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Prepare your child for school: tips for parents

Prepare your child for school: tips for parents

Your child has already turned 6 years old, the legal age to be enrolled in the preparatory class. The former teacher assured you before the summer vacation that the little boy is ready, body and soul, to go to school for the first time. But you have some fears, of course, but you are a mother and you wish all the best for your child!

How do you know for sure if your baby is ready to "embark" on a 13 year long journey? Find out who they are the skills needed for the child, to cope with the buzz of the school preparatory year!

The level of psychosomatic development, essential in decision making

Some parents are proud of their little ones, who learn to write, read and count since kindergarten. The level of knowledge accumulated is not a criterion, however, when it comes to enrolling the child in the primary school cycle.

The specialists have put in place some tests through which the skills of the child under 6 are checked, in order to establish their level of psychosomatic development. Depending on the results of these tests, you can tell if your child is emotionally and mentally prepared for school or if he or she needs a year of kindergarten.

Skills that the child must have

Here's what behavioral skills a preschooler must learn, before going to the preparatory class!

Be careful

Kindergarten children tend to get bored very quickly and become impatient. A child prepared for school has the ability to be attentive to the explanations of a teacher for a longer period of time.

Have the ability to alternate roles and situations

The child prepared for school must be able to work in a team and share teaching materials. He must know when to respond and when to be good at his place. In general, all children who go to kindergarten have the chance to develop this skill, interacting with the other children in his group.

To recognize an authority figure

The term "authority figure" refers not only to the teacher, but also to other adults with whom a child comes into contact. For example, the parent of another child with whom your little boy is used to playing in the park and explaining to both of them how to stay away from getting hit.

Therefore, the right age for school is the age at which a child is able to recognize a learning situation. He will pay attention to the explanations offered by an adult - other than the educator or parent - and will remember what is right to do and what behaviors to avoid.

Have self-control

It is quite difficult to learn a 6-year-old child to control himself in certain situations, but not impossible. A good learning method is role play, whereby the child realizes that each child has the right to their own personal space.

At the same time, you must explain to your child to comply when another child says "NO", not to push or hit him. And reflex gestures can be controlled to a certain extent, to comply with social norms.

For example, the child must know that it is not nice to always beg in public and that he is civilized to apologize when he does so without his will.

Be able to interact with and accommodate new people

If the little one had trouble staying in kindergarten, this does not necessarily mean he will refuse to go to school. You can test your child's ability to become comfortable with a new environment by enrolling him or her in different children's workshops or at different courses.

Be independent

If the little one is already able to perform small, easy tasks, you shouldn't have too much trouble getting out of school. A child who dresses, undresses and washes alone at six is ​​considered fit for the primary cycle.

The first steps in achieving independence took him to kindergarten, when the educator encouraged him to pick up his toys alone and go alone to the bathroom.

Keep giving your child credit and let him be independent. When you go to buy school supplies and clothes, ask him to choose the things he likes. Encourage him to make his own bag, not you.

In the class he will not have you near him and he will have to deal with himself. In addition, the teacher will have another 30 children to watch and will not be able to keep an eye on everyone at the same time.

How to test the emotional and social maturity of the school-age child?

The key elements of development and maturity are the emotional level and social skills, say experts in child psychology. They have made a list of 10 questions that any parent can try to answer. The list is based on the principles of writing psychological tests.

- Can the child make an independent decision and follow it to the end?

- Does he have his own ideas?

- Can he follow at least two instructions at the same time?

- Is it able to easily move on to a new activity?

- Is it easily separated from the caretaker / educator?

- Show interest for other children?

- Do you interact with other children with pleasure?

- Is he able to recognize and express his own feelings and needs?

- Can you easily focus on a task?

- Does he have the ability to control his frustration?

How can you help your child get ready for school?

There are a lot of activities that parents can carry out with their children and which have a positive effect on their emotional and social development. Here are some of them!

- Read with your child.

- Teach him a song or a poem.

- Play with numbers and letters.

- Take him on trips.

- Always give him the opportunity to play with his friends and other children.

What can you expect in the first year of school

Teachers and experts in child psychology argue that setting up the preparatory class is beneficial, as it helps the child to move more easily through the transition from kindergarten to primary school. In addition, it offers him the opportunity to adapt gradually with the educational system.

