a sweetness, not a healthy snack.

Heartburn during pregnancy: Why it happens and how to get relief

What does heartburn during pregnancy feel like?

Heartburn (also called acid indigestion or acid reflux) is a burning sensation that often extends from the bottom of the breastbone to the lower throat. Many women experience heartburn for the first time during pregnancy, and although it's common and generally harmless, it can be quite uncomfortable.

Heartburn and related issues like gas and bloating during pregnancy usually start in the second or third trimester, but it can be sooner for some women. The discomfort will probably come and go until your baby is born, but in most cases heartburn is no longer a problem after delivery.

Women who gain too much weight during pregnancy might continue to have heartburn for up to a year after having their baby.

What causes heartburn in pregnancy?

Some of the hormonal and physical changes in your body during pregnancy can cause heartburn. For example, the placenta produces the hormone progesterone, which relaxes the smooth muscles of the uterus. This hormone also relaxes the valve that separates the esophagus from the stomach, which can make gastric acid seep back up and cause that unpleasant burning sensation in your throat.

Progesterone can also make digestion sluggish by slowing down the wavelike contractions of your esophagus and intestines. Later in pregnancy, your growing baby crowds your abdominal cavity, pushing stomach acid back up into the esophagus.

How can I reduce heartburn during pregnancy?

Prevention is your best bet to reduce heartburn during your pregnancy. Though you may not be able to avoid the condition entirely, here are some ways to prevent it and minimize any discomfort:

  • Avoid food and drinks that upset your stomach. These include carbonated drinks, alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, citrus fruits and juices, tomatoes, mustard, vinegar, mint products, processed meats, and foods that are fatty, spicy, fried, or highly seasoned.
  • Eat small meals. Instead of three large meals, eat several small ones throughout the day. Take your time eating and chew thoroughly.
  • Drink water in between meals. It's important to drink plenty of water daily during pregnancy, but too much liquid can distend your stomach. Stay hydrated by drinking most of your water in between meals.
  • Chew gum after eating. Chewing gum stimulates your salivary glands, and saliva can help neutralize acid.
  • Eat two or three hours before bedtime. This gives your body time to digest before you lie down.
  • Sleep propped up. Elevate your upper body by about 6 inches with several pillows or a wedge when you sleep. This helps stomach acid stay down and aids digestion.
  • Dress comfortably. Wear loose, relaxed clothing. Don't wear clothes that are tight around your waist and tummy.
  • Ask your provider about heartburn medicines. An antacid that contains magnesium or calcium may ease discomfort. Check with your provider before taking one because some brands are high in sodium or contain aluminum or aspirin. You can also talk to your provider about prescription heartburn medications that are safe during pregnancy.
  • Don't smoke. In addition to contributing to serious health problems, smoking boosts the acid in the stomach. (If you're having trouble quitting, ask your provider for a referral to a smoking cessation program.)

Learn more:

Loss of gelatinous stopper (cervical)

Loss of gelatinous stopper (cervical)

The loss of the gelatinous stopper is a phenomenon that most often occurs in the early stages of labor, but in some cases it happens even earlier, and the birth will follow a few weeks later.

Losing the gelatinous stopper may occur earlier in week 36 of pregnancy, but this does not announce the start of labor, unless your pregnancy is calculated incorrectly.

Every pregnancy is different, as every job is different and every baby is different. The gelatinous plug can be eliminated without being influenced by any factor, but generally it happens after a vaginal examination or after a sexual act. The elimination process can be instantaneous or can extend over a few days.

What is gelatin stopper?

Gelatinous plug is an accumulation of secretions of the uterine cervix, which is formed during pregnancy to block the cervix and prevent bacterial penetration into the uterus. Normally, the appearance of the gelatin plug is clear, but slightly cloudy, sticky and sticky. Towards the end of pregnancy, when the cervix becomes narrowed or when the capillaries in the lower part of the uterus give way, it happens that a little blood is removed and remains stuck in the gelatinous stopper.

Its appearance sometimes gets pink, brown or red, due to blood infiltration.

In the first stage of labor, the gelatinous stopper is usually removed as a continuous secretion, but in some cases it even looks like a stopper.

Any vaginal discharge during pregnancy should be investigated, as there is a chance of signaling a vaginal infection that could affect the pregnancy or signal a premature rupture of the membranes. If the microscopic test, Pap test, gonorrhea or chlamydia cultures are negative and it has been clinically proven that this is not a rupture of membranes, then these secretions are normal.

Losing the gelatinous stopper does not necessarily mean that you will be born soon

The signs of a near birth involve observing several Braxton Hicks contractions, dilating the cervix, losing the gelatinous stopper, breaking the water, etc.

