Should you give your kids an allowance?

Should you give your kids an allowance?



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Is your child obese?

Childhood obesity; It is a condition that occurs with the increase of the amount of fat cells in the body and the filling of them, causing both physical and psychological problems. Prevention is very important in childhood obesity because developing generations and the foundation of a child's healthy life are laid at this age. According to the researchers, 10% of children between 2 and 5 years of age and 20% of children between 6 and 11 years of age seem obese. The number of obese children worldwide is expected to reach 750 million in 2015. Scientists point out that the 4-11 age range is the most important and important period for obesity to be seen in the following years.

The majority of the families are careful about this, but some do not accept that their children are obese, they think that they are only appetite and lighter. However, families have a large share in the process of obesity treatment. Continuous monitoring and evaluation are of great importance in childhood obesity. It is very important to get a detailed story of children because children in school life cannot, without realizing it, be able to say no to their friends' food sharing or even be aware of what they eat. However, due to obesity due to excess calorie intake, psychiatric problems have decreased to the age of 12 years.

Snack or Snacks?
According to the results of a study; In the 5-6 age group, obesity was observed in 2% of those who consumed 5 or more meals, which was higher in those who consumed less. It shows that controlled meal consumption, supplemented with snacks, is one of the basis for the prevention of childhood obesity.

According to the calorie comparisons of children at home and abroad;
While they get 420 calories at home, they take 720 calories out of the food they eat outside, the difference of 300 calories means an extra 2100 calories per week. According to another study, when children do most snacks; weekday morning, afternoon and after school, and weekend afternoon. As a snack; chips, chocolate, biscuits, cakes and high-calorie drinks are preferred. If the snacks are high, the fat around the waist increases. In general, the consumption of vegetables and fruits in children is low, but high-calorie food and beverage consumption and fast food consumption is quite high.

Weight increases with time spent in front of TV and computer
In general, when looking at advertisements, people who consume high-calorie, ready-to-eat foods have a normal or poor body weight, creating an illusion that these foods are healthy for both children and families. Being in front of the TV for more than three hours increases the risk of weight gain by 45%. Still life leads to undisputed weight gain.

Prepare healthy breaks and main meals for your children, do not force them to finish the whole meal in one sitting. In particular, families force their children to finish all of their dishes, which in turn leads to excessive food in children.
High calories, high fat intake and sugary snacks should not be prohibited but should be limited.
Children like to go into the kitchen and help. You can ask your children for help in preparing breaks and main meals.
Encourage them to try new foods. Let your children eat from the least favorite food.
Avoid rewarding or punishing your children with food.

Pumpkin with banana and yogurt

Pumpkin with banana and yogurt

The recipe for Pumpkin with banana and yogurt is recommended for babies of 9-10 months.

environment

  • a piece of pumpkin
  • a banana
  • a little yogurt
  • 1. Bake the pumpkin in the oven until softened;
    2. Then, stir and when it has cooled, mix with banana and yogurt.

    Tags Banana for babies Baby recipes Baby recipes 10 months

    Julianne Meaning - Origin

    For daddy, solidarity

    Expecting twin baby

    The expectant mothers who expect twin babies are experiencing the difficulties and beauties of pregnancy doubled. Yeditepe University Hospital IVF Unit Head and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist. Dr. View Cem's Full Profile tells about those who are curious about twin pregnancies.

    : Can you briefly explain what multiple pregnancy is and why it occurs?
    Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: The occurrence of more than one pregnancy in the mother's womb, this may be the case when one egg forms two babies, or it is called twin twins, or multiple pregnancies can be formed by fertilizing more than one egg separately.

    : What are the reasons that increase the probability of multiple pregnancy?
    Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Today, the use of egg enhancing drugs, vaccination and IVF applications have increased the occurrence of multiple pregnancies.

    : What are the risky conditions of the mother during multiple pregnancy?
    Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Complications of pregnancy are more common in multiple pregnancies, twin pregnancy is better tolerated, but there is a higher risk of premature birth, higher blood pressure increases, circulatory differences from infant to infant developmental disorders of the mother may be more risky in multiple pregnancies than this twin. It is very risky to give birth to more than preterm babies preterm babies will need newborn support units, and related complications will increase.

    : What are the risks of babies in multiple pregnancy?
    Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Complications due to preterm delivery are common.

    : What precautions should be taken in order to ensure a smooth pregnancy in multiple pregnancies?
    Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Here, if we accept twin pregnancies as multiple pregnancies, it should be ensured that the physician control is closely followed, the risks of preterm births are well followed, the development of babies is followed and the birth is performed in a newborn intensive care unit.

    : How does pregnancy follow-up in multiple pregnancies?
    Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Although not very different from other pregnancies, follow-up is performed with the frequency of taking precautions against possible risk factors and providing mother support continuously.

