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The trophoblast biopsy

The trophoblast biopsy

This examination is increasingly used instead of amniocentesis to look for a trisomy 21. This is a sample on the future placenta. What is it exactly? How is the trophoblast biopsy? Let's go into the service of Professor Jean-François Oury at Robert Debré Hospital in Paris.

Production : Julie Ledru
Montage: Julie Ledru
Production : Christine Cointe

Recovery gymnastics for facial neuritis in children

Recovery gymnastics for facial neuritis in children

Natural (vaginal) birth and birth stages

Natural (vaginal) birth and birth stages

Why frustration is good for kids

Homeopathy brings many answers to the various problems from the beginning to the end of pregnancy. She also proposes treatments to prepare you physically and to accompany you for the delivery. The explanations of Dr. Christelle Charvet, homoeopathic gynecologist.

Why use homeopathy before giving birth?

  • Homeopathy can not be considered as a preparation for birth strictly speaking as those provided by midwives (yoga, sophrology, De Gasquet ...) and are essential especially if it is your first delivery.
  • Nevertheless, no preparation at birth can provide the assurance of an easy and fast delivery. And homeopathy does not claim to avoid a difficult and long delivery.
  • However, the prescription of certain homeopathic treatments, to the extent that there is no particular risk of pregnancy and childbirth, prepares the body to gather the maximum of favorable conditions for a physiological birth.

Homeopathy: a real support for your delivery

  • If the best preparation for the birth rests on the fact to have confidence, it is not obvious especially if it is about your first birth and that you dread this deadline until losing sleep!
  • If you suffer from an anticipation jitters, do not sleep because you dread your delivery and / or do not go to bed for fear of not falling asleep: Gelsemium 15 CH, 5 granules at night.
  • For prepare and soften your collar of the uterus while easing your anxiety about approaching delivery: Actea racemosa 9 CH, 5 granules a day, starting 3 weeks before the date of the term.
  • The last 15 days you can add to this treatment, especially if you have any small contractions daily: Caulophyllum 9 CH, 5 granules a day.
  • The day of deliveryif you suffer from painful and ineffective contractions, called false work: Caulophyllum 5 CH, 5 granules every quarter of an hour. One study demonstrated the effectiveness of this medication taken every quarter hour for two hours during delivery. It accelerated the beginning of dilation for women who were in real work. On the contrary, it allowed to stop the contractions in those for which the moment had not yet come to give birth.

Frédérique Odasso

Micronutrients are essential nutrients in pregnancy and it is important to be part of the healthy and balanced lifestyle that every pregnant woman must adopt in the nine months she is carrying the baby in her womb. The pregnancy period is filled with a lot of needs and requirements, micronutrients being one of them. Here's what you need to know about them and what micronutrients are not allowed to be missing from your body while you're pregnant!

Macro and micronutrients

The principle of any healthy organism, and especially of a healthy pregnancy, is a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients. The nutrients that reach the body, through nutrition and not only, are divided into two categories: macro and micronutrients.

Macronutrients are actually the calories or substances that provide the body with caloric value (carbohydrates, proteins, fats). They are also called "macro" because they are consumed in large quantities daily.

On the other hand, micronutrients are those substances that the body needs in small quantities to function normally every day (vitamins and minerals).

The role of micronutrients in pregnancy

Vitamins and minerals, ie micronutrients, play an extremely important role in the evolution of a normal pregnancy, without complications and for the birth of a healthy and powerful baby. Micronutrients help the healthy growth and development of the fetus in the womb and protect it from a lot of serious birth defects.

Providing sufficient intake of micronutrients in the body also contributes to reducing the severity of morning sickness in the first trimester of pregnancy, but also to preventing anemia, a condition that can lead to complications during pregnancy.

Nutritional deficiencies are dangerous for both your health and the growth and development of the fetus. It has been shown that deficiency of micronutrients in the body of a pregnant woman can lead to extremely serious adverse effects:

  • risk of intrauterine fetal death;
  • intrauterine growth retardation, which results in premature birth and low birth weight of the baby;
  • congenital anomalies and birth defects;
  • predisposition of the child to chronic diseases when he reaches maturity, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, heart disease.

Types of micronutrients essential for pregnancy

The daily dose of micronutrients in pregnancy differs from that recommended in a normal period. Nutrition requirements are higher during this period, which is why you cannot provide the daily requirement of micronutrients only from nutrition. During pregnancy you will be advised to take prenatal vitamins specially designed to provide you with all the nutrients your body needs.

Folic acid and iron are two of the most important micronutrients during pregnancy. Each of them has an essential role in the growth and development of the fetus and in the prevention of extremely serious conditions that may occur during the intrauterine development period. This vitamin is essential for reducing the risk of congenital malformations in the fetus, especially neural tube defects.

It is recommended that this micronutrient be administered from the preconception period, so that its properties remain active and efficient during pregnancy.

Iron is one of the most important minerals in pregnancy. It contributes to the production of hemoglobin, which has the role of transporting oxygen to cells. In pregnancy, iron needs increase over a normal period, and if insufficient reserves of this micronutrient are not ensured, anemia occurs.

If this condition occurs during the first 2 trimesters of pregnancy, there is the risk of preterm birth. In addition, severe iron deficiency may predispose the child to anemia in late childhood. And calcium is an essential micronutrient in pregnancy. It contributes not only to the formation of the child's bone and nervous system, but also to the strengthening of your bones, helping you to successfully support the pregnancy until the end.