The loss of the gelation plug occurs when the cervix begins to dilate, as a sign of approaching the time of birth. Its elimination is done either all at once, or in the form of abundant vaginal discharge, for several days.

From the moment of beginning the elimination of the gelatinous stopper, the birth can take place after at least 3-4 days. However, the loss of the gelatinous stopper means that the pregnancy is nearing its end and that you should watch for the first signs of labor.

Signs announcing birth

Usually, clear signs of birth are:

• Water breaking;
• Loss of gelatinous stopper;
• Membrane rupture;
• Pelvic pressure;
• Menstrual back pain;
• Cough or vomiting;
• Diarrhea or constipation;
• Braxton Hicks contraction intensification;

If, when the pregnant woman changes her position or takes a few steps, the contractions stop, then they represent a sign of false labor. On the other hand, if bleeding or cramping occurs besides the loss of the cervical gel plug, these may be signs of more serious problems. In this case the doctor should be contacted immediately.

Tags Birth signs

Food poisoning in babies and toddlers

Food poisoning in babies and toddlers

Food poisoning happens when your baby or toddler eats food or drinks water that's contaminated with disease-causing bacteria. Some viruses can also cause food poisoning. Because their immune systems are still developing, children younger than 5 years are at a higher risk of food poisoning than the general population.

How can I tell if my child has food poisoning?

If your child has food poisoning, the symptoms will likely appear two to 48 hours after he eats the food. Symptoms will usually last a day or two, but can continue for a week or more in severe cases.

With kids, it can be difficult to distinguish food poisoning from stomach flu (gastroenteritis) because the symptoms are so similar.

Food poisoning symptoms

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Nausea
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Achiness
  • Headache
  • Excessive fussiness in a baby (which may signal abdominal pain)

Symptoms of more severe food poisoning

  • Vomiting for more than three days
  • Severe headache or abdominal pain
  • Blood in stool or vomit
  • A swollen, hard belly
  • Sleepiness
  • Dehydration

When should I call the doctor?

Talk to a doctor as soon as you suspect your child might have food poisoning. She can decide if your child's symptoms can be monitored at home, warrant an office visit, or require emergency treatment.

Also call the doctor if your child shows any signs of mild to moderate dehydration, including a lack of tears, going more than six hours without urinating, dark yellow urine, lethargy, and a parched mouth.

Warning: If your child shows signs of severe dehydration, call 911.

How is food poisoning treated?

Usually, a case of food poisoning just needs to run its course.

If your child is severely dehydrated, though, his doctor may admit him to the hospital or have you go to urgent care or the emergency room for intravenous (IV) fluids.

Occasionally, in the case of bacterial food poisoning, the doctor will prescribe an antibiotic.

What can I do to ease my child's symptoms?

The most important thing is to keep your child hydrated to replace the fluids her body is losing through vomiting and diarrhea. Offer your baby the breast or bottle, and offer your toddler or toddler sips of water. If your baby or toddler is reluctant to drink, it might be helpful to offer fluids with a syringe.

The doctor may recommend giving your child an oral pediatric electrolyte solution to replace the fluids and electrolytes (salt and minerals) that your child's body is losing. Electrolyte solutions are also available as ice pops, which may be more enticing for your child.

Avoid sweetened drinks – including juices, sodas, and sports drinks – because these can make symptoms worse.

If your child has a fever, ask the doctor about giving her infant's or children's acetaminophen, if she's over 2 months of age, or ibuprofen, if your child is over 6 months of age.

When can my child go back to eating normally?

Once your child's vomiting and diarrhea decrease and he can tolerate food, resume a normal diet as soon as possible, including staples such as complex carbohydrates (like bread, cereal, and rice), lean meat, yogurt, fruits, and vegetables. Stay away from fatty food, which may make symptoms worse.

Studies show that reintroducing a standard diet as soon as possible can shorten the duration of the illness because it restores essential nutrients necessary to fight infection. On the other hand, if your child misses a few days' worth of good nutrition because his illness kills his appetite, don't worry. Just make sure you keep him hydrated.

Note: Doctors no longer recommend the BRAT diet (bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast) for tummy troubles.

How can I help protect my child from contracting food-borne illness again?

It's impossible to protect your child from all food-borne bacteria. But you can lower her risk of contracting food poisoning by following safe food storage and preparation practices. Here are some important ones:

Food storage safety tips

  • Defrost food in the refrigerator, not on the countertop or in the sink.
  • Don't eat meat, poultry, or fish that's been refrigerated uncooked for more than one or two days.
  • Don't use outdated food, packaged food that has a broken seal, or cans that are dented or misshapen.
  • Don't leave food or beverages outside the refrigerator for more than an hour before consuming.
  • Keep hot food hot, and cold food cold, before eating it.
  • Clean lids of canned goods before opening.