    : What should be the mode of delivery in multiple pregnancies?
    Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: These babies are chosen by the obstetrician by vaginal and cesarean section according to their posture and weight according to the condition of the maternal roof.

    : If a fetus dies during pregnancy in multiple pregnancies, what precautions should be taken for the living fetus (s)?
    Professor Dr. Cem Ficicioglu: Whether the cause of death of the other baby is a single twin or not, the frequency of follow-up should be determined according to the gestational week when the baby is lost, and sometimes close monitoring should be performed by using blood clotting medication.

    Many women have a problem that could be summarized in two words, "pregnancy and period." Well, yes - theoretically one with the other is mutually exclusive, and in practice Internet forums are bursting at the seams from the history of women who had menstruation in pregnancy. A large group would cut their heads for the truth of this statement. So it is possible ... Only by what miracle? How is it with this period - wasn't it supposed to be a signal that pregnancy did not happen? It turns out that the answer is simpler than we think.

    Pregnancy and period - it's impossible

    Solving the puzzle is simple. Exfoliation of the uterine epithelium does not occur during pregnancy. For one simple reason - this epithelium is needed for a child to grow. When fertilization occurs, the embryo clings to the walls of the uterus and grows there. The uterus is growing and from now on the future mother can forget about menstruation.

    And analogously. The cyclical occurrence of monthly bleeding sends simple information to a woman - pregnancy is absent.

    So how did you find out about the period of pregnancy?

    Misunderstandings arise from that bleeding may occur during pregnancy, especially at the beginning of embryo development. However, this will not be monthly bleeding. The mechanism of its formation is different.

    During the period during which menstruation should normally occur, it may occur implantation spotting, which is an early sign of pregnancy, indicating that the embryo is implanted in the wall of the uterus.

    So how do you distinguish between monthly bleeding and implantation spotting?

    The main difference is bleeding intensity. Menstruation forces the use of sanitary pads, lasts at least several days, is initially more intense, then the amount of bleeding is less. In contrast, spotting caused by embryo implantation is, as a rule, modest, small and passes quickly. A woman who experiences it can wear panty liners and that's enough.

    Sometimes implantation spotting can confuse a woman, especially a young woman who is pregnant for the first time. May resemble menstruation. Immediately to describe it, words such as "scanty", "strange", "weak" are defined, so at the very beginning you can realize that something is wrong.

    Therefore, if spotting occurs during menstruation, this may be a sign of pregnancy. If "menstruation" is scanty or different than before, it is worth taking a pregnancy test to be sure.

    Read: normal period of pregnancy - is it possible?

    Why does miscarriage occur?

    Spontaneous loss of a pregnancy or miscarriage, as the doctors call it, means the premature, spontaneous (unprovoked) birth of the fetus, before the fetus is able to live outside the mother's womb.

    Statistics show that over 80% of miscarriages occur within the first three months of pregnancy, and 15% of pregnant women go through the tragedy of losing their babies before bringing them to the world in the last quarter. One in a hundred pregnant women repeatedly lose pregnancy, a phenomenon called medical recurrent or habitual abortion.

    "In some cases, spontaneous abortion occurs even after taking all precautionary measures known to this effect. Although a whole series of analyzes are performed with the role of detecting potential conditions that could lead to it, abortion occurs unexpectedly. unfortunately only 30% of the pregnancies are completed, while about 50% are lost even before the mother realizes that she is pregnant, ie before the date of the first delayed pregnancy, "explains Mr. Dr. Silviu Istoc, specialist doctor of obstetrics and gynecology.

    Symptoms of miscarriage

    Spontaneous pregnancy loss can also occur without the appearance of common bleeding symptoms and contractions. Since at the beginning of the pregnancy the mother does not perceive the child's movements, in the same way, she does not realize when they cease. It can take weeks until her body tries to expel the pregnancy through uterine contractions and bleeding.

    The most common symptoms of pregnancy loss are the following:

    • weight loss;
    • sudden loss of signs of pregnancy, such as: nausea or swelling and / or breast tenderness;
    • back pain;
    • slight contractions that last no more than one day;
    • real contractions (painful and with a frequency of 5-20 minutes);
    • frequent bowel movements;
    • vaginal blemishes or bleeding, which last more than a day or two;
    • appearance of blood stains;
    • slight or interrupted bleeding that is not accompanied by pain (however, first-quarter bleeding is not necessarily a sign of pregnancy loss);
    • severe (persistent) or persistent bleeding, with or without clots, accompanied by abdominal pain, cramps, or back pain in the lumbar area;
    • a vaginal discharge that is not accompanied by pain or bleeding (may be a sign that the membranes have broken);
    • traces of placenta or embryonic or fetal tissue of gray or white.

