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10 places to discover the sciences in France

Science is fun? Of course, when there are interactive and fun exhibitions, funny experiences to share with family, amazing appointments. On the way to these places that know how to make us love them ...

In Bordeaux

  • 1. Cap Sciences, ideal from 3 years
  • Know your body better, discover the space or discover the T-Rex ... this center dedicated to science offers fun and interactive exhibitions for families as well as lots of exciting workshops for children around the kitchen. Because yes, we can count, measure, compare ... by making madeleines or soufflés!
  • Hangar 20, quai de Bacalan, 33300 Bordeaux. Open Tuesday to Friday, from 2 pm to 6 pm Nocturnal on Friday nights until 9 pm Saturday and Sunday, from 2 pm to 7 pm School holidays, from 2 pm to 6 pm Adults: 7th, child: 4th, free under 5 years old.
  • Information at 05 56 01 07 07 or on www.cap-sciences.net

Chambéry

  • 2. The Eureka Gallery, ideal from 4 years
  • Here you will know everything about the mountain - its geology, its fauna, its flora. But do not miss the temporary exhibitions, always exciting. until August 30 at the "corner of 3-6 years", Yum Yum, a walk in the market stalls that gives the appetite.
  • Place François-Mitterrand, 73000 Chambéry. Open from 2 pm to 6 pm Closed on Sundays and Mondays. Workshops and guided tours Wednesdays, Saturdays and school holidays. Free.
  • Information at 04 79 60 04 25 or on www.ccsi-chambery.org

In Haute-Savoie

  • 3. The Turbine-Science, ideal from 5 years
  • Water is the preferred theme of this center of scientific, technical and industrial culture. But with your ticket, you will also enjoy family interactive and fun exhibitions. Currently: Is the Man a great monkey?
  • Chorus Street, 74960 Cran-Gevrier, Tuesday to Sunday, 2 pm to 6 pm Adult: 5th, child 2.50, free under 6 years old. Family package: 12 th
  • Information at 04 50 08 17 00 or on www.laturbinescience.fr

Near Lille

  • 4. The Departmental Science Forum of Villeneuve-d'Ascq, ideal from 3 years
  • Here we come with family. There are very few places in France, like this one, that invite parents to put themselves at the level of their toddler, sometimes as young as 3, to share a scientific experience (often related to the senses). To see, until 9 November, the exhibition Croque couleurs. A fun course that, from age 3, immerses you in a invigorating bath! Or the exhibition on sound that sounds all kinds of funny noises.
  • François-Mitterrand Center, 1, Place de l'Hotel-de-Ville, 59650 Villeneuve-d'Ascq. Tuesday to Friday, 9 am to 5:30 pm, Saturdays, Sundays and holidays from 2 pm to 6:30 pm. Between 2 and 5 depending on the activity.
  • Information and booking advised on 03 59 73 96 00 or on www.forumdepartementaldessciences.fr

In Montbeliard

  • 5. The Science Pavilion, ideal from 5 years
  • Your 3-9 years will spend hours on the Island of Discovery. Most of this museum dedicated to science? His exciting exhibitions (currently Reptiles and Amphibians, until September 13) but also its huge park nearby which also offers scientific experiments.
  • 3, rue Charles-Lalance, 25200 Montbeliard. Open every day from 9 to 12 pm and from 2 to 6 pm, Saturday and Sunday from 2 to 6 pm Adult: 4.50 e, child 3 rd, free under 6, family package: 10 e.
  • Information on 03 81 97 18 21 or on www.pavillon-sciences.com

In Paris

  • 6. The City of Science and Industry, ideal from 4 years
  • Between the City of Children (just for its modules around the body, water ... we go!) and permanent exhibitions (until September 28th La Voix) ... a day is not enough to discover this place at the forefront of technology and innovation. In addition there is the Géode a step away, and the park of Villette ...
  • 30, av. Corentin-Cariou, 75930 Paris Cedex 19. Open Tuesday to Saturday from 10 am to 6 pm and Sundays from 10 am to 7 pm. Closed on Mondays and some holidays. From 6 to 9 th exhibition or entrance to the Cité des enfants, but you have a large choice of possible packages.
  • Information at 01 40 05 70 00 or on www.cite-sciences.fr
  • 7. The Palace of Discovery, ideal from 5 years
  • The originality of the Palais de la découverte, one of the oldest museums dedicated to the sciences of France? Presentations ! A scientist is there, on site, to talk to you about chemistry, math, physics, earth sciences, depending on the subject. With its gigantic anthill, Thousand billion ants is the exhibition that will fascinate until August 24 your children, from 6 years.
  • Franklin-Delano-Roosevelt Avenue, 75008 Paris. Open Tuesday to Saturday from 9:30 am to 6 pm, and Sunday and public holidays from 10 am to 7 pm Closed on Mondays and some holidays.
  • Information at 01 56 43 20 21 or on www.palais-decouverte.fr