Food prep safety tips

  • Thoroughly wash hands – yours and your child's – often with warm water and soap. Always wash hands before preparing food.
  • Rinse fruits and vegetables thoroughly under cool water. Use a produce brush to remove dirt.
  • After preparing raw meat, poultry, or fish, wash all kitchen surfaces well with hot, sudsy water.
  • If someone in the family is sick, disinfect areas with a bleach-based household cleaner. Leave the disinfectant on the area for at least five minutes, then clean again with soap and hot water.
  • Use separate cutting boards, plates, and knives for produce and for raw meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs.
  • Never put cooked food, like grilled meat, back on a plate or cutting board that held uncooked food.
  • Make sure food is cooked well. Use a meat thermometer: Beef should be at least 160 degrees F, poultry at least 165 degrees F, and fish at least 145 degrees F.
  • When reheating food, be sure to do so thoroughly. Don't just warm it. Bring sauces, soups, and gravies to a rolling boil. Reheat other leftovers to 165 degrees F.
  • Follow directions for safely mixing baby formula.

More food safety tips

  • Don't serve food that looks or smells unusual or off.
  • Don't give your child unpasteurized food or drink, such as cheese or juice.
  • Don't drink water from untreated wells or streams.

How can I tell what kind of food poisoning my child has?

Testing of blood, stool, and leftover food may identify the bacteria, but often the doctor won't need to identify the exact culprit because the treatment is the same regardless.

If there's blood in your child's stool, or if the symptoms are severe or prolonged, though, the doctor may test to make sure that your child doesn't have food poisoning caused by certain dangerous bacteria.

What are the most common types of food poisoning?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the most common food-borne infections are those caused by the bacteria:

  • Campylobacter
  • Salmonella
  • Clostridium perfringens
  • Staphylococcus aureus

Noroviruses also cause food poisoning.

Four other infectious organisms are less common but are more likely to cause more severe symptoms leading to hospitalization: Listeria, Escherichia coli, Vibrio, and Clostridium botulinum. C. botulinum causes botulism, which is especially dangerous for babies less than 1 year of age.

Let's take a look at each in more detail.


Campylobacter is the most frequent bacterial cause of food poisoning.

How it's transmitted: Campylobacter is usually transmitted through raw or undercooked poultry or unpasteurized milk. Your child can also get it from contaminated water. It's possible to contract the bacteria from the stool of a dog or cat. It's not usually spread from person to person, but it can be. If your child is infected and has diarrhea, for example, you could possibly get it from changing his diaper and not thoroughly washing your hands.

Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (sometimes bloody), cramping, abdominal pain, and fever – but possibly no symptoms

Timing: Campylobacter usually lasts for two to five days but can linger for up to 10 days.


In a very young baby, salmonella can invade the bloodstream and become life threatening.

How it's transmitted: Salmonella can be present in raw or undercooked eggs, poultry and meat, raw milk and dairy products, and seafood, and can be spread by food handlers. Reptiles like pet iguanas, turtles, lizards, and snakes can also carry salmonella.

Symptoms: Fever, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and possibly tiny pink spots on the skin

Timing: Symptoms usually start eight to 48 hours after contact and last for a day or two, though they can persist for more than a week. The bacteria can continue to exist in the body for months.

Clostridium perfringens

Foods that are prepared in large quantities and kept warm for a long time before serving are a common source of Clostridium perfringens.

How it's transmitted: C. perfringens is often found on raw meat and poultry. Other common sources are gravies and dried or precooked foods.

Symptoms: A sudden onset of diarrhea and abdominal cramps

Timing: Usually within eight to 12 hours of eating the food. It usually lasts less than 24 hours, although young children can have more severe symptoms that last for a week or two.

Staphylococcus aureus

Food usually becomes contaminated with staph bacteria during food preparation.

How it's transmitted: Staph bacteria on someone's hands can contaminate a food. The bacteria then multiply in the food and produce toxins. Cooking kills the bacteria, but not the toxins. Foods that aren't cooked after handling (such as sliced meats, pastries, and sandwiches) are particularly risky if they're contaminated.

Symptoms: A sudden onset of nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, and diarrhea

Timing: Symptoms usually show up within half an hour to eight hours after eating the toxin. Food poisoning caused by staph bacteria is rarely severe and usually lasts no more than a day.


Norovirus is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in the United States. Because it's highly contagious, it spreads easily in group settings like daycare.