    Diagnosis of a miscarriage

    A doctor can confirm an early pregnancy loss by several means.

    "If the pregnancy is longer than 11 weeks, listening to the heartbeat with the ultrasound is the first step. If the heartbeat is not heard, the doctor will perform an internal and external examination to find out any uterine or cervical changes, or if certain elements of the pregnancy have The tests that determine the amount of pregnancy hormones in the blood are accurate, but it takes up to 48 hours to find the final results, a time that is too long for parents to wait, "says Dr. Silviu Istoc.

    The most conclusive and fast test is sonogram, through which the doctor can visualize and evaluate the conditions of the womb, the embryonic sac and the fetus. As a healthy, developing fetus is visible on the sonogram screen from about eight to nine weeks of gestation, even earlier with the help of an intravaginal sonograph, his absence is also clear.

    What causes a miscarriage?

    Chromosomal abnormalities

    The main cause of pregnancy loss is chromosomal abnormalities. These genetic errors occur by chance, occur before conception (if the egg or sperm is of poor quality) or in the early stages of pregnancy, when cell division begins.

    Hormonal imbalances

    Luteal phase insufficiency it can be diagnosed after some tests / tests - either by measuring the level of progesterone in the blood, or by performing an endometrial biopsy in the second half of the menstrual cycle (luteal phase).

    Pregnancy can be lost if, for example, corpus luteum (the yellow body) which develops in the first weeks of pregnancy, fails to secrete sufficient progesterone to maintain endometrium strengthening in the uterus to support pregnancy.

    "Patients who have had repeated pregnancy loss may suffer from polycystic ovarian syndrome, characterized by irregular menstrual cycles (or even total absence) or excessive hair growth (excessive hairiness). Polycystic ovarian syndrome occurs at 6 to 10% in pre-menopausal women, and is more common in overweight women than in normal weight. This is a proven cause of infertility, " adds Dr. Silviu Istoc.

    Diseases of the mother

    • disorders of the immune system (lupus);
    • congenital heart disease;
    • severe kidney disease;
    • unsupervised diabetes;
    • thyroid disease;
    • intrauterine infections.

    Imbalances of the immune system

    These occur when the pregnant woman's immune system - which has been programmed to fight against foreign "intruders" such as bacteria and viruses - Make a mistake, and start attacking the healthy cells in your body.

    Increased maternal age

    The chance of losing a pregnancy increases as you get older. While women around the age of twenty only have a 1 percent risk of losing a pregnancy, the risk for women aged forty is believed to be about 50 percent.

    Halogen factors

    "Some women develop antibodies against the partner's leukocytes. This complication can be treated in some cases by immunizing the woman with leukocytes of the father or another person, this being a technique of misleading the woman's body to produce antibodies that prevent the baby's rejection by the mother's body, "explains Dr. Silviu Istoc.

    Another cause of miscarriage also comes from lifestyle. These are rather risk factors, as there is no reliable and scientifically proven certainty of their validity in the production of spontaneous abortion.

    However, the statistics and investigations carried out around them have revealed a close causal link between them and the abortion in question:

    • alcohol consumption during pregnancy;
    • smoking;
    • excessive caffeine intake during pregnancy;
    • drug use;
    • improper administration of certain drugs during pregnancy (eg antibiotics);
    • physical overload (prolonged physical exertion) - labor intensive, carat weight, excessive sport - all represent potential causes of spontaneous abortion;
    • exposure to various pesticides and toxic chemicals;
    • malnutrition.

    Can we prevent a miscarriage?

    The best thing to do is that before the pregnancy, the mother should do a set of preconception analyzes that will detect any problems that could lead to a miscarriage. Also, folic acid given daily before conception, the chances of the selected egg being of good quality increase, and after conception, the chances of the appearance of embryonic malformations.

    Until now, to detect any genetic abnormalities in the fetus, such investigations were needed amniocentesis or trophoblast biopsy. Fortunately, there is also a state-of-the-art method in us.

    "It allows for fetal anomalies to be detected with increased accuracy and without pain. It supports pregnant women, especially those over 35, with a high risk of abortion. The new screening method reduces the number of pregnant women who need an invasive test below. 3% and increases the detection rate of chromosomal abnormalities up to 99%, "he says Dr.Silviu Istoc.

    Dr. Silviu Istoc is a specialist obstetrician-gynecologist at the Medicover Hospital, within the Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine and Minimally Invasive Gynecological Surgery. You can read more details on www.dristoc.ro and on the Facebook page: //www.facebook.com/DrSilviuIstoc

    Tags Miscarriage Causes Miscarriage


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