Remember, however, that vitamin D is needed for proper calcium fixation in the body. And as vitamin D is obtained in very small quantities from foods, it is important that it be integrated among the micronutrients existing in the prenatal vitamins you take.

Each micronutrient should be administered at a certain dose, daily, to meet the nutritional requirements of the body. The recommended daily dose of these is slightly higher than usual when you are pregnant. This is because the body divides the nutrients between your body and the fetus.

Here are the recommended daily doses of the most important micronutrients in pregnancy:

  • folic acid - 600 mcg / day;
  • vitamin C- 85 mg / day;
  • vitamin D - 15 mcg / day;
  • vitamins E - 15 mg / day;
  • calcium - 1300 mg / day;
  • iron - 27 mg / day;
  • magnesium - 400 mg / day;
  • zinc - 12 mg / day.

The intake of these amounts of micronutrients in pregnancy is provided on one side by nutrition, and on the other, by prenatal vitamin supplements that you must take throughout the nine months. It is important to seek medical advice when it comes to choosing and administering prenatal vitamins during this period.

Even if they are released without a prescription, it is not advisable to buy them "by ear" or to follow the example of other pregnant women who have taken them. There is a risk of adding more nutrients into the system than you need. Vitamin abuse can have unpleasant side effects.

Each pregnancy has unique nutritional needs, and based on the results of the analysis and diet you have, your doctor will prescribe supplements that best fit your needs.

The benefits of micronutrients

Micronutrients before 1-3 months of conception

- decrease the probability of neural tube defects (malformations of the brain or spinal cord in the baby) and other abnormalities of the fetus development (urinary tract defects, cardiovascular defects, limb defects);

- prepare the body for the increased needs of vitamins and minerals during pregnancy.

Micronutrients during pregnancy

- reduce the nausea sensation from the first trimester of pregnancy;

- helps the healthy development and growth of the fetus;

- completes the necessary vitamins and minerals;

- prevent anemia due to deficiencies of folic acid and iron.

Micronutrients during breastfeeding

- offers the necessary intake of vitamins and minerals for the healthy development of the child; daily mother loses iron, vitamin A, C, nicotinamide, vitamin B6;

- helps to fill the calcium requirement that decreases during pregnancy and lactation.

Did you know how important micronutrients are in pregnancy? Have you taken prenatal vitamins during pregnancy? How were you recommended? Share your opinions and tips in the comment section below!

Tags Pregnancy vitamins Prenatal vitamins Pregnancy vitamins Prenatal vitamins Pregnancy nutrition

The value of humility in children

Definitely, humility It is one of the essential values ​​in the education of children. Being humble means feeling respect for others, not underestimating anyone, not considering yourself superior and above all, having a permanent learning attitude.

The main way to teach children to be humble is explaining with examples and real situations the meaning of this very abstract word, and of course, setting an example. Parents play a very important role in this regard.

If you talk to a child of humility, the most normal thing is that they do not understand it. The word humility, which comes from Latin, means 'to recognize one's own limitations'. That is to say, to recognize the errors and weaknesses.

For a child to understand the meaning of humility, parents can take advantage of real and everyday situations:

- Take advantage if your child plays as a team to explain that you don't always win and that accepting defeat and congratulating the victor is humility.

- Teach your child to win, without ridiculing or laughing at those who lose. And explain that that is humility.

- Grandparents are fantastic transmitters of values ​​such as humility. Teach your child to respect older people and to listen to them. And tell them that that is also humility.

- If your child gets angry for getting bad grades and thinks that his teacher has a 'mania' for him, teach him to accept suspense and to try harder. And explain that that is also humility.

- When your child sees small animals such as butterflies or insects, explain that none of them are less important than the largest. Teach him to respect them and he will understand that that is also humility.

- Asking for forgiveness is not an easy task. However, it is an act of reflection and necessary repentance. Teach your child that it is very important to ask for forgiveness to make amends for an action. If at any time he hit his friend. If you said something ugly. If he got into a fight with his brother. Explain that he must ask for forgiveness. And that this is also humility.

Because humility is accepting that one of you can fall and always have to get up. It is learning to lose and also to win. It is respecting those who have more experience and being tolerant of differences. It is having an open mind and being willing to learn throughout life.

Humility just the opposite of arrogance. A humble child will grow up with values ​​such as respect, tolerance, empathy or solidarity. You will have an easier time learning and will certainly have fewer problems in your social relationships. Humility is not the same as submission. A humble child knows when to listen and when to speak. A submissive child will be afraid to speak.

Great thinkers have written, and a lot, about humility. Here are some of the most famous phrases about this important value in the education of children:

1. 'Humility is the antechamber of all perfections' (Marcel Aymé)

2. 'Humility consists in keeping our virtues silent and letting others discover them' (Mother Teresa of Calcutta)

3. 'Pride divides men, humility unites them' (Socrates)

4. 'The greater we are in humility, the closer we are to greatness' (R.Tagore)

5. 'Humility saves man, pride loses him. The key is in the heart: that of the humble is open and knows how to repent; the proud one is arrogant and closed '(Pope Francis).

You can read more articles similar to The value of humility in children, in the Securities category on site.

Christian Humility. What it Means to be Humble




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