How it's transmitted: The norovirus is transmitted through contaminated food, water, utensils, and surfaces.

Symptoms: Severe vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, and stomach pain

Timing: Vomiting usually begins suddenly, about 24 to 48 hours after contact with the virus, although symptoms can show up as early as 12 hours. A case of norovirus usually goes away on its own in one to two days.


There are only about 110 cases of botulism in the United States each year, but it's a particularly worrisome form of food-borne illness because it can be life threatening for a baby.

How it's transmitted: Botulism is caused by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. Infant botulism happens when a baby eats the bacteria or its spores, and they then grow in his intestinal tract. This bacteria is found in soil, but it's most often transmitted through improperly canned or preserved food, especially home-canned vegetables, cured pork and ham, smoked or raw fish, corn syrup, and honey. This is why you should never feed honey to a baby before his first birthday.

Symptoms: Constipation and weakness; left untreated, muscle and respiratory paralysis

With a baby, the weakness can result in loss of muscle tone, a weak cry, droopy eyelids, weak sucking, and trouble feeding due to difficulty swallowing.

Timing: Symptoms usually show up in eight to 36 hours after contact with the bacteria.

Learn more


Learn to make a paper penguin. Origami for kids

Make a simple and fun penguin with origami. Origami is a Japanese art that helps stimulate concentration, manual dexterity and creativity in children.

Follow this simple video tutorial step by step, to learn how to make paper figures to play and enjoy doing crafts with children.

Made by Alejandro Pascual Márquez -, and Ainhoa ​​Ferragud

You can read more articles similar to Learn to make a paper penguin. Origami for kids, in the category of Crafts on site.

Arts and Crafts - Origami - Origami - Make a Penguin

A travel cot is a great idea for successful traveling with a child. It will also work at home when a girl wants to experience a real adventure, sleeping in a tent in the room.

Dimensions 152x60x20

Weight: 1.8 kilogram

Age: 3+

The kit includes a mattress, pump, bedding and instruction manual.

The rabbit comes with free children's movies at the Grand Cinema Digiplex

About psychoanalysis and creative freedom, an interview with Speranta Farca (1)

On the Farca Hope you do not get tired of listening. The voice is calm and soothing. The words are mother's words, which grow and assure you. She is the mother of two girls, she is a psychoanalyst, teacher and author of books. In the interview he was kind enough to give us, he tells us about childhood, about the lessons of mother's life, about books, words, education and creative freedom.

: Hello, Hope Farca. How would you introduce yourself to someone who doesn't know you at all, someone who sees you for the first time or reads you for the first time?
Hoping Farca: I think what defines me is a great need for freedom. I assume many responsibilities, I am consistent and stable, but if I feel restricted in my freedom, I can neither be creative nor happy. This is why I rarely get involved in professional groups or authority relationships. This need of mine makes me have a great respect for the freedom of those around me: my children, my husband, patients, students.
My books believe they have, at the base, a prophylactic plea for the child's freedom to grow. The mental illness that gives us the new fork, the psychoanalysts, I think is actually an obstruction of the free becoming: a free man becomes ill and alters his soul.
: Of all the roles you play, which one do you like the most? Why?
Hoping Farca: They all relate to each other:
I trained in psychoanalysis to understand the root cause of my life and I find that I am still discovering myself in relation to my patients.

I hired myself as a teacher to share my experience and found that I have more to learn from my students than they have from me.

I took care of the education sciences to get ready to be a mother and I found out that only my children helped me to understand what education means.

