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Eating pumpkins, fasting

A pumpkin meal, by the way, is an inspired choice for the menu at the beginning of spring, when we try to detoxify our body and introduce more vitamins into the diet.

Preparation time

50 minutes



Photo: petitchef.ro


6 medium pumpkin

2 strains

3 cloves of garlic

1 fresh dill connection

3 tablespoons flour

100 ml of oil

salt pepper

tomatoes in their own juice

Method of preparation

Wash the pumpkin thoroughly in a water bath and cut it into cubes (keep the crust if you want a maximum intake of vitamins). Then cut the pieces into flour and fry them in hot oil, until they turn brown.

Separately, heat the onion and add the chopped tomatoes, the garlic crushed and the pumpkin. Add water to cover the ingredients and let it boil for 10-15 minutes. Just before you put out the fire, sprinkle salt, pepper and chopped dill.

Method of serving

The food is served hot, garnished with green dill and tomatoes.

Preparation tricks

For a more pleasant smell, add the garlic at the end, before extinguishing the fire. Pepper broth gives a special taste of pumpkin food. Fresh basil will add extra flavor.

Nutrition facts for 100 g

Calories: 49.3 kcal

Carbohydrates: 3.6 g

Fat: 2.8 g

Protein: 2.4 g

Cholesterol: 1.7 mg

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Classroom Management Strategies To Take Control Of Noisy Students

Insomnia in infants, young and old children

The term "insomnia" comes from the French "insomnia" and signifies a disorder of the mechanism of regulation of the sleep-wake nerve center, which is manifested by lack of sleep or by reducing the duration and depth of sleep and which is commonly encountered in asthenia, mental illness. , neuroses, etc.

Insomnia is not an addict problem alone. Quite often it appears in children, starting from the first year of life. The causes of insomnia in very young and young children are very difficult to identify, because they cannot express their suffering.

Normally, a newborn (1-28 days of age) sleeps about 16-17 hours a day, in 2-4 hour shifts. At 3 months, the baby gets to sleep about 15 hours a day and can sleep uninterrupted 7 hours during the night. At 1 year of age, the baby sleeps 9-10 hours a night and 2-3 hours a day, the afternoon sleep. The number of hours of sleep in children decreases progressively, and at the age of 4-5 years some children exclude sleep during the day.

NOTE! The baby should sleep ONLY when he is sleeping! The ideal sleep of the child is carried out alone in bed and in his own room.

Causes of insomnia in babies

  • dental eruptions;
  • physical traumas - physical injuries that cause pain;
  • bad dreams - nightmares;
  • respiratory disorders - nasal obstruction, sinusitis, bronchitis, pneumonia etc;
  • digestive disorders - meteorism, colic, constipation, diarrhea etc;
  • childhood diseases - varicella, measles, rubella, epidermal parotiditis (mumps) etc;
  • viral, bacterial, parasitic or fungal infections, colds and flu, (gastro) enterocolitis, pneumonia, amoebiosis, giardiasis etc;
  • skin irritations - eczema, hives, psoriasis, burns etc;
  • sugary foods;
  • different neurotonic stimuli - taurine, caffeine, nicotine, these can be taken by the maternal-fetal food passage (in the case of children fed breast milk) or by direct ingestion of the respective substances (juices, food) and passive smoking (at any age);
  • various medicines administered directly (self-ingestion - syrups etc) or indirectly (from breast milk, when the mother is being treated with neurostimulants).

Signs and symptoms of insomnia in children

Insomnia is quite difficult to appreciate in babies, because they wake up, physiologically, quite frequently during sleep. Both the parent and the pediatrician can be easily misled by the sporadic awakening of the child.

The clinical picture of insomnia is extremely small. In insomnia, frequent awakenings, with a certain constant, devoid of immediate subsequent sleep are at least suspicious.

The adult must ensure that the baby is sufficiently nourished, changed, washed and apparently does not suffer from anything (diseases with painful manifestations). If in these conditions the child still cannot sleep, then one can suspect that his suffering has a name: INSOMNIA.

Insomnia in the young child can be accompanied by: agitation, irritability, anxiety, crying, depression or bouts of anger.

In addition, the child who suffers from insomnia should be followed during the short sleep episodes. What should you follow? If the little jerk, the grimaces, the degree of agitation, the movements of the hands and the feet, if he speaks / gangurs. In the case of children over 3 years, besides all these aspects to be followed, we can add: if you do not sleep without the company of an object (toy, pillow, water bottle, etc.), if you refuse to turn off the light in the room or close the door.

If you notice these behavioral changes in your child, you should take action.

What can we do? How are we treated?

You must know, first of all, that lack of sleep leads to exhaustion in time. Therefore, the child must receive help from adults.