In Strasbourg

  • 8. The Ship, ideal from 4 years
  • There is so much to explore at the Ship, that we can go to Strasbourg just for him! Your child will move from one universe to another. At "the building site", he will build a house with large bricks of moss using the pulley ... It will remain in the universe "Animals" to contemplate for hours the giant anthill. Further, it will go to tangle, or rather understand the properties of water: manage its flow with mills, pump, control the flow ... because the goal is to experiment! The Ship always offers exciting exhibitions as currently Mathémanip 'that gives everyone the desire to do math!
  • Tuesday to Sunday, 10 am to 6 pm Be careful, the crates close at 5 pm Adult: 8 th, child: 7 th, free under 3 years old. 3rd after 4:30 pm
  • Information at 03 88 44 65 65 or on levaisseau.com

In Toulouse

  • 9. City of Space, ideal from 6 years
  • Exhibitions, movies, shows, workshops (your little astronaut can build his comet or walk on the moon!), life-size rockets, IMAX 3D movies ... Here you will be passionate about stars, galaxies, planets, the solar system and still life in space ... This is in any case the ambition of this reference site on space in Europe. Its novelty 2014? the observatory! What cause vocations within your family ...
  • Cité de l'Espace, Avenue Jean-Gonord, 31506 Toulouse Cedex 5. Daily from 10 am to 5 pm, 6 pm, 7 pm or 11 pm depending on the season. Adult: 24 th, child from 5 to 15 years old: 21.50 th, free under 5 years old. To know for 5 e more, you have a pass for 2 days of visit! In addition, many family packages are offered at reduced prices.
  • Information at 05 67 22 23 24 or on Cité-espace.com

And also ... in Amboise

  • 10. The castle of Clos-Lucé, ideal from 5 years
  • A castle in "scientific places"? Perfectly, because it was the last home of Leonardo da Vinci, an inventor of genius! On the program of the visit, his drawings, his models and 3D projections of his incredible machines (the helicopter lock ...)! Stroll around the gardens and experience life-sized visionary machines!
  • 2, rue du Clos-Lucé, 37400 Amboise. Every day from 9 am to 7 pm until June, until 8 pm in July and August. Adult: 14th, child: 9th, free under 7, family package: 38th.
  • Information at 02 47 57 62 88 or on www.vinci-closluce.com

Agnes Barboux

@ Child.com

Water birth - is it worth it? How to prepare Ancient Egyptians, Hebrews, Persians, Greeks and Chinese considered immersion in the water one of the oldest healing methods. Water births were known many years ago. In the calm waters off the coast of Australia, women plunged into the ocean, then gave birth to children on the beach. In tropical countries, women have always given birth in rivers and lakes. The first described birth in the water took place in 1805 in France, where after two days of labor, a tired woman entered the water to rest. After immersion and a short stay in water, she gave birth to a healthy child. Water birth has been known for a long time. Once-on the agenda, now - almost unheard of. What are the benefits? Are they so important that more and more women want to give birth in water?

Water birth. The benefits of giving birth to water

Childbirth brings water many benefits for both mother and child.

Women giving birth in water they bear childbirth much better, much less frequently ask for anesthesia, they feel greater satisfaction with childbirth, which usually lasts shorter. In addition, there is almost no crotch incision during labor and the woman giving birth retains much greater freedom of movement. Water relaxes the body, relaxes muscles that no longer support functions. Thanks to this, the production of anxiety hormones decreases, while the production of love hormones endorphins and oxytocin increases, thanks to which the delivery is more efficient and the pain does not bother so much anymore. The relaxing effect of water also affects the relaxation of the muscles of the perineum, which become more susceptible, so that an episiotomy is not needed, and perineal injuries are less common (if present, they are light injuries). Water provides a nascent sense of intimacy and control over the situation. In addition, a woman much easier concentrates on childbirth and excludes herself from the surrounding hospital reality. Hot water also regulates pressure, and also affects the expansion of blood vessels, thereby improving blood supply and blood flow through the vessels (also through the placenta and umbilical cord).