The zero class is structured so that the students do not feel overwhelmed by the school requirements. The number of hours is reduced, adapted to the level of concentration and endurance of the child aged 6 years.

In the preparatory class neither grades nor qualifications are given. The graduation of the first year of school is based on a report, prepared by the teacher at the end of the school year, mentioning the level of physical and mental development of each student.

The courses of the preparatory class are compulsory and include seven disciplines from six different curricular areas:

- Communication in Romanian

- Communication in a foreign language

- Mathematics and environmental exploration

- Music and movement

- Physical Education

- Visual arts and practical skills

- Personal Development

Tips to help your child adapt more easily to the school environment

Talk openly with the little one

Make sure the little one feels comfortable at school. Preparatory class is a challenge even for the emotionally mature child. New situations always arise and the child can sometimes feel lost.

Encourage him to share his feelings and emotions. Make sure he feels normal and that he is not ashamed if he has not succeeded in a new situation. Encourage him to ask questions or ask for help, whenever he is not sure about it.

Motivate him and encourage him constantly

Help him with homework, repeating with him the notions taught. Encourage him to always adopt an open attitude and not be afraid to go to school.

Make a close connection with the teacher

Be regularly interested in your child's school progress. The teacher can tell you which subjects excel or which disciplines he needs to work more at home.

It creates a warm and cheerful atmosphere in the house

When you walk out the door in the morning to go to school, your child must be cheerful. It is your duty to print this positive state of mind, maintaining a pleasant atmosphere at home and smiling when you wake up.

Let him take home with him to school

A toy taken from home will help the little one to feel connected to the family environment, giving them a sense of protection. As he gets used to the atmosphere in the school, he will give up his lucky "talisman" alone.

How do you prepare your child for school? What useful tips can you offer to other moms? Write us your opinion in the comments section below!

On the same topic:

12 helpful tips for having a good school year!

10 ways to make your child love school

How to develop the reading ability of the child: 10 tips that do not fail

How do you prepare your child for the first year of school?

Tags Preparation school for children School for children

Estrogen is the hormone that has the most influence on your emotional health. He is associated with mood disorders that occur exclusively in women - postpartum depression, premenstrual syndrome -, but also with others such as depression or anxiety.
Starting with puberty, your ovaries begin to release estrogen in varying amounts depending on the phases of your menstrual cycle. At ovulation, its level increases sharply, causing the release of an egg. Immediately thereafter, the estrogen level in the body drops sharply, and the rest of the month oscillates between slight increases and decreases.
Therefore, normal estrogen values ​​vary over a month. Sometimes they can be extremely high, sometimes they can drop sharply, so testing it is often not relevant for predicting women's emotional states.

How does estrogen influence emotional health?

Estrogen acts throughout the body, but especially in the parts of the brain that control emotions, as follows:

  • increases the secretion of serotonin and the number of serotonin receptors in the brain;
  • modifies the production and effects of endorphins in the brain - the "well-being" hormones;
  • protects against nerve damage and stimulates nerve growth and development.

The way in which all these changes affect and affect the woman cannot be fully predicted. The specialists only claim that women are more emotionally vulnerable in certain phases of their menstrual cycle and that hormonal changes and storms in the years when you are fertile can impact their states.


What are the emotional states influenced by estrogen?

Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome

One of the emotional problems raised by the action of estrogen in your body is premenstrual syndrome. Over 90% of women suffer from this problem monthly. Hormonal changes around ovulation attract a number of quite uncomfortable hormonal manifestations - sadness, depression, anger, irritability, anxiety or social isolation.

Emotional instability

The shift from laughter to crying, from joy to anger and other sudden mood swings are accounted for by emotional instability. You do not have to suffer from any psychological disorder to have such manifestations. Sometimes, hormonal storms in the body cause these conditions.
The main role of estrogen is to ensure the emotional stability of women. When its levels, together with those of progesterone, vary and undergo significant changes, you may experience sudden mood swings and even depression. These can affect the quality of your life.