Non-specific methods

  • try, as much as possible, to create a baby's sleep routine as early as possible (it can start right from birth). This will help to establish a model of insomnia-free sleep;
  • try to respect, as accurately as possible, a preset meal schedule;
  • make them, before going to bed, a warm bath in a well-heated room where the light intensity is not very high;
  • create an optimal environment: the room is well ventilated, dark and through which, after sleeping the little one, to completely stop the passage (after the baby falls asleep no longer circulates through the room in which he sleeps);
  • in the older child: do not allow the ingestion of energy drinks and foods (foods sweetened with an increased amount of sugar, chocolate, juices with neuroexciting contents - caffeine, taurine);
  • avoid, in the house, in the evening to have agitated discussions: quarrels, controversies in contradictory etc;
  • Do not emotionally blackmail the child "If you do not sleep, you will not receive ...".

Specific methods

  • DO NOT administer to the child sleeping pills without the consent of a pediatric psychiatrist;
  • before bed, serve the child a tea with valerian and sonatas;
  • BABY CARE delicious DRINK it can be the solution to your child's problems.

* Children under 1 year: dissolve a packet of BABY CARE delicious DRINK in about 50 ml of boiled and chilled water or 50 ml of warm milk and give it to the child to drink. If necessary, you can also administer the second dose, but not less than 30 minutes after ingestion of the first dose.

* Children older than one year: dissolve 2 packets of BABY CARE delicious DRINK in about 50-75 ml of boiled and chilled water or in 50-75 ml of warm milk and give it to the child to drink. If necessary, you can also administer the third dose, but not less than 30 minutes after ingestion of the last dose.

** This procedure can be followed for a maximum of 3 months.

*** If insomnia does not stop following the administration of BABY CARE delicious DRINK, consult a specialist doctor, as the problem may be more complicated!

Advantages of BABY CARE delicious DRINK administration

  • The product is 100% natural, based exclusively on plant extracts.
  • It is the only preparation of this type in Romania that has both national certification (IBA - Food Bioresources Institute) and European (GMP - Good Manufacturing Practice), as well as the highest certification on the American market (FDA - Food and Drug Administration).
  • It is not synthetically sweetened (sugar), but with sucrose (it can be administered to diabetics; it does not disturb sleep; it does not enhance fermentation).
  • It has a pleasant taste and is well tolerated by children of all ages.
  • It can be administered from the first week of life.
  • It is the only profile product that completely dissolves in milk.
  • For the pathological insomnia of colic, gastroenterocolitis or respiratory disorders, it has attributions also to the underlying disease (the chamomile is antiseptic; the sweet wood protects the digestive mucosa and, thus, unlike the synthetic preparations, it does not cause mucosal damage or abdominal pain; sweet fluidizes bronchial secretions, allowing the child to expectorate or drain the nasal secretion, etc.).

Dr. Ana-Maria Rizea

Influenza And Cold Sores - 5 Severe Fever

Influenza And Cold Sores - 5 Severe Fever

Is it really just for adults to vaccinate? And can only those who have multiple symptoms get infected? Again, we deal with 5 typical beliefs.

Myth 1 - The only way to avoid getting sick is to stay away from people with influenza

That's why it's not true: Of course, we are more likely not to become infected if we do not come in contact with sick people, but this does not provide 100% safety. They can also become infected Namely, who still have no symptoms at allthat is, for the time being we are only sick. According to experts, the most effective way of prevention is to administer the flu vaccine. Babies and children over 6 months old and ourselves should be vaccinated every year. It is also extremely important to wash your hands thoroughly several times a day and to try to avoid contact with people who are visibly ill. And if we get sick, let's make others happy and stay home.

Myth 2 - Once we've got the flu, we're protected

That's why it's not true: "Although we have become immune to the particular influenza virus we have just received, unfortunately the virus will eventually become mutated, such as another species, a common cold virus, or something that may, for example, dr. Susan Coffin physician and head of the Department of Infection Prevention at Philadelphia Children's Hospital. That is why it is important that we go to the defense every year.

Myth 3 - If we do not receive the vaccination in January, you can apply soon after

That's why it's not true: "In fact, it's never difficult to inject as long as you run the risk of being caught," says dr. Coffin. As long as you have access to a vaccine, it is worth asking your GP. Often, the flu season reaches its peak in February, but it can even last until the end of the month. It is really easy to inject when the most recent influenza virus has just wrapped its head and the animal is in the ring. However, no one can predict exactly when this will happen.