Childbirth is in the water also a boon for a baby. A newborn baby is born into the aquatic environment - the one he knows, without noise and intense light. Dipping a child in water helps minimize the shock he is experiencing. The touch in the water is much more delicate, the water is at the right temperature, and the sound and light are properly damped. In addition, scientific studies show that the average score on the Apgar scale and umbilical cord blood pH (a test performed on each newborn baby, indicating its welfare), was higher in children born in water.

How is delivery to water?

You will most likely be given up before entering the delivery tub basic hospital procedures. First you will be examined and connected to the NST record, which can last about 30 minutes. If the record does not show any irregularities, you will be able to enter the tub with the cervix opening on 5cm. Earlier water immersion can have the opposite effects. Instead of quickly opening the neck and short delivery, water can inhibit labor and reduce uterine contractions. The delivery bath is filled with water at a temperature of 36-37 ° Cthat should reach You to the belly button area. You may be surprised how often and how exactly the water temperature is checked. However, this is very important for the baby who is to be born. The water immersion lasts about 30 min.

Depending on your and your child's condition, this time may be extended or shortened. After 30 minutes in the water, you dress in a warm bathrobe and for another 30 minutes. you are on a delivery bed, usually under the name NST. At this time, the midwife changes the water in the bathtub, examines you and evaluates the progress of delivery. It often turns out that immersion is necessary several times, sometimes 30 minutes in water is enough for a new family member to be born.

When the cervix is ​​10 cm apart, the second phase of delivery occurs, i.e. the period of pressure. During this time you are in the delivery bath and you are giving birth. Immediately after birth, the baby is removed from the water and laid on your stomach. Dad can then cut the umbilical cord. For the third period of delivery, that is, for the time of bearing the placenta, you will move back to the delivery bed, and the further actions of doctors and midwives do not differ from those undertaken after delivery "on land".

Can my child choke?

The child breathes for about 40% of the time of his intrauterine life. About 48 hours before delivery, some hormones inhibit fetal breathing. It is also influenced by the high ambient temperature after childbirth (the water temperature should be around 36-37 ° C). An intact and properly functioning placenta, umbilical cord circulation and warm water temperatures keep the toddler from taking his first breath. Only after rising from the water does the child receive impulses that initiate breathing.

The first inhalation is caused by the cooling of the nasal wings, light, noise, pain, as well as the increase in carbon dioxide partial pressure and reduction of oxygen partial pressure after tightening the umbilical cord. All these factors cause that the first breath of the baby takes place "on land". In addition, to ensure a newborn better adaptation to new conditions, the umbilical cord is cut only on the mother's abdomen, and sometimes even on the delivery bed (during the third delivery period).

Contraindications to delivery in water

Unfortunately, delivery to the "water" can only take mothers, whom the pregnancy was physiological or normal. Water immersion cannot be used in future mothers with cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, severe anemia, vascular diseases, dermatological diseases and infectious diseases (such as HIV, HBV, HCV). Also, many obstetric complications exclude labor in the water, e.g. abnormal fetal position, bleeding, placenta previa, large fetus, threatening fetal asphyxia, malformations or preterm labor.

It should also be remembered that giving birth in water may not take place for other, more prosaic reasons. Few hospitals have a tub for deliveries in water, and some, although they have such equipment, do not have qualified staff who receive such deliveries.

When planning a birth in the water, remember to visit your delivery room and ask if there are births in the water. Many delivery rooms have a bath tub for water delivery, but usually only hospital immersion is carried out in the hospital (immersion in water during the opening period, which relaxes the muscles, relieves pain and accelerates delivery). In this case, you will be transferred to a delivery bed for the second delivery period (i.e. for the duration of childbirth and childbirth).
It is also worth knowing if these deliveries are not paid. Usually the fee for giving birth in water is around PLN 200-500. Many hospitals give birth in water for free. It also happens that in the hospital, delivery to the water is taken by one specific midwife who must be "rented".

Remember, however, not to focus only on giving birth to the water. Every delivery is different and even if your pregnancy was in a book, it may happen that birthing complications at the last minute will exclude the delivery to water.

Name Jaime - Meaning and origin

Name Jaime - Meaning and origin

Origin of first name:

Spanish, Hebrew, Portuguese

Meaning of the name:

In Spanish and Portuguese, the name Jaime is derived from Jacob, James, Jamie or Jacques. In the Hebrew language, this first name means "to supplant" or "to protect".