In conclusion, nothing came out as I thought, but much, much better!
: For the role of mother, one of the defining roles for you, what exactly prepared you? What exactly helped you then in the first months and what helped you now?
Hoping Farca: Nothing from all the theoretical training in education, knowing the child, psychology did not help me much. But I found an invaluable support in my husband, who is always with me. My girls have helped me a lot, in my intention to understand and support them as they need. It also helped me with personal psychoanalysis and the books I wrote to develop my own experiences, dilemmas, thoughts and understandings.
: Hope, what defines you best: your children, your books, your patients, your students or all in one place?
Hoping Farca: All in one place and still others. Without children I would not have been. Without patients I could not have been a psychoanalyst, without students I would not have been a teacher. Without the position of mother, psychoanalyst and teacher I could not write the books. Without the love of my husband I would not have had the peace and support for any of this.
If we think about all my activities taken separately, they seem unlikely to many, but - as they relate to each other - it all comes down to the interest in childhood where, I think, is the key to many unknowns and misunderstandings.
Very rarely do I engage in something I do not like and that is why everything I do represents and defines me.
: Did school and teachers play an important role in defining your personality and education? Or were there many other things that mattered?
Hoping Farca: Everything plays a role in our becoming. Of course, there were experiences from which I learned, on my skin, what is good and what is harmful ... that everybody else, here, I do not think there is any exception.
Admirable teachers I always met, but true pedagogues I found only in college. Here I understood the difference between "having the profession of teacher" and "being a teacher". This has helped me immensely because "if you are" identical to your profession, it is no longer an effort what you do. That's what I'm trying to convey to my students, and that's what I think my patients are feeling.
: How did you get to work with children and parents? Do you write for parents and educators about their relationship with children? What was your career path?
Hoping Farca: My career path is combined with personal becoming and full of a lot of happenings.
I really liked geometry in space and that's why I took an exam at a mathematics-physics high school (Ghe.Lazar). Here, after the first too creative manifestations at the time of mathematics, I got involved with the first 2 of my life. Since then I have not understood what mathematics is.
But it was good because if I had not come to this high school I would not have met my husband, and if I had not suffered so hard with mathematics, I would not have turned to the humanist area.
In high school I had the first psychoanalytic interpretations of some texts, of course without knowing anything about psychoanalysis. At Harap Alb I told how Flamanzila, Setila, Ochila and the others are nothing but the status of the hero with whom he learns to reconcile ... The Romanian teacher was perplexed: What idea !?, she told me, I did not understand if it is good or bad ...
As my concerns were humanistic and focused on my knowledge and those around me, I found it most appropriate to focus on Philosophy. I learned all the party documents, because it was a necessary condition for the Philosophy exam, luckily the Revolution came. At the exam I wrote personal interpretations of Kant's texts ... which were appreciated with note 4. This is how I got along with Philosophy!
I decided to stay with middle school and to break up with my husband (then a friend) who was a student and did not fall to go out with a non-intellectual. This decision motivated my husband to find a university vocation. This is how I discovered the Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, the Pedagogy section, where I agreed to take the exam without enthusiasm.
At the exam I personally interpreted Hegel, but it is not as disastrous, since I entered the first one. However, I could not rejoice because I had entered a college that I knew nothing about, not even the name of "Pedagogy" told me much.
Here I was fortunate to have excellent teachers (true educators) and benefited from their enthusiasm immediately after the Revolution. I also had extremely good colleagues. I went to college as a nanny, enjoying every course and seminar, every book I read (I was at school for 10 hours, and my husband brought me "mouth to mouth").
In practice I went to the Institute of Education Sciences where I met one of my most important trainers: Ioana Herseni, an extraordinary professional and a great man. She was preoccupied with preschoolers, who didn't care about me at the time. In the meantime, she left the Institute, but I stayed here for 18 years, caring for preschoolers for whom I had a passion.

I chose my bachelor's degree in History of Pedagogy, not because I had any purpose, but because I had the chance to study with a true pedagogue, as is rarely encountered, an exponent of the inter-war school: Ion Ghe. Stanciu. But the work tired me terribly and I relaxed reading psychoanalysis. My husband, seeing what I'm doing, provoked important insight: Why don't you do psychoanalysis? ... Really? Why?
This is how I got to do my work on psychoanalysis and to base it with a kindergarten research, thus combining it with my activity from the Institute. Then I started training psychoanalysis with Prof. Univ. Dr. Vasile Dem. Zamfirescu (who had been my teacher and coordinator of the license work). It lasted 7 years and was a real initiative.
In the meantime, I started working with adult patients and children. I did my supervising and I initiated several research and research projects in psychoanalysis at the Institute of Education Sciences where I had the constant support of Mrs. Ioana Herseni and of Mr. Prof. Dr. Viorel Nicolescu.
After I gave birth to my first baby girl, I could no longer work directly with the children, I realized how important the mother is to the balance of the child, how therapeutic this relationship is naturally, so I started working in psychoanalysis with moms, developing a new technique (which is now 10 years old and working very well).
In summary, it seems that from an endless series of events and lessons learned from these we have come to psychoanalysis. Maybe if it wasn't for this string, I would have found another one that would take me all the way to psychoanalysis with my mom because it suits me too.
: Have you always wanted to do this? Or do you think that life takes us where we don't even know we want to get?
Hoping Farca: In psychoanalysis I heard in the fourth year of college, so it was a choice of maturity. As a child, I wanted to become whatever I met, but in psychoanalysis I would not have thought. But now I see no one else but what I have become through psychoanalysis.

Also read the second part of this interview, in which Speranta Farca tells us about the parent-child relationship, about the books she writes and reads, about the future and childhood.

Tags Interview Childhood Passions for children Education Game for children Relationship mother to child books Stories

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