Myth 4 - There is no need to file a medical emergency every year

That's why it's not true: Influenza viruses change from year to year, which means two things: 1.) We can catch the virus many times in our lives. That's why every year new vaccines are made that are effective against the viruses of the current period. Another reason to ask for a vaccine is that the vaccine immunity gradually diminishes over time and can be completely eradicated within a year, explains dr. Coffin.

Myth 5 - Anti-influenza drugs help relieve the symptoms of a cold

That's why it's not true: Anti-influenza agents are used exclusively against influenza. They will therefore be ineffective against common cold or other flu-like illnesses. And what if we still have a little anti-cancer flu medicine that we could give to our couple who are virtually flu? "I ask everyone not to do it," says dr. Coffin. "It is never a good idea to share your prescription medications with others without knowing that it will be useful." which drug is best for you - if you need to take a medicine at all! Do not play a doctor and do not experiment, especially with other health (article source here)Related articles about influenza:
  • Treatment of influenza in childhood
  • Symptoms of influenza
  • Influenza: Can We Be Ill From The Blood?

Foods that Babies Under One Year Old Should Avoid Eating

Foods that Babies Under One Year Old Should Avoid Eating

Than foods should avoid taking babies under one year? Are there any prohibited foods when the introduction of solids begins? If your baby has already reached six months of age and you are at the time of starting the supplementary feeding, Here we give you a series of recommendations for your baby, based on foods that are not advisable even at that age, and the reasons why they should be omitted from his diet whenever possible.

The most basic limiting recommendations at the beginning of complementary feeding (once the baby reaches 6 months of age) are due to the probability of some foods to negatively influence the health of the little one.

Aside from possible allergies, that deserve a separate chapter, it is always necessary to maintain strict control over certain foods / additives when food or dishes other than breast milk or formula are offered to the baby.

- Be careful with the salt
One of the recommendations with which we are most familiar is that of salt. The kidneys of the baby are not sufficiently developed to cope with more salt than the food contains by themselves, which can cause serious damage to the renal system if salt is added to the meals that the little one consumes.

- Control sugar consumption
Sugar, for its part, is completely unnecessary. The baby already consumes simple sugars in his diet, such as those from fruit, and the amount of simple sugars should not, according to the World Health Organization, exceed 5% in the infant's diet.

- Dairy products
It is recommended to maintain breastfeeding for at least 2 years, but from 12 months, babies can consume derivatives of cow's milk, such as cheese or yogurt, although they should not substitute formula or breast milk for cow's milk at this age.

These products should be whole, not skimmed or semi-skimmed, since the baby still benefits from the fat and the calories they contribute for its growth and development (low-fat dairy should not be introduced in the baby's diet until after 2 years). Additionally, it should not be forgotten that, at least until 12 months, milk should be the baby's main food, being its main source of nutrients and energy.

- Low fat foods
In a similar way, and since fat provides fat-soluble vitamins and some minerals that are difficult to provide otherwise, it is not convenient to introduce foods known as “0%” or “low-fat” into the baby's diet, replacing the original ones. although it is necessary to control the type of fat that is offered in your diet, avoiding as much as possible an excess of saturated and hydrogenated fats (or trans fats).

- Food size
The issue of choking can affect the use of some foods in their original form, such as grapes, cherries, cherry tomatoes or sausages, since their size is ideal to block the baby's pathways. However, these foods can be cut into smaller pieces (halves or quarters) to make them safer and prevent them from becoming trapped in the airways, thus being able to offer them to the baby with confidence.

- Swiss chard and spinach
Green leafy vegetables are characterized by their high content of nitrates, which is why parents are always advised from pediatric consultations to delay the consumption of chard and spinach until the child is one year old or to do so in small quantities.

- Honey
The benefits of honey for children are well known, but since recently cases of bolutism have been observed in children under 12 months of age, it is advisable not to offer this food to the little ones until they are not one year old. The reason? Honey is not bad by itself, but it can present a bacteria that causes a neurological disorder that in the worst case can cause the death of the child.

In general, and except for express individual recommendations, a healthy child can eat everything - and in the same format as an adult would - from 2 years of age.

The way in which food is offered, however, is something that, as parents, we can decide, as well as the food and its cooking, always trying to make sure that the diet is healthy and balanced.

You can read more articles similar to Foods that Babies Under One Year Old Should Avoid Eating, in the Babies category on site.

Macaroni pudding with meat and tomato sauce

Macaroni pudding with meat and tomato sauce is a preparation inspired by Italian cuisine.

Preparation time

60 minutes




500 g minced meat (beef)

100 ml tomato juice

100 ml of oil

250 g fresh cow cheese

200 g cheese

4 eggs

500 g macaroni

100 g butter

500 g bechamel sauce



Method of preparation

Place the minced meat in an oil pan, add salt and pepper to taste, then give everything to the oven. Leave the meat in the oven for about half an hour. The obtained composition is left to cool, then it is given again by the grinder.