Celebrities:

Jaime Alguersuari, car driver of Spanish origin, Jaime Zapata, Ecuadorian painter, Jaime Mirtenbaum Zenamon, Bolivian composer and guitarist, Jaime Rosales, director, screenwriter and film producer of Spanish origin, Jaime Roldós Aguilera, former president of Ecuador .
The Jaime are celebrated on the same day as Saint James of Zebedee. Saint James, James of Zebedee or James the Greater was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus and the brother of John of Zebedee. In the Christian faith he is the author of the Epistle of the same name.

His character :

Jaime is a human and selfless boy with a strong personality. He is also very sensitive and shows great intuition. His great sensitivity and his intuitiveness push Jaime to indulge in reverie. He is an adorable and endearing boy who loves to protect his family and his entourage.

Derivatives:

Jacob, James, Jamie, Jacques and Jimmy.

His party :

The Jaime are celebrated on July 25th.

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Home remedies for coughing, which will bring relief to your child

Home remedies for coughing, which will bring relief to your child Coughing is most often a symptom of flu and colds, and it is particularly troublesome for young children. Parents face a real challenge - they need to recognize the type of cough, assess the child's health in terms of whether it does not require a visit to the doctor, and use safe means and home methods that are supposed to bring relief to the child. How to recognize and how to treat cough in children?

Cough indicates a disruption of the respiratory system, which may be the result of inflammation, allergies or irritation of the upper respiratory tract mucosa. Less often cough occurs in the case of inflammation of the lower respiratory tract, i.e. bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli. Regardless of its cause, the appearance of a cough in a child should alert parents, who from now on should watch him closely, and with increasing cough - immediately see a doctor.

Recognize the type of cough in a child

There are different types of cough, and diagnosis is important when choosing the right medicine. Anxiety should be caused by the so-called barking cough, which is associated with laryngitis, and chronic cough - in children under 15 years of age, chronic cough is considered to occur every day for more than three weeks.

It occurs at the beginning of the infection dry cough in a childwhich is caused by throat scratching. Then the cough reflex appears because the body wants to get rid of discomfort. It is not always a symptom of a cold because it can signal allergy or asthma (anxiety should be caused by coughing at night) and even heart failure caused by taking certain medications. On the other hand, a wet cough appears with already developed infection and is manifested in the fact that the upper respiratory tract is covered with mucous discharge, which may make it difficult to swallow and talk, and your child may also complain of heaviness in the chest.

How to recognize a child's cough:

  • Wet cough is called a productive cough, because its job is to cough up secretion that is sticky, thick, yellow or white in color. It is helpful in the fight against infection, because together with the secretions, the germs that caused the disease are excreted. Importantly, the cough reflex should not be suppressed, because it can increase the duration of treatment, therefore mucolytics are used that thin the secretion and facilitate its removal.
  • Dry cough it is devoid of secretions, but it is accompanied by a feeling of irritation in the trachea, comparable to tickling with a feather. As a result, there are choking attacks of coughing or constant coughing. A dry cough which is a symptom of infection usually after a maximum of 3 days spontaneously turns into a wet cough, and syrups are used in the treatment to accelerate the appearance of secretions.

As already mentioned, recognizing the type of cough is important for matching the right drugs. For wet cough, drugs are used to facilitate expectoration with acetylcysteine, which are to liquefy and thin the secretions in the respiratory tract, so that the child will not have a problem with expectoration. A way to dry cough is the administration of a non-opioid cough medicine, for example with a substance called butamirati citras, which is used for exhausting coughs of various origins, and its role is to suppress the cough reflex - which is why it is often used before major surgery. We find it in Supremin syrup, which is suitable for children from 2 years of age.

Homemade ways to cough

Homemade ways to cough come down to reaching for the ingredients that our grandmothers have already used. Admittedly, not all of them are confirmed by doctors, but experts agree that these natural substances will certainly not harm, and if they are to help, nothing prevents them from being used in children. These include teas, herbal infusions, raspberry juice and onion syrup.

The situation changes with honey that has been tested and has been shown to reduce the effects of coughing. Buckwheat, eucalyptus, citrus and placebo honey were given to children during the tests. The results clearly show that honey given 30 minutes before going to bed helps with upper respiratory tract infections and also alleviates night cough. In addition, honey has been shown to have antibacterial and antioxidant properties, moisturize mucous membranes and thus facilitate expectoration. However, remember that honey should not be given to infants, and relief can be especially useful in the case of dry cough.

Another way to deal with attacks dry cough in children are inhalations. In this way, we moisten irritated mucous membranes, thanks to which persistent burning and sore throat can disappear. It is worth using inhalation of a dry cough with essential oils, savory oil, which inhibits the growth of some bacteria, and in the case of wet cough - thyme oil with expectorant effect, works great here.