Symptoms of postpartum depression

The feelings of baby blues after birth are somewhat normal and are caused by the hormonal changes of this period. It seems that the sharp decrease in estrogen level is responsible for the appearance of feelings of sadness, apathy, anxiety, irritability, etc. The symptoms of postnatal depression are treated like other types of depression, plus estrogen therapy.

Emotional state at perimenopause / postmenopausal

In the period of perimenopause (several months before menopause), estrogen levels in the body are chaotic and unstable. On the other hand, at menopause its levels decrease very much. Both periods give rise to disturbing emotional symptoms. These can be balanced with various estrogen therapies.

Tags Depression women Women hormonal changes Postpartum depression Premenstrual syndrome

Pregnancy and pets

Pregnancy and pets is a topic long debated by animal lovers. If you are in the category of pregnant women who have a pet and do not know how to proceed, read the rows below with tips to consider.

Pregnancy and dogs

In principle, dogs do not present a risk for pregnancy. The main reason for concern is that a large dog might jump at you and hit you in the abdomen when lying on the bed or in the chair. The chances of an accident due to the dog occurring are small, but if you have a large dog that has a habit of jumping on you, it's good to try to stop him from doing so.

A greater cause for concern is the reaction of the dog to the newborn. Young children are frequently victims of dog bites. There are several preventive methods by which you can prepare your dog for baby's arrival:

• If you are going to bring your new born baby home for the first time and you have a dog, remember that you must prepare it in advance for the baby's arrival. Allow the puppy to enter the baby's room before the baby comes home. Your pet must smell the toys and objects that will belong to the baby.

• Before you get home with the baby, ask someone to bring a baby blanket from the hospital home and put it in the baby's future room. This will help your dog get used to the smell of the little one.

• When you bring the baby home let someone else take it in their arms. Because you missed a few days to give birth, the dog, a very protective animal with the owners, must see that you are okay.

• When you think the animal is ready, make it known to your baby, but with great care and under close supervision.

Pregnancy and cats

Transmission of an infection called toxoplasmosis is the first concern when it comes to cats and the health of the pregnant woman. Transmission of toxoplasmosis occurs through contact with the feces of a cat. Cats that are used to staying out are more prone to toxoplasmosis than those who are alone in the house.

If a woman is immune to toxoplasmosis before pregnancy, then the baby is safe. The chances of a woman being immune to toxoplasmosis increase in proportion to the time she has the cat.

When a woman is infected between weeks 10-24, the risk of a baby having major problems at birth is 5-6%. Effects on the baby include: preterm birth, low birth weight, fever, retinal abnormalities, mental retardation, abnormal head size or seizures.

During the third trimester of pregnancy the fetus has a high risk of becoming infected, but the risk of toxoplasmosis causing health problems in the fetus is lower because he is already quite

Exposure to feces of cats is done mainly in the yard or when changing the sand. It is recommended that a pregnant woman does not change the sand because the infection can also occur from dust.

Tips for cat owners:

• If you have a cat and you plan to become pregnant, test your immunity to toxoplasmosis through a blood test.

• If you look after the garden, wear gloves all the time

• Don't change the cat's sand, let someone else do it

If you have been infected with toxoplasmosis during pregnancy, there is an antibiotic that reduces the risk of infecting the baby.

Pregnancy and other animals

Reptiles of all kinds can be interesting pets, but they pose a risk to your pregnancy. Exposure to reptile feces can lead to the transmission of the salmonella bacterium which can endanger your pregnancy. Avoid exposure of any kind to reptile faeces by letting someone clean their cage.

Birds are also fun animals for pets. If your bird is healthy, everything should be fine for you and your baby. Birds can transmit certain infections to humans, so before you get pregnant it is best to have a full medical examination.

Tags Pets

Learning to read fluently is a process that can take several years to complete. Children progress through four stages on the road to reading: pre-reader, beginning reader, intermediate reader, and advanced reader. While most kids learn to read between kindergarten and 2nd grade, there’s no set timetable. Some children develop the skill faster or slower than others. In this article, you'll learn more about the four reading stages and how your child will learn to unlock the meaning of letters and words to understand what's written on the page and screen.

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Learning to read is a process that can take years, and although each child learns at his own pace, most progress through four basic reading stages. Review the following descriptions to find out which stage of reading your child is in and how to help your child strengthen reading skills at each step along the way.

Signs of a Pre-Reader: Ages 2 to 4

Your child is probably a pre-reader (also called a pre-emergent reader) if he does most of the following:

  • Plays with books as toys but doesn't yet understand that they contain stories
  • Has been exposed to books and enjoys hearing them, but doesn't yet comprehend that the pages contain words that correspond to a story
  • Is attracted to the bright colors and illustrations found in books, but doesn't understand that the pictures depict a story
  • Can't identify any words or letters on the pages, though may seem interested in learning the names of letters
  • Pretends to write with a pencil or pen
  • Enjoys looking through books and magazines on his own

Most preschoolers are in the pre-reading stage.

How to help: Share books and more books with your child. Best bets are those that feature rhyming and word patterns, vivid illustrations, and stories you loved as a child. For more suggestions on what to read, see BabyCenter's advice on choosing books for your pre-reader.

Signs of a Beginning Reader: Ages 4 to 6

Your child is probably a beginning reader (also known as an emerging reader) if she does most of the following:

  • Needs pictures on each page to help tell the story
  • Can name the letters in the alphabet and knows many of the letter sounds
  • Memorizes books and tries to read them again and again
  • Reads aloud unexpressively and doesn't stop for punctuation
  • Comes across an unknown word and is able to sound out the beginning, but then makes up the rest or skips over it

Many kindergartners can be at this level of reading, with one of their key skills being the ability to distinguish between the sounds letters make. Having this "ear" for letters will help kids accelerate their path to reading.

How to help: Reading along with your preschooler can be a huge boost to their reading progress. Talking to your child about the pictures, pointing to words as you read them, and reading everywhere you go (road signs, store signs, etc.) are just a few of the ways to help your beginning reader move to the next level.

Signs of an Intermediate Reader: Ages 6 to 8

Your child is probably an intermediate reader (also known as a developing reader) if he does most of the following:

  • Reads smoothly most of the time with few mistakes, but sometimes stops to sound out words
  • Uses pictures as well as context clues from the rest of the sentence to figure out the meaning of a story
  • Comes across an unknown word, sounds it out, and can usually figure out the meaning based on context
  • Can answer simple questions about the story
  • Reads aloud expressively sometimes and pauses for most punctuation
  • Enjoys new books, reading easier ones independently and more difficult ones with the help of an older child or adult

By the time many children enter 1st grade (usually between 6 and 7 years old), they're able to "decode" what they see on the page. Children in the intermediate stage of reading can pair letters with sounds and match up spoken words with their written counterparts.

How to help: At this stage, the most important thing you can do is give your budding reader freedom to blossom. Allow your child to pick out their own books, read on their own, and read no anywhere they want (within reason). Children in the intermediate reading stage need as much independent reading practice as they can get. The best way to encourage more reading is to let them read whatever they want so they enjoy it. Above all, skip making reading an "assignment." For more advice on how to unleash your child's inner bookworm, see tips on helping your intermediate reader become a fluent reader.

Signs of an Advanced Reader: Age 8 and up

Your child is probably an advanced reader (also known as a fluent reader) if she does most of the following:

  • Reads smoothly with few, if any, breaks
  • Reads chapter books and can fully comprehend most or all of the story
  • Enjoys books without pictures
  • Looks up an unknown word, or asks the meaning of the word and usually remembers it the next time she sees the word
  • Can answer questions about the material and share feelings and thoughts about the story
  • Reads aloud expressively throughout, with a full understanding of punctuation and rhythm
  • Reads chapter books and shows interest in longer, more detailed stories

Many children hit their reading stride during the 2nd grade. At this point, they no longer have to carefully sound out each word. Reading becomes more automatic and they can shift their energy to enjoying the meaning of what they're reading.

How to help: Playing to your child's learning style and sparking their creativity can help cement advanced reading skills. For physical learners, create a family newspaper or make your own bookmarks. For auditory learners, seek out story time online and off or have them read to someone (sharing a book with the grandparents or even a beloved pet can work out well). And for visual learners, create a photo scrapbook and write captions describing what is happening in the photos to reinforce associations between imagery and story. Get more tips on helping an advanced reader.


Is your child ready for reading? The HOMER app will create a personalized learn-to-read plan based on your child's skill level and interests. It's a fun, interactive reading program developed by literacy experts. our site parents get the first month free (and, depending on the program you choose, up to 4 months free).

Riddle: It comes and goes

Guess riddle

The eraser

Come and go
and what was before ...
It's gone!

Guess, guess ... Riddles for kids are a great way to stimulate intelligence, logic and creativity in your little ones. Also, this children's game provides a wonderful opportunity to spend time with the family.

For this reason, at GuiaInfantil we have created a fun application to play riddles as a family, with thousands of riddles to stimulate children in their learning and help them learn vocabulary with a fun game.

You can search children's riddles from different categories, pick a random puzzle, get clues, and enjoy an afternoon of family leisure, in the company of our mascot Ragged. Go ahead and try your luck!

The spy game

Children all sitting in a circle or around a table, you launch by mimicking a false glasses with your fingers ...

The children all sitting in a circle or around a table, you launch by miming a false telescope with your fingers "I notice in my little eye something green and soft (the cushion), in wood that serves to sit ( stool), cool when it runs down the throat (orange juice) ", etc.

The child who has guessed the object can describe one in turn.

Council + : for the little ones, expand the description: at 3 years old, it is difficult to recognize the colors! If the small group is approaching 6, try the game in its original version: "I notice in my little eye something starting with the letter C". Chocolate ? Yum !


What instead of baby washing lotion? Natural and safe methods You don't have to buy ready-made baby lotions. Even if your baby is suffering from skin changes, there are other options. Mother Nature brings a whole bunch of suggestions. See what you can use to get your bath ready and what effects you can count on.

Why is this so important?

According to the latest recommendations there is no need to wash children immediately after delivery, fetal ointment has an important moisturizing and protective function, babies and toddlers are best washed 2-3 times a week to avoid excessive drying of the skin. It is worth reaching for natural cosmetics created for children, avoiding irritating substances. Unfortunately, many of the brand-name products contain paraffin oils and Sodium Laureth / Lauryl Sulphate, which may irritate the baby's delicate skin.

The safest way is to use ingredients of natural origin (listed below). This is very important because the baby's skin is:

  • four times thinner than adult skin,
  • sebaceous and sweat glands do not work well enough.

Only the skin of an infant and young child around 3 years old becomes more similar to the skin of an adult and more resistant to the negative effects of external factors.

Coconut oil instead of baby wash emulsion

Bathing in water with the addition of coconut oil is especially recommended for babies dry and sensitive skin. Works in the event of any abrasions and irritation. Coconut oil soothes and moisturizes, has an effect antibacterial and antifungal. All you need is a teaspoon for a small tub or two-three spoons for a larger tub.

However, beware - Coconut oil covers the baby's skin, making it slippery. It is worth keeping this in mind when removing the baby from the bath.

Linseed instead of baby lotion

Children can also be bathed in linseed. Not necessarily when atopy occurs, but to support the functioning of the baby's very sensitive skin. Linseed works great on the skin - moisturizes, soothes, smoothes and pruritus.

How to prepare a bath? Just throw half a glass of linseed into a large at least 5 liter pot and cook for about 20 minutes. After this time, pour the "jelly" formed at the top of the pot into the tub, spread in water and bathe the baby. We bathe the baby and do not rinse after leaving the tub.

Argan oil instead of baby wash emulsion

Washing emulsion can be replaced with argan oil, which moisturizes the skin and soothes irritations. It is also indicated when the child suffers from baby acne. You can also apply it topically to the baby's head to remove cradle cap.

Argan oil works not only as an additive to water, but also applied directly to the skin. To this end, it is worth using it for atopic changes, because it contains schotenol, which regenerates skin changes and promotes the reconstruction of the epidermis.

Mother's milk instead of baby body lotion

The youngest children can be washed in water with the addition of mother's milk. Sounds surprising?

It works! The baby does not need any wonderful emulsions, soaps with a long list of unnecessary ingredients that can be allergic. All you need is a little milk that is always at hand. We have great moisturizing, soothing and strengthening milk. All because it is rich in nutrients, fats and natural emulsifiers.

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