Add to this mixture two beaten eggs foam and tomato juice. Put the macaroni to boil in boiling salted water, then rinse with cold water and leave to drain. Mix the macaroni with the remaining eggs, the cheese of cows, half of the grated cheese and half of the amount of bechamel sauce.

Place in an oiled tray with butter alternate layers of macaroni and meat, and the last layer should be bechamel sauce. Sprinkle the remaining cheese and put the pudding in the oven, over medium heat, about 30 minutes.

Remove the pudding and allow it to cool slightly before serving.

The type of kitchen


Taguri Budinca Tomato sauce

Pregnancy rights in front of the employer

According to the labor law in force in Romania, the pregnant woman and, after the birth, the lewd woman who chooses to work, have a special status that confers a series of rights specific to this state, at the same time the employer returning a series of specific obligations to her. these categories of people.

Employers have certain special obligations towards the pregnant employee, both in terms of granting a certain number of free hours, as well as in the protection of the pregnant woman at work. Here are some examples of the employer's obligations to the pregnant employee.

Short working hours

As long as you are pregnant, you have the right to reduce by one quarter the normal working time, without affecting your salary. To benefit from reducing your work schedule, you need a referral from your family doctor.

Many family doctors do not know this law, so it may be necessary to work on clarification. Legislative basis: OUG 96/2003.

16 free hours per month for medical checks

According to the law (GEO 96/2003), pregnant women have the monthly right to 16 free hours (2 working days) paid in full for medical examinations and checks.

Employers cannot deny pregnant women the right to healthcare. Thus, according to art. 17 paragraph (3) of the National Collective Labor Agreement (CCM), the employers have the obligation to grant pregnant employees, the dispensation for prenatal consultations within a maximum of 16 hours per month, without affecting their wage rights with the correlative obligation. as an employee in the case to present the medical certificate regarding the carrying out of the controls for which it was invoked.

Pregnancy dismissal is illegal

The employee benefits from these rights only after officially informing the employer, in writing, that she is pregnant and submits a medical letter to the gynecologist, which certifies that the employee is pregnant. In the legislation, this notification is called written notification of the physiological state of pregnancy.

One of the most important aspects that a pregnant woman must bear in mind at the time of pregnancy is related to communicating the pregnancy status to the employer. According to art. 60 lit. c) from the Labor Code, from the moment the employer officially informs the woman's pregnancy status, her dismissal is forbidden, the state of pregnancy constituting a legal cause to prohibit the issuance of a dismissal decision throughout the pregnancy. Making this known to the employer must be made in writing, so that this aspect can be proven later.

The communication is made by a written address accompanied by a copy of the medical certificate, which attests the state of pregnancy, the address that is registered at the employer's headquarters (with the receipt visa), and the woman will keep a copy of this address aimed at receiving the to the employer, so that he can at any time prove that he has communicated to the employer that she is pregnant.

In the event that the employer refuses to register such an address, the communication can also be done by post / courier with acknowledgment of receipt, fax or by any other means of communication that can provide proof that the employer was aware of the content of the communication. Failure to communicate the pregnancy status in one of the forms indicated above, the proof that the employer was aware of the existence of the pregnancy status will be very difficult to do.

Similarly, according to art. d) from the Labor Code, the issuance of a dismissal decision is prohibited during the maternity leave. The protection offered by the labor legislation also takes into account the duration of the leave to raise the child up to 2 years or, in the case of the disabled child, the duration of the leave to raise the child up to the age of 3 years, by imposing a legal dismissal ban. of the woman on leave to raise the child.

According to the same reasons regarding the protection of the pregnant woman as well as the woman on leave for the raising or care of the child, the issuing of a dismissal decision is prohibited, according to art. 60 lit. f) from the Labor Code, and during the leave for the care of the sick child up to 7 years of age or, in the case of the disabled child, for intercurrent illness, until the age of 18 years.

Changing the work schedule so that the pregnant woman does not perform the night work

It should also be mentioned that according to art. 125 paragraph (2) C. Pregnant women, laborers and lactating women cannot be forced to perform night work.

Article 33 paragraph (2) of the CCM stipulates that pregnant employees, starting with the fifth month of pregnancy, as well as those breastfeeding, will not be assigned to night work, will not be called for overtime, will not be sent away and will not be able to be seconded only with their agreement. (3) At the request of the Committee on health and safety at work, the employer has the obligation to evaluate the risks involved in the workplace of the employee who announces that she is pregnant, as well as of the employee who breastfeeds and informs them.

Information provided by the Coltuc Bar

Tags Pregnancy rights

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