Check out other home remedies for different types of cough: //conakaszel.pl/domowe-sposoby-na-kaszel/.

What about chronic cough?

If the child's cough is chronic, it occurs continuously for more than eight weeks, diagnosis and appropriate treatment become necessary. Statistics show that up to 12% of the total population suffers from this type of cough and affects both wet and dry cough. Most often it is a symptom of asthma, allergies and gastroesophageal reflux. In practice, however, it often happens that chronic cough is one of the symptoms of a serious illness, so medical advice is needed.

Learn more about chronic cough: //conakaszel.pl/przewlekly-kaszel/

Symptom relief works to eliminate factors that can exacerbate the problem. It is commonly believed that such a factor is cigarette smoke, so it is worth not smoking near the child, and also make sure that he is often in the fresh and clean air. The so-called air purifier may be helpful, i.e. a device that filters the air and removes smog, dust, allergens and volatile organic compounds from it.

Attention! The above advice is only a suggestion and cannot replace a visit to a specialist. Remember that in case of health problems, it is imperative to consult a doctor!

Ringworm: symptoms and forms of infection

Ringworm: symptoms and forms of infection

Ringworm is a common skin disorder that especially affects children, although it can occur in people of any age as it is highly contagious. This term encompasses different skin infections caused by fungi such as athlete's foot, which affects the foot and is usually transmitted in humid areas such as swimming pools, jock itch, which appears in the groin area, and ringworm of the body, which affects to the arms, legs, chest and scalp.

Ringworm in its various forms is caused by several types of mold-like fungi called dermatophytes that live in dead tissue on the skin, hair, and nails. Ringworm occurs when a particular type of fungus grows and multiplies anywhere on the skin, scalp, or nails.

This disease can be spread from person to person through direct contact with the skin or with contaminated objects such as combs, unwashed clothing, and surfaces in showers and swimming pools. Ringworm can also be acquired by contact with pets that carry the fungus, such as dogs and cats, although the latter are the most common carriers. The fungi that cause ringworm multiply easily in warm, humid areas. The risk of ringworm increases with prolonged humidity of the skin, for example, in the case of sweaty feet and armpits, and minor injuries to the skin, scalp and nails.

Ringworm usually affects the skin, but also the scalp and nails.

1. On the skin. An itchy, circular skin rash with red, raised, scaly patches may appear. These patches can evolve to form blisters that, at times, come to ooze. These patches often have very sharp edges and are often redder around the outside with a normal skin tone in the center, which can lead to a ring-like appearance. Also, the skin may have an unusual light or dark appearance. Specifically, when ringworm affects the foot, it is called 'athlete's foot'. In these cases, the patches come out between the toes and often peel off.

2. On the scalp. When the patches appear on the head, they appear bald because in the place where the patches appear, hair is lost. It can start with a pimple, similar to a pimple, and end up spreading over a larger area resulting in clumpy hair loss. The area may become painful and tender to the touch.

3. In the nails. They become discolored, white or yellowish, thick and even split. It can affect one or all nails on the hands or feet.

Marisol New. Editor of our site

You can read more articles similar to Ringworm: symptoms and forms of infection, in the category of child hygiene on site.

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Your 33-month-old: Understanding numbers

Your 2-year-old now

"One, two, three!" An ability to count begins as your child heads toward 3, at least in a primitive way. First a child is able to identify when there is one, and more than one (though not whether it's two or six). By age 2, a child can count to two ("one, two"), and by 3, he can count to three, but if he can make it all the way up to 10, he's probably reciting from rote memory. Kids this age don't yet actually understand, and can't identify, the quantities they're naming.

The best way to set your child up for later math skills is not to coach him in counting and adding but to weave numerical references into his day. Reading lots of books helps develop pre-reading, the understanding that certain symbols on the page stand for something else. (Identifying the golden arches that form an "M" on a hamburger restaurant as "McDonald's" is an example of pre-reading.) Count steps when you walk or blocks as you play. Provide puzzles whose pieces are in different shapes (circle, square, triangle); identifying these shapes is another kind of pre-reading.

Your life now

Of course you love your little one more than ever — so what's up when she shuns your hugs and kisses? Sometimes very active preschoolers simply don't like to sit still, not even for cuddles, unless they're very tired. For others, spurning a snuggle is a way of separating. Think of it as another version of "You're not the boss of me!" Don't feel rejected — and don't force the matter. When your tot needs comforting, she'll still come running to you. Meantime you can also go running to her in a silly kiss-resister "chase" game that ends in a loving bear